Print

Shania

Veterinary Report by Embark

embarkvet.com

Test Date: November 3rd, 2021

Customer-supplied information

Owner Name: Jennifer Goodrich Bolles
Dog Name: Shania
Sex: Female (intact)
Date of birth: 05/17/21

Breed type: N/A
Breed: Rottweiler
Breed registration: American Kennel Club (AKC) WS72400004
Microchip: 956000014081098

Genetic summary

Genetic breed identification:
Rottweiler

Breed ancestry:

Rottweiler: 100.0%

Predicted adult weight: 73 lbs

Calculated from 17 size genes.


Life stage: Mature adult

Based on date of birth provided.

Health Report

How to interpret Shania’s genetic health results:

If Shania inherited any of the variants that we tested, they will be listed at the top of the Health Report section, along with a description of how to interpret this result. We also include all of the variants that we tested Shania for that we did not detect the risk variant for.

A genetic test is not a diagnosis

This genetic test does not diagnose a disease. Please talk to your vet about your dog’s genetic results, or if you think that your pet may have a health condition or disease.

Summary

Of the 216 genetic health risks we analyzed, we found 2 results that you should learn about.

Notable results

(2)

ALT Activity

Juvenile Laryngeal Paralysis and Polyneuropathy

Clear results

Breed-relevant

(2)

Other

(212)

Health Report

Breed-relevant Results

Research studies indicate that these results are more relevant to dogs like Shania, and may influence her chances of developing certain health conditions.

Juvenile Laryngeal Paralysis and Polyneuropathy (RAB3GAP1, Rottweiler Variant)

Notable

Hereditary Footpad Hyperkeratosis (DSG1, Rottweiler Variant)

Clear

Neuroaxonal Dystrophy, NAD (VPS11, Rottweiler Variant)

Clear

Health Report

Other Results

Research has not yet linked these conditions to dogs with similar breeds to Shania. Review any increased risk or notable results to understand her potential risk and recommendations.

ALT Activity (GPT)

Notable

2-DHA Kidney & Bladder Stones (APRT)

Clear

Acral Mutilation Syndrome (GDNF-AS, Spaniel and Pointer Variant)

Clear

Adult-Onset Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis, NCL A, NCL 12 (ATP13A2, Tibetan Terrier Variant)

Clear

Alaskan Husky Encephalopathy (SLC19A3)

Clear

Alaskan Malamute Polyneuropathy, AMPN (NDRG1 SNP)

Clear

Alexander Disease (GFAP)

Clear

Anhidrotic Ectodermal Dysplasia (EDA Intron 8)

Clear

Autosomal Dominant Progressive Retinal Atrophy (RHO)

Clear

Bald Thigh Syndrome (IGFBP5)

Clear

Bully Whippet Syndrome (MSTN)

Clear

Canine Elliptocytosis (SPTB Exon 30)

Clear

Canine Fucosidosis (FUCA1)

Clear

Canine Leukocyte Adhesion Deficiency Type I, CLAD I (ITGB2, Setter Variant)

Clear

Canine Leukocyte Adhesion Deficiency Type III, CLAD III (FERMT3, German Shepherd Variant)

Clear

Canine Multifocal Retinopathy, cmr1 (BEST1 Exon 2)

Clear

Canine Multifocal Retinopathy, cmr2 (BEST1 Exon 5, Coton de Tulear Variant)

Clear

Canine Multifocal Retinopathy, cmr3 (BEST1 Exon 10 Deletion, Finnish and Swedish Lapphund, Lapponian Herder Variant)

Clear

Health Report

Other Results

Canine Multiple System Degeneration (SERAC1 Exon 4, Chinese Crested Variant)

Clear

Canine Multiple System Degeneration (SERAC1 Exon 15, Kerry Blue Terrier Variant)

Clear

Cardiomyopathy and Juvenile Mortality (YARS2)

Clear

Centronuclear Myopathy, CNM (PTPLA)

Clear

Cerebellar Hypoplasia (VLDLR, Eurasier Variant)

Clear

Chondrodystrophy (ITGA10, Norwegian Elkhound and Karelian Bear Dog Variant)

Clear

Cleft Lip and/or Cleft Palate (ADAMTS20, Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever Variant)

Clear

Cobalamin Malabsorption (CUBN Exon 8, Beagle Variant)

Clear

Cobalamin Malabsorption (CUBN Exon 53, Border Collie Variant)

Clear

Collie Eye Anomaly (NHEJ1)

Clear

Complement 3 Deficiency, C3 Deficiency (C3)

Clear

Congenital Hypothyroidism (TPO, Rat, Toy, Hairless Terrier Variant)

Clear

Congenital Hypothyroidism (TPO, Tenterfield Terrier Variant)

Clear

Congenital Macrothrombocytopenia (TUBB1 Exon 1, Cairn and Norfolk Terrier Variant)

Clear

Congenital Myasthenic Syndrome, CMS (COLQ, Labrador Retriever Variant)

Clear

Congenital Myasthenic Syndrome, CMS (COLQ, Golden Retriever Variant)

Clear

Congenital Myasthenic Syndrome, CMS (CHAT, Old Danish Pointing Dog Variant)

Clear

Congenital Myasthenic Syndrome, CMS (CHRNE, Jack Russell Terrier Variant)

Clear

Health Report

Other Results

Congenital Stationary Night Blindness (LRIT3, Beagle Variant)

Clear

Congenital Stationary Night Blindness (RPE65, Briard Variant)

Clear

Craniomandibular Osteopathy, CMO (SLC37A2)

Clear

Cystinuria Type I-A (SLC3A1, Newfoundland Variant)

Clear

Cystinuria Type II-A (SLC3A1, Australian Cattle Dog Variant)

Clear

Cystinuria Type II-B (SLC7A9, Miniature Pinscher Variant)

Clear

Day Blindness (CNGA3 Exon 7, German Shepherd Variant)

Clear

Day Blindness (CNGA3 Exon 7, Labrador Retriever Variant)

Clear

Day Blindness (CNGB3 Exon 6, German Shorthaired Pointer Variant)

Clear

Deafness and Vestibular Syndrome of Dobermans, DVDob, DINGS (MYO7A)

Clear

Degenerative Myelopathy, DM (SOD1A)

Clear

Demyelinating Polyneuropathy (SBF2/MTRM13)

Clear

Diffuse Cystic Renal Dysplasia and Hepatic Fibrosis (INPP5E Intron 9, Norwich Terrier Variant)

Clear

Dilated Cardiomyopathy, DCM1 (PDK4, Doberman Pinscher Variant 1)

Clear

Dilated Cardiomyopathy, DCM2 (TTN, Doberman Pinscher Variant 2)

Clear

Dry Eye Curly Coat Syndrome (FAM83H Exon 5)

Clear

Dystrophic Epidermolysis Bullosa (COL7A1, Central Asian Shepherd Dog Variant)

Clear

Dystrophic Epidermolysis Bullosa (COL7A1, Golden Retriever Variant)

Clear

Health Report

Other Results

Early Onset Cerebellar Ataxia (SEL1L, Finnish Hound Variant)

Clear

Ehlers Danlos (ADAMTS2, Doberman Pinscher Variant)

Clear

Enamel Hypoplasia (ENAM Deletion, Italian Greyhound Variant)

Clear

Enamel Hypoplasia (ENAM SNP, Parson Russell Terrier Variant)

Clear

Episodic Falling Syndrome (BCAN)

Clear

Exercise-Induced Collapse, EIC (DNM1)

Clear

Factor VII Deficiency (F7 Exon 5)

Clear

Familial Nephropathy (COL4A4 Exon 3, Cocker Spaniel Variant)

Clear

Fetal-Onset Neonatal Neuroaxonal Dystrophy (MFN2, Giant Schnauzer Variant)

Clear

Glanzmann's Thrombasthenia Type I (ITGA2B Exon 13, Great Pyrenees Variant)

Clear

Glanzmann's Thrombasthenia Type I (ITGA2B Exon 12, Otterhound Variant)

Clear

Globoid Cell Leukodystrophy, Krabbe disease (GALC Exon 5, Terrier Variant)

Clear

Glycogen Storage Disease Type IA, Von Gierke Disease, GSD IA (G6PC, Maltese Variant)

Clear

Glycogen Storage Disease Type IIIA, GSD IIIA (AGL, Curly Coated Retriever Variant)

Clear

Glycogen storage disease Type VII, Phosphofructokinase Deficiency, PFK Deficiency (PFKM, Whippet and English Springer Spaniel Variant)

Clear

Glycogen storage disease Type VII, Phosphofructokinase Deficiency, PFK Deficiency (PFKM, Wachtelhund Variant)

Clear

GM1 Gangliosidosis (GLB1 Exon 2, Portuguese Water Dog Variant)

Clear

GM1 Gangliosidosis (GLB1 Exon 15, Shiba Inu Variant)

Clear

Health Report

Other Results

GM1 Gangliosidosis (GLB1 Exon 15, Alaskan Husky Variant)

Clear

GM2 Gangliosidosis (HEXA, Japanese Chin Variant)

Clear

GM2 Gangliosidosis (HEXB, Poodle Variant)

Clear

Golden Retriever Progressive Retinal Atrophy 1, GR-PRA1 (SLC4A3)

Clear

Golden Retriever Progressive Retinal Atrophy 2, GR-PRA2 (TTC8)

Clear

Goniodysgenesis and Glaucoma, Pectinate Ligament Dysplasia, PLD (OLFM3)

Clear

Hemophilia A (F8 Exon 11, German Shepherd Variant 1)

Clear

Hemophilia A (F8 Exon 1, German Shepherd Variant 2)

Clear

Hemophilia A (F8 Exon 10, Boxer Variant)

Clear

Hemophilia B (F9 Exon 7, Terrier Variant)

Clear

Hemophilia B (F9 Exon 7, Rhodesian Ridgeback Variant)

Clear

Hereditary Ataxia, Cerebellar Degeneration (RAB24, Old English Sheepdog and Gordon Setter Variant)

Clear

Hereditary Cataracts (HSF4 Exon 9, Australian Shepherd Variant)

Clear

Hereditary Footpad Hyperkeratosis (FAM83G, Terrier and Kromfohrlander Variant)

Clear

Hereditary Nasal Parakeratosis (SUV39H2 Intron 4, Greyhound Variant)

Clear

Hereditary Nasal Parakeratosis, HNPK (SUV39H2)

Clear

Hereditary Vitamin D-Resistant Rickets (VDR)

Clear

Hypocatalasia, Acatalasemia (CAT)

Clear

Health Report

Other Results

Hypomyelination and Tremors (FNIP2, Weimaraner Variant)

Clear

Hypophosphatasia (ALPL Exon 9, Karelian Bear Dog Variant)

Clear

Ichthyosis (NIPAL4, American Bulldog Variant)

Clear

Ichthyosis (SLC27A4, Great Dane Variant)

Clear

Ichthyosis, Epidermolytic Hyperkeratosis (KRT10, Terrier Variant)

Clear

Ichthyosis, ICH1 (PNPLA1, Golden Retriever Variant)

Clear

Inflammatory Myopathy (SLC25A12)

Clear

Inherited Myopathy of Great Danes (BIN1)

Clear

Inherited Selected Cobalamin Malabsorption with Proteinuria (CUBN, Komondor Variant)

Clear

Intervertebral Disc Disease (Type I) (FGF4 retrogene - CFA12)

Clear

Juvenile Epilepsy (LGI2)

Clear

Juvenile Myoclonic Epilepsy (DIRAS1)

Clear

L-2-Hydroxyglutaricaciduria, L2HGA (L2HGDH, Staffordshire Bull Terrier Variant)

Clear

Lagotto Storage Disease (ATG4D)

Clear

Late Onset Spinocerebellar Ataxia (CAPN1)

Clear

Late-Onset Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis, NCL 12 (ATP13A2, Australian Cattle Dog Variant)

Clear

Leonberger Polyneuropathy 1 (LPN1, ARHGEF10)

Clear

Leonberger Polyneuropathy 2 (GJA9)

Clear

Health Report

Other Results

Lethal Acrodermatitis, LAD (MKLN1)

Clear

Ligneous Membranitis, LM (PLG)

Clear

Limb Girdle Muscular Dystrophy (SGCD, Boston Terrier Variant)

Clear

Long QT Syndrome (KCNQ1)

Clear

Lundehund Syndrome (LEPREL1)

Clear

Macular Corneal Dystrophy, MCD (CHST6)

Clear

Malignant Hyperthermia (RYR1)

Clear

May-Hegglin Anomaly (MYH9)

Clear

Methemoglobinemia (CYB5R3)

Clear

Microphthalmia (RBP4 Exon 2, Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier Variant)

Clear

Mucopolysaccharidosis Type IIIA, Sanfilippo Syndrome Type A, MPS IIIA (SGSH Exon 6, Dachshund Variant)

Clear

Mucopolysaccharidosis Type IIIA, Sanfilippo Syndrome Type A, MPS IIIA (SGSH Exon 6, New Zealand Huntaway Variant)

Clear

Mucopolysaccharidosis Type VII, Sly Syndrome, MPS VII (GUSB Exon 3, German Shepherd Variant)

Clear

Mucopolysaccharidosis Type VII, Sly Syndrome, MPS VII (GUSB Exon 5, Terrier Brasileiro Variant)

Clear

Multiple Drug Sensitivity (ABCB1)

Clear

Muscular Dystrophy (DMD, Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Variant 1)

Clear

Muscular Dystrophy (DMD, Golden Retriever Variant)

Clear

Musladin-Lueke Syndrome, MLS (ADAMTSL2)

Clear

Health Report

Other Results

Myasthenia Gravis-Like Syndrome (CHRNE, Heideterrier Variant)

Clear

Myotonia Congenita (CLCN1 Exon 23, Australian Cattle Dog Variant)

Clear

Myotonia Congenita (CLCN1 Exon 7, Miniature Schnauzer Variant)

Clear

Narcolepsy (HCRTR2 Exon 1, Dachshund Variant)

Clear

Narcolepsy (HCRTR2 Intron 4, Doberman Pinscher Variant)

Clear

Narcolepsy (HCRTR2 Intron 6, Labrador Retriever Variant)

Clear

Neonatal Cerebellar Cortical Degeneration (SPTBN2, Beagle Variant)

Clear

Neonatal Encephalopathy with Seizures, NEWS (ATF2)

Clear

Neonatal Interstitial Lung Disease (LAMP3)

Clear

Neuroaxonal Dystrophy, NAD (TECPR2, Spanish Water Dog Variant)

Clear

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis 1, NCL 1 (PPT1 Exon 8, Dachshund Variant 1)

Clear

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis 10, NCL 10 (CTSD Exon 5, American Bulldog Variant)

Clear

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis 2, NCL 2 (TPP1 Exon 4, Dachshund Variant 2)

Clear

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis 5, NCL 5 (CLN5 Exon 4 SNP, Border Collie Variant)

Clear

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis 5, NCL 5 (CLN5 Exon 4 Deletion, Golden Retriever Variant)

Clear

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis 6, NCL 6 (CLN6 Exon 7, Australian Shepherd Variant)

Clear

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis 7, NCL 7 (MFSD8, Chihuahua and Chinese Crested Variant)

Clear

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis 8, NCL 8 (CLN8, Australian Shepherd Variant)

Clear

Health Report

Other Results

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis 8, NCL 8 (CLN8 Exon 2, English Setter Variant)

Clear

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis, Cerebellar Ataxia, NCL4A (ARSG Exon 2, American Staffordshire Terrier Variant)

Clear

Oculocutaneous Albinism, OCA (SLC45A2, Small Breed Variant)

Clear

Oculoskeletal Dysplasia 2 (COL9A2, Samoyed Variant)

Clear

Osteochondrodysplasia (SLC13A1, Poodle Variant)

Clear

Osteogenesis Imperfecta (COL1A2, Beagle Variant)

Clear

Osteogenesis Imperfecta (SERPINH1, Dachshund Variant)

Clear

Osteogenesis Imperfecta (COL1A1, Golden Retriever Variant)

Clear

P2Y12 Receptor Platelet Disorder (P2Y12)

Clear

Pachyonychia Congenita (KRT16, Dogue de Bordeaux Variant)

Clear

Paroxysmal Dyskinesia, PxD (PIGN)

Clear

Persistent Mullerian Duct Syndrome, PMDS (AMHR2)

Clear

Platelet Factor X Receptor Deficiency, Scott Syndrome (TMEM16F)

Clear

Polycystic Kidney Disease, PKD (PKD1)

Clear

Pompe's Disease (GAA, Finnish and Swedish Lapphund, Lapponian Herder Variant)

Clear

Prekallikrein Deficiency (KLKB1 Exon 8)

Clear

Primary Ciliary Dyskinesia, PCD (NME5, Alaskan Malamute Variant)

Clear

Primary Ciliary Dyskinesia, PCD (CCDC39 Exon 3, Old English Sheepdog Variant)

Clear

Health Report

Other Results

Primary Hyperoxaluria (AGXT)

Clear

Primary Lens Luxation (ADAMTS17)

Clear

Primary Open Angle Glaucoma (ADAMTS17 Exon 11, Basset Fauve de Bretagne Variant)

Clear

Primary Open Angle Glaucoma (ADAMTS10 Exon 17, Beagle Variant)

Clear

Primary Open Angle Glaucoma (ADAMTS10 Exon 9, Norwegian Elkhound Variant)

Clear

Primary Open Angle Glaucoma and Primary Lens Luxation (ADAMTS17 Exon 2, Chinese Shar-Pei Variant)

Clear

Progressive Retinal Atrophy (SAG)

Clear

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, CNGA (CNGA1 Exon 9)

Clear

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, crd1 (PDE6B, American Staffordshire Terrier Variant)

Clear

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, crd4/cord1 (RPGRIP1)

Clear

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, PRA1 (CNGB1)

Clear

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, PRA3 (FAM161A)

Clear

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, prcd (PRCD Exon 1)

Clear

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, rcd1 (PDE6B Exon 21, Irish Setter Variant)

Clear

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, rcd3 (PDE6A)

Clear

Protein Losing Nephropathy, PLN (NPHS1)

Clear

Pyruvate Dehydrogenase Deficiency (PDP1, Spaniel Variant)

Clear

Pyruvate Kinase Deficiency (PKLR Exon 5, Basenji Variant)

Clear

Health Report

Other Results

Pyruvate Kinase Deficiency (PKLR Exon 7, Beagle Variant)

Clear

Pyruvate Kinase Deficiency (PKLR Exon 10, Terrier Variant)

Clear

Pyruvate Kinase Deficiency (PKLR Exon 7, Labrador Retriever Variant)

Clear

Pyruvate Kinase Deficiency (PKLR Exon 7, Pug Variant)

Clear

Raine Syndrome (FAM20C)

Clear

Renal Cystadenocarcinoma and Nodular Dermatofibrosis (FLCN Exon 7)

Clear

Sensory Neuropathy (FAM134B, Border Collie Variant)

Clear

Severe Combined Immunodeficiency, SCID (PRKDC, Terrier Variant)

Clear

Severe Combined Immunodeficiency, SCID (RAG1, Wetterhoun Variant)

Clear

Shaking Puppy Syndrome (PLP1, English Springer Spaniel Variant)

Clear

Shar-Pei Autoinflammatory Disease, SPAID, Shar-Pei Fever (MTBP)

Clear

Skeletal Dysplasia 2, SD2 (COL11A2, Labrador Retriever Variant)

Clear

Skin Fragility Syndrome (PKP1, Chesapeake Bay Retriever Variant)

Clear

Spinocerebellar Ataxia with Myokymia and/or Seizures (KCNJ10)

Clear

Spongy Degeneration with Cerebellar Ataxia 1 (KCNJ10)

Clear

Spongy Degeneration with Cerebellar Ataxia 2 (ATP1B2)

Clear

Thrombopathia (RASGRP1 Exon 5, American Eskimo Dog Variant)

Clear

Thrombopathia (RASGRP1 Exon 5, Basset Hound Variant)

Clear

Health Report

Other Results

Thrombopathia (RASGRP1 Exon 8, Landseer Variant)

Clear

Trapped Neutrophil Syndrome, TNS (VPS13B)

Clear

Ullrich-like Congenital Muscular Dystrophy (COL6A3 Exon 10, Labrador Retriever Variant)

Clear

Unilateral Deafness and Vestibular Syndrome (PTPRQ Exon 39, Doberman Pinscher)

Clear

Urate Kidney & Bladder Stones (SLC2A9)

Clear

Von Willebrand Disease Type I, Type I vWD (VWF)

Clear

Von Willebrand Disease Type II, Type II vWD (VWF, Pointer Variant)

Clear

Von Willebrand Disease Type III, Type III vWD (VWF Exon 4, Terrier Variant)

Clear

Von Willebrand Disease Type III, Type III vWD (VWF Intron 16, Nederlandse Kooikerhondje Variant)

Clear

Von Willebrand Disease Type III, Type III vWD (VWF Exon 7, Shetland Sheepdog Variant)

Clear

X-Linked Hereditary Nephropathy, XLHN (COL4A5 Exon 35, Samoyed Variant 2)

Clear

X-Linked Myotubular Myopathy (MTM1, Labrador Retriever Variant)

Clear

X-Linked Progressive Retinal Atrophy 1, XL-PRA1 (RPGR)

Clear

X-linked Severe Combined Immunodeficiency, X-SCID (IL2RG Exon 1, Basset Hound Variant)

Clear

X-linked Severe Combined Immunodeficiency, X-SCID (IL2RG, Corgi Variant)

Clear

Health Report

Health Report

Notable result

ALT Activity

Sweet Shania Twain Bolles CGC inherited both copies of the variant we tested for Alanine Aminotransferase Activity

Why is this important to your vet?

Shania has two copies of a variant in the GPT gene and is likely to have a lower than average baseline ALT activity. ALT is a commonly used measure of liver health on routine veterinary blood chemistry panels. As such, your veterinarian may want to watch for changes in Shania's ALT activity above their current, healthy, ALT activity. As an increase above Shania’s baseline ALT activity could be evidence of liver damage, even if it is within normal limits by standard ALT reference ranges.

What is Alanine Aminotransferase Activity?

Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) is a clinical tool that can be used by veterinarians to better monitor liver health. This result is not associated with liver disease. ALT is one of several values veterinarians measure on routine blood work to evaluate the liver. It is a naturally occurring enzyme located in liver cells that helps break down protein. When the liver is damaged or inflamed, ALT is released into the bloodstream.

How vets diagnose this condition

Genetic testing is the only way to provide your veterinarian with this clinical tool.

How this condition is treated

Veterinarians may recommend blood work to establish a baseline ALT value for healthy dogs with one or two copies of this variant.

Health Report

Health Report

Notable result

Juvenile Laryngeal Paralysis and Polyneuropathy

Sweet Shania Twain Bolles CGC inherited one copy of the variant we tested for Juvenile Laryngeal Paralysis and Polyneuropathy, Polyneuropathy with Ocular Abnormalities and Neuronal Vacuolation, POANV

What does this result mean?

This variant should not impact Shania’s health. This variant is inherited in an autosomal recessive manner, meaning that a dog needs two copies of the variant to show signs of this condition. Shania is unlikely to develop this condition due to this variant because she only has one copy of the variant.

Impact on Breeding

Your dog carries this variant and will pass it on to ~50% of her offspring. You can email breeders@embarkvet.com to discuss with a genetic counselor how the genotype results should be applied to a breeding program.

What is Juvenile Laryngeal Paralysis and Polyneuropathy, Polyneuropathy with Ocular Abnormalities and Neuronal Vacuolation, POANV?

This inherited form of laryngeal paralysis affects puppies. However, multiple other symptoms (or no symptoms at all) may be present.

When signs & symptoms develop in affected dogs

Puppies affected with JLPP tend to show signs as early as 3 months of age.

How vets diagnose this condition

Genetic testing, clinical signs, and sedation to visualize the larynx are all used to diagnose this disorder.

How this condition is treated

There are surgical corrections that can help dogs affected with laryngeal paralysis. Aspiration pneumonia, however, remains a risk and must be treated aggressively when it does occur.

Actions to take if your dog is affected

  • Please consult with your veterinarian about the best treatment and monitoring plan.

Genetic Diversity and Inbreeding

Coefficient of Inbreeding (COI)

Genetic Result:
37%

Our genetic COI measures the proportion of your dog’s genome (her genes) where the genes on the mother’s side are identical by descent to those on the father’s side. The higher your dog’s coefficient of inbreeding (the percentage), the more inbred your dog is.

Your Dog’s COI

Coefficient of inbreeding chart

This graph represents where your dog’s inbreeding levels fall on a scale compared to both dogs with a similar breed makeup to her (the blue bars) and all purebred dogs (the grey line).

Genetic Diversity and Inbreeding

More on the Science

Embark scientists, along with our research partners at Cornell University, have shown the impact of inbreeding on longevity and fertility and developed a state-of-the-art, peer-reviewed method for accurately measuring COI and predicting average COI in litters.

Citations

About Embark

Embark Veterinary is a canine genetics company offering research-grade genetic tests to pet owners and breeders. Every Embark test examines over 200,000 genetic markers, and provides results for over 250 genetic health conditions, breed identification, clinical tools, and more.

Embark is a research partner of the Cornell University College of Veterinary Medicine and collaborates with scientists and registries to accelerate genetic research in canine health. We make it easy for customers and vets to understand, share and make use of their dog’s unique genetic profile to improve canine health and happiness.

Learn more at embarkvet.com

Veterinarians and hospitals can send inquiries to veterinarians@embarkvet.com.