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Zuma

Mixed Breed

“My little jumping bean”

Place of Birth
Duluth, Minnesota, USA
Current Location
Duluth, Minnesota, USA
From
Duluth, Minnesota, USA

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Genetic Breed Result

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Mixed Breed

26.3% Chihuahua
16.3% Pomeranian
14.1% Miniature Pinscher
13.3% Pug
11.4% Bichon Frise
10.4% Dachshund
8.2% Poodle (Small)
Chihuahua Chihuahua
Chihuahuas have a huge personality that defies their tiny frame, known to be highly active and intelligent canines.
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Pomeranian Pomeranian
The Pomeranian is a cocky, animated companion with an extroverted personality.
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Miniature Pinscher Miniature Pinscher
The Miniature Pinscher is a small breed of dog originating from Germany. The breed's earliest ancestors may have included the German Pinscher mixed with Italian greyhounds and dachshunds.
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Pug Pug
The Pug is a breed of dog with a wrinkly, short-muzzled face and curled tail. Pugs are known for being sociable and gentle companion dogs.
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Bichon Frise Bichon Frise
The Bichon Frise is a hypoallergenic, fluffy, white companion breed with a charismatic, cheerful temperament. Known for their clownish antics, the Bichon Frise can put a smile on anyone's face.
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Dachshund Dachshund
The Dachshund, meaning “badger dog” in German, is a lively breed with a friendly personality and a great sense of smell. Known for their long and low bodies, they are spirited hunters that excel in both above and below-ground work. They come in three different coat varieties (smooth, wirehaired or longhaired) and can be miniature or standard size.
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Poodle (Small) Poodle (Small)
A highly intelligent and playful dog, Miniature and Toy Poodles make for great lap dogs and companions.
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Genetic Stats


Wolfiness

0.9 % MEDIUM Learn More

Predicted Adult Weight

16 lbs Learn More

Genetic Age
17 human years Learn More
Based on the date of birth provided

Breed Mix Matches

Explore other Embark dogs who have breed mixes that are similar to Zuma’s.
A Mix Match of 100 means they are the exact same breed mix!

DNA Breed Origins

What’s this?
Breed colors:
Chihuahua
Pomeranian
Miniature Pinscher
Pug
Bichon Frise
Dachshund
Poodle (Small)

Would you like more information? Have you found a lost dog wearing an Embark dog tag? You can contact us at:

 
Family Tree From Embark PARENTS GRANDPARENTS GREAT GRANDPARENTS Mixed Chihuahua mix Pomeranian / Poodle (Small) mix Miniature Pinscher / Bichon Frise mix Chihuahua Pug / Dachshund mix Pomeranian Poodle (Small) mix Miniature Pinscher Bichon Frise Chihuahua Chihuahua Pug Dachshund

Our algorithms predict this is the most likely family tree to explain Zuma’s breed mix, but this family tree may not be the only possible one.

Summary

0
AT RISK
1
CARRIER
170
CLEAR
Tap above or scroll down to see more

Clinical Traits

These clinical traits are valuable to your veterinarian and can inform the clinical decisions and diagnoses they make.

Alanine Aminotransferase Activity result: Normal
Zuma has two normal alleles at ALT.

Genetic Health Conditions

A genetic health condition indicates a genetic mutation that increases the risk that an animal develops a specific disease.

Not At Risk

Good news! Zuma did not test positive for any of the genetic conditions that Embark screens for.

It is still important to let your veterinarian know these results because they could help guide Zuma’s diagnosis and treatment if he gets sick in the future.

Carrier for
1 genetic condition

Zuma is a carrier for 1 of the genetic diseases that Embark tests for.
What does Carrier mean?

Zuma has inherited a recessive allele for a genetic trait or mutation. This is not enough to cause symptoms of the disease, but is important to bear in mind if Zuma ever has children.

Condition List

Progressive Retinal Atrophy - crd4/cord1
(RPGRIP1)
Eyes

This retinal disease causes progressive, non-painful vision loss. The retina contains the cells, photoreceptors, that collect information about light: that is, they are t…

Common Conditions

Good news! Zuma tested clear for 18 genetic conditions that are common in his breed mix.
Condition List

Von Willebrand Disease Type I
(VWF)
Blood

Coagulopathies, disorders of blood clotting, can lead to symptoms such as easy bruising or bleeding. Dogs with coagulopathies are often at risk for excessive bleeding dur…

Seen in Poodle (Small)s, but not Zuma.

Congenital Macrothrombocytopenia
(TUBB1 Exon 1, Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Variant)
Blood

This is a benign disorder of platelet production that leads to abnormally large, sparse platelets. Affected dogs typically do not suffer any ill effects from the size or …

Seen in Chihuahuas, Bichon Frises, Poodle (Small)s, but not Zuma.

May-Hegglin Anomaly
(MYH9)
Blood

A rare, benign disease of platelets, this is characterized by abnormally sparse, large platelets. Your vet may also notice blue blotches known as “inclusion bodies" in so…

Seen in Pugs, but not Zuma.

Pyruvate Kinase Deficiency
(PKLR Exon 7 Pug Variant)
Blood

This is a disease of red blood cells characterized by low energy level, jaundiced skin, and pale and cool extremities. Dogs affected with PKD have red blood cells that ha…

Seen in Pugs, but not Zuma.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, rcd3
Rod-cone dysplasia, rcd3 (PDE6A)
Eyes

This retinal disease causes progressive, non-painful vision loss. The retina contains the cells, photoreceptors, that collect information about light: that is, they are t…

Seen in Pomeranians, but not Zuma.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, prcd
Progressive rod-cone degeneration (PRCD Exon 1)
Eyes

This retinal disease causes progressive, non-painful vision loss. The retina contains the cells, photoreceptors, that collect information about light: that is, they are t…

Seen in Chihuahuas, Poodle (Small)s, but not Zuma.

Cystinuria Type II-B
(SLC7A9)
Kidney and Bladder

A disease of cystine accumulation, affected dogs are prone to developing cystine kidney and bladder stones, which if caught early can be managed with dietary changes, inc…

Seen in Miniature Pinschers, but not Zuma.

Mucopolysaccharidosis Type IIIA, Sanfilippo Syndrome Type A, MPS IIIA
(SGSH Exon 6 Variant 1)
Multisystem

A type of lysosomal storage disease, this can cause skeletal abnormalities, growth retardation, and gait abnormalities, and can require close monitoring and special measu…

Seen in Dachshunds, but not Zuma.

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis 1, NCL 1
(PPT1 Exon 8)
Multisystem

This form of lysosomal storage disease can cause juvenile to adult-onset neurologic signs, depending on the affected gene. While lipofuscin is commonly observed in the ti…

Seen in Dachshunds, but not Zuma.

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis 2, NCL 2
(TPP1 Exon 4)
Multisystem

This form of lysosomal storage disease can cause juvenile to adult-onset neurologic signs, depending on the affected gene. While lipofuscin is commonly observed in the ti…

Seen in Dachshunds, but not Zuma.

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis
(MFSD8)
Multisystem

This form of lysosomal storage disease can cause juvenile to adult-onset neurologic signs, depending on the affected gene. While lipofuscin is commonly observed in the ti…

Seen in Chihuahuas, but not Zuma.

GM2 Gangliosidosis
(HEXB, Poodle Variant)
Multisystem

An early onset form of lysosomal storage disease, this can cause affected dogs to display neurologic signs as puppies or young adults. These include partial or total visi…

Seen in Poodle (Small)s, but not Zuma.

Spinocerebellar Ataxia with Myokymia and/or Seizures
(KCNJ10)
Brain and Spinal Cord

Known as the “oldest” (even reptiles and more ancient species have them!) part of the brain, the cerebellum fine-tunes motor signals from the brain to the muscles, allowi…

Seen in Chihuahuas, but not Zuma.

Degenerative Myelopathy, DM
(SOD1A)
Brain and Spinal Cord

A disease of mature dogs, this is a progressive degenerative disorder of the spinal cord that can cause muscle wasting and gait abnormalities. Affected dogs do not usuall…

Seen in Pugs, but not Zuma.

Neonatal Encephalopathy with Seizures, NEWS
(ATF2)
Brain and Spinal Cord

A neurologic disease of puppies, affected puppies are often smaller than their unaffected littermates and require intensive nursing care. Without this extra support, pupp…

Seen in Poodle (Small)s, but not Zuma.

Hereditary Vitamin D-Resistant Rickets
(VDR)
Skeletal

A disease of insufficient calcium absorption, this can cause lameness and skeletal abnormalities; however, if diagnosed early it can be successfully managed. Calcium abso…

Seen in Pomeranians, but not Zuma.

Osteogenesis Imperfecta, Brittle Bone Disease
(SERPINH1)
Skeletal

A disease of bone strength and flexibilty, affected dogs often present to the vet for spontaneous bone fractures, tooth fractures and loss, and joint pain; these symptoms…

Seen in Dachshunds, but not Zuma.

Osteochondrodysplasia, Skeletal Dwarfism
(SLC13A1)
Skeletal

A form of skeletal dwarfism, this causes affected dogs to have abnormally short legs but a normal sized body due to abnormal fetal skeletal maturation. As a fetus, most o…

Seen in Poodle (Small)s, but not Zuma.

Other Conditions:
Clear of 152

Zuma is clear of 152 other genetic conditions that Embark tests for.
Explore the genetics behind your dog’s appearance, size, and genetic diversity.
Base Coat Color

Base Coat Color

Dark or Light Fur
E (Extension) Locus
Light colored fur (cream to red)
Brown or Black Pigment
B (Brown) Locus
Likely black colored nose/feet
Color Dilution
D (Dilute) Locus
Dark (non-dilute) skin
Coat Color Modifiers

Coat Color Modifiers

Hidden Patterning
K (Dominant Black) Locus
No impact on coat color
Body Pattern
A (Agouti) Locus
No impact on coat pattern
Facial Fur Pattern
E (Extension) Locus
No dark fur anywhere
Saddle Tan
No impact on coat pattern
Merle
M (Merle) Locus
No impact on coat color
Other Coat Traits

Other Coat Traits

Furnishings LINKAGE
Likely furnished (mustache, beard, and/or eyebrows)
Coat Length
Likely short or mid-length coat
Shedding
Likely light shedding
Coat Texture
Likely wavy coat
Hairlessness (Xolo type) LINKAGE
Very unlikely to be hairless
Hairlessness (Terrier type)
Very unlikely to be hairless
Oculocutaneous Albinism Type 2 LINKAGE
Likely not albino
Other Body Features

Other Body Features

Muzzle Length
Likely medium or long muzzle
Tail Length
Likely normal-length tail
Hind Dew Claws
Unlikely to have hind dew claws
Back Muscling & Bulk (Large Breed)
Likely normal muscling
Eye Color LINKAGE
Less likely to have blue eyes
Body Size

Body Size

Body Size 1
Intermediate
Body Size 2
Larger
Body Size 3
Intermediate
Body Size 4
Intermediate
Body Size 5
Larger
Performance

Performance

Altitude Adaptation
Normal altitude tolerance

Through Zuma’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace his mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

B1

Haplotype

B74

Map

B1

Zuma’s Haplogroup

B1 is the second most common maternal lineage in breeds of European or American origin. It is the female line of the majority of Golden Retrievers, Basset Hounds, and Shih Tzus, and about half of Beagles, Pekingese and Toy Poodles. This lineage is also somewhat common among village dogs that carry distinct ancestry from these breeds. We know this is a result of B1 dogs being common amongst the European dogs that their conquering owners brought around the world, because nowhere on earth is it a very common lineage in village dogs. It even enables us to trace the path of (human) colonization: Because most Bichons are B1 and Bichons are popular in Spanish culture, B1 is now fairly common among village dogs in Latin America.

B74

Zuma’s Haplotype

Part of the large B1 haplogroup, this haplotype occurs most frequently in mixed breed dogs.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

The B1 haplogroup can be found in village dogs like the Peruvian Village Dog, pictured above.

Through Zuma’s Y-chromosome we can trace his father’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A1a

Haplotype

H1a.8/32/44

Map

A1a

Zuma’s Haplogroup

Some of the wolves that became the original dogs in Central Asia around 15,000 years ago came from this long and distinguished line of male dogs. After domestication, they followed their humans from Asia to Europe and then didn't stop there. They took root in Europe, eventually becoming the dogs that founded the Vizsla breed 1,000 years ago. The Vizsla is a Central European hunting dog, and all male Vizslas descend from this line. During the Age of Exploration, like their owners, these pooches went by the philosophy, "Have sail, will travel!" From the windy plains of Patagonia to the snug and homey towns of the American Midwest, the beaches of a Pacific paradise, and the broad expanse of the Australian outback, these dogs followed their masters to the outposts of empires. Whether through good fortune or superior genetics, dogs from the A1a lineage traveled the globe and took root across the world. Now you find village dogs from this line frolicking on Polynesian beaches, hanging out in villages across the Americas, and scavenging throughout Old World settlements. You can also find this "prince of patrilineages" in breeds as different as German Shepherds, Golden Retrievers, Pugs, Border Collies, Scottish Terriers, and Irish Wolfhounds. No male wolf line has been as successful as the A1a line!

H1a.8/32/44

Zuma’s Haplotype

Part of the A1a haplogroup, this haplotype occurs most frequently in mixed-breed dogs.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

Dogs with A1a lineage travelled during European Colonial times.