Willow

Mixed Breed

“Willow was adopted from the Nebraska Humane Society. She's quite the spaz but she's a very affectionate dog.”

Current Location
Omaha, Nebraska, USA
From
Nebraska Humane Society, Fort Street, Omaha, NE, USA

This dog has been viewed 704 times and been given 0 wags

Genetic Breed Result

Learn how it’s done

Mixed Breed

50.0% Cairn Terrier
50.0% Maltese
Cairn Terrier Cairn Terrier
The Cairn Terrier is one of the oldest of the terrier breeds, originating in the Scottish Highlands and recognized as one of Scotland's earliest working dogs.
Learn More
Maltese Maltese
Maltese dogs are confident and friendly toy dogs, that can be high maintenance but boast a beautiful white silky coat.
Learn More
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Genetic Stats


Wolfiness

0.9 % MEDIUM Learn More

Predicted Adult Weight
Genetic Age
35 human years Learn More
Based on the date of birth provided

Breed Mix Matches

Explore other Embark dogs who have breed mixes that are similar to Willow’s.
A Mix Match of 100 means they are the exact same breed mix!

DNA Breed Origins

What’s this?
Breed colors:
Cairn Terrier
Maltese

Would you like more information? Have you found a lost dog wearing an Embark dog tag? You can contact us at:

Explore by tapping the parents and grandparents.

Our algorithms predict this is the most likely family tree to explain Willow’s breed mix, but this family tree may not be the only possible one.

Health Summary

Willow has one variant that you should let your vet know about.

ALT Activity

Willow inherited one copy of the variant we tested

Why is this important to your vet?

Willow has one copy of a variant associated with reduced ALT activity as measured on veterinary blood chemistry panels. Please inform your veterinarian that Willow has this genotype, as ALT is often used as an indicator of liver health and Willow is likely to have a lower than average resting ALT activity. As such, an increase in Willow’s ALT activity could be evidence of liver damage, even if it is within normal limits by standard ALT reference ranges.

What is ALT Activity?

Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) is a clinical tool that can be used by veterinarians to better monitor liver health. This result is not associated with liver disease. ALT is one of several values veterinarians measure on routine blood work to evaluate the liver. It is a naturally occurring enzyme located in liver cells that helps break down protein. When the liver is damaged or inflamed, ALT is released into the bloodstream.

Breed-Relevant Genetic Conditions

Hemophilia B

Identified in Cairn Terriers

Congenital Macrothrombocytopenia

Identified in Cairn Terriers

Pyruvate Kinase Deficiency

Identified in Cairn Terriers

Glycogen Storage Disease Type IA, Von Gierke Disease, GSD IA

Identified in Malteses

Globoid Cell Leukodystrophy, Krabbe disease

Identified in Cairn Terriers

Craniomandibular Osteopathy, CMO

Identified in Cairn Terriers

Additional Genetic Conditions

Explore the genetics behind your dog’s appearance and size.
Base Coat Color

Base Coat Color

Dark or Light Fur
E (Extension) Locus
Can have dark fur
Brown or Black Pigment
B (Brown) Locus
Black or gray fur and skin
Color Dilution
D (Dilute) Locus
Dark (non-dilute) fur and skin
Coat Color Modifiers

Coat Color Modifiers

Hidden Patterning
K (Dominant Black) Locus
More likely to have patterned fur
Body Pattern
A (Agouti) Locus
Fawn Sable coat color pattern
Facial Fur Pattern
E (Extension) Locus
Can have black masking (dark facial fur)
Saddle Tan
No impact on coat pattern
White Spotting
S (White Spotting) Locus
Likely to have some white areas in coat
Merle
M (Merle) Locus
Unlikely to have merle pattern
Other Coat Traits

Other Coat Traits

Furnishings LINKAGE
Likely furnished (mustache, beard, and/or eyebrows)
Coat Length
Likely short or mid-length coat
Shedding
Likely light shedding
Coat Texture
Coat would likely be curly or wavy if long
Hairlessness (Xolo type) LINKAGE
Very unlikely to be hairless
Hairlessness (Terrier type)
Very unlikely to be hairless
Oculocutaneous Albinism Type 2 LINKAGE
Likely not albino
Other Body Features

Other Body Features

Muzzle Length
Likely medium or long muzzle
Tail Length
Likely normal-length tail
Hind Dew Claws
Likely to have hind dew claws
Back Muscling & Bulk (Large Breed)
Likely normal muscling
Eye Color LINKAGE
Less likely to have blue eyes
Body Size

Body Size

Body Size 1
Smaller
Body Size 2
Larger
Body Size 3
Intermediate
Body Size 4
Smaller
Body Size 5
Intermediate
Performance

Performance

Altitude Adaptation
Normal altitude tolerance
Appetite LINKAGE
Normal food motivation

Through Willow’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace her mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that her ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A1d

Haplotype

A26a/305

Map

A1d

Willow’s Haplogroup

This female lineage can be traced back about 15,000 years to some of the original Central Asian wolves that were domesticated into modern dogs. The early females that represent this lineage were likely taken into Eurasia, where they spread rapidly. As a result, many modern breed and village dogs from the Americas, Africa, through Asia and down into Oceania belong to this group! This widespread lineage is not limited to a select few breeds, but the majority of Rottweilers, Afghan Hounds and Wirehaired Pointing Griffons belong to it. It is also the most common female lineage among Papillons, Samoyeds and Jack Russell Terriers. Considering its occurrence in breeds as diverse as Afghan Hounds and Samoyeds, some of this is likely ancient variation. But because of its presence in many modern European breeds, much of its diversity likely can be attributed to much more recent breeding.

A26a/305

Willow’s Haplotype

Part of the large A1d haplogroup, we have not yet detected this haplotype in any of our village dogs. Among the 6 breeds we see it in, it appears most frequently in Newfoundlands, Cavalier King Charles Spaniels, and soft coated Wheaten Terriers.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

The vast majority of Rottweilers have the A1d haplogroup.

The Paternal Haplotype reveals a dog’s deep ancestral lineage, stretching back thousands of years to the original domestication of dogs.

Are you looking for information on the breeds that Willow inherited from her mom and dad? Check out her breed breakdown and family tree.

Paternal Haplotype is determined by looking at a dog’s Y-chromosome—but not all dogs have Y-chromosomes!

Why can’t we show Paternal Haplotype results for female dogs?

All dogs have two sex chromosomes. Female dogs have two X-chromosomes (XX) and male dogs have one X-chromosome and one Y-chromosome (XY). When having offspring, female (XX) dogs always pass an X-chromosome to their puppy. Male (XY) dogs can pass either an X or a Y-chromosome—if the puppy receives an X-chromosome from its father then it will be a female (XX) puppy and if it receives a Y-chromosome then it will be a male (XY) puppy. As you can see, Y-chromosomes are passed down from a male dog only to its male offspring.

Since Willow is a female (XX) dog, she has no Y-chromosome for us to analyze and determine a paternal haplotype.