What is Embark?

“Wesley”
Wesley Hearts Delight

Coton de Tulear

“He is a sweet, gentle, fun loving little guy whose favorite activity besides tug of war and fetch is to explore new places. He is a tri-color which has transitioned to silver ears and he has kept the black ring at the base of his tail. Now a year old, the tiny freckles along his spine have grown and spread giving his otherwise white coat a dusting of black. His joy is contagious and his love of his humans very endearing.”

Location
Oakland, California, USA

This dog has been viewed 57 times and been given 0 wags

Registration

Malagasy Coton Preservation Club (MCPC): MCPC00079

Genetic Breed Result

Learn how it’s done

Coton de Tulear

Coton de Tulear Coton de Tulear
The Coton de Tulear is a lovable little dog with a coat as soft at cotton. They come from Madagascar where they have been everything from pets of the royal family to street dogs. This is a breed loved by all who encounter it.
Learn More
Start a conversation! Message this dog’s owner.

Genetic Stats

Wolfiness: 2.1 % HIGH Learn More
Predicted Adult Weight: 13 lbs Learn More
Genetic Age: 22 human years Learn More

Explore:

Health

Traits

Maternal Haplotype

Paternal Haplotype

Would you like more information? Have you found a lost dog wearing an Embark dog tag? You can contact us at:

Summary

0
AT RISK
0
CARRIER
170
CLEAR
Tap above or scroll down to see more

Clinical traits

These genetic traits are valuable to your veterinarian and can inform the clinical decisions and diagnoses they make.

Alanine Aminotransferase Activity result: Low Normal
This result helps your vet understand what your dog's baseline ALT activity is. The enzyme alanine aminotransferase, or ALT, is commonly used to evaluate liver health. Do…
Wesley Hearts Delight has one copy of a mutation associated with reduced ALT activity as measured on veterinary blood chemistry panels. Please inform your veterinarian th…

Not At Risk

Good news! Wesley did not test positive for any of the genetic diseases that Embark screens for.

It is still important to let your veterinarian know these results because they could help guide Wesley’s diagnosis and treatment if he gets sick in the future.

Not A Carrier

Good news! Wesley is not a carrier for any of the genetic diseases that Embark tests for.

Common Conditions

Good news! Wesley tested clear for 5 genetic conditions that are common in his breed.
Condition List

Von Willebrand Disease Type I
(VWF)
Blood

Coagulopathies, disorders of blood clotting, can lead to symptoms such as easy bruising or bleeding. Dogs with coagulopathies are often at risk for excessive bleeding dur…

Canine Multifocal Retinopathy
cmr2 (BEST1 Exon 5)
Eyes

This is a non-progressive retinal disease that, in rare cases, can lead to vision loss. CMR is typically only identified when a vet examines the eye which, in dogs with C…

Primary Hyperoxaluria
(AGXT)
Kidney and Bladder

First characterized in the Coton de Tulear, this condition leads to the formation of oxalate and calcium oxalate stones and, if diagnosed early, can be managed with dieta…

Degenerative Myelopathy
(SOD1A)
Brain and Spinal Cord

A disease of mature dogs, this is a progressive degenerative disorder of the spinal cord that can cause muscle wasting and gait abnormalities. Affected dogs do not usuall…

Exercise-Induced Collapse
(DNM1)
Muscular

First characterized in field-trial lines of Labrador Retriever dogs, this muscle disorder can cause episodes of muscle weakness and sometimes collapse; after recovering, …

Other Conditions:
Clear of 165

Wesley is clear of 165 other genetic diseases that Embark tests for.

Reports and Downloads

Veterinary Report For your veterinarian

Explore:

Traits

Maternal Haplotype

Paternal Haplotype

Jump to:

Coat Color

A number of genes are known to affect coat color in dogs, and they all interact. In some cases, other genetic effects may also influence color and pattern.

Trait
Result
 
E Locus (Mask, Grizzle, Recessive Red)
Ee
K Locus (Dominant Black)
kyky
A Locus (Agouti, Sable)
atat
D Locus (Dilute, Blue, Fawn)
DD
B Locus (Brown, Chocolate, Liver, Red, Dudley)
BB
Saddle Tan
NI

Other Embark dogs with these Coat Color genes:

Other Coat Traits

Furnishings, shedding and curls are all genetic! And they all interact, too. In fact, the combination of these genes explains the coat phenotypes of 90% of AKC registered dog breeds.

Trait
Result
 
Furnishings / Improper Coat (RSPO2)
FF
Long Haircoat (FGF5)
TT
Shedding (MC5R)
CT
Curly Coat (KRT71)
CC
Hairlessness (FOXI3)
LINKAGE
N/N
Hairlessness (SGK3)
NN
Oculocutaneous Albinism Type 2 - OCA2, Doberman Z Factor Albinism (SLC45A2)
LINKAGE
N/N

More information on coat type genetics: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2897713/figure/F3/

Other Embark dogs with these Coat Traits genes:

Other Body Features

Trait
Result
 
Brachycephaly (BMP3)
CC
Natural Bobtail (T)
CC
Hind Dewclaws (LMBR1)
CC
Blue Eye Color
LINKAGE
N/N

Body Size

Body size is a complex trait that is affected by both genetic and environmental variation. Our genetic analysis includes genes that, together, explain over 80% of the variation in dog body size. It does not account for runting or stunting; nor does it account for the interactions between various genes both known and unknown.

Trait
Result
 
Body Size - IGF1
II
Body Size - IGF1R
GG
Body Size - STC2
AA
Body Size - GHR (E195K)
AA
Body Size - GHR (P177L)
CC

Other Embark dogs with these Body Size genes:

Performance

Trait
Result
 
Altitude Adaptation (EPAS1)
GG

Explore:

Health

Maternal Haplotype

Paternal Haplotype

Through Wesley’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace his mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

B1

Haplotype

B1/13

Map

B1

Wesley Hearts Delight’s Haplogroup

B1 is the second most common maternal lineage in breeds of European or American origin. It is the female line of the majority of Golden Retrievers, Basset Hounds, and Shih Tzus, and about half of Beagles, Pekingese and Toy Poodles. This lineage is also somewhat common among village dogs that carry distinct ancestry from these breeds. We know this is a result of B1 dogs being common amongst the European dogs that their conquering owners brought around the world, because nowhere on earth is it a very common lineage in village dogs. It even enables us to trace the path of (human) colonization: Because most Bichons are B1 and Bichons are popular in Spanish culture, B1 is now fairly common among village dogs in Latin America.

B1/13

Wesley Hearts Delight’s Haplotype

Part of the large B1 haplogroup, this common haplotype occurs in Shih Tzus, Tibetan Spaniels, Maltese, and village dogs throughout the world including Central and South America, South Asia, and the South Pacific.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

The B1 haplogroup can be found in village dogs like the Peruvian Village Dog, pictured above.

Explore:

Health

Traits

Paternal Haplotype

Through Wesley’s Y-chromosome we can trace his father’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A2b

Haplotype

Hc.9

Map

A2b

Wesley Hearts Delight’s Haplogroup

A2b appears to have split a few times in succession, which means that some of the Central Asian male ancestors of this lineage went their separate ways before their respective Y chromosomes made their rounds. There is not much diversity in this lineage, meaning that it has only begun to take off recently. Two iconic breeds, the Dachshund and Bloodhound, represent this lineage well. Over half of Rottweilers are A2b, as are the majority of Labrador Retrievers and Cavalier King Charles Spaniels. While A2a is restricted mostly to East Asia, this paternal line is also found among European breeds.

Hc.9

Wesley Hearts Delight’s Haplotype

Part of the A2b haplogroup, this haplotype is found in village dogs spanning South America, Africa, and the South Pacific. Among the 11 breeds we have spotted it in, the most frequent occurrences are in Dachshund, Bloodhound, American Eskimo Dog, and Jack Russell Terrier.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

A2b is found in the Daschund breed.

Explore:

Health

Traits

Maternal Haplotype