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Vincent

“Very social and wise fellow”

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Registration

968000010162659

Genetic Breed Result

Learn how it’s done
51.7% German Shepherd Dog
23.2% Siberian Husky
15.4% Alaskan Malamute
9.7% Gray Wolf
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Genetic Stats


Predicted Adult Weight
Genetic Age
59 human years Learn More
Based on the date of birth provided

DNA Breed Origins

What’s this?
Breed colors:
German Shepherd Dog
Siberian Husky
Alaskan Malamute
Gray Wolf

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Health Summary

Vincent has one variant that you should let your vet know about.

ALT Activity

Vincent inherited one copy of the variant we tested

Why is this important to your vet?

Vincent has one copy of a variant associated with reduced ALT activity as measured on veterinary blood chemistry panels. Please inform your veterinarian that Vincent has this genotype, as ALT is often used as an indicator of liver health and Vincent is likely to have a lower than average resting ALT activity. As such, an increase in Vincent’s ALT activity could be evidence of liver damage, even if it is within normal limits by standard ALT reference ranges.

What is ALT Activity?

Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) is a clinical tool that can be used by veterinarians to better monitor liver health. This result is not associated with liver disease. ALT is one of several values veterinarians measure on routine blood work to evaluate the liver. It is a naturally occurring enzyme located in liver cells that helps break down protein. When the liver is damaged or inflamed, ALT is released into the blood stream.

Breed-Relevant Genetic Conditions

Multiple Drug Sensitivity (MDR1)

Identified in German Shepherd Dogs

Factor VII Deficiency (F7 Exon 5)

Identified in Alaskan Malamutes

Hemophilia A (F8 Exon 11, Shepherd Variant 1)

Identified in German Shepherd Dogs

Hemophilia A (F8 Exon 1, Shepherd Variant 2)

Identified in German Shepherd Dogs

Canine Leukocyte Adhesion Deficiency Type III, CLAD3 (FERMT3)

Identified in German Shepherd Dogs

Day Blindness (CNGA3 Exon 7 German Shepherd Variant)

Identified in German Shepherd Dogs

Urate Kidney & Bladder Stones (SLC2A9)

Identified in German Shepherd Dogs

Anhidrotic Ectodermal Dysplasia (EDA Intron 8)

Identified in German Shepherd Dogs

Renal Cystadenocarcinoma and Nodular Dermatofibrosis (FLCN Exon 7)

Identified in German Shepherd Dogs

Mucopolysaccharidosis Type VII, Sly Syndrome, MPS VII (GUSB Exon 3)

Identified in German Shepherd Dogs

GM1 Gangliosidosis (GLB1 Exon 15 Alaskan Husky Variant)

Identified in Siberian Huskies

Degenerative Myelopathy, DM (SOD1A)

Identified in German Shepherd Dogs

Polyneuropathy, NDRG1 Malamute Variant (NDRG1 Exon 4)

Identified in Alaskan Malamutes

Additional Genetic Conditions

Explore the genetics behind your dog’s appearance and size.
Coat Color

Coat Color

E Locus (MC1R)
No dark mask or grizzle (EE)
K Locus (CBD103)
More likely to have a patterned haircoat (kyky)
A Locus (ASIP)
Agouti (Wolf Sable) coat color pattern (awat)
D Locus (MLPH)
Dark areas of hair and skin are not lightened (DD)
B Locus (TYRP1)
Black or gray hair and skin (BB)
Other Coat Traits

Other Coat Traits

Furnishings (RSPO2) LINKAGE
Likely unfurnished (no mustache, beard, and/or eyebrows) (II)
Coat Length (FGF5)
Likely short or mid-length coat (GT)
Shedding (MC5R)
Likely heavy/seasonal shedding (CC)
Coat Texture (KRT71)
Likely straight coat (CC)
Hairlessness (FOXI3) LINKAGE
Very unlikely to be hairless (NN)
Oculocutaneous Albinism Type 2 (SLC45A2) LINKAGE
Likely not albino (NN)
Other Body Features

Other Body Features

Muzzle Length (BMP3)
Likely medium or long muzzle (CC)
Tail Length (T)
Likely normal-length tail (CC)
Hind Dewclaws (LMBR1)
Unlikely to have hind dew claws (CC)
Blue Eye Color (ALX4) LINKAGE
Less likely to have blue eyes (NN)
Body Size

Body Size

Body Size (IGF1)
Larger (NN)
Body Size (IGFR1)
Larger (GG)
Body Size (STC2)
Larger (TT)
Body Size (GHR - E191K)
Larger (GG)
Body Size (GHR - P177L)
Larger (CC)
Performance

Performance

Altitude Adaptation (EPAS1)
Normal altitude tolerance (GG)
Appetite (POMC) LINKAGE
Normal food motivation (NN)

Through Vincent’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace his mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A1e

Haplotype

A22

Map

A1e

Vincent’s Haplogroup

This female lineage likely stems from some of the original Central Asian wolves that were domesticated into modern dogs starting about 15,000 years ago. It seemed to be a fairly rare dog line for most of dog history until the past 300 years, when the lineage seemed to “explode” out and spread quickly. What really separates this group from the pack is its presence in Alaskan village dogs and Samoyeds. It is possible that this was an indigenous lineage brought to the Americas from Siberia when people were first starting to make that trip themselves! We see this lineage pop up in overwhelming numbers of Irish Wolfhounds, and it also occurs frequently in popular large breeds like Bernese Mountain Dogs, Saint Bernards and Great Danes. Shetland Sheepdogs are also common members of this maternal line, and we see it a lot in Boxers, too. Though it may be all mixed up with European dogs thanks to recent breeding events, its origins in the Americas makes it a very exciting lineage for sure!

A22

Vincent’s Haplotype

Part of the large A1e haplogroup, we see this haplotype in Bernese Mountain Dogs, German Shepherd Dogs, Great Danes, and village dogs in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

Irish Wolfhounds are a consistent carrier of A1e.

Through Vincent’s Y-chromosome we can trace his father’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

Havoc's Haplogroup

Haplotype

Havoc

Map

Havoc's Haplogroup

Vincent’s Haplogroup

This is a lineage that is unknown in dogs and may only be found in wolves. It is very different from all known dog lineages indicating a long time between the most recent common ancestor of canids in this lineage and domestic dogs.

Havoc

Vincent’s Haplotype

This haplotype has been spotted in wolves and dogs with wolf ancestry. Not only is that pretty neat, but it also helps move science forward.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

The mysterious wolf hides many genetic mysteries unknown to science - like where this male lineage came from.