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“Skadi”
Tundrai Dancing On Ice

Finnish Lapphund

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Place of Birth

Australia

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Registration

Australian National Kennel Council (ANKC):

Genetic Breed Result

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Finnish Lapphund

The Finnish Lapphund is a hardy, easy going, medium-size breed of Spitz type. Traditionally it has been used for herding reindeer.

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Genetic Stats

Predicted Adult Weight

45 lbs

Genetic Age
6 human years

Based on the date of birth provided

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Health Summary

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Skadi has one variant that you should let your vet know about.

ALT Activity

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Skadi inherited one copy of the variant we tested

Why is this important to your vet?

Skadi has one copy of a variant associated with reduced ALT activity as measured on veterinary blood chemistry panels. Please inform your veterinarian that Skadi has this genotype, as ALT is often used as an indicator of liver health and Skadi is likely to have a lower than average resting ALT activity. As such, an increase in Skadi’s ALT activity could be evidence of liver damage, even if it is within normal limits by standard ALT reference ranges.

What is ALT Activity?

Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) is a clinical tool that can be used by veterinarians to better monitor liver health. This result is not associated with liver disease. ALT is one of several values veterinarians measure on routine blood work to evaluate the liver. It is a naturally occurring enzyme located in liver cells that helps break down protein. When the liver is damaged or inflamed, ALT is released into the bloodstream.

Breed-Relevant Genetic Conditions

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Progressive Retinal Atrophy, prcd (PRCD Exon 1)

Identified in Finnish Lapphunds

Canine Multifocal Retinopathy, cmr3 (BEST1 Exon 10 Deletion, Finnish and Swedish Lapphund, Lapponian Herder Variant)

Identified in Finnish Lapphunds

Urate Kidney & Bladder Stones (SLC2A9)

Identified in Finnish Lapphunds

Pompe's Disease (GAA, Finnish and Swedish Lapphund, Lapponian Herder Variant)

Identified in Finnish Lapphunds

Additional Genetic Conditions

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Coat Color

Coat Color

Other Coat Traits

Other Coat Traits

Other Body Features

Other Body Features

Body Size

Body Size

Performance

Performance

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Through Skadi’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace her mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that her ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

D

Haplotype

D1/3/8

Map

D

Tundrai Dancing On Ice’s Haplogroup

D is a rare maternal line, which may be the result of an ancient dog breeding with another canid, possibly a wolf. It is found in Afghan Hounds and Scandinavian dog breeds.

D1/3/8

Tundrai Dancing On Ice’s Haplotype

A member of the small D haplogroup, this rare haplotype occurs in Finnish Lapphunds and Jamthunds.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

Afghan Hounds are one of few breeds that descends from this rare maternal line.

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The Paternal Haplotype reveals a dog’s deep ancestral lineage, stretching back thousands of years to the original domestication of dogs.

Are you looking for information on the breeds that Skadi inherited from her mom and dad? Check out her breed breakdown.

Paternal Haplotype is determined by looking at a dog’s Y-chromosome—but not all dogs have Y-chromosomes!

Why can’t we show Paternal Haplotype results for female dogs?

All dogs have two sex chromosomes. Female dogs have two X-chromosomes (XX) and male dogs have one X-chromosome and one Y-chromosome (XY). When having offspring, female (XX) dogs always pass an X-chromosome to their puppy. Male (XY) dogs can pass either an X or a Y-chromosome—if the puppy receives an X-chromosome from its father then it will be a female (XX) puppy and if it receives a Y-chromosome then it will be a male (XY) puppy. As you can see, Y-chromosomes are passed down from a male dog only to its male offspring.

Since Skadi is a female (XX) dog, she has no Y-chromosome for us to analyze and determine a paternal haplotype.

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