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“Ginkgo”
Akiyama no Roushya Kaiki no Tokumine go

Kishu Ken

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Genetic Breed Result

Kishu Ken

“Ginkgo”
Akiyama no Roushya Kaiki no Tokumine go

embk.me/i/tokumine

Kishu Ken

The Kishu, sometimes called Kishu Ken or Kishu Inu, is a Japanese breed of dog, developed there for thousands of years. It is descended from ancient medium-sized breeds and named after the Kishu region, now Mie Prefecture and Wakayama Prefecture.

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Genetic Stats

Predicted Adult Weight

45 lbs

Genetic Age
15 human years

Based on the date of birth provided

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Changes to this dog’s profile
  • On 2/27/2021 changed name from "Akiyama no Roushya Tokumine go" to "Akiyama no Roushya Kaiki no Tokumine go"
  • On 1/20/2021 changed handle from "akiyamanoroushyatokuminego" to "tokumine"

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Breed Reveal Video

Our algorithms predict this is the most likely family tree to explain Ginkgo’s breed mix, but this family tree may not be the only possible one.

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Health Summary

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Ginkgo has one variant that you should let your vet know about.

ALT Activity

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Ginkgo inherited one copy of the variant we tested

Why is this important to your vet?

Ginkgo has one copy of a variant associated with reduced ALT activity as measured on veterinary blood chemistry panels. Please inform your veterinarian that Ginkgo has this genotype, as ALT is often used as an indicator of liver health and Ginkgo is likely to have a lower than average resting ALT activity. As such, an increase in Ginkgo’s ALT activity could be evidence of liver damage, even if it is within normal limits by standard ALT reference ranges.

What is ALT Activity?

Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) is a clinical tool that can be used by veterinarians to better monitor liver health. This result is not associated with liver disease. ALT is one of several values veterinarians measure on routine blood work to evaluate the liver. It is a naturally occurring enzyme located in liver cells that helps break down protein. When the liver is damaged or inflamed, ALT is released into the bloodstream.

Breed-Relevant Genetic Conditions

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Additional Genetic Conditions

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Explore the genetics behind your dog’s appearance and size.

Coat Color

Coat Color

E Locus (MC1R)
No dark hairs anywhere (ee)
K Locus (CBD103)
Not expressed (kyky)
Intensity Loci LINKAGE
Any pigmented hair likely white or cream (Dilute Red Pigmentation)
A Locus (ASIP)
Not expressed (awaw)
D Locus (MLPH)
Not expressed (DD)
Cocoa (HPS3)
No co alleles, not expressed (NN)
B Locus (TYRP1)
Likely black colored nose/feet (BB)
Saddle Tan (RALY)
Not expressed (NN)
S Locus (MITF)
Likely solid colored, but may have small amounts of white (Ssp)
M Locus (PMEL)
No merle alleles (mm)
R Locus (USH2A) LINKAGE
Likely no impact on coat pattern (rr)
H Locus (Harlequin)
No harlequin alleles (hh)
Other Coat Traits

Other Coat Traits

Furnishings (RSPO2) LINKAGE
Likely unfurnished (no mustache, beard, and/or eyebrows) (II)
Coat Length (FGF5)
Likely short or mid-length coat (GG)
Shedding (MC5R)
Likely heavy/seasonal shedding (CC)
Hairlessness (FOXI3) LINKAGE
Very unlikely to be hairless (NN)
Hairlessness (SGK3)
Very unlikely to be hairless (NN)
Oculocutaneous Albinism Type 2 (SLC45A2) LINKAGE
Likely not albino (NN)
Coat Texture (KRT71)
Likely straight coat (CC)
Other Body Features

Other Body Features

Muzzle Length (BMP3)
Likely medium or long muzzle (CC)
Tail Length (T)
Likely normal-length tail (CC)
Hind Dewclaws (LMBR1)
Unlikely to have hind dew claws (CC)
Blue Eye Color (ALX4) LINKAGE
Less likely to have blue eyes (NN)
Back Muscling & Bulk, Large Breed (ACSL4)
Likely normal muscling (CC)
Body Size

Body Size

Body Size (IGF1)
Intermediate (NI)
Body Size (IGFR1)
Larger (GG)
Body Size (STC2)
Larger (TT)
Body Size (GHR - E191K)
Larger (GG)
Body Size (GHR - P177L)
Larger (CC)
Performance

Performance

Altitude Adaptation (EPAS1)
Normal altitude tolerance (GG)
Appetite (POMC) LINKAGE
Normal food motivation (NN)
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Through Ginkgo’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace her mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that her ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A2

Haplotype

A445

Map

A2

Akiyama no Roushya Kaiki no Tokumine go’s Haplogroup

A2 is a very ancient maternal line. Most likely it was one of the major female lines that contributed to the very first domesticated dogs in Central Asia about 15,000 years ago. Some of the line stayed in Central Asia to the present day, and frequently appear as Tibetan Mastiffs and Akitas. Those that escaped the mountains of Central Asia sought out other cold spots, and are now found among Alaskan Malamutes and Siberian Huskies. This lineage is also occasionally found in several common Western breeds, such as German Shepherds and Labrador Retrievers. Curiously, all New Guinea Singing Dogs descend from this line. These are an ancient and very interesting breed found in the mountains of Papua New Guinea. Unfortunately, they are now endangered. They are closely related to the Australian dingo, so you could say its cousins are dingos! This line is also common in village dogs in Southeast and East Asia. Unlike many other lineages, A2 did not spread across the whole world, probably because it did not have the opportunity to hitch its wagon to European colonialism - or because these dogs just prefer hanging out in mountains, tundras, islands, and other hard-to-reach places!

A445

Akiyama no Roushya Kaiki no Tokumine go’s Haplotype

Part of the A2 haplogroup, the A445 haplotype occurs most commonly in Kishu Kens.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

Dingos commonly possess this haplogroup.

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The Paternal Haplotype reveals a dog’s deep ancestral lineage, stretching back thousands of years to the original domestication of dogs.

Are you looking for information on the breeds that Ginkgo inherited from her mom and dad? Check out her breed breakdown and family tree.

Paternal Haplotype is determined by looking at a dog’s Y-chromosome—but not all dogs have Y-chromosomes!

Why can’t we show Paternal Haplotype results for female dogs?

All dogs have two sex chromosomes. Female dogs have two X-chromosomes (XX) and male dogs have one X-chromosome and one Y-chromosome (XY). When having offspring, female (XX) dogs always pass an X-chromosome to their puppy. Male (XY) dogs can pass either an X or a Y-chromosome—if the puppy receives an X-chromosome from its father then it will be a female (XX) puppy and if it receives a Y-chromosome then it will be a male (XY) puppy. As you can see, Y-chromosomes are passed down from a male dog only to its male offspring.

Since Ginkgo is a female (XX) dog, she has no Y-chromosome for us to analyze and determine a paternal haplotype.

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