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Toby-Joe

Mixed Breed

“Toby Joe was found in an alley Covered in dirt. A friend we know found him and Toby went right up to her. He had no chip and no collar. He is such a good boy and soooo handsome!”

Current Location
Los Alamitos, California, USA

This dog has been viewed 84 times and been given 0 wags

Genetic Breed Result

Learn how it’s done

Mixed Breed

28.5% Cocker Spaniel
22.4% Bichon Frise
16.8% Yorkshire Terrier
11.1% Poodle (Small)
10.4% American Pit Bull Terrier
5.6% Maltese
5.2% Dachshund
Cocker Spaniel Cocker Spaniel
Cocker Spaniels are handsome and intelligent hunting dogs that are also well-suited to life as a loving family pet.
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Bichon Frise Bichon Frise
The Bichon Frise is a hypoallergenic, fluffy, white companion breed with a charismatic, cheerful temperament. Known for their clownish antics, the Bichon Frise can put a smile on anyone's face.
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Yorkshire Terrier Yorkshire Terrier
Petite but proud, the Yorkshire terrier is a popular toy breed with a silky, low-shedding coat.
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Poodle (Small) Poodle (Small)
A highly intelligent and playful dog, Miniature and Toy Poodles make for great lap dogs and companions.
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American Pit Bull Terrier American Pit Bull Terrier
The American Pit Bull Terrier originated in the British Isles and descends from the Mastiff-type dogs introduced to England in antiquity. The breed was brought over to the United States by English immigrants in the 1800s, and quickly became one of the most popular and widespread breeds there.
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Maltese Maltese
Maltese dogs are confident and friendly toy dogs, that can be high maintenance but boast a beautiful white silky coat.
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Dachshund Dachshund
The Dachshund, meaning “badger dog” in German, is a lively breed with a friendly personality and a great sense of smell. Known for their long and low bodies, they are spirited hunters that excel in both above and below-ground work. They come in three different coat varieties (smooth, wirehaired or longhaired) and can be miniature or standard size.
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Genetic Stats


Wolfiness

0.3 % LOW Learn More

Predicted Adult Weight
Genetic Age
24 human years Learn More
Based on the date of birth provided

Breed Mix Matches

Explore other Embark dogs who have breed mixes that are similar to Toby-Joe’s.
A Mix Match of 100 means they are the exact same breed mix!

DNA Breed Origins

What’s this?
Breed colors:
Cocker Spaniel
Bichon Frise
Yorkshire Terrier
Poodle (Small)
American Pit Bull Terrier
Maltese
Dachshund

Would you like more information? Have you found a lost dog wearing an Embark dog tag? You can contact us at:

 
Family Tree From Embark PARENTS GRANDPARENTS GREAT GRANDPARENTS Cocker Spaniel mix Mixed Cocker Spaniel Poodle (Small) / American Pit Bull Terrier mix Bichon Frise / Maltese mix Yorkshire Terrier / Dachshund mix Cocker Spaniel Cocker Spaniel Poodle (Small) American Pit Bull Terrier Bichon Frise Maltese mix Yorkshire Terrier Dachshund mix

Breed Reveal Video

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Our algorithms predict this is the most likely family tree to explain Toby-Joe’s breed mix, but this family tree may not be the only possible one.

Summary

1
AT RISK
0
CARRIER
171
CLEAR
Tap above or scroll down to see more

Clinical Traits

These clinical traits are valuable to your veterinarian and can inform the clinical decisions and diagnoses they make.

Alanine Aminotransferase Activity result: Normal
Toby-Joe has two normal alleles at ALT.

Genetic Health Conditions

A genetic health condition indicates a genetic mutation that increases the risk that an animal develops a specific disease.

At Risk for 1 genetic condition

Toby-Joe has tested positive for 1 of the genetic conditions that Embark tests for.
What does At Risk mean?

Testing positive is predictive of your dog being affected by this condition, but it is not a final diagnosis nor does it predict when symptoms may occur or the severity of a condition in your dog.

Please consult with your veterinarian to determine the best course of action.

Condition List

Chondrodystrophy and Intervertebral Disc Disease, CDDY/IVDD, Type I IVDD
(FGF4 retrogene - CFA12)
Skeletal

Chondrodystrophy (CDDY) refers to the "long and low" body shape characteristic of many dog breeds including Dachshunds and Corgis. Recently, a mutation was discovered tha…

Not A Carrier

Good news! Toby-Joe is not a carrier for any of the genetic conditions that Embark tests for.

Common Conditions

Good news! Toby-Joe tested clear for 21 genetic conditions that are common in his breed mix.
Condition List

Von Willebrand Disease Type I
(VWF)
Blood

Coagulopathies, disorders of blood clotting, can lead to symptoms such as easy bruising or bleeding. Dogs with coagulopathies are often at risk for excessive bleeding dur…

Seen in Poodle (Small)s, but not Toby-Joe.

Congenital Macrothrombocytopenia
(TUBB1 Exon 1, Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Variant)
Blood

This is a benign disorder of platelet production that leads to abnormally large, sparse platelets. Affected dogs typically do not suffer any ill effects from the size or …

Seen in Cocker Spaniels, Bichon Frises, Poodle (Small)s, Malteses, but not Toby-Joe.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, prcd
Progressive rod-cone degeneration (PRCD Exon 1)
Eyes

This retinal disease causes progressive, non-painful vision loss. The retina contains the cells, photoreceptors, that collect information about light: that is, they are t…

Seen in Cocker Spaniels, Yorkshire Terriers, Poodle (Small)s, but not Toby-Joe.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, crd1
(PDE6B)
Eyes

This retinal disease causes progressive, non-painful vision loss. The retina contains the cells, photoreceptors, that collect information about light: that is, they are t…

Seen in American Pit Bull Terriers, but not Toby-Joe.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, crd2
(IQCB1)
Eyes

This retinal disease causes progressive, non-painful vision loss. The retina contains the cells, photoreceptors, that collect information about light: that is, they are t…

Seen in American Pit Bull Terriers, but not Toby-Joe.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy - crd4/cord1
(RPGRIP1)
Eyes

This retinal disease causes progressive, non-painful vision loss. The retina contains the cells, photoreceptors, that collect information about light: that is, they are t…

Seen in Dachshunds, but not Toby-Joe.

Primary Lens Luxation
(ADAMTS17)
Eyes

This surgically correctable condition causes the lens to spontaneously detach from its normal residence within the pupil, leading to reduced visual acuity and irritation …

Seen in Yorkshire Terriers, but not Toby-Joe.

Hyperuricosuria and Hyperuricemia or Urolithiasis, HUU
(SLC2A9)
Kidney and Bladder

This condition causes kidney and bladder stones composed of urate; if caught early, it is responsive to dietary management. Uric acid is an intermediate of purine metabol…

Seen in American Pit Bull Terriers, but not Toby-Joe.

Autosomal Recessive Hereditary Nephropathy, Familial Nephropathy, ARHN
(COL4A4 Exon 3)
Kidney and Bladder

This condition causes inappropriate loss of protein in the urine, which leads to muscle wasting, abnormal fluid accumulation in the skin and limbs, and excessive thirst a…

Seen in Cocker Spaniels, but not Toby-Joe.

Glycogen Storage Disease Type IA, Von Gierke Disease, GSD IA
(G6PC)
Multisystem

An early onset type of glycogen storage disease, affected puppies often go to the vet for low energy levels and poor weight gain. Glycogen is the form in which our bodies…

Seen in Malteses, but not Toby-Joe.

Mucopolysaccharidosis Type IIIA, Sanfilippo Syndrome Type A, MPS IIIA
(SGSH Exon 6 Variant 1)
Multisystem

A type of lysosomal storage disease, this can cause skeletal abnormalities, growth retardation, and gait abnormalities, and can require close monitoring and special measu…

Seen in Dachshunds, but not Toby-Joe.

Glycogen storage disease Type VII, Phosphofructokinase Deficiency, PFK Deficiency
(PFKM Whippet and English Springer Spaniel Variant)
Multisystem

Affecting an enzyme required for red blood cell and skeletal muscle cell energy production, phosphofructokinase (PFK) deficiency causes red blood cells and skeletal muscl…

Seen in Cocker Spaniels, but not Toby-Joe.

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis 1, NCL 1
(PPT1 Exon 8)
Multisystem

This form of lysosomal storage disease can cause juvenile to adult-onset neurologic signs, depending on the affected gene. While lipofuscin is commonly observed in the ti…

Seen in Dachshunds, but not Toby-Joe.

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis 2, NCL 2
(TPP1 Exon 4)
Multisystem

This form of lysosomal storage disease can cause juvenile to adult-onset neurologic signs, depending on the affected gene. While lipofuscin is commonly observed in the ti…

Seen in Dachshunds, but not Toby-Joe.

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis 1, Cerebellar Ataxia, NCL-A
(ARSG Exon 2)
Multisystem

This form of lysosomal storage disease can cause juvenile to adult-onset neurologic signs, depending on the affected gene. While lipofuscin is commonly observed in the ti…

Seen in American Pit Bull Terriers, but not Toby-Joe.

GM2 Gangliosidosis
(HEXB, Poodle Variant)
Multisystem

An early onset form of lysosomal storage disease, this can cause affected dogs to display neurologic signs as puppies or young adults. These include partial or total visi…

Seen in Poodle (Small)s, but not Toby-Joe.

Neonatal Encephalopathy with Seizures, NEWS
(ATF2)
Brain and Spinal Cord

A neurologic disease of puppies, affected puppies are often smaller than their unaffected littermates and require intensive nursing care. Without this extra support, pupp…

Seen in Poodle (Small)s, but not Toby-Joe.

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathy, Acral Mutilation Syndrome, AMS
(GDNF-AS)
Brain and Spinal Cord

A rare condition affecting the ability to feel pain, HSAN has been diagnosed in French Spaniels, English Springer Spaniels, English Pointers, and German Shorthaired Point…

Seen in Cocker Spaniels, but not Toby-Joe.

Exercise-Induced Collapse
(DNM1)
Muscular

First characterized in field-trial lines of Labrador Retriever dogs, this muscle disorder can cause episodes of muscle weakness and sometimes collapse; after recovering, …

Seen in Cocker Spaniels, but not Toby-Joe.

Osteogenesis Imperfecta, Brittle Bone Disease
(SERPINH1)
Skeletal

A disease of bone strength and flexibilty, affected dogs often present to the vet for spontaneous bone fractures, tooth fractures and loss, and joint pain; these symptoms…

Seen in Dachshunds, but not Toby-Joe.

Osteochondrodysplasia, Skeletal Dwarfism
(SLC13A1)
Skeletal

A form of skeletal dwarfism, this causes affected dogs to have abnormally short legs but a normal sized body due to abnormal fetal skeletal maturation. As a fetus, most o…

Seen in Poodle (Small)s, but not Toby-Joe.

Other Conditions:
Clear of 150

Toby-Joe is clear of 150 other genetic conditions that Embark tests for.
Explore the genetics behind your dog’s appearance, size, and genetic diversity.
Base Coat Color

Base Coat Color

Dark or Light Fur
E (Extension) Locus
Light colored fur (cream to red)
Brown or Black Pigment
B (Brown) Locus
Likely brown colored nose/feet
Color Dilution
D (Dilute) Locus
Dark (non-dilute) skin
Coat Color Modifiers

Coat Color Modifiers

Hidden Patterning
K (Dominant Black) Locus
No impact on coat color
Body Pattern
A (Agouti) Locus
No impact on coat pattern
Facial Fur Pattern
E (Extension) Locus
No dark fur anywhere
Saddle Tan
No impact on coat pattern
Merle
M (Merle) Locus
No impact on coat color
Other Coat Traits

Other Coat Traits

Furnishings LINKAGE
Likely furnished (mustache, beard, and/or eyebrows)
Coat Length
Likely long coat
Shedding
Likely light shedding
Coat Texture
Likely wavy coat
Hairlessness (Xolo type) LINKAGE
Very unlikely to be hairless
Hairlessness (Terrier type)
Very unlikely to be hairless
Oculocutaneous Albinism Type 2 LINKAGE
Likely not albino
Other Body Features

Other Body Features

Muzzle Length
Likely medium or long muzzle
Tail Length
Likely normal-length tail
Hind Dew Claws
Likely to have hind dew claws
Back Muscling & Bulk (Large Breed)
Likely normal muscling
Eye Color LINKAGE
Less likely to have blue eyes
Body Size

Body Size

Body Size 1
Smaller
Body Size 2
Larger
Body Size 3
Intermediate
Body Size 4
Intermediate
Body Size 5
Larger
Performance

Performance

Altitude Adaptation
Normal altitude tolerance

Through Toby-Joe’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace his mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

B1

Haplotype

B95

Map

B1

Toby-Joe’s Haplogroup

B1 is the second most common maternal lineage in breeds of European or American origin. It is the female line of the majority of Golden Retrievers, Basset Hounds, and Shih Tzus, and about half of Beagles, Pekingese and Toy Poodles. This lineage is also somewhat common among village dogs that carry distinct ancestry from these breeds. We know this is a result of B1 dogs being common amongst the European dogs that their conquering owners brought around the world, because nowhere on earth is it a very common lineage in village dogs. It even enables us to trace the path of (human) colonization: Because most Bichons are B1 and Bichons are popular in Spanish culture, B1 is now fairly common among village dogs in Latin America.

B95

Toby-Joe’s Haplotype

Part of the B1 haplogroup, we see this haplotype most frequently in mixed breed dogs.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

The B1 haplogroup can be found in village dogs like the Peruvian Village Dog, pictured above.

Through Toby-Joe’s Y-chromosome we can trace his father’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A1a

Haplotype

H1a.14

Map

A1a

Toby-Joe’s Haplogroup

Some of the wolves that became the original dogs in Central Asia around 15,000 years ago came from this long and distinguished line of male dogs. After domestication, they followed their humans from Asia to Europe and then didn't stop there. They took root in Europe, eventually becoming the dogs that founded the Vizsla breed 1,000 years ago. The Vizsla is a Central European hunting dog, and all male Vizslas descend from this line. During the Age of Exploration, like their owners, these pooches went by the philosophy, "Have sail, will travel!" From the windy plains of Patagonia to the snug and homey towns of the American Midwest, the beaches of a Pacific paradise, and the broad expanse of the Australian outback, these dogs followed their masters to the outposts of empires. Whether through good fortune or superior genetics, dogs from the A1a lineage traveled the globe and took root across the world. Now you find village dogs from this line frolicking on Polynesian beaches, hanging out in villages across the Americas, and scavenging throughout Old World settlements. You can also find this "prince of patrilineages" in breeds as different as German Shepherds, Golden Retrievers, Pugs, Border Collies, Scottish Terriers, and Irish Wolfhounds. No male wolf line has been as successful as the A1a line!

H1a.14

Toby-Joe’s Haplotype

Part of the large A1a haplogroup, this haplotype occurs mainly in village dogs from Central and South Americas, but has also been spotted in Papua New Guinea. It also occurs frequently in Cocker Spaniels, English Cocker Spaniels, and Pembroke Welsh Corgis.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

Dogs with A1a lineage travelled during European Colonial times.