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Toby

Mixed Breed

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“Original owners had Toby for his entire life, until about 7 years old when they surrendered him to the ARL of Berks. They surrendered him because he nipped their son after their son repeatedly hit him over a long period of time as per the parents. He was adopted but returned after a year due to loss of job & moving where dogs weren’t allowed. Now at 9 years old, he has a forever home with 6 cats & a fellow dog, never to worry about abusive kids again.”

Current Location

Newmanstown, Pennsylvania, USA

From

Animal Rescue League of Berks County, Kennel Road, Birdsboro, PA, USA

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Genetic Breed Result

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Mountain Cur

Mountain Curs are an American breed of treeing hound. Developed in the South—particularly Kentucky, Virginia, and Tennessee—Mountain Curs are an all-American breed that has been prized for years as excellent hunting companions and loyal pets.

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German Shepherd Dog

German Shepherds are confident, courageous dogs with a keen sense of smell and notable intelligence. These are active working dogs who excel at many canine sports and tasks -- they are true utility dogs! Their versatility combined with their loyal companionship has them consistently listed as one of the most popular breeds in the United States.

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Golden Retriever

Developed as an ideal hunting retriever, the Golden Retriever's eagerness to please and friendliness has made them an extremely popular family pet.

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Labrador Retriever

The Labrador Retriever was bred for hunting and excelled in retrieving game after it was shot down. Known for its gentle disposition and loyalty, the Labrador Retriever has become a favorite of families and breeders alike.

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American Pit Bull Terrier

The American Pit Bull Terrier originated in the British Isles and descends from the Mastiff-type dogs introduced to England in antiquity. The breed was brought over to the United States by English immigrants in the 1800s, and quickly became one of the most popular and widespread breeds there.

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Genetic Stats

Wolfiness

1.2 % MEDIUM

Predicted Adult Weight

57 lbs

Genetic Age
74 human years

Based on the date of birth provided

Dogs Like Toby

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Discover dogs who share a similar breed mix to Toby. A higher score means the two dogs have more of their breed mix in common. A score of 100% means they share the exact same breed mix!

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DNA Breed Origins

Breed colors:
Mountain Cur
German Shepherd Dog
Golden Retriever
Labrador Retriever
American Pit Bull Terrier

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Toby
Family Tree From Embark PARENTS GRANDPARENTS GREAT GRANDPARENTS Mixed Mountain Cur German Shepherd Dog / Labrador Retriever mix Golden Retriever / American Pit Bull Terrier mix Mountain Cur Mountain Cur German Shepherd Dog Labrador Retriever mix Golden Retriever American Pit Bull Terrier mix Mountain Cur Mountain Cur Mountain Cur Mountain Cur

Breed Reveal Video

Our algorithms predict this is the most likely family tree to explain Toby’s breed mix, but this family tree may not be the only possible one.

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Explore the genetics behind your dog’s appearance and size.

Base Coat Color

Base Coat Color

Coat Color Modifiers

Coat Color Modifiers

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Other Coat Traits

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Other Body Features

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Body Size

Performance

Performance

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Through Toby’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace his mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A1e

Haplotype

A440

Map

A1e

Toby’s Haplogroup

This female lineage likely stems from some of the original Central Asian wolves that were domesticated into modern dogs starting about 15,000 years ago. It seemed to be a fairly rare dog line for most of dog history until the past 300 years, when the lineage seemed to “explode” out and spread quickly. What really separates this group from the pack is its presence in Alaskan village dogs and Samoyeds. It is possible that this was an indigenous lineage brought to the Americas from Siberia when people were first starting to make that trip themselves! We see this lineage pop up in overwhelming numbers of Irish Wolfhounds, and it also occurs frequently in popular large breeds like Bernese Mountain Dogs, Saint Bernards and Great Danes. Shetland Sheepdogs are also common members of this maternal line, and we see it a lot in Boxers, too. Though it may be all mixed up with European dogs thanks to recent breeding events, its origins in the Americas makes it a very exciting lineage for sure!

A440

Toby’s Haplotype

Part of the large A1e haplogroup, this haplotype occurs most frequently in French Bulldogs, American Foxhounds, and Coonhounds.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

Irish Wolfhounds are a consistent carrier of A1e.

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Through Toby’s Y-chromosome we can trace his father’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A1a

Haplotype

H1a.53

Map

A1a

Toby’s Haplogroup

Some of the wolves that became the original dogs in Central Asia around 15,000 years ago came from this long and distinguished line of male dogs. After domestication, they followed their humans from Asia to Europe and then didn't stop there. They took root in Europe, eventually becoming the dogs that founded the Vizsla breed 1,000 years ago. The Vizsla is a Central European hunting dog, and all male Vizslas descend from this line. During the Age of Exploration, like their owners, these pooches went by the philosophy, "Have sail, will travel!" From the windy plains of Patagonia to the snug and homey towns of the American Midwest, the beaches of a Pacific paradise, and the broad expanse of the Australian outback, these dogs followed their masters to the outposts of empires. Whether through good fortune or superior genetics, dogs from the A1a lineage traveled the globe and took root across the world. Now you find village dogs from this line frolicking on Polynesian beaches, hanging out in villages across the Americas, and scavenging throughout Old World settlements. You can also find this "prince of patrilineages" in breeds as different as German Shepherds, Golden Retrievers, Pugs, Border Collies, Scottish Terriers, and Irish Wolfhounds. No male wolf line has been as successful as the A1a line!

H1a.53

Toby’s Haplotype

Part of the A1a haplogroup, this haplotype occurs most frequently in Golden Retrievers, Border Collies, and the Coton de Tulear.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

Dogs with A1a lineage travelled during European Colonial times.

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