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Tia

Mixed Ancestry

“Tia is our little princess, very outgoing and social, loves giving kisses and playing! She is not shy at all! We adopted her in September 2017 (4 months old) from a work colleague who had done some dog training on her as a baby. She loves to travel with us and has been to many places in Canada and the US, and often spends many winter months in Mexico too. She does not like water however! We would love to be able to introduce her to any relatives! Nous parlons français également!”

Place of Birth

Daveluyville, QC, Canada

Current Location

Québec, Québec, Canada

From

Québec, Québec, Canada

This dog has been viewed and been given 1 wag

Registration

Microchip: 956000009479606

Genetic Breed Result

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Embark Supermutt analysis

What’s in that Supermutt? There may be small amounts of DNA from these distant ancestors:

Chihuahua

Chihuahuas have a huge personality that defies their tiny frame, known to be highly active and intelligent canines.

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Pomeranian

The Pomeranian is a cocky, animated companion with an extroverted personality.

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Miniature Pinscher

The Miniature Pinscher is a small breed of dog originating from Germany. The breed's earliest ancestors may have included the German Pinscher mixed with Italian greyhounds and dachshunds.

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Dogs Like Tia

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Discover dogs who share a similar breed mix to Tia. A higher score means the two dogs have more of their breed mix in common. A score of 100% means they share the exact same breed mix!

Click or tap on a pic to learn more about each dog and see an in-depth comparison of their DNA, breeds, and more.

DNA Breed Origins

Breed colors:
Chihuahua
Pomeranian
Miniature Pinscher
Supermutt

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Here’s what Tia’s family tree may have looked like.
Tia
Family Tree From Embark PARENTS GRANDPARENTS GREAT GRANDPARENTS Chihuahua mix Mixed Chihuahua Miniature Pinscher mix Pomeranian mix Chihuahua mix Chihuahua Chihuahua Miniature Pinscher Mixed Pomeranian Pomeranian mix Chihuahua Mixed
While there may be other possible configurations of her family’s relationships, this is the most likely family tree to explain Tia’s breed mix.

Breed Reveal Video

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Health Summary

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Tia has one variant that you should let your vet know about.

ALT Activity

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Tia inherited both copies of the variant we tested

Why is this important to your vet?

Tia has two copies of a variant in the GPT gene and is likely to have a lower than average baseline ALT activity. ALT is a commonly used measure of liver health on routine veterinary blood chemistry panels. As such, your veterinarian may want to watch for changes in Tia's ALT activity above their current, healthy, ALT activity. As an increase above Tia’s baseline ALT activity could be evidence of liver damage, even if it is within normal limits by standard ALT reference ranges.

What is ALT Activity?

Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) is a clinical tool that can be used by veterinarians to better monitor liver health. This result is not associated with liver disease. ALT is one of several values veterinarians measure on routine blood work to evaluate the liver. It is a naturally occurring enzyme located in liver cells that helps break down protein. When the liver is damaged or inflamed, ALT is released into the bloodstream.

Breed-Relevant Genetic Conditions

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Methemoglobinemia

Identified in Pomeranians

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, rcd3

Identified in Pomeranians

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, prcd

Identified in Chihuahuas

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, crd4/cord1

Identified in Chihuahuas

Cystinuria Type II-B

Identified in Miniature Pinschers

Urate Kidney & Bladder Stones

Identified in Pomeranians

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis 7, NCL 7

Identified in Chihuahuas

Spinocerebellar Ataxia with Myokymia and/or Seizures

Identified in Chihuahuas

Oculocutaneous Albinism, OCA

Identified in Pomeranians

Hereditary Vitamin D-Resistant Rickets

Identified in Pomeranians

Intervertebral Disc Disease (Type I)

Identified in Chihuahuas

β-Mannosidosis

Identified in Mixed-breed dogs

Mucopolysaccharidosis Type VI, Maroteaux-Lamy Syndrome, MPS VI

Identified in Miniature Pinschers

Additional Genetic Conditions

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Traits

Explore the genetics behind your dog’s appearance and size.

Base Coat Color

Base Coat Color

Coat Color Modifiers

Coat Color Modifiers

Other Coat Traits

Other Coat Traits

Other Body Features

Other Body Features

Body Size

Body Size

Performance

Performance

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Through Tia’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace her mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that her ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A1e

Haplotype

A432

Map

A1e

Tia’s Haplogroup

This female lineage likely stems from some of the original Central Asian wolves that were domesticated into modern dogs starting about 15,000 years ago. It seemed to be a fairly rare dog line for most of dog history until the past 300 years, when the lineage seemed to “explode” out and spread quickly. What really separates this group from the pack is its presence in Alaskan village dogs and Samoyeds. It is possible that this was an indigenous lineage brought to the Americas from Siberia when people were first starting to make that trip themselves! We see this lineage pop up in overwhelming numbers of Irish Wolfhounds, and it also occurs frequently in popular large breeds like Bernese Mountain Dogs, Saint Bernards and Great Danes. Shetland Sheepdogs are also common members of this maternal line, and we see it a lot in Boxers, too. Though it may be all mixed up with European dogs thanks to recent breeding events, its origins in the Americas makes it a very exciting lineage for sure!

A432

Tia’s Haplotype

Part of the A1e haplogroup, the A432 haplotype occurs most commonly in Yorkshire Terriers and Chihuahuas. We've also spotted it in European Village Dogs.

Irish Wolfhounds are a consistent carrier of A1e.

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The Paternal Haplotype reveals a dog’s deep ancestral lineage, stretching back thousands of years to the original domestication of dogs.

Are you looking for information on the breeds that Tia inherited from her mom and dad? Check out her breed breakdown and family tree.

Paternal Haplotype is determined by looking at a dog’s Y-chromosome—but not all dogs have Y-chromosomes!

Why can’t we show Paternal Haplotype results for female dogs?

All dogs have two sex chromosomes. Female dogs have two X-chromosomes (XX) and male dogs have one X-chromosome and one Y-chromosome (XY). When having offspring, female (XX) dogs always pass an X-chromosome to their puppy. Male (XY) dogs can pass either an X or a Y-chromosome—if the puppy receives an X-chromosome from its father then it will be a female (XX) puppy and if it receives a Y-chromosome then it will be a male (XY) puppy. As you can see, Y-chromosomes are passed down from a male dog only to its male offspring.

Since Tia is a female (XX) dog, she has no Y-chromosome for us to analyze and determine a paternal haplotype.

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