What is Embark?

Max

Mixed Breed

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“Max was adopted from the German Shepard Rescue of Orange County in 2014. He was found wandering a park in Riverside, California and now resides with his two humans in Santa Ana, California. He is very intelligent, fluffy, and full of attitude.”

Instagram tag
@taleofmax

Location
Santa Ana, California, USA
From
Riverside, CA, USA

This dog has been viewed 42 times and been given 0 wags

Registration

Microchip: 985112002751996

Genetic Breed Result

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Mixed Breed

51.4% Yorkshire Terrier
48.6% Biewer Terrier
Yorkshire Terrier Yorkshire Terrier
Petite but proud, the Yorkshire terrier is a popular toy breed with a silky, low-shedding coat.
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Biewer Terrier Biewer Terrier
The Beiwer Terrier is one of the smallest Terriers within the Toy Group, only 7-8 inches tall and typically less than 8 pounds. In spite of the small size, the Beiwer is known as a robust and athletic dog.
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Genetic Stats

Wolfiness: 0.9 % MEDIUM Learn More
Predicted Adult Weight: 10 lbs Learn More
Genetic Age: 61 human years Learn More

Breed Mix Matches

Explore other Embark dogs who have breed mixes that are similar to Max’s.
A Mix Match of 100 means they are the exact same breed mix!

DNA Breed Origins

What’s this?
Breed colors:
Yorkshire Terrier
Biewer Terrier

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Family tree

Health

Traits

Maternal Haplotype

Paternal Haplotype

Changes to this dog’s profile
  • On 11/29/2018 changed handle from "max376" to "taleofmax"
What’s this?

Would you like more information? Have you found a lost dog wearing an Embark dog tag? You can contact us at:

 
Family Tree From Embark PARENTS GRANDPARENTS GREAT GRANDPARENTS Biewer Terrier / Yorkshire Terrier mix Yorkshire Terrier mix Biewer Terrier Yorkshire Terrier Yorkshire Terrier Biewer Terrier mix Biewer Terrier Biewer Terrier Yorkshire Terrier Yorkshire Terrier Yorkshire Terrier Yorkshire Terrier Biewer Terrier Biewer Terrier mix
Explore by tapping the parents and grandparents.

Our algorithms predict this is the most likely family tree to explain Max’s breed mix, but this family tree may not be the only possible one.

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Health

Traits

Maternal Haplotype

Paternal Haplotype

Summary

1
AT RISK
0
CARRIER
170
CLEAR
Tap above or scroll down to see more

Clinical traits

These genetic traits are valuable to your veterinarian and can inform the clinical decisions and diagnoses they make.

Alanine Aminotransferase Activity result: Low Normal
This result helps your vet understand what your dog's baseline ALT activity is. The enzyme alanine aminotransferase, or ALT, is commonly used to evaluate liver health. Do…
Max has two copies of a mutation associated with reduced ALT activity. Please inform your veterinarian that Max has this genotype, as ALT is often used as an indicator of…

At Risk for 1 genetic condition

Max has tested positive for 1 of the genetic diseases that Embark tests for.
What does At Risk mean?

Testing positive is predictive of your dog being affected by this condition, but it is not a final diagnosis nor does it predict when symptoms may occur or the severity of a condition in your dog.

Please consult with your veterinarian to determine the best course of action.

Condition List

Dilated Cardiomyopathy
(PDK4)
Heart

The most common acquired heart disease of dogs, this is a progressive disease of the heart ventricles: early diagnosis and treatment is key. The ventricles are the heavil…

Not A Carrier

Good news! Max is not a carrier for any of the genetic diseases that Embark tests for.

Common Conditions

Good news! Max tested clear for 4 genetic conditions that are common in his breed mix.
Condition List

Progressive Retinal Atrophy - prcd
Progressive rod-cone degeneration (PRCD Exon 1)
Eyes

This retinal disease causes progressive, non-painful vision loss. The retina contains the cells, photoreceptors, that collect information about light: that is, they are t…

Seen in Yorkshire Terriers, Biewer Terriers, but not Max.

Primary Lens Luxation
(ADAMTS17)
Eyes

This surgically correctable condition causes the lens to spontaneously detach from its normal residence within the pupil, leading to reduced visual acuity and irritation …

Seen in Yorkshire Terriers, Biewer Terriers, but not Max.

Degenerative Myelopathy
(SOD1A)
Brain and Spinal Cord

A disease of mature dogs, this is a progressive degenerative disorder of the spinal cord that can cause muscle wasting and gait abnormalities. Affected dogs do not usuall…

Seen in Biewer Terriers, but not Max.

L-2-Hydroxyglutaricaciduria
(L2HGDH)
Brain and Spinal Cord

Currently there is no definitive treatment for L2HGA; rather, the condition is managed with anti-seizure and anti-anxiety medications. A rare metabolic disorder, this can…

Seen in Yorkshire Terriers, Biewer Terriers, but not Max.

Other Conditions: Clear of 166

Max is clear of 166 other genetic diseases that Embark tests for.

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Family tree

Traits

Maternal Haplotype

Paternal Haplotype

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Coat Color

A number of genes are known to affect coat color in dogs, and they all interact. In some cases, other genetic effects may also influence color and pattern.

Trait
Result
 
E Locus (Mask, Grizzle, Recessive Red)
EE
K Locus (Dominant Black)
kyky
A Locus (Agouti, Sable)
atat
D Locus (Dilute, Blue, Fawn)
DD
B Locus (Brown, Chocolate, Liver, Red, Dudley)
BB

Other Embark dogs with these Coat Color genes:

Other Coat Traits

Furnishings, shedding and curls are all genetic! And they all interact, too. In fact, the combination of these genes explains the coat phenotypes of 90% of AKC registered dog breeds.

Trait
Result
 
Furnishings / Improper Coat (RSPO2)
FF
Long Haircoat (FGF5)
TT
Shedding (MC5R)
TT
Curly Coat (KRT71)
CC
Hairlessness (FOXI3)
LINKAGE
N/N
Oculocutaneous Albinism Type 2 - OCA2, Doberman Z Factor Albinism (SLC45A2)
LINKAGE
N/N

More information on coat type genetics: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2897713/figure/F3/

Other Embark dogs with these Coat Traits genes:

Other Body Features

Trait
Result
 
Brachycephaly (BMP3)
CC
Natural Bobtail (T)
CC
Hind Dewclaws (LMBR1)
CC
Blue Eye Color
LINKAGE
N/N

Body Size

Body size is a complex trait that is affected by both genetic and environmental variation. Our genetic analysis includes genes that, together, explain over 80% of the variation in dog body size. It does not account for runting or stunting; nor does it account for the interactions between various genes both known and unknown.

Trait
Result
 
Body Size - IGF1
II
Body Size - IGF1R
GG
Body Size - STC2
AA
Body Size - GHR (E195K)
GG
Body Size - GHR (P177L)
CC

Other Embark dogs with these Body Size genes:

Performance

Trait
Result
 
Altitude Adaptation (EPAS1)
GG

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Family tree

Health

Maternal Haplotype

Paternal Haplotype

Through Max’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace his mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

B1

Haplotype

B45

Map

B1

Max’s Haplogroup

B1 is the second most common maternal lineage in breeds of European or American origin. It is the female line of the majority of Golden Retrievers, Basset Hounds, and Shih Tzus, and about half of Beagles, Pekingese and Toy Poodles. This lineage is also somewhat common among village dogs that carry distinct ancestry from these breeds. We know this is a result of B1 dogs being common amongst the European dogs that their conquering owners brought around the world, because nowhere on earth is it a very common lineage in village dogs. It even enables us to trace the path of (human) colonization: Because most Bichons are B1 and Bichons are popular in Spanish culture, B1 is now fairly common among village dogs in Latin America.

B45

Max’s Haplotype

Part of the large B1 haplogroup, this haplotype occurs most commonly in Yorkshire Terriers, Doberman Pinschers, Cocker Spaniels, and village dogs in Costa Rica.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

The B1 haplogroup can be found in village dogs like the Peruvian Village Dog, pictured above.

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Family tree

Health

Traits

Paternal Haplotype

Through Max’s Y-chromosome we can trace his father’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A1a

Haplotype

H1a.2

Map

A1a

Max’s Haplogroup

Some of the wolves that became the original dogs in Central Asia around 15,000 years ago came from this long and distinguished line of male dogs. After domestication, they followed their humans from Asia to Europe and then didn't stop there. They took root in Europe, eventually becoming the dogs that founded the Vizsla breed 1,000 years ago. The Vizsla is a Central European hunting dog, and all male Vizslas descend from this line. During the Age of Exploration, like their owners, these pooches went by the philosophy, "Have sail, will travel!" From the windy plains of Patagonia to the snug and homey towns of the American Midwest, the beaches of a Pacific paradise, and the broad expanse of the Australian outback, these dogs followed their masters to the outposts of empires. Whether through good fortune or superior genetics, dogs from the A1a lineage traveled the globe and took root across the world. Now you find village dogs from this line frolicking on Polynesian beaches, hanging out in villages across the Americas, and scavenging throughout Old World settlements. You can also find this "prince of patrilineages" in breeds as different as German Shepherds, Golden Retrievers, Pugs, Border Collies, Scottish Terriers, and Irish Wolfhounds. No male wolf line has been as successful as the A1a line!

H1a.2

Max’s Haplotype

Part of the large A1a haplogroup, this haplotype occurs most commonly in Yorkshire Terriers, Norfolk Terriers, Silky Terriers, and Norwich Terriers.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

Dogs with A1a lineage travelled during European Colonial times.

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Family tree

Health

Traits

Maternal Haplotype