Venn diagram

Compare your dogs to Swizzy Select one to begin:

Swizzy

American Staffordshire Terrier

Smarter dog care powered by DNA
SHOP NOW

No bio has been provided yet

Instagram tag
@SwizzyMonster

Place of Birth

Elmont, New York, USA

Current Location

Elmont, New York, USA

This dog has been viewed and been given 84 wags

Genetic Breed Result

Loading...

American Staffordshire Terrier

American Staffordshire Terriers are powerful but playful dogs that are both loyal and affectionate with their owners.

Learn More

Start a conversation! Message this dog’s humans.

Genetic Stats

Wolfiness

0.3 % LOW

Predicted Adult Weight

59 lbs

Genetic Age
74 human years

Based on the date of birth provided

Explore

Would you like more information? You can contact us at:

Our algorithms predict this is the most likely family tree to explain Swizzy’s breed mix, but this family tree may not be the only possible one.

Embark Logo Learn more about Embark

Explore

Health Summary

warn icon

Swizzy inherited one variant that you should learn more about.

And one variant that you should tell your vet about.

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis, Cerebellar Ataxia, NCL4A

warn icon

Swizzy inherited one copy of the variant we tested

What does this result mean?

This result does not impact your dog’s health. It could have consequences for siblings or other family members, and you should let them know if you are in contact with them.

What is Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis, Cerebellar Ataxia, NCL4A?

A lysosome is a structure within the cell that digests and removes waste. When the lysosome cannot recycle waste properly, the waste accumulates and causes the cell to die. This form of lysosomal storage disease causes adult onset neurologic signs.

ALT Activity

warn icon

Swizzy inherited one copy of the variant we tested

Why is this important to your vet?

Swizzy has one copy of a variant associated with reduced ALT activity as measured on veterinary blood chemistry panels. Please inform your veterinarian that Swizzy has this genotype, as ALT is often used as an indicator of liver health and Swizzy is likely to have a lower than average resting ALT activity. As such, an increase in Swizzy’s ALT activity could be evidence of liver damage, even if it is within normal limits by standard ALT reference ranges.

What is ALT Activity?

Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) is a clinical tool that can be used by veterinarians to better monitor liver health. This result is not associated with liver disease. ALT is one of several values veterinarians measure on routine blood work to evaluate the liver. It is a naturally occurring enzyme located in liver cells that helps break down protein. When the liver is damaged or inflamed, ALT is released into the bloodstream.

Breed-Relevant Genetic Conditions

good icon

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, crd1

Identified in American Staffordshire Terriers

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, crd2

Identified in American Staffordshire Terriers

Urate Kidney & Bladder Stones

Identified in American Staffordshire Terriers

L-2-Hydroxyglutaricaciduria, L2HGA

Identified in American Staffordshire Terriers

Additional Genetic Conditions

good icon

Explore

Explore the genetics behind your dog’s appearance and size.

Base Coat Color

Base Coat Color

Coat Color Modifiers

Coat Color Modifiers

Other Coat Traits

Other Coat Traits

Other Body Features

Other Body Features

Body Size

Body Size

Performance

Performance

Embark Logo Learn more about Embark

Explore

Through Swizzy’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace her mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that her ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A1a

Haplotype

A388

Map

A1a

Swizzy’s Haplogroup

A1a is the most common maternal lineage among Western dogs. This lineage traveled from the site of dog domestication in Central Asia to Europe along with an early dog expansion perhaps 10,000 years ago. It hung around in European village dogs for many millennia. Then, about 300 years ago, some of the prized females in the line were chosen as the founding dogs for several dog breeds. That set in motion a huge expansion of this lineage. It's now the maternal lineage of the overwhelming majority of Mastiffs, Labrador Retrievers and Gordon Setters. About half of Boxers and less than half of Shar-Pei dogs descend from the A1a line. It is also common across the world among village dogs, a legacy of European colonialism.

A388

Swizzy’s Haplotype

Part of the large A1a haplogroup, this haplotype occurs most frequently in Staffordshire Terriers, Labrador Retrievers, and English Bulldogs.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

Shar Pei dogs think A1a is the coolest!

Embark Logo Learn more about Embark

Explore

The Paternal Haplotype reveals a dog’s deep ancestral lineage, stretching back thousands of years to the original domestication of dogs.

Are you looking for information on the breeds that Swizzy inherited from her mom and dad? Check out her breed breakdown and family tree.

Paternal Haplotype is determined by looking at a dog’s Y-chromosome—but not all dogs have Y-chromosomes!

Why can’t we show Paternal Haplotype results for female dogs?

All dogs have two sex chromosomes. Female dogs have two X-chromosomes (XX) and male dogs have one X-chromosome and one Y-chromosome (XY). When having offspring, female (XX) dogs always pass an X-chromosome to their puppy. Male (XY) dogs can pass either an X or a Y-chromosome—if the puppy receives an X-chromosome from its father then it will be a female (XX) puppy and if it receives a Y-chromosome then it will be a male (XY) puppy. As you can see, Y-chromosomes are passed down from a male dog only to its male offspring.

Since Swizzy is a female (XX) dog, she has no Y-chromosome for us to analyze and determine a paternal haplotype.

Embark Logo Learn more about Embark

Explore