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Stanley

Mixed Breed

  • Photo of Stanley, a Cocker Spaniel, Labrador Retriever, Pug, American Eskimo Dog, and Mixed mix in Kentucky, USA Photo of Stanley, a Cocker Spaniel, Labrador Retriever, Pug, American Eskimo Dog, and Mixed mix in Kentucky, USA
    Halloween 2018

“I adopted Stanley from a shelter. He was afraid of everything but has come a long way. He loves popcorn and corn on the cob. 🤷🏼‍♀️ He has a crooked face and when he wants a treat he uses it to his advantage. He is not a huge fan of small dogs but gets along with larger ones. He is spoiled, as he should be, and insists on sleeping in bed under the covers with a pillow. ❤️ My Stan!”

Place of Birth
Kentucky, USA
Current Location
New Hampshire, USA
From
Cocheco Valley Humane Society, County Farm Road, Dover, NH, USA

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Genetic Breed Result

Learn how it’s done

Mixed Breed

24.3% Cocker Spaniel
17.2% Labrador Retriever
10.5% Pug
10.1% American Eskimo Dog
7.9% Rottweiler
30.0% Supermutt

Embark Supermutt analysis

What’s in that Supermutt? There may be small amounts of DNA from these distant ancestors:

Cocker Spaniel Cocker Spaniel
Cocker Spaniels are handsome and intelligent hunting dogs that are also well-suited to life as a loving family pet.
Learn More
Labrador Retriever Labrador Retriever
The Labrador Retriever was bred for hunting and excelled in retrieving game after it was shot down. Known for its gentle disposition and loyalty, the Labrador Retriever has become a favorite of families and breeders alike.
Learn More
Pug Pug
The Pug is a breed of dog with a wrinkly, short-muzzled face and curled tail. Pugs are known for being sociable and gentle companion dogs.
Learn More
American Eskimo Dog American Eskimo Dog
American Eskimo Dogs belong to the spitz family and they actually came from Germany. They got their start in American circuses due to their intelligence. Today, Eskies make wonderful family pets.
Learn More
Rottweiler Rottweiler
Originally used for driving cattle and protecting valuable convoys, Rottweilers are now popular family pets as well as guard, police and military dogs.
Learn More
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Genetic Stats


Wolfiness

2.8 % HIGH Learn More

Predicted Adult Weight
Genetic Age
68 human years Learn More
Based on the date of birth provided

Breed Mix Matches

Explore other Embark dogs who have breed mixes that are similar to Stanley’s.
A Mix Match of 100 means they are the exact same breed mix!

DNA Breed Origins

What’s this?
Breed colors:
Cocker Spaniel
Labrador Retriever
Pug
American Eskimo Dog
Rottweiler
Supermutt

Would you like more information? Have you found a lost dog wearing an Embark dog tag? You can contact us at:

Explore by tapping the parents and grandparents.
 
Family Tree From Embark PARENTS GRANDPARENTS GREAT GRANDPARENTS Mixed Mixed Cocker Spaniel / Labrador Retriever mix American Eskimo Dog / Pug mix Cocker Spaniel / Pug mix Labrador Retriever mix Cocker Spaniel mix Labrador Retriever mix American Eskimo Dog mix Pug mix Cocker Spaniel Pug mix Labrador Retriever mix Mixed

Our algorithms predict this is the most likely family tree to explain Stanley’s breed mix, but this family tree may not be the only possible one.

Health Summary

Stanley is at increased risk for one genetic health condition.

And inherited one variant that you should learn more about.

Intervertebral Disc Disease (Type I)

Stanley inherited one copy of the variant we tested

How to interpret this result

Stanley has one copy of an FGF4 retrogene on chromosome 12. In some breeds such as Beagles, Cocker Spaniels, and Dachshunds (among others) this variant is found in nearly all dogs. While those breeds are known to have an elevated risk of IVDD, many dogs in those breeds never develop IVDD. For mixed breed dogs and purebreds of other breeds where this variant is not as common, risk for Type I IVDD is greater for individuals with this variant than for similar dogs.

What is Intervertebral Disc Disease (Type I)?

Type I Intervertebral Disc Disease (IVDD) is a back/spine issue that refers to a health condition affecting the discs that act as cushions between vertebrae. With Type I IVDD, affected dogs can have a disc event where it ruptures or herniates towards the spinal cord. This pressure on the spinal cord causes neurologic signs which can range from a wobbly gait to impairment of movement. Chondrodystrophy (CDDY) refers to the relative proportion between a dog’s legs and body, wherein the legs are shorter and the body longer. There are multiple different variants that can cause a markedly chondrodystrophic appearance as observed in Dachshunds and Corgis. However, this particular variant is the only one known to also increase the risk for IVDD.

ALT Activity

Stanley inherited one copy of the variant we tested

Why is this important to your vet?

Stanley has one copy of a variant associated with reduced ALT activity as measured on veterinary blood chemistry panels. Please inform your veterinarian that Stanley has this genotype, as ALT is often used as an indicator of liver health and Stanley is likely to have a lower than average resting ALT activity. As such, an increase in Stanley’s ALT activity could be evidence of liver damage, even if it is within normal limits by standard ALT reference ranges.

What is ALT Activity?

Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) is a clinical tool that can be used by veterinarians to better monitor liver health. This result is not associated with liver disease. ALT is one of several values veterinarians measure on routine blood work to evaluate the liver. It is a naturally occurring enzyme located in liver cells that helps break down protein. When the liver is damaged or inflamed, ALT is released into the bloodstream.

Breed-Relevant Genetic Conditions

Thrombopathia

Identified in American Eskimo Dogs

Congenital Macrothrombocytopenia

Identified in Cocker Spaniels and Labrador Retrievers

Canine Elliptocytosis

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

May-Hegglin Anomaly

Identified in Pugs

Pyruvate Kinase Deficiency

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Pyruvate Kinase Deficiency

Identified in Pugs

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, prcd

Identified in American Eskimo Dogs, Cocker Spaniels, and more

Golden Retriever Progressive Retinal Atrophy 2, GR-PRA2

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Progressive Retinal Atrophy - crd4/cord1

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Day Blindness

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Primary Lens Luxation

Identified in American Eskimo Dogs

Macular Corneal Dystrophy, MCD

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Urate Kidney & Bladder Stones

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Autosomal Recessive Hereditary Nephropathy, Familial Nephropathy, ARHN

Identified in Cocker Spaniels

Glycogen storage disease Type VII, Phosphofructokinase Deficiency, PFK Deficiency

Identified in Cocker Spaniels

Alexander Disease

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Degenerative Myelopathy, DM

Identified in American Eskimo Dogs and Pugs

Narcolepsy

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Juvenile Laryngeal Paralysis and Polyneuropathy

Identified in Rottweilers

Acral Mutilation Syndrome

Identified in Cocker Spaniels

Exercise-Induced Collapse

Identified in Cocker Spaniels and Labrador Retrievers

X-Linked Myotubular Myopathy

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Congenital Myasthenic Syndrome

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Hereditary Nasal Parakeratosis

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Oculoskeletal Dysplasia 1

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Skeletal Dysplasia 2, SD2

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Additional Genetic Conditions

Explore the genetics behind your dog’s appearance and size.
Base Coat Color

Base Coat Color

Dark or Light Fur
E (Extension) Locus
Light colored fur (cream to red)
Brown or Black Pigment
B (Brown) Locus
Likely black colored nose/feet
Color Dilution
D (Dilute) Locus
No Call
Coat Color Modifiers

Coat Color Modifiers

Hidden Patterning
K (Dominant Black) Locus
No impact on coat color
Body Pattern
A (Agouti) Locus
No impact on coat pattern
Facial Fur Pattern
E (Extension) Locus
No dark fur anywhere
Saddle Tan
No impact on coat pattern
Merle
M (Merle) Locus
No impact on coat color
Other Coat Traits

Other Coat Traits

Furnishings LINKAGE
Likely unfurnished (no mustache, beard, and/or eyebrows)
Coat Length
Likely short or mid-length coat
Shedding
Likely heavy/seasonal shedding
Coat Texture
Likely straight coat
Hairlessness (Xolo type) LINKAGE
Very unlikely to be hairless
Hairlessness (Terrier type)
Very unlikely to be hairless
Oculocutaneous Albinism Type 2 LINKAGE
Likely not albino
Other Body Features

Other Body Features

Muzzle Length
Likely medium or long muzzle
Tail Length
Likely normal-length tail
Hind Dew Claws
Unlikely to have hind dew claws
Back Muscling & Bulk (Large Breed)
Likely normal muscling
Eye Color LINKAGE
Less likely to have blue eyes
Body Size

Body Size

Body Size 1
Intermediate
Body Size 2
Larger
Body Size 3
Larger
Body Size 4
Larger
Body Size 5
Larger
Performance

Performance

Altitude Adaptation
Normal altitude tolerance
Appetite LINKAGE
Normal food motivation

Through Stanley’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace his mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

B1

Haplotype

B81

Map

B1

Stanley’s Haplogroup

B1 is the second most common maternal lineage in breeds of European or American origin. It is the female line of the majority of Golden Retrievers, Basset Hounds, and Shih Tzus, and about half of Beagles, Pekingese and Toy Poodles. This lineage is also somewhat common among village dogs that carry distinct ancestry from these breeds. We know this is a result of B1 dogs being common amongst the European dogs that their conquering owners brought around the world, because nowhere on earth is it a very common lineage in village dogs. It even enables us to trace the path of (human) colonization: Because most Bichons are B1 and Bichons are popular in Spanish culture, B1 is now fairly common among village dogs in Latin America.

B81

Stanley’s Haplotype

Part of the large B1 haplogroup, this haplotype occurs most frequently in Shih Tzus, Chihuahuas, and Poodles.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

The B1 haplogroup can be found in village dogs like the Peruvian Village Dog, pictured above.

Through Stanley’s Y-chromosome we can trace his father’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A1a

Haplotype

H1a.8/32/43/44

Map

A1a

Stanley’s Haplogroup

Some of the wolves that became the original dogs in Central Asia around 15,000 years ago came from this long and distinguished line of male dogs. After domestication, they followed their humans from Asia to Europe and then didn't stop there. They took root in Europe, eventually becoming the dogs that founded the Vizsla breed 1,000 years ago. The Vizsla is a Central European hunting dog, and all male Vizslas descend from this line. During the Age of Exploration, like their owners, these pooches went by the philosophy, "Have sail, will travel!" From the windy plains of Patagonia to the snug and homey towns of the American Midwest, the beaches of a Pacific paradise, and the broad expanse of the Australian outback, these dogs followed their masters to the outposts of empires. Whether through good fortune or superior genetics, dogs from the A1a lineage traveled the globe and took root across the world. Now you find village dogs from this line frolicking on Polynesian beaches, hanging out in villages across the Americas, and scavenging throughout Old World settlements. You can also find this "prince of patrilineages" in breeds as different as German Shepherds, Golden Retrievers, Pugs, Border Collies, Scottish Terriers, and Irish Wolfhounds. No male wolf line has been as successful as the A1a line!

H1a.8/32/43/44

Stanley’s Haplotype

Part of the A1a haplogroup, the H1a.8/32/43/44 haplotype occurs most commonly in Llewellin Setters, Gordon Setters and German Wirehaired Pointers. We've also spotted it in Southeast Asian Village Dogs, European Village Dogs and East Asian Village Dogs.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

Dogs with A1a lineage travelled during European Colonial times.