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“Bernie”
Sir Bernie Banders, Adventurer, Destroyer of Cupcakes

Mixed Breed

“Bernie was born in our foster home after his mama was removed from a hoarding situation. He was unfortunately born with a rare congenital condition called atlantoaxial luxation, which required him to live in a splint to avoid the risk of sudden death. In spite of heroic efforts to save him, he passed away at 14 weeks from complications due to this and laryngeal collapse. He was the best scuttlemuppet. His life was short, but it burned bright. He was very, very loved.”

Current Location
Burnsville, Minnesota, USA
From
Texas, USA

This dog has been viewed 683 times and been given 4 wags

Genetic Breed Result

Learn how it’s done

Mixed Breed

39.4% Chihuahua
24.1% Poodle (Small)
15.6% Pomeranian
5.7% Miniature Schnauzer
15.2% Supermutt

Embark Supermutt analysis

What’s in that Supermutt? There may be small amounts of DNA from these distant ancestors:

Chihuahua Chihuahua
Chihuahuas have a huge personality that defies their tiny frame, known to be highly active and intelligent canines.
Learn More
Poodle (Small) Poodle (Small)
A highly intelligent and playful dog, Miniature and Toy Poodles make for great lap dogs and companions.
Learn More
Pomeranian Pomeranian
The Pomeranian is a cocky, animated companion with an extroverted personality.
Learn More
Miniature Schnauzer Miniature Schnauzer
Miniature Schnauzers are an alert and spirited breed with guard dog tendencies.
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Start a conversation! Message this dog’s owner.

Genetic Stats


Predicted Adult Weight
Genetic Age
22 human years Learn More
Based on the date of birth provided

Breed Mix Matches

Explore other Embark dogs who have breed mixes that are similar to Bernie’s.
A Mix Match of 100 means they are the exact same breed mix!

DNA Breed Origins

What’s this?
Breed colors:
Chihuahua
Poodle (Small)
Pomeranian
Miniature Schnauzer
Supermutt
Changes to this dog’s profile
Learn More
  • On 11/2/2018 changed name from "Sir Bernie Banders, Adventurer, Destroyer of Cupcakes, Long May He Reign" to "Sir Bernie Banders, Adventurer, Destroyer of Cupcakes"

Would you like more information? Have you found a lost dog wearing an Embark dog tag? You can contact us at:

Explore by tapping the parents and grandparents.
 
Family Tree From Embark PARENTS GRANDPARENTS GREAT GRANDPARENTS Mixed Mixed Chihuahua / Poodle (Small) mix Pomeranian mix Chihuahua / Poodle (Small) mix Pomeranian mix Chihuahua Poodle (Small) mix Pomeranian Mixed Chihuahua Poodle (Small) Pomeranian mix Mixed

Our algorithms predict this is the most likely family tree to explain Bernie’s breed mix, but this family tree may not be the only possible one.

Health Summary

Bernie is at increased risk for one genetic health condition.

Intervertebral Disc Disease (Type I)

Bernie inherited one copy of the variant we tested

How to interpret this result

Bernie has one copy of an FGF4 retrogene on chromosome 12 and is at increased risk for Type I IVDD. Bernie would also be expected to have an intermediate chondrodystrophic phenotype (slightly short legs relative to body length). Please consult with your veterinarian to discuss preventative and monitoring measures for Bernie.

What is Intervertebral Disc Disease (Type I)?

Chondrodystrophy (CDDY) refers to the "long and low" body shape characteristic of many dog breeds including Dachshunds and Corgis. Recently, a mutation was discovered that not only predicted the chondrodystrophic body shape, but increases the risk of Type I intervertebral disc disease (IVDD or "slipped disc.").

Breed-Relevant Genetic Conditions

Von Willebrand Disease Type I (VWF)

Identified in Australian Terriers, Barbets, and more

Congenital Macrothrombocytopenia (TUBB1 Exon 1, Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Variant)

Identified in Bichon Frises, Boxers, and more

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, rcd3 (PDE6A)

Identified in Cardigan Welsh Corgis, Chinese Cresteds, and more

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, prcd (PRCD Exon 1)

Identified in American Eskimo Dogs, American Hairless Terriers, and more

Progressive Retinal Atrophy - crd4/cord1 (RPGRIP1)

Identified in Beagles, Boykin Spaniels, and more

Urate Kidney & Bladder Stones (SLC2A9)

Identified in American Bullies, American Pit Bull Terriers, and more

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis (MFSD8)

Identified in Chihuahuas and Chinese Cresteds

GM2 Gangliosidosis (HEXB, Poodle Variant)

Identified in Standard Poodles, Miniature Poodles, and more

Persistent Mullerian Duct Syndrome, PMDS (AMHR2)

Identified in Miniature Schnauzers and Standard Schnauzers

Spinocerebellar Ataxia with Myokymia and/or Seizures (KCNJ10)

Identified in Basenjis, Chihuahuas, and more

Neonatal Encephalopathy with Seizures, NEWS (ATF2)

Identified in Standard Poodles, Miniature Poodles, and more

Myotonia Congenita (CLCN1 Exon 7)

Identified in Miniature Schnauzers and Standard Schnauzers

Hereditary Vitamin D-Resistant Rickets (VDR)

Identified in Pomeranians

Osteochondrodysplasia (SLC13A1)

Identified in Standard Poodles, Miniature Poodles, and more

Additional Genetic Conditions


Clinical Tools

Explore the genetics behind your dog’s appearance, size, and genetic diversity.
Coat Color

Coat Color

E Locus (MC1R)
Can have a melanistic mask (EmE)
K Locus (CBD103)
More likely to have a patterned haircoat (kyky)
A Locus (ASIP)
Fawn Sable coat color pattern (ayat)
D Locus (MLPH)
Dark areas of hair and skin are not lightened (DD)
B Locus (TYRP1)
Black or gray hair and skin (BB)
M Locus (PMEL)
No merle alleles (mm)
Other Coat Traits

Other Coat Traits

Furnishings (RSPO2) LINKAGE
Likely furnished (mustache, beard, and/or eyebrows) (FF)
Coat Length (FGF5)
Likely short or mid-length coat (GT)
Shedding (MC5R)
Likely light shedding (TT)
Coat Texture (KRT71)
Likely wavy coat (CT)
Hairlessness (FOXI3) LINKAGE
Very unlikely to be hairless (NN)
Hairlessness (SGK3)
Very unlikely to be hairless (NN)
Oculocutaneous Albinism Type 2 (SLC45A2) LINKAGE
Likely not albino (NN)
Other Body Features

Other Body Features

Muzzle Length (BMP3)
Likely medium or long muzzle (AC)
Tail Length (T)
Likely normal-length tail (CC)
Hind Dewclaws (LMBR1)
Unlikely to have hind dew claws (CC)
Blue Eye Color (ALX4) LINKAGE
Less likely to have blue eyes (NN)
Back Muscling & Bulk, Large Breed (ACSL4)
Likely normal muscling (CC)
Body Size

Body Size

Body Size (IGF1)
Smaller (II)
Body Size (IGFR1)
Intermediate (GA)
Body Size (STC2)
Smaller (AA)
Body Size (GHR - E191K)
Smaller (AA)
Body Size (GHR - P177L)
Intermediate (CT)
Performance

Performance

Altitude Adaptation (EPAS1)
Normal altitude tolerance (GG)
Appetite (POMC) LINKAGE
Normal food motivation (NN)

Through Bernie’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace his mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

B1

Haplotype

B1b

Map

B1

Sir Bernie Banders, Adventurer, Destroyer of Cupcakes’s Haplogroup

B1 is the second most common maternal lineage in breeds of European or American origin. It is the female line of the majority of Golden Retrievers, Basset Hounds, and Shih Tzus, and about half of Beagles, Pekingese and Toy Poodles. This lineage is also somewhat common among village dogs that carry distinct ancestry from these breeds. We know this is a result of B1 dogs being common amongst the European dogs that their conquering owners brought around the world, because nowhere on earth is it a very common lineage in village dogs. It even enables us to trace the path of (human) colonization: Because most Bichons are B1 and Bichons are popular in Spanish culture, B1 is now fairly common among village dogs in Latin America.

B1b

Sir Bernie Banders, Adventurer, Destroyer of Cupcakes’s Haplotype

Part of the large B1 haplogroup, we see this haplotype in village dogs across the world, including those from Central America, the Middle East, South Asia, and the French Polynesian Islands. Among the 31 breed dogs we see it in, we see it in Poodles, Otterhounds, and Labrador Retrievers. It is also our most commonly-sampled Golden Retriever haplotype!

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

The B1 haplogroup can be found in village dogs like the Peruvian Village Dog, pictured above.

Through Bernie’s Y-chromosome we can trace his father’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A1a

Haplotype

H1a.4

Map

A1a

Sir Bernie Banders, Adventurer, Destroyer of Cupcakes’s Haplogroup

Some of the wolves that became the original dogs in Central Asia around 15,000 years ago came from this long and distinguished line of male dogs. After domestication, they followed their humans from Asia to Europe and then didn't stop there. They took root in Europe, eventually becoming the dogs that founded the Vizsla breed 1,000 years ago. The Vizsla is a Central European hunting dog, and all male Vizslas descend from this line. During the Age of Exploration, like their owners, these pooches went by the philosophy, "Have sail, will travel!" From the windy plains of Patagonia to the snug and homey towns of the American Midwest, the beaches of a Pacific paradise, and the broad expanse of the Australian outback, these dogs followed their masters to the outposts of empires. Whether through good fortune or superior genetics, dogs from the A1a lineage traveled the globe and took root across the world. Now you find village dogs from this line frolicking on Polynesian beaches, hanging out in villages across the Americas, and scavenging throughout Old World settlements. You can also find this "prince of patrilineages" in breeds as different as German Shepherds, Golden Retrievers, Pugs, Border Collies, Scottish Terriers, and Irish Wolfhounds. No male wolf line has been as successful as the A1a line!

H1a.4

Sir Bernie Banders, Adventurer, Destroyer of Cupcakes’s Haplotype

Part of the large A1a haplogroup, this haplotype occurs in village dogs in Colombia. It is common in small dogs like Dachshund, Miniature Dachshund, and Chihuahuas, but can also be found in larger breeds like Golden Retrievers.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

Dogs with A1a lineage travelled during European Colonial times.