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Sierra

Mixed Breed

“Sierra is a rescue from Mississippi! She is also the team dog for a track team in Massachusetts and loves running daily with her teammates. Some of Sierra’s favorite things are: having your undivided attention, chasing after tennis balls and squirrels, digging holes in the dirt, and rolling in smelly things. We love her ❤️❤️”

Instagram tag
@sierraandsydney

Place of Birth
Mississippi, USA
Location
Chelmsford, Massachusetts, USA

This dog has been viewed 860 times and been given 8 wags

Genetic Breed Result

Learn how it’s done

Mixed Breed

50.0% Border Collie
13.8% Australian Cattle Dog
12.3% Chow Chow
7.2% Labrador Retriever
6.0% German Shepherd Dog
10.7% Supermutt

Embark Supermutt analysis

What’s in that Supermutt? There may be small amounts of DNA from these distant ancestors:

Border Collie Border Collie
Border Collies are highly energetic and work oriented herding dogs, whose stamina is matched by their intelligence and alertness. If you want the smartest dog out there, then you have come to the right place!
Learn More
Australian Cattle Dog Australian Cattle Dog
A classic cattle dog, Australian Cattle Dogs were developed from a mixture of breeds in Australia in the 19th century, and still maintain their energetic herding instincts today.
Learn More
Chow Chow Chow Chow
This distinctive-looking dog breed has a proud, independent spirit that some describe as catlike. Often aloof and suspicious of strangers, the Chow Chow may not be a cuddle buddy, but for the right person, they are a fiercely loyal companion.
Learn More
Labrador Retriever Labrador Retriever
The Labrador Retriever was bred for hunting and excelled in retrieving game after it was shot down. Known for its gentle disposition and loyalty, the Labrador Retriever has become a favorite of families and breeders alike.
Learn More
German Shepherd Dog German Shepherd Dog
German Shepherds are confident, courageous dogs with a keen sense of smell and notable intelligence.
Learn More
Start a conversation! Message this dog’s humans.

Genetic Stats


Wolfiness

4.6 % HIGH Learn More

Predicted Adult Weight

51 lbs Learn More

Genetic Age
23 human years Learn More
Based on the date of birth provided

Breed Mix Matches

Explore other Embark dogs who have breed mixes that are similar to Sierra’s.
A Mix Match of 100 means they are the exact same breed mix!

DNA Breed Origins

What’s this?
Breed colors:
Border Collie
Australian Cattle Dog
Chow Chow
Labrador Retriever
German Shepherd Dog
Supermutt

Would you like more information? Have you found a lost dog wearing an Embark dog tag? You can contact us at:

Explore by tapping the parents and grandparents.
 
Family Tree From Embark PARENTS GRANDPARENTS GREAT GRANDPARENTS Mixed Border Collie Australian Cattle Dog / Labrador Retriever mix Chow Chow / German Shepherd Dog mix Border Collie Border Collie Australian Cattle Dog Labrador Retriever mix Chow Chow German Shepherd Dog mix Border Collie Border Collie Border Collie Border Collie

Our algorithms predict this is the most likely family tree to explain Sierra’s breed mix, but this family tree may not be the only possible one.

Summary

0
AT RISK
1
CARRIER
170
CLEAR
Tap above or scroll down to see more

Clinical Traits

These clinical traits are valuable to your veterinarian and can inform the clinical decisions and diagnoses they make.

Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT) Activity result: Low Normal

Sierra has one copy of a mutation associated with reduced ALT activity as measured on veterinary blood chemistry panels. Please inform your veterinarian that Sierra has this genotype, as ALT is often used as an indicator of liver health and Sierra is likely to have a lower than average resting ALT activity. As such, an increase in Sierra’s ALT activity could be evidence of liver damage, even if it is within normal limits by standard ALT reference ranges.

Genetic Health Conditions

A genetic health condition indicates a genetic mutation that increases the risk that an animal develops a specific disease.

Not At Risk

Good news! Sierra did not test positive for any of the genetic conditions that Embark screens for.

It is still important to let your veterinarian know these results because they could help guide Sierra’s diagnosis and treatment if she gets sick in the future.

Carrier for
1 genetic condition

Sierra is a carrier for 1 of the genetic diseases that Embark tests for.
What does Carrier mean?

Sierra has inherited a recessive allele for a genetic trait or mutation. This is not enough to cause symptoms of the disease, but is important to bear in mind if Sierra ever has children.

Condition List

Collie Eye Anomaly, Choroidal Hypoplasia
(NHEJ1)
Eyes

Named for its high prevalence in Collie dogs, Collie Eye Anomaly (CEA) is more correctly termed choroidal hypoplasia and is a developmental disease of the choroid. The ch…

Common Conditions

Good news! Sierra tested clear for 34 genetic conditions that are common in her breed mix.
Condition List

MDR1 Drug Sensitivity
(MDR1)
Clinical

Sensitivity to certain classes of drugs, notably the parasiticide ivermectin, as well as certain gastroprotectant and anti-cancer medications, occurs in dogs with mutatio…

Seen in Border Collies, German Shepherd Dogs, but not Sierra.

Factor VIII Deficiency, Hemophilia A
(F8 Exon 11, Shepherd Variant 1)
Blood

Coagulopathies, disorders of blood clotting, can lead to symptoms such as easy bruising or bleeding. Dogs with coagulopathies are often at risk for excessive bleeding dur…

Seen in German Shepherd Dogs, but not Sierra.

Factor VIII Deficiency, Hemophilia A
(F8 Exon 1, Shepherd Variant 2)
Blood

Coagulopathies, disorders of blood clotting, can lead to symptoms such as easy bruising or bleeding. Dogs with coagulopathies are often at risk for excessive bleeding dur…

Seen in German Shepherd Dogs, but not Sierra.

Canine Leukocyte Adhesion Deficiency Type III (LAD3)
(FERMT3)
Blood

A rare disorder of white blood cells, this causes increased susceptibility to infections and bleeding tendencies. Affected dogs present with a history of persistent skin …

Seen in German Shepherd Dogs, but not Sierra.

Congenital Macrothrombocytopenia
(TUBB1 Exon 1, Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Variant)
Blood

This is a benign disorder of platelet production that leads to abnormally large, sparse platelets. Affected dogs typically do not suffer any ill effects from the size or …

Seen in Labrador Retrievers, but not Sierra.

Canine Elliptocytosis
(SPTB Exon 30)
Blood

A benign disease that affects red blood cell shape, elliptocytosis rarely causes symptoms. Upon examination of a blood smear, however, affected dogs have elongated, oval …

Seen in Chow Chows, Labrador Retrievers, but not Sierra.

Cyclic Neutropenia, Gray Collie Syndrome
(AP3B1 Exon 20)
Blood

This is a disease of neutrophil, a type of white blood cell, production, where the number of circulating neutrophils drops precipitously, leaving dogs prone to bacterial …

Seen in Border Collies, but not Sierra.

Pyruvate Kinase Deficiency
(PKLR Exon 7 Labrador Variant)
Blood

This is a disease of red blood cells characterized by low energy level, jaundiced skin, and pale and cool extremities. Dogs affected with PKD have red blood cells that ha…

Seen in Labrador Retrievers, but not Sierra.

Trapped Neutrophil Syndrome
(VPS13B)
Blood

Dogs with TNS are prone to recurrent bacterial infections that must be recognized and treated early. Neutrophils, a type of white blood cells, are generated in the bone m…

Seen in Border Collies, but not Sierra.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy - prcd
Progressive rod-cone degeneration (PRCD Exon 1)
Eyes

This retinal disease causes progressive, non-painful vision loss. The retina contains the cells, photoreceptors, that collect information about light: that is, they are t…

Seen in Australian Cattle Dogs, Labrador Retrievers, but not Sierra.

Golden Retriever Progressive Retinal Atrophy 2
(TTC8)
Eyes

This retinal disease causes progressive, non-painful vision loss. The retina contains the cells, photoreceptors, that collect information about light: that is, they are t…

Seen in Labrador Retrievers, but not Sierra.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy - crd4/cord1
(RPGRIP1)
Eyes

This retinal disease causes progressive, non-painful vision loss. The retina contains the cells, photoreceptors, that collect information about light: that is, they are t…

Seen in Labrador Retrievers, but not Sierra.

Achromatopsia
(CNGA3 Exon 7 German Shepherd Variant)
Eyes

This is a progressive, nonpainful disorder of the retina that affects color vision and light perception. Cone cells not only register color, they allow the dog to adjust …

Seen in German Shepherd Dogs, but not Sierra.

Achromatopsia
(CNGA3 Exon 7 Labrador Retriever Variant)
Eyes

This is a progressive, nonpainful disorder of the retina that affects color vision and light perception. Cone cells not only register color, they allow the dog to adjust …

Seen in Labrador Retrievers, but not Sierra.

Primary Lens Luxation
(ADAMTS17)
Eyes

This surgically correctable condition causes the lens to spontaneously detach from its normal residence within the pupil, leading to reduced visual acuity and irritation …

Seen in Australian Cattle Dogs, but not Sierra.

Macular Corneal Dystrophy (MCD)
(CHST6)
Eyes

A disease of middle-aged dogs, MCD was first characterized in the Labrador Retriever. Affected dogs begin to show clouding of the eyes and visual impairment due to abnorm…

Seen in Labrador Retrievers, but not Sierra.

Cystinuria Type II-A
(SLC3A1)
Kidney and Bladder

A disease of cystine accumulation, affected dogs are prone to developing cystine kidney and bladder stones, which if caught early can be managed with dietary changes, inc…

Seen in Australian Cattle Dogs, but not Sierra.

Hyperuricosuria and Hyperuricemia or Urolithiasis
(SLC2A9)
Kidney and Bladder

This condition causes kidney and bladder stones composed of urate; if caught early, it is responsive to dietary management. Uric acid is an intermediate of purine metabol…

Seen in German Shepherd Dogs, but not Sierra.

X-linked Ectodermal Dysplasia, Anhidrotic Ectodermal Dysplasia
(EDA Intron 8)
Multisystem

This developmental condition can cause a scanty haircoat, malformed teeth, and few or absent sweat glands. Because dogs only have sweat glands on their paw pads, they are…

Seen in German Shepherd Dogs, but not Sierra.

Renal Cystadenocarcinoma and Nodular Dermatofibrosis (RCND)
(FLCN Exon 7)
Multisystem

A multiorgan syndrome best described in the German Shepherd Dog, affected dogs display thick skin nodules and signs of kidney disease, and should be evaluated by a veteri…

Seen in German Shepherd Dogs, but not Sierra.

Mucopolysaccharidosis Type VII, Sly Syndrome
(GUSB Exon 3)
Multisystem

A type of lysosomal storage disease, this can cause skeletal abnormalities, growth retardation, and gait abnormalities, and can require close monitoring and special measu…

Seen in German Shepherd Dogs, but not Sierra.

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis 1
(CLN5 Border Collie Variant)
Multisystem

This form of lysosomal storage disease can cause juvenile to adult-onset neurologic signs, depending on the affected gene. While lipofuscin is commonly observed in the ti…

Seen in Border Collies, Australian Cattle Dogs, but not Sierra.

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis
(CLN8 Australian Shepherd Variant)
Multisystem

This form of lysosomal storage disease can cause juvenile to adult-onset neurologic signs, depending on the affected gene. While lipofuscin is commonly observed in the ti…

Seen in Australian Cattle Dogs, but not Sierra.

Degenerative Myelopathy
(SOD1A)
Brain and Spinal Cord

A disease of mature dogs, this is a progressive degenerative disorder of the spinal cord that can cause muscle wasting and gait abnormalities. Affected dogs do not usuall…

Seen in German Shepherd Dogs, but not Sierra.

Narcolepsy
(HCRTR2 Intron 6)
Brain and Spinal Cord

A neurologic condition characterized by daytime sleepiness and fragmented sleep cycles, affected dogs also exhibit episodes of cataplexy, a sudden complete loss of muscle…

Seen in Labrador Retrievers, but not Sierra.

Centronuclear Myopathy
(PTPLA)
Muscular

This muscle disorder is characterized by exercise intolerance, weight loss, and muscle wasting. While abnormal tendon reflexes can be observed as early as 1 month, the sy…

Seen in Labrador Retrievers, but not Sierra.

Exercise-Induced Collapse
(DNM1)
Muscular

First characterized in field-trial lines of Labrador Retriever dogs, this muscle disorder can cause episodes of muscle weakness and sometimes collapse; after recovering, …

Seen in Labrador Retrievers, but not Sierra.

Myotonia Congenita
(CLCN1 Exon 23)
Muscular

This condition is characterized by prolonged muscle contraction and stiffness that usually resolves with normal exercise, though physical therapy can be beneficial. The g…

Seen in Border Collies, Australian Cattle Dogs, but not Sierra.

Myotubular Myopathy 1, X-linked Myotubular Myopathy
(MTM1, Labrador Variant)
Muscular

This is a degenerative muscle disease first characterized in the Labrador Retriever. Affected dogs present as puppies with failure to thrive and weakness; this rapidly pr…

Seen in Labrador Retrievers, but not Sierra.

Imerslund-Grasbeck Syndrome, Selective Cobalamin Malabsorption
(CUBN Exon 53)
Gastrointestinal

This is a treatable gastrointestinal disease where dogs cannot absorb cobalamin, often causing them to be runty with poor energy levels. Cobalamin is required for synthes…

Seen in Border Collies, but not Sierra.

Congenital Myasthenic Syndrome
(COLQ)
Neuromuscular

This is a non-progressive disease characterized by episodes of exercise intolerance and weakness; some forms have been shown to respond to medical treatment. Though it ha…

Seen in Labrador Retrievers, but not Sierra.

Hereditary Nasal Parakeratosis
(SUV39H2)
Skin & Connective Tissues

This condition causes the skin of the nose to be overly thick and shingle-like, which can be uncomfortable for your dog. HNPK isn't usually as upsetting to the dog as it …

Seen in Labrador Retrievers, but not Sierra.

Oculoskeletal Dysplasia 1, Dwarfism-Retinal Dysplasia
(COL9A3, Labrador Retriever)
Skeletal

A developmental disease described in the Labrador Retriever and the Samoyed, affected dogs can show signs very early in life and can include dramatic short-limbed dwarfis…

Seen in Labrador Retrievers, but not Sierra.

Skeletal Dysplasia 2
(COL11A2)
Skeletal

A disease of skeletal development, this causes dogs to have abnormally short legs but similar body lengths compared to unaffected dogs, and can be observed by the time do…

Seen in Labrador Retrievers, but not Sierra.

Other Conditions:
Clear of 136

Sierra is clear of 136 other genetic conditions that Embark tests for.
Explore the genetics behind your dog’s appearance, size, and genetic diversity.
Base Coat Color

Base Coat Color

Dark or Light Fur
E (Extension) Locus
Can have dark fur
Brown or Black Pigment
B (Brown) Locus
Black or gray fur and skin
Color Dilution
D (Dilute) Locus
Dark (non-dilute) fur and skin
Coat Color Modifiers

Coat Color Modifiers

Hidden Patterning
K (Dominant Black) Locus
More likely to have patterned fur
Body Pattern
A (Agouti) Locus
Black/Brown and tan coat color pattern
Facial Fur Pattern
E (Extension) Locus
Can have black masking (dark facial fur)
Saddle Tan
Not saddle tan patterned
Merle
M (Merle) Locus
Unlikely to have merle pattern
Other Coat Traits

Other Coat Traits

Furnishings LINKAGE
Likely unfurnished (no mustache, beard, and/or eyebrows)
Coat Length
Likely long coat
Shedding
Likely heavy/seasonal shedding
Coat Texture
Likely straight coat
Hairlessness (Xolo type) LINKAGE
Very unlikely to be hairless
Hairlessness (Terrier type)
Very unlikely to be hairless
Oculocutaneous Albinism Type 2 LINKAGE
Likely not albino
Other Body Features

Other Body Features

Muzzle Length
Likely medium or long muzzle
Tail Length
Likely normal-length tail
Hind Dew Claws
Likely to have hind dew claws
Back Muscling & Bulk (Large Breed)
Likely normal muscling
Eye Color LINKAGE
Less likely to have blue eyes
Body Size

Body Size

Body Size 1
Larger
Body Size 2
Larger
Body Size 3
Intermediate
Body Size 4
Smaller
Body Size 5
Larger
Performance

Performance

Altitude Adaptation
Normal altitude tolerance

Through Sierra’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace her mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that her ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A1d

Haplotype

A91/11/378

Map

A1d

Sierra’s Haplogroup

This female lineage can be traced back about 15,000 years to some of the original Central Asian wolves that were domesticated into modern dogs. The early females that represent this lineage were likely taken into Eurasia, where they spread rapidly. As a result, many modern breed and village dogs from the Americas, Africa, through Asia and down into Oceania belong to this group! This widespread lineage is not limited to a select few breeds, but the majority of Rottweilers, Afghan Hounds and Wirehaired Pointing Griffons belong to it. It is also the most common female lineage among Papillons, Samoyeds and Jack Russell Terriers. Considering its occurrence in breeds as diverse as Afghan Hounds and Samoyeds, some of this is likely ancient variation. But because of its presence in many modern European breeds, much of its diversity likely can be attributed to much more recent breeding.

A91/11/378

Sierra’s Haplotype

Part of the large A1d haplogroup, this common haplotype occurs in village dogs all over the world. Among the 29 breeds that we have detected it in to date, the most frequent breeds we see expressing it are Afghan Hounds, Greater Swiss Mountain Dogs, and Borzois.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

The vast majority of Rottweilers have the A1d haplogroup.

This 'Paternal Haplotype' tab is for deep ancestral lineage going back thousands of years.

For recent ancestry—"What breeds did my dog inherit from her mom and dad?"—please refer to the Breed, Family Tree, or Summary tab.

The Paternal Haplotype refers to a dog’s deep ancestral lineage stretching back thousands of years, before there were any distinct breeds of dog. We determine the Paternal Haplotype by looking at a dog’s Y-chromosome—but not all dogs have Y-chromosomes!

Why can’t we show Paternal Haplotype results for female dogs?

All dogs have two sex chromosomes. Female dogs have two X-chromosomes (XX) and male dogs have one X-chromosome and one Y-chromosome (XY). When having offspring, female (XX) dogs always pass an X-chromosome to their puppy. Male (XY) dogs can pass either an X or a Y-chromosome—if the puppy receives an X-chromosome from its father then it will be a female (XX) puppy and if it receives a Y-chromosome then it will be a male (XY) puppy. As you can see, Y-chromosomes are passed down from a male dog only to its male offspring.

Since Sierra is a female (XX) dog, she has no Y-chromosome for us to analyze and determine a paternal haplotype.