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“Arrow”
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Mixed Breed

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Continental Kennel Club (CKC):

Genetic Breed Result

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Poodle (Small)

A highly intelligent and playful dog, Miniature and Toy Poodles make for great lap dogs and companions.

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Poodle (Standard)

Known as the national dog breed of France, poodles were developed in Germany and are known for their loyalty and distinctive coat.

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Cocker Spaniel

Cocker Spaniels are handsome and intelligent hunting dogs that are also well-suited to life as a loving family pet.

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Labrador Retriever

The Labrador Retriever was bred for hunting and excelled in retrieving game after it was shot down. Known for its gentle disposition and loyalty, the Labrador Retriever has become a favorite of families and breeders alike.

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English Cocker Spaniel

English Cockers are a medium-size dog with long ears and a happy disposition. The name Cocker comes from their use to hunt woodcock in England, although English Cockers have been used to hunt many other types of birds as well. They make great companion dogs for people who can give them the exercise they need.

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Genetic Stats

Predicted Adult Weight

45 lbs

Genetic Age
19 human years

Based on the date of birth provided

DNA Breed Origins

Breed colors:
Poodle (Small)
Poodle (Standard)
Cocker Spaniel
Labrador Retriever
English Cocker Spaniel

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Family Tree From Embark PARENTS GRANDPARENTS GREAT GRANDPARENTS Mixed Mixed Poodle (Small) / English Cocker Spaniel mix Poodle (Standard) / Labrador Retriever mix Poodle (Standard) mix Poodle (Small) / Cocker Spaniel mix Poodle (Small) English Cocker Spaniel mix Poodle (Standard) Labrador Retriever mix Poodle (Standard) Poodle (Standard) mix Poodle (Small) Cocker Spaniel

Breed Reveal Video

Our algorithms predict this is the most likely family tree to explain Arrow’s breed mix, but this family tree may not be the only possible one.

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Health Summary

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Arrow is at increased risk for one genetic health condition.

And inherited one variant that you should learn more about.

Intervertebral Disc Disease (Type I)

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Arrow inherited one copy of the variant we tested

How to interpret this result

Arrow has one copy of an FGF4 retrogene on chromosome 12. In some breeds such as Beagles, Cocker Spaniels, and Dachshunds (among others) this variant is found in nearly all dogs. While those breeds are known to have an elevated risk of IVDD, many dogs in those breeds never develop IVDD. For mixed breed dogs and purebreds of other breeds where this variant is not as common, risk for Type I IVDD is greater for individuals with this variant than for similar dogs.

What is Intervertebral Disc Disease (Type I)?

Type I Intervertebral Disc Disease (IVDD) is a back/spine issue that refers to a health condition affecting the discs that act as cushions between vertebrae. With Type I IVDD, affected dogs can have a disc event where it ruptures or herniates towards the spinal cord. This pressure on the spinal cord causes neurologic signs which can range from a wobbly gait to impairment of movement. Chondrodystrophy (CDDY) refers to the relative proportion between a dog’s legs and body, wherein the legs are shorter and the body longer. There are multiple different variants that can cause a markedly chondrodystrophic appearance as observed in Dachshunds and Corgis. However, this particular variant is the only one known to also increase the risk for IVDD.

ALT Activity

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Arrow inherited one copy of the variant we tested

Why is this important to your vet?

Arrow has one copy of a variant associated with reduced ALT activity as measured on veterinary blood chemistry panels. Please inform your veterinarian that Arrow has this genotype, as ALT is often used as an indicator of liver health and Arrow is likely to have a lower than average resting ALT activity. As such, an increase in Arrow’s ALT activity could be evidence of liver damage, even if it is within normal limits by standard ALT reference ranges.

What is ALT Activity?

Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) is a clinical tool that can be used by veterinarians to better monitor liver health. This result is not associated with liver disease. ALT is one of several values veterinarians measure on routine blood work to evaluate the liver. It is a naturally occurring enzyme located in liver cells that helps break down protein. When the liver is damaged or inflamed, ALT is released into the bloodstream.

Breed-Relevant Genetic Conditions

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Von Willebrand Disease Type I, Type I vWD (VWF)

Identified in Standard Poodles and Small Poodles

Canine Elliptocytosis (SPTB Exon 30)

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Pyruvate Kinase Deficiency (PKLR Exon 7, Labrador Retriever Variant)

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Bernard-Soulier Syndrome, BSS (GP9, Cocker Spaniel Variant)

Identified in Cocker Spaniels and English Cocker Spaniels

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, prcd (PRCD Exon 1)

Identified in Cocker Spaniels, English Cocker Spaniels, and more

Golden Retriever Progressive Retinal Atrophy 2, GR-PRA2 (TTC8)

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, crd4/cord1 (RPGRIP1)

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Day Blindness (CNGA3 Exon 7, Labrador Retriever Variant)

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Macular Corneal Dystrophy, MCD (CHST6)

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Urate Kidney & Bladder Stones (SLC2A9)

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Familial Nephropathy (COL4A4 Exon 3, Cocker Spaniel Variant)

Identified in Cocker Spaniels and English Cocker Spaniels

Glycogen storage disease Type VII, Phosphofructokinase Deficiency, PFK Deficiency (PFKM, Whippet and English Springer Spaniel Variant)

Identified in Cocker Spaniels and English Cocker Spaniels

GM2 Gangliosidosis (HEXB, Poodle Variant)

Identified in Standard Poodles and Small Poodles

Alexander Disease (GFAP)

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Degenerative Myelopathy, DM (SOD1A)

Identified in Standard Poodles

Neonatal Encephalopathy with Seizures, NEWS (ATF2)

Identified in Standard Poodles and Small Poodles

Narcolepsy (HCRTR2 Intron 6, Labrador Retriever Variant)

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Acral Mutilation Syndrome (GDNF-AS, Spaniel and Pointer Variant)

Identified in Cocker Spaniels and English Cocker Spaniels

Ullrich-like Congenital Muscular Dystrophy (COL6A3 Exon 10, Labrador Retriever Variant)

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Centronuclear Myopathy, CNM (PTPLA)

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Exercise-Induced Collapse, EIC (DNM1)

Identified in Cocker Spaniels, English Cocker Spaniels, and more

X-Linked Myotubular Myopathy (MTM1, Labrador Retriever Variant)

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Congenital Myasthenic Syndrome, CMS (COLQ, Labrador Retriever Variant)

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Hereditary Nasal Parakeratosis, HNPK (SUV39H2)

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Osteochondrodysplasia (SLC13A1, Poodle Variant)

Identified in Standard Poodles and Small Poodles

Skeletal Dysplasia 2, SD2 (COL11A2, Labrador Retriever Variant)

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Additional Genetic Conditions

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Coat Color

Coat Color

Other Coat Traits

Other Coat Traits

Other Body Features

Other Body Features

Body Size

Body Size

Performance

Performance

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Through Arrow’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace his mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A1a

Haplotype

A382

Map

A1a

Serendipity's Striking Bow N Arrow’s Haplogroup

A1a is the most common maternal lineage among Western dogs. This lineage traveled from the site of dog domestication in Central Asia to Europe along with an early dog expansion perhaps 10,000 years ago. It hung around in European village dogs for many millennia. Then, about 300 years ago, some of the prized females in the line were chosen as the founding dogs for several dog breeds. That set in motion a huge expansion of this lineage. It's now the maternal lineage of the overwhelming majority of Mastiffs, Labrador Retrievers and Gordon Setters. About half of Boxers and less than half of Shar-Pei dogs descend from the A1a line. It is also common across the world among village dogs, a legacy of European colonialism.

A382

Serendipity's Striking Bow N Arrow’s Haplotype

Part of the large A1a haplogroup, this haplotype occurs most frequently in Labrador Retrievers, Golden Retrievers, and Chesapeake Bay Retrievers.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

Shar Pei dogs think A1a is the coolest!

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Through Arrow’s Y-chromosome we can trace his father’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A1a

Haplotype

H1a.59

Map

A1a

Serendipity's Striking Bow N Arrow’s Haplogroup

Some of the wolves that became the original dogs in Central Asia around 15,000 years ago came from this long and distinguished line of male dogs. After domestication, they followed their humans from Asia to Europe and then didn't stop there. They took root in Europe, eventually becoming the dogs that founded the Vizsla breed 1,000 years ago. The Vizsla is a Central European hunting dog, and all male Vizslas descend from this line. During the Age of Exploration, like their owners, these pooches went by the philosophy, "Have sail, will travel!" From the windy plains of Patagonia to the snug and homey towns of the American Midwest, the beaches of a Pacific paradise, and the broad expanse of the Australian outback, these dogs followed their masters to the outposts of empires. Whether through good fortune or superior genetics, dogs from the A1a lineage traveled the globe and took root across the world. Now you find village dogs from this line frolicking on Polynesian beaches, hanging out in villages across the Americas, and scavenging throughout Old World settlements. You can also find this "prince of patrilineages" in breeds as different as German Shepherds, Golden Retrievers, Pugs, Border Collies, Scottish Terriers, and Irish Wolfhounds. No male wolf line has been as successful as the A1a line!

H1a.59

Serendipity's Striking Bow N Arrow’s Haplotype

Part of the A1a haplogroup, this haplotype occurs most frequently in European village dogs.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

Dogs with A1a lineage travelled during European Colonial times.

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