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Santino

Pomeranian

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“I'm Tino! I'm a happy grump! I am loved very much and very spoiled rotten! I suffer genetic Hepatic MVD, BSD/alopecia x, lux patella both knees, suffer bad reverse sneezing. I can't wag my tail but I still get excited ! All of this before turning 1. He's from a top breeder, the president of the Virginia Pomeranian club/Elizabeth Heckert/Silhouette Pomeranians. I don't like to eat but we are hoping to find possible siblings with similar issues that can help us with some tips and suggestions!”

Instagram tag
@santino_the_pom

Place of Birth

Norfolk, VA, USA

Current Location

Pompano Beach, Florida, USA

From

Norfolk, Virginia, USA

This dog has been viewed and been given 25 wags

Genetic Breed Result

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Pomeranian

The Pomeranian is a cocky, animated companion with an extroverted personality.

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Genetic Stats

Wolfiness

2.8 % HIGH

Predicted Adult Weight

4 lbs

Genetic Age
24 human years

Based on the date of birth provided

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Breed Reveal Video

Our algorithms predict this is the most likely family tree to explain Santino’s breed mix, but this family tree may not be the only possible one.

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Health Summary

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Santino has one variant that you should let your vet know about.

ALT Activity

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Santino inherited both copies of the variant we tested

Why is this important to your vet?

Santino has two copies of a variant in the GPT gene and is likely to have a lower than average baseline ALT activity. ALT is a commonly used measure of liver health on routine veterinary blood chemistry panels. As such, your veterinarian may want to watch for changes in Santino's ALT activity above their current, healthy, ALT activity. As an increase above Santino’s baseline ALT activity could be evidence of liver damage, even if it is within normal limits by standard ALT reference ranges.

What is ALT Activity?

Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) is a clinical tool that can be used by veterinarians to better monitor liver health. This result is not associated with liver disease. ALT is one of several values veterinarians measure on routine blood work to evaluate the liver. It is a naturally occurring enzyme located in liver cells that helps break down protein. When the liver is damaged or inflamed, ALT is released into the bloodstream.

Breed-Relevant Genetic Conditions

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Methemoglobinemia

Identified in Pomeranians

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, rcd3

Identified in Pomeranians

Urate Kidney & Bladder Stones

Identified in Pomeranians

Oculocutaneous Albinism, OCA

Identified in Pomeranians

Hereditary Vitamin D-Resistant Rickets

Identified in Pomeranians

Additional Genetic Conditions

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Base Coat Color

Base Coat Color

Coat Color Modifiers

Coat Color Modifiers

Other Coat Traits

Other Coat Traits

Other Body Features

Other Body Features

Body Size

Body Size

Performance

Performance

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Through Santino’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace his mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A1e

Haplotype

A437

Map

A1e

Santino’s Haplogroup

This female lineage likely stems from some of the original Central Asian wolves that were domesticated into modern dogs starting about 15,000 years ago. It seemed to be a fairly rare dog line for most of dog history until the past 300 years, when the lineage seemed to “explode” out and spread quickly. What really separates this group from the pack is its presence in Alaskan village dogs and Samoyeds. It is possible that this was an indigenous lineage brought to the Americas from Siberia when people were first starting to make that trip themselves! We see this lineage pop up in overwhelming numbers of Irish Wolfhounds, and it also occurs frequently in popular large breeds like Bernese Mountain Dogs, Saint Bernards and Great Danes. Shetland Sheepdogs are also common members of this maternal line, and we see it a lot in Boxers, too. Though it may be all mixed up with European dogs thanks to recent breeding events, its origins in the Americas makes it a very exciting lineage for sure!

A437

Santino’s Haplotype

Part of the A1e haplogroup, the A437 haplotype occurs most commonly in Brussels Griffons, Armenian Gamprs and Russell-type Terriers. We've also spotted it in East Asian Village Dogs, Middle Eastern Village Dogs and American Village Dogs.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

Irish Wolfhounds are a consistent carrier of A1e.

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Through Santino’s Y-chromosome we can trace his father’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A1b

Haplotype

Ha.44

Map

A1b

Santino’s Haplogroup

For most of dog history, this haplogroup was probably quite rare. However, a couple hundred years ago it seems to have found its way into a prized male guard dog in Europe who had many offspring, including the ancestors of many European guard breeds such as Doberman Pinchers, St. Bernards, and Great Danes. Despite being rare, many of the most imposing dogs on Earth have it; strangely, so do many Pomeranians! Perhaps this explains why some Poms are so tough, acting like they're ten times their actual size! This lineage is most commonly found in working dogs, in particular guard dogs. With origins in Europe, it spread widely across other regions as Europeans took their dogs across the world.

Ha.44

Santino’s Haplotype

Part of the A1b haplogroup, this haplotype occurs primarily in Poodles and Belgian Sheepdogs.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

Great Danes and Pomeranians have this in common!

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