What is Embark?

Sandy

Mixed Breed

“The SPCA rescued her from a home that had 21 dogs living in terrible conditions & took her to a shelter where she remained for 8 months before we stumbled upon her. She was never advertised for adoption from the shelter-we only found out she existed when we stopped in to see another dog & I asked if they had any other small female dogs. It was love at first sight! We were told she was about 3 years old, had had puppies at some point & was only spayed 2 weeks before we adopted her in Dec 2017.”

Instagram tag
@mschivus

This dog has been viewed 366 times and been given 4 wags

Genetic Breed Result

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Mixed Breed

71.0% Cocker Spaniel
18.5% Maltese
10.5% Pekingese
Cocker Spaniel Cocker Spaniel
Cocker Spaniels are handsome and intelligent hunting dogs that are also well-suited to life as a loving family pet.
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Maltese Maltese
Maltese dogs are confident and friendly toy dogs, that can be high maintenance but boast a beautiful white silky coat.
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Pekingese Pekingese
Pekingese were dogs bred for centuries to be the prized companions of the imperial family of China. Today they are still cherished family companions and show dogs who greet everyone they meet with dignity and grace.
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Genetic Stats

Wolfiness: 3.1 % HIGH Learn More
Predicted Adult Weight: 21 lbs Learn More
Genetic Age: 38 human years Learn More

Breed Mix Matches

Explore other Embark dogs who have breed mixes that are similar to Sandy’s.
A Mix Match of 100 means they are the exact same breed mix!

DNA Breed Origins

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Breed colors:
Cocker Spaniel
Maltese
Pekingese

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Family tree

Maternal Haplotype

Paternal Haplotype

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Family Tree From Embark PARENTS GRANDPARENTS GREAT GRANDPARENTS Cocker Spaniel mix Cocker Spaniel mix Cocker Spaniel Maltese / Pekingese mix Cocker Spaniel Cocker Spaniel mix Cocker Spaniel Cocker Spaniel Maltese Pekingese mix Cocker Spaniel Cocker Spaniel Cocker Spaniel Cocker Spaniel mix

Our algorithms predict this is the most likely family tree to explain Sandy’s breed mix, but this family tree may not be the only possible one.

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Maternal Haplotype

Paternal Haplotype

Through Sandy’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace her mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that her ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A1d

Haplotype

A11a

Map

A1d

Sandy’s Haplogroup

This female lineage can be traced back about 15,000 years to some of the original Central Asian wolves that were domesticated into modern dogs. The early females that represent this lineage were likely taken into Eurasia, where they spread rapidly. As a result, many modern breed and village dogs from the Americas, Africa, through Asia and down into Oceania belong to this group! This widespread lineage is not limited to a select few breeds, but the majority of Rottweilers, Afghan Hounds and Wirehaired Pointing Griffons belong to it. It is also the most common female lineage among Papillons, Samoyeds and Jack Russell Terriers. Considering its occurrence in breeds as diverse as Afghan Hounds and Samoyeds, some of this is likely ancient variation. But because of its presence in many modern European breeds, much of its diversity likely can be attributed to much more recent breeding.

A11a

Sandy’s Haplotype

Part of the large A1d haplogroup, this common haplotype occurs in village dogs all over the world. Among the 23 breeds we have sampled it in, the most common occurrences include Rottweilers, English Setters, English Springer Spaniels, and wirehaired pointing griffons.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

The vast majority of Rottweilers have the A1d haplogroup.

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Family tree

Paternal Haplotype

This 'Paternal Haplotype' tab is for deep ancestral lineage going back thousands of years.

For recent ancestry—"What breeds did my dog inherit from her mom and dad?"—please refer to the Breed, Family Tree, or Summary tab.

The Paternal Haplotype refers to a dog’s deep ancestral lineage stretching back thousands of years, before there were any distinct breeds of dog. We determine the Paternal Haplotype by looking at a dog’s Y-chromosome—but not all dogs have Y-chromosomes!

Why can’t we show Paternal Haplotype results for female dogs?

All dogs have two sex chromosomes. Female dogs have two X-chromosomes (XX) and male dogs have one X-chromosome and one Y-chromosome (XY). When having offspring, female (XX) dogs always pass an X-chromosome to their puppy. Male (XY) dogs can pass either an X or a Y-chromosome—if the puppy receives an X-chromosome from its father then it will be a female (XX) puppy and if it receives a Y-chromosome then it will be a male (XY) puppy. As you can see, Y-chromosomes are passed down from a male dog only to its male offspring.

Since Sandy is a female (XX) dog, she has no Y-chromosome for us to analyze and determine a paternal haplotype.

Explore:

Family tree

Maternal Haplotype