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Sam

Mixed Breed

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Place of Birth

Medford, OR, USA

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Genetic Breed Result

Border Collie

Border Collies are highly energetic and work-oriented herding dogs, whose stamina is matched by their intelligence and alertness. While they excel at the herding they were bred for, many Border Collies also enjoy flyball, obedience, and other canine sports. As long as they have a job to do and are physically and mentally stimulated, Border Collies can make excellent companions for the right owners.

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American Pit Bull Terrier

The American Pit Bull Terrier originated in the British Isles and descends from the Mastiff-type dogs introduced to England in antiquity. The breed was brought over to the United States by English immigrants in the 1800s, and quickly became one of the most popular and widespread breeds there.

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Golden Retriever

Developed as an ideal hunting retriever, the Golden Retriever's eagerness to please and friendliness has made them an extremely popular family pet.

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German Shepherd Dog

German Shepherds are confident, courageous dogs with a keen sense of smell and notable intelligence. These are active working dogs who excel at many canine sports and tasks -- they are true utility dogs! Their versatility combined with their loyal companionship has them consistently listed as one of the most popular breeds in the United States.

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Rottweiler

Originally used for driving cattle and protecting valuable convoys, Rottweilers are now popular family pets as well as guard, police and military dogs.

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Bullmastiff

The Bullmastiff is an enormous fellow that loves to sleep and drool. They were developed in England as guard dogs, but were bred not to bite. Today, they make wonderful family dogs due to their gentle nature.

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Genetic Stats

Wolfiness

1.5 % HIGH

Predicted Adult Weight

62 lbs

Genetic Age
71 human years

Based on the date of birth provided

Dogs Like Sam

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Discover dogs who share a similar breed mix to Sam. A higher score means the two dogs have more of their breed mix in common. A score of 100% means they share the exact same breed mix!

Click or tap on a pic to learn more about each dog and see an in-depth comparison of their DNA, breeds, and more.

DNA Breed Origins

Breed colors:
Border Collie
American Pit Bull Terrier
Golden Retriever
German Shepherd Dog
Rottweiler
Bullmastiff

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Sam
Family Tree From Embark PARENTS GRANDPARENTS GREAT GRANDPARENTS Mixed Border Collie American Pit Bull Terrier / Golden Retriever mix German Shepherd Dog / Rottweiler mix Border Collie Border Collie American Pit Bull Terrier Golden Retriever German Shepherd Dog mix Rottweiler mix Border Collie Border Collie Border Collie Border Collie

Breed Reveal Video

Our algorithms predict this is the most likely family tree to explain Sam’s breed mix, but this family tree may not be the only possible one.

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Health Summary

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Sam inherited one variant that you should learn more about.

Urate Kidney & Bladder Stones

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Sam inherited one copy of the variant we tested

What does this result mean?

This result does not impact your dog’s health. It could have consequences for siblings or other family members, and you should let them know if you are in contact with them.

What is Urate Kidney & Bladder Stones?

This condition causes kidney and bladder stones composed of urate. In most dogs, uric acid is converted to allantoin, an inert substance that is then excreted in the urine. Dogs with HUU have defects in the pathway that converts uric acid to allantoin. As such, uric acid builds up, crystallizes and forms urate stones in the kidney and bladder. Uric acid is an intermediate of purine metabolism. While hyperuricemia in other species (including humans) can lead to painful conditions such as gout, dogs do not develop systemic signs of hyperuricemia.

Breed-Relevant Genetic Conditions

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Multiple Drug Sensitivity

Identified in Border Collies and German Shepherd Dogs

Hemophilia A

Identified in German Shepherd Dogs

Hemophilia A

Identified in German Shepherd Dogs

Canine Leukocyte Adhesion Deficiency Type III, CLAD III

Identified in German Shepherd Dogs

Trapped Neutrophil Syndrome, TNS

Identified in Border Collies

Platelet Factor X Receptor Deficiency, Scott Syndrome

Identified in German Shepherd Dogs

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, prcd

Identified in Golden Retrievers

Golden Retriever Progressive Retinal Atrophy 1, GR-PRA1

Identified in Golden Retrievers

Golden Retriever Progressive Retinal Atrophy 2, GR-PRA2

Identified in Golden Retrievers

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, crd1

Identified in American Pit Bull Terriers

Collie Eye Anomaly

Identified in Border Collies

Day Blindness

Identified in German Shepherd Dogs

Autosomal Dominant Progressive Retinal Atrophy

Identified in Bullmastiffs

Canine Multifocal Retinopathy, cmr1

Identified in Bullmastiffs

Goniodysgenesis and Glaucoma, Pectinate Ligament Dysplasia, PLD

Identified in Border Collies

Primary Lens Luxation

Identified in Border Collies

Anhidrotic Ectodermal Dysplasia

Identified in German Shepherd Dogs

Renal Cystadenocarcinoma and Nodular Dermatofibrosis

Identified in German Shepherd Dogs

Mucopolysaccharidosis Type VII, Sly Syndrome, MPS VII

Identified in German Shepherd Dogs

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis, Cerebellar Ataxia, NCL4A

Identified in American Pit Bull Terriers

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis 5, NCL 5

Identified in Border Collies

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis 5, NCL 5

Identified in Golden Retrievers

Degenerative Myelopathy, DM

Identified in German Shepherd Dogs and Golden Retrievers

Neuroaxonal Dystrophy, NAD

Identified in Rottweilers

L-2-Hydroxyglutaricaciduria, L2HGA

Identified in American Pit Bull Terriers

Juvenile Laryngeal Paralysis and Polyneuropathy

Identified in Rottweilers

Sensory Neuropathy

Identified in Border Collies

Muscular Dystrophy

Identified in Golden Retrievers

Myotonia Congenita

Identified in Border Collies

Cobalamin Malabsorption

Identified in Border Collies

Congenital Myasthenic Syndrome, CMS

Identified in Golden Retrievers

Dystrophic Epidermolysis Bullosa

Identified in Golden Retrievers

Ichthyosis, ICH1

Identified in Golden Retrievers

Hereditary Footpad Hyperkeratosis

Identified in Rottweilers

Osteogenesis Imperfecta

Identified in Golden Retrievers

Raine Syndrome

Identified in Border Collies

Additional Genetic Conditions

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Clinical Tools

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Explore the genetics behind your dog’s appearance and size.

Base Coat Color

Base Coat Color

Dark or Light Fur
E (Extension) Locus
Can have dark fur
Dark brown pigment
Cocoa
No impact on fur and skin color
Red Pigment Intensity LINKAGE
I (Intensity) Loci
No impact on coat pattern
Brown or Black Pigment
B (Brown) Locus
Black or gray fur and skin
Color Dilution
D (Dilute) Locus
Dark (non-dilute) fur and skin
Coat Color Modifiers

Coat Color Modifiers

Hidden Patterning
K (Dominant Black) Locus
More likely to have a mostly solid black or brown fur coat
Body Pattern
A (Agouti) Locus
No impact on coat pattern
Facial Fur Pattern
E (Extension) Locus
Can have black masking (dark facial fur)
Saddle Tan
No impact on coat pattern
White Spotting
S (White Spotting) Locus
Likely to have some white areas in coat
Roan LINKAGE
R (Roan) Locus
Likely no impact on coat pattern
Merle
M (Merle) Locus
Unlikely to have merle pattern
Harlequin
No impact on coat pattern
Other Coat Traits

Other Coat Traits

Furnishings LINKAGE
Likely unfurnished (no mustache, beard, and/or eyebrows)
Coat Length
Likely short or mid-length coat
Shedding
Likely heavy/seasonal shedding
Coat Texture
Likely straight coat
Hairlessness (Xolo type) LINKAGE
Very unlikely to be hairless
Hairlessness (Terrier type)
Very unlikely to be hairless
Oculocutaneous Albinism Type 2 LINKAGE
Likely not albino
Other Body Features

Other Body Features

Muzzle Length
Likely medium or long muzzle
Tail Length
Short/natural bobtail
Hind Dew Claws
Unlikely to have hind dew claws
Back Muscling & Bulk (Large Breed)
Likely normal muscling
Eye Color LINKAGE
Less likely to have blue eyes
Body Size

Body Size

Body Size 1
Larger
Body Size 2
Larger
Body Size 3
Larger
Body Size 4
Larger
Body Size 5
Larger
Performance

Performance

Altitude Adaptation
Normal altitude tolerance
Appetite LINKAGE
Normal food motivation
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Through Sam’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace his mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

B1

Haplotype

B119

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B1

Sam’s Haplogroup

B1 is the second most common maternal lineage in breeds of European or American origin. It is the female line of the majority of Golden Retrievers, Basset Hounds, and Shih Tzus, and about half of Beagles, Pekingese and Toy Poodles. This lineage is also somewhat common among village dogs that carry distinct ancestry from these breeds. We know this is a result of B1 dogs being common amongst the European dogs that their conquering owners brought around the world, because nowhere on earth is it a very common lineage in village dogs. It even enables us to trace the path of (human) colonization: Because most Bichons are B1 and Bichons are popular in Spanish culture, B1 is now fairly common among village dogs in Latin America.

B119

Sam’s Haplotype

Part of the B1 haplogroup, the B119 haplotype occurs most commonly in Border Collies. It's a rare find!

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

The B1 haplogroup can be found in village dogs like the Peruvian Village Dog, pictured above.

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Through Sam’s Y-chromosome we can trace his father’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A1

Haplotype

Ha.1

Map

A1

Sam’s Haplogroup

A1 is the male lineage in several breeds that aren't very closely related to each other. Gordon Setters, Newfoundlands, and Miniature Schnauzers all had male founders from this paternal line, and now many males in those breeds carry their Y chromosome. Each of these breeds started in the past 200-300 years, and their founders must have included dogs that trace back to the same male ancestors deeper in dog evolutionary time, stretching all the way back to when dogs were first domesticated in Central Asia about 15,000 years ago. Unlike many Y chromosome (male) lineages found in European and recent American breeds, only one village dog (in Alaska) carries an A1 Y chromosome, indicating that the breeds from this lineage probably didn't travel around the world with European colonization as much as some other breeds.

Ha.1

Sam’s Haplotype

The lone member of the A1 haplogroup, this haplotype occurs in Newfoundlands, Miniature Schnauzers, Gordon Setters, and village dogs in Alaska.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

The Newfoundland is from the A1 paternal line.

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