Sadie

Mixed Breed

“She was rescued from Oklahoma. We think she has Border Collie & German short-haired pointer. Very friendly and calm disposition.”

Place of Birth
Oklahoma, USA
Current Location
East Haddam, Connecticut, USA

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Genetic Breed Result

Learn how it’s done

Mixed Breed

42.0% Rat Terrier
35.5% English Springer Spaniel
8.0% American Eskimo Dog
5.9% Golden Retriever
4.3% Boxer
4.3% Collie
Rat Terrier Rat Terrier
The Rat Terrier is an American dog breed with a background as a farm dog and hunting companion.
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English Springer Spaniel English Springer Spaniel
English Springer Spaniels are an energetic and loyal companion dog, bred for hunting but also popular among families.
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American Eskimo Dog American Eskimo Dog
American Eskimo Dogs belong to the spitz family and they actually came from Germany. They got their start in American circuses due to their intelligence. Today, Eskies make wonderful family pets.
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Golden Retriever Golden Retriever
Developed as an ideal hunting retriever, the Golden Retriever's eagerness to please and friendliness has made them an extremely popular family pet.
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Boxer Boxer
Developed in Germany, the Boxer is a popular family dog: patient, loyal and smart-requiring lots of exercise and proper training. For active families or owners looking for a rambunctious jogging buddy, Boxers may be the perfect breed. Boxers delight their humans with their sense of humor and affectionate nature.
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Collie Collie
Collies are attractive herding dogs, boasting a beautiful coat while being highly intelligent. They also make for extremely loyal and sweet family pets.
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Start a conversation! Message this dog’s humans.

Genetic Stats


Wolfiness

0.6 % LOW Learn More

Predicted Adult Weight
Genetic Age
63 human years Learn More
Based on the date of birth provided

Breed Mix Matches

Explore other Embark dogs who have breed mixes that are similar to Sadie’s.
A Mix Match of 100 means they are the exact same breed mix!

DNA Breed Origins

What’s this?
Breed colors:
Rat Terrier
English Springer Spaniel
American Eskimo Dog
Golden Retriever
Boxer
Collie

Would you like more information? Have you found a lost dog wearing an Embark dog tag? You can contact us at:

 
Family Tree From Embark PARENTS GRANDPARENTS GREAT GRANDPARENTS Rat Terrier mix English Springer Spaniel mix Rat Terrier Rat Terrier / American Eskimo Dog mix English Springer Spaniel Golden Retriever / Boxer mix Rat Terrier Rat Terrier Rat Terrier American Eskimo Dog mix English Springer Spaniel English Springer Spaniel Golden Retriever mix Boxer mix

Our algorithms predict this is the most likely family tree to explain Sadie’s breed mix, but this family tree may not be the only possible one.

Health Summary

Sadie is at increased risk for one genetic health condition.

And inherited one variant that you should learn more about.

Intervertebral Disc Disease (Type I)

Sadie inherited one copy of the variant we tested

How to interpret this result

Sadie has one copy of an FGF4 retrogene on chromosome 12. In some breeds such as Beagles, Cocker Spaniels, and Dachshunds (among others) this variant is found in nearly all dogs. While those breeds are known to have an elevated risk of IVDD, many dogs in those breeds never develop IVDD. For mixed breed dogs and purebreds of other breeds where this variant is not as common, risk for Type I IVDD is greater for individuals with this variant than for similar dogs.

What is Intervertebral Disc Disease (Type I)?

Type I Intervertebral Disc Disease (IVDD) is a back/spine issue that refers to a health condition affecting the discs that act as cushions between vertebrae. With Type I IVDD, affected dogs can have a disc event where it ruptures or herniates towards the spinal cord. This pressure on the spinal cord causes neurologic signs which can range from a wobbly gait to impairment of movement. Chondrodystrophy (CDDY) refers to the relative proportion between a dog’s legs and body, wherein the legs are shorter and the body longer. There are multiple different variants that can cause a markedly chondrodystrophic appearance as observed in Dachshunds and Corgis. However, this particular variant is the only one known to also increase the risk for IVDD.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, prcd

Sadie inherited one copy of the variant we tested

What does this result mean?

This result does not impact your dog’s health. It could have consequences for siblings or other family members, and you should let them know if you are in contact with them.

What is Progressive Retinal Atrophy, prcd?

PRA-prcd is a retinal disease that causes progressive, non-painful vision loss. The retina contains cells, called photoreceptors, that collect information about light and send signals to the brain. There are two types of photoreceptors: rods, for night vision and movement, and cones, for day vision and color. This type of PRA leads to early loss of rod cells, leading to night blindness before day blindness.

Breed-Relevant Genetic Conditions

Multiple Drug Sensitivity

Identified in Collies

Hemophilia A

Identified in Boxers

Thrombopathia

Identified in American Eskimo Dogs

Golden Retriever Progressive Retinal Atrophy 1, GR-PRA1

Identified in Golden Retrievers

Golden Retriever Progressive Retinal Atrophy 2, GR-PRA2

Identified in Golden Retrievers

Progressive Retinal Atrophy - crd4/cord1

Identified in English Springer Spaniels

Collie Eye Anomaly

Identified in Collies

Primary Lens Luxation

Identified in American Eskimo Dogs and Rat Terriers

Canine Fucosidosis

Identified in English Springer Spaniels

Glycogen storage disease Type VII, Phosphofructokinase Deficiency, PFK Deficiency

Identified in English Springer Spaniels

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis

Identified in Golden Retrievers

Degenerative Myelopathy, DM

Identified in American Eskimo Dogs, Boxers, and more

Shaking Puppy Syndrome

Identified in English Springer Spaniels

Acral Mutilation Syndrome

Identified in English Springer Spaniels

Long QT Syndrome

Identified in English Springer Spaniels

Muscular Dystrophy

Identified in Golden Retrievers

Dystrophic Epidermolysis Bullosa

Identified in Golden Retrievers

Ichthyosis

Identified in Golden Retrievers

Osteogenesis Imperfecta

Identified in Golden Retrievers

Additional Genetic Conditions


Clinical Tools

Explore the genetics behind your dog’s appearance and size.
Base Coat Color

Base Coat Color

Dark or Light Fur
E (Extension) Locus
Can have dark fur
Brown or Black Pigment
B (Brown) Locus
Black or gray fur and skin
Color Dilution
D (Dilute) Locus
Dark (non-dilute) fur and skin
Coat Color Modifiers

Coat Color Modifiers

Hidden Patterning
K (Dominant Black) Locus
More likely to have a mostly solid black or brown fur coat
Body Pattern
A (Agouti) Locus
No impact on coat pattern
Facial Fur Pattern
E (Extension) Locus
No dark mask or grizzle facial fur patterns
Saddle Tan
No impact on coat pattern
White Spotting
S (White Spotting) Locus
Likely to have large white areas in coat
Merle
M (Merle) Locus
Unlikely to have merle pattern
Harlequin
No impact on coat pattern
Other Coat Traits

Other Coat Traits

Furnishings LINKAGE
Likely unfurnished (no mustache, beard, and/or eyebrows)
Coat Length
Likely short or mid-length coat
Shedding
Likely heavy/seasonal shedding
Coat Texture
Likely straight coat
Hairlessness (Xolo type) LINKAGE
Very unlikely to be hairless
Hairlessness (Terrier type)
Very unlikely to be hairless
Oculocutaneous Albinism Type 2 LINKAGE
Likely not albino
Other Body Features

Other Body Features

Muzzle Length
Likely medium or long muzzle
Tail Length
Likely normal-length tail
Hind Dew Claws
Unlikely to have hind dew claws
Back Muscling & Bulk (Large Breed)
Likely normal muscling
Eye Color LINKAGE
Less likely to have blue eyes
Body Size

Body Size

Body Size 1
Larger
Body Size 2
Larger
Body Size 3
Intermediate
Body Size 4
Larger
Body Size 5
Larger
Performance

Performance

Altitude Adaptation
Normal altitude tolerance
Appetite LINKAGE
Normal food motivation

Through Sadie’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace her mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that her ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

C2

Haplotype

C16

Map

C2

Sadie’s Haplogroup

C2 is a very old female lineage found more commonly among English Setters, English Bulldogs, and American Eskimo Dogs. We also see C2 in village dogs in South Asia. Rather than having a few characteristic breeds representing this lineage particularly well, it is present in a few uncommon individuals of many different breeds. Unlike some European breed lineages that have seen skyrocketing popularity along the path to the modern dogs we see today, C2 tends to reflect the deep history of man's best friend.

C16

Sadie’s Haplotype

Part of the C2 haplogroup, this haplotype occurs most commonly in village dogs in Brazil.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

You can often find his haplogroup in the lovable English Bulldog.

The Paternal Haplotype reveals a dog’s deep ancestral lineage, stretching back thousands of years to the original domestication of dogs.

Are you looking for information on the breeds that Sadie inherited from her mom and dad? Check out her breed breakdown and family tree.

Paternal Haplotype is determined by looking at a dog’s Y-chromosome—but not all dogs have Y-chromosomes!

Why can’t we show Paternal Haplotype results for female dogs?

All dogs have two sex chromosomes. Female dogs have two X-chromosomes (XX) and male dogs have one X-chromosome and one Y-chromosome (XY). When having offspring, female (XX) dogs always pass an X-chromosome to their puppy. Male (XY) dogs can pass either an X or a Y-chromosome—if the puppy receives an X-chromosome from its father then it will be a female (XX) puppy and if it receives a Y-chromosome then it will be a male (XY) puppy. As you can see, Y-chromosomes are passed down from a male dog only to its male offspring.

Since Sadie is a female (XX) dog, she has no Y-chromosome for us to analyze and determine a paternal haplotype.