What is Embark?

Ruby

Mixed Breed

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“Ruby is a sweet, red-coated rescue from Houston. People think she is part Patterdale Terrier. Her favorite foods are salmon, bison, mackerel, and lamb. She has had puppies. She is recovering from heartworm. She lived on the streets; she remains very vigilant about traffic and equally interested in tasty trash vittles!”

Location
Centennial, Colorado, USA
From
Houston, TX, USA

This dog has been viewed 179 times and been given 5 wags

Genetic Breed Result

Learn how it’s done

Mixed Breed

36.5% Australian Cattle Dog
18.0% American Pit Bull Terrier
13.5% Chinese Shar-Pei
10.7% Treeing Walker Coonhound
10.1% Rottweiler
6.2% Chow Chow
5.0% Supermutt

Embark Supermutt analysis

What’s in that Supermutt? There may be small amounts of DNA from this distant ancestor:

Australian Cattle Dog Australian Cattle Dog
A classic cattle dog, Australian Cattle Dogs were developed from a mixture of breeds in Australia in the 19th century, and still maintain their energetic herding instincts today.
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American Pit Bull Terrier American Pit Bull Terrier
Few dogs are more recognizable than the American Pit Bull Terrier. While they originated in the British Isles and are descendants of the Mastiff-type dogs introduced to England in antiquity, the American Pit Bull Terrier was brought over to the United States by English immigrants in the 1800s. They quickly became one of the most popular and widespread breeds there.
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Chinese Shar-Pei Chinese Shar-Pei
Also known as the Shar Pei or Chinese Fighting Dog, even though the Chinese Shar-Pei is the 134th breed recognized by the American Kennel Club, the dog breed has been around for hundreds of years. He was developed to guard, hunt, herd, and later, fight, and is known for his characteristic short, bristly coat, loose, wrinkled skin, and devotion to his family. Today, the Shar-Pei mostly enjoys life as a beloved companion.
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Treeing Walker Coonhound Treeing Walker Coonhound
The Treeing Walker Coonhound is phenomenal hunter and working dog. These hardy hounds were built with unmatched speed and stamina in their respective category. This American breed is mainly used today as a working/hunting dog, but can still make a wonderful companion.
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Rottweiler Rottweiler
Originally used for driving cattle and protecting valuable convoys, Rottweilers are now popular family pets as well as guard, police and military dogs.
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Chow Chow Chow Chow
This distinctive-looking dog breed has a proud, independent spirit that some describe as catlike. Often aloof and suspicious of strangers, the Chow Chow may not be a cuddle buddy, but for the right person, they are a fiercly loyal companion.
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Genetic Stats

Wolfiness: 1.1 % MEDIUM Learn More
Predicted Adult Weight: 37 lbs Learn More
Genetic Age: 42 human years Learn More

Breed Mix Matches

Explore other Embark dogs who have breed mixes that are similar to Ruby’s.
A Mix Match of 100 means they are the exact same breed mix!

DNA Breed Origins

What’s this?
Breed colors:
Australian Cattle Dog
American Pit Bull Terrier
Chinese Shar-Pei
Treeing Walker Coonhound
Rottweiler
Chow Chow
Supermutt

Explore:

Family tree

Health

Traits

Maternal Haplotype

Paternal Haplotype

Changes to this dog’s profile
  • On 5/15/2018 changed handle from "ruby132" to "ruwu"
What’s this?

Would you like more information? Have you found a lost dog wearing an Embark dog tag? You can contact us at:

 
Family Tree From Embark PARENTS GRANDPARENTS GREAT GRANDPARENTS Mixed Australian Cattle Dog mix American Pit Bull Terrier / Treeing Walker Coonhound mix Rottweiler / Chow Chow mix Australian Cattle Dog Chinese Shar-Pei / Australian Cattle Dog mix American Pit Bull Terrier Treeing Walker Coonhound Rottweiler mix Chow Chow mix Australian Cattle Dog Australian Cattle Dog Chinese Shar-Pei Australian Cattle Dog
Explore by tapping the parents and grandparents.

Our algorithms predict this is the most likely family tree to explain Ruby’s breed mix, but this family tree may not be the only possible one.

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Health

Traits

Maternal Haplotype

Paternal Haplotype

Summary

0
AT RISK
1
CARRIER
165
CLEAR
Tap above or scroll down to see more

Clinical traits

These genetic traits are valuable to your veterinarian and can inform the clinical decisions and diagnoses they make.

Alanine Aminotransferase Activity result: Low Normal
This result helps your vet understand what your dog's baseline ALT activity is. The enzyme alanine aminotransferase, or ALT, is commonly used to evaluate liver health. Do…
Ruby has one copy of a mutation associated with reduced ALT activity as measured on veterinary blood chemistry panels. Please inform your veterinarian that Ruby has this …

Not At Risk

Good news! Ruby did not test positive for any of the genetic diseases that Embark screens for. Read on to learn more about the conditions we test for, but rest assured that Ruby does not have the mutations known to cause them.

It is still important to let your veterinarian know these results because they could help guide Ruby’s diagnosis and treatment if she gets sick in the future. Many other diseases caused by environmental factors or undiscovered genetic variants can cause symptoms similar to diseases we test for. By ruling out these mutations, your veterinarian will be able to find the true cause more quickly. Your veterinarian will also know they can safely prescribe medications some dogs are sensitive to.

Carrier for 1 genetic condition

Ruby is a carrier for 1 of the genetic diseases that Embark tests for.
What does Carrier mean?

Ruby has inherited a recessive allele for a genetic trait or mutation. This is not enough to cause symptoms of the disease, but is important to bear in mind if Ruby ever has children.

Condition List

Progressive Retinal Atrophy - prcd
Progressive rod-cone degeneration (PRCD Exon 1)
Eyes

This retinal disease causes progressive, nonpainful vision loss. The retina contains the cells, photoreceptors, that collect information about light: that is, they are th…

Common Conditions

Good news! Ruby tested clear for 13 genetic conditions that are common in her breed mix.
Condition List

Canine Elliptocytosis
(SPTB Exon 30)
Blood

A benign disease that affects red blood cell shape, elliptocytosis rarely causes symptoms. Upon examination of a blood smear, however, affected dogs have elongated, oval …

Seen in Chow Chows, but not Ruby.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy - crd1
(PDE6B)
Eyes

This retinal disease causes progressive, nonpainful vision loss. The retina contains the cells, photoreceptors, that collect information about light: that is, they are th…

Seen in American Pit Bull Terriers, but not Ruby.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy - crd2
(IQCB1)
Eyes

This retinal disease causes progressive, nonpainful vision loss. The retina contains the cells, photoreceptors, that collect information about light: that is, they are th…

Seen in American Pit Bull Terriers, but not Ruby.

Primary Lens Luxation
(ADAMTS17)
Eyes

This surgically correctable condition causes the lens to spontaneously detach from its normal residence within the pupil, leading to reduced visual acuity and irritation …

Seen in Australian Cattle Dogs, but not Ruby.

Cystinuria Type II-A
(SLC3A1)
Kidney and Bladder

A disease of cystine accumulation, affected dogs are prone to developing cystine kidney and bladder stones, which if caught early can be managed with dietary changes, inc…

Seen in Australian Cattle Dogs, but not Ruby.

Hyperuricosuria and Hyperuricemia or Urolithiasis
(SLC2A9)
Kidney and Bladder

This condition causes kidney and bladder stones composed of urate; if caught early, it is responsive to dietary management. Uric acid is an intermediate of purine metabol…

Seen in American Pit Bull Terriers, but not Ruby.

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis 1, Cerebellar Ataxia - NCL-A
(ARSG Exon 2)
Multisystem

This form of lysosomal storage disease can cause juvenile to adult-onset neurologic signs, depending on the affected gene. While lipofuscin is commonly observed in the ti…

Seen in American Pit Bull Terriers, but not Ruby.

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis 1
(CLN5 Exon 4 Variant 1)
Multisystem

This form of lysosomal storage disease can cause juvenile to adult-onset neurologic signs, depending on the affected gene. While lipofuscin is commonly observed in the ti…

Seen in Australian Cattle Dogs, but not Ruby.

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis
(CLN8)
Multisystem

This form of lysosomal storage disease can cause juvenile to adult-onset neurologic signs, depending on the affected gene. While lipofuscin is commonly observed in the ti…

Seen in Australian Cattle Dogs, but not Ruby.

Degenerative Myelopathy
(SOD1A)
Brain and Spinal Cord

A disease of mature dogs, this is a progressive degenerative disorder of the spinal cord that can cause muscle wasting and gait abnormalities. Affected dogs do not usuall…

Seen in Australian Cattle Dogs, American Pit Bull Terriers, Chinese Shar-Peis, Treeing Walker Coonhounds, Rottweilers, Chow Chows, but not Ruby.

Juvenile Laryngeal Paralysis and Polyneuropathy
(RAB3GAP1)
Brain and Spinal Cord

First characterized in Rottweilers and Black Russian Terriers, puppies affected with JLPP tend to show signs as early as 3 months of age. Due to weakening or paralysis of…

Seen in Rottweilers, but not Ruby.

Myotonia Congenita
(CLCN1 Exon 23)
Muscular

This condition is characterized by prolonged muscle contraction and stiffness that usually resolves with normal exercise, though physical therapy can be beneficial. The g…

Seen in Australian Cattle Dogs, but not Ruby.

Malignant Hyperthermia
(RYR1)
Metabolic

This condition only manifests if affected dogs are treated with certain inhalant anesthetics, and can cause uncontrollable muscle contractions and a dangerous increase in…

Seen in Australian Cattle Dogs, American Pit Bull Terriers, Chinese Shar-Peis, Treeing Walker Coonhounds, Rottweilers, Chow Chows, but not Ruby.

Other Conditions: Clear of 152

Ruby is clear of 152 other genetic diseases that Embark tests for.

Explore:

Family tree

Traits

Maternal Haplotype

Paternal Haplotype

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Coat Color

A number of genes are known to affect coat color in dogs, and they all interact. In some cases, other genetic effects may also influence color and pattern.

Trait
Result
 
E Locus (Mask, Grizzle, Recessive Red)
EmE
K Locus (Dominant Black)
kyky
A Locus (Agouti, Sable)
ayat
D Locus (Dilute, Blue, Fawn)
DD
B Locus (Brown, Chocolate, Liver, Red)
bb

Other Embark dogs with these Coat Color genes:

Other Coat Traits

Furnishings, shedding and curls are all genetic! And they all interact, too. In fact, the combination of these genes explains the coat phenotypes of 90% of AKC registered dog breeds.

Trait
Result
 
Furnishings / Improper Coat (RSPO2)
II
Long Haircoat (FGF5)
GG
Shedding (MC5R)
CC
Curly Coat (KRT71)
CC
Hairlessness (FOXI3)
LINKAGE
N/N

More information on coat type genetics: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2897713/figure/F3/

Other Embark dogs with these Coat Traits genes:

Other Body Features

Trait
Result
 
Brachycephaly (BMP3)
AC
Natural Bobtail (T)
CC
Hind Dewclaws (LMBR1)
CT
Blue Eye Color
LINKAGE
N/N

Body Size

Body size is a complex trait that is affected by both genetic and environmental variation. Our genetic analysis includes genes that, together, explain over 80% of the variation in dog body size. It does not account for runting or stunting; nor does it account for the interactions between various genes both known and unknown.

Trait
Result
 
Body Size - IGF1
NI
Body Size - IGF1R
GG
Body Size - STC2
TA
Body Size - GHR (E195K)
GG
Body Size - GHR (P177L)
CC

Other Embark dogs with these Body Size genes:

Performance

Trait
Result
 
Altitude Adaptation (EPAS1)
GG

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Family tree

Health

Maternal Haplotype

Paternal Haplotype

Through Ruby’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace her mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that her ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A1e

Haplotype

A225

Map

A1e

Ruby’s Haplogroup

This female lineage likely stems from some of the original Central Asian wolves that were domesticated into modern dogs starting about 15,000 years ago. It seemed to be a fairly rare dog line for most of dog history until the past 300 years, when the lineage seemed to “explode” out and spread quickly. What really separates this group from the pack is its presence in Alaskan village dogs and Samoyeds. It is possible that this was an indigenous lineage brought to the Americas from Siberia when people were first starting to make that trip themselves! We see this lineage pop up in overwhelming numbers of Irish Wolfhounds, and it also occurs frequently in popular large breeds like Bernese Mountain Dogs, Saint Bernards and Great Danes. Shetland Sheepdogs are also common members of this maternal line, and we see it a lot in Boxers, too. Though it may be all mixed up with European dogs thanks to recent breeding events, its origins in the Americas makes it a very exciting lineage for sure!

A225

Ruby’s Haplotype

Part of the large A1e haplogroup, we have spotted this haplotype in village dogs in South America and Papua New Guinea. Among breeds, we see this haplotype most frequently in Border Collies, Australian Cattle Dogs, and Australian Shepherd Dogs.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

Irish Wolfhounds are a consistent carrier of A1e.

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Family tree

Health

Traits

Paternal Haplotype

This 'Paternal Haplotype' tab is for deep ancestral lineage going back thousands of years.

For recent ancestry—"What breeds did my dog inherit from her mom and dad?"—please refer to the Breed, Family Tree, or Summary tab.

The Paternal Haplotype refers to a dog’s deep ancestral lineage stretching back thousands of years, before there were any distinct breeds of dog. We determine the Paternal Haplotype by looking at a dog’s Y-chromosome—but not all dogs have Y-chromosomes!

Why can’t we show Paternal Haplotype results for female dogs?

All dogs have two sex chromosomes. Female dogs have two X-chromosomes (XX) and male dogs have one X-chromosome and one Y-chromosome (XY). When having offspring, female (XX) dogs always pass an X-chromosome to their puppy. Male (XY) dogs can pass either an X or a Y-chromosome—if the puppy receives an X-chromosome from its father then it will be a female (XX) puppy and if it receives a Y-chromosome then it will be a male (XY) puppy. As you can see, Y-chromosomes are passed down from a male dog only to its male offspring.

Since Ruby is a female (XX) dog, she has no Y-chromosome for us to analyze and determine a paternal haplotype.

Explore:

Family tree

Health

Traits

Maternal Haplotype