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ROBBIE SIR ROBERT ARROW

Mixed Breed

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“Robbie steals our socks and slippers to get attention, or as a pacifier. When Robbie meets new people, everyone is a friend!”

Current Location

Salem, Massachusetts, USA

From

Thistle Hill, Glencoe, MO, USA

This dog has been viewed and been given 17 wags

Genetic Breed Result

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Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is an indoor companion that loves people and should not be left alone for long. They're loved for their sweet temperaments, and make wonderful dogs for families with children or anyone looking for a dog who will stick to them like Velcro.

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Pomeranian

The Pomeranian is a cocky, animated companion with an extroverted personality.

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Shih Tzu

This ancient breed is the perfect lapdog. Sweet and easygoing, they want nothing more than to be close to their humans.

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Dogs Like ROBBIE

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Discover dogs who share a similar breed mix to ROBBIE. A higher score means the two dogs have more of their breed mix in common. A score of 100% means they share the exact same breed mix!

Click or tap on a pic to learn more about each dog and see an in-depth comparison of their DNA, breeds, and more.

DNA Breed Origins

Breed colors:
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
Pomeranian
Shih Tzu

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Changes to this dog’s profile
  • On 1/9/2018 changed name from "Robbie" to "ROBBIE"

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Health Summary

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ROBBIE is at increased risk for one genetic health condition.

And inherited one variant that you should learn more about.

Intervertebral Disc Disease (Type I)

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ROBBIE inherited one copy of the variant we tested

How to interpret this result

ROBBIE has one copy of an FGF4 retrogene on chromosome 12. In some breeds such as Beagles, Cocker Spaniels, and Dachshunds (among others) this variant is found in nearly all dogs. While those breeds are known to have an elevated risk of IVDD, many dogs in those breeds never develop IVDD. For mixed breed dogs and purebreds of other breeds where this variant is not as common, risk for Type I IVDD is greater for individuals with this variant than for similar dogs.

What is Intervertebral Disc Disease (Type I)?

Type I Intervertebral Disc Disease (IVDD) is a back/spine issue that refers to a health condition affecting the discs that act as cushions between vertebrae. With Type I IVDD, affected dogs can have a disc event where it ruptures or herniates towards the spinal cord. This pressure on the spinal cord causes neurologic signs which can range from a wobbly gait to impairment of movement. Chondrodystrophy (CDDY) refers to the relative proportion between a dog’s legs and body, wherein the legs are shorter and the body longer. There are multiple different variants that can cause a markedly chondrodystrophic appearance as observed in Dachshunds and Corgis. However, this particular variant is the only one known to also increase the risk for IVDD.

Degenerative Myelopathy, DM

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ROBBIE inherited one copy of the variant we tested

What does this result mean?

Because this variant is inherited in an autosomal recessive manner (meaning dogs need two copies of the variant to develop the disease), ROBBIE is unlikely to develop this condition due to the variant.

What is Degenerative Myelopathy, DM?

The dog equivalent of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, or Lou Gehrig’s disease, DM is a progressive degenerative disorder of the spinal cord. Because the nerves that control the hind limbs are the first to degenerate, the most common clinical signs are back muscle wasting and gait abnormalities.

Breed-Relevant Genetic Conditions

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Prekallikrein Deficiency

Identified in Shih Tzus

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, rcd3

Identified in Pomeranians

Urate Kidney & Bladder Stones

Identified in Pomeranians

Dry Eye Curly Coat Syndrome

Identified in Cavalier King Charles Spaniels

Muscular Dystrophy

Identified in Cavalier King Charles Spaniels

Episodic Falling Syndrome

Identified in Cavalier King Charles Spaniels

Hereditary Vitamin D-Resistant Rickets

Identified in Pomeranians

Additional Genetic Conditions

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Clinical Tools

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Explore the genetics behind your dog’s appearance and size.

Base Coat Color

Base Coat Color

Coat Color Modifiers

Coat Color Modifiers

Other Coat Traits

Other Coat Traits

Other Body Features

Other Body Features

Body Size

Body Size

Performance

Performance

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Through ROBBIE’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace his mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A4

Haplotype

A65

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A4

ROBBIE’s Haplogroup

The A4 maternal lineage is fairly rare. It is found in Cocker Spaniels, but A4 is also represented well among East Asian breeds including the Chinese Crested Dog, Shar-Pei and Shih Tzu. Moving away from Asia, it is also found among Chihuahuas (a very old breed!) and village dogs in Peru. This may be a lineage that moved into Western breeds because of their owners' tendencies to mix them up with Eastern breeds in the early modern period.

A65

ROBBIE’s Haplotype

Part of the small A4 haplogroup, we see this haplotype in Central and South America, specifically Mexico and Peru. Among breeds, it is most common in Cocker Spaniels, Chinese Shar Peis, and Shih Tzus.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

The popular Chihuahua breed descends from the A4 maternal line.

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Through ROBBIE’s Y-chromosome we can trace his father’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A2b

Haplotype

H3

Map

A2b

ROBBIE’s Haplogroup

A2b appears to have split a few times in succession, which means that some of the Central Asian male ancestors of this lineage went their separate ways before their respective Y chromosomes made their rounds. There is not much diversity in this lineage, meaning that it has only begun to take off recently. Two iconic breeds, the Dachshund and Bloodhound, represent this lineage well. Over half of Rottweilers are A2b, as are the majority of Labrador Retrievers and Cavalier King Charles Spaniels. While A2a is restricted mostly to East Asia, this paternal line is also found among European breeds.

H3

ROBBIE’s Haplotype

Part of the A2b haplogroup, this haplotype occurs most commonly in Cavalier King Charles Spaniels, Brittanys, Soft Coated Wheaten Terriers, and village dogs in Lebanon.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

A2b is found in the Daschund breed.

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