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Puff

Puff

Russell-type Terrier

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This dog has been viewed 112 times and been given 17 wags

Genetic Breed Result

Learn how it’s done

Russell-type Terrier

Puff

embk.me/i/puff35
Russell-type Terrier Russell-type Terrier
These small, energetic terriers, developed in 19th century England for hunting small game, are now some of the best agility dogs around.
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Genetic Stats


Wolfiness

0.3 % LOW Learn More

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Explore by tapping the parents and grandparents.

Breed Reveal Video

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Our algorithms predict this is the most likely family tree to explain Puff’s breed mix, but this family tree may not be the only possible one.

Through Puff’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace her mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that her ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A1a

Haplotype

A393

Map

A1a

Puff’s Haplogroup

A1a is the most common maternal lineage among Western dogs. This lineage traveled from the site of dog domestication in Central Asia to Europe along with an early dog expansion perhaps 10,000 years ago. It hung around in European village dogs for many millennia. Then, about 300 years ago, some of the prized females in the line were chosen as the founding dogs for several dog breeds. That set in motion a huge expansion of this lineage. It's now the maternal lineage of the overwhelming majority of Mastiffs, Labrador Retrievers and Gordon Setters. About half of Boxers and less than half of Shar-Pei dogs descend from the A1a line. It is also common across the world among village dogs, a legacy of European colonialism.

A393

Puff’s Haplotype

Part of the large A1a haplogroup, this haplotype occurs most frequently in Yorkshire Terriers, Russel-type Terriers, and Tibetan Terriers.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

Shar Pei dogs think A1a is the coolest!

The Paternal Haplotype reveals a dog’s deep ancestral lineage, stretching back thousands of years to the original domestication of dogs.

Are you looking for information on the breeds that Puff inherited from her mom and dad? Check out her breed breakdown and family tree.

Paternal Haplotype is determined by looking at a dog’s Y-chromosome—but not all dogs have Y-chromosomes!

Why can’t we show Paternal Haplotype results for female dogs?

All dogs have two sex chromosomes. Female dogs have two X-chromosomes (XX) and male dogs have one X-chromosome and one Y-chromosome (XY). When having offspring, female (XX) dogs always pass an X-chromosome to their puppy. Male (XY) dogs can pass either an X or a Y-chromosome—if the puppy receives an X-chromosome from its father then it will be a female (XX) puppy and if it receives a Y-chromosome then it will be a male (XY) puppy. As you can see, Y-chromosomes are passed down from a male dog only to its male offspring.

Since Puff is a female (XX) dog, she has no Y-chromosome for us to analyze and determine a paternal haplotype.