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“Pan”
PSF Pantalaimon CGC RLPX RL1 ATD RATN TD-ROM

Mixed Breed

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“Fun fact: weasels dance to hypnotize their prey.”

Place of Birth

Ransomville, NY, USA

Current Location

Burnsville, Minnesota, USA

From

Ransomville, NY, USA

This dog has been viewed and been given 2 wags

Genetic Breed Result

Russell-type Terrier

These small, energetic terriers, developed in 19th century England for hunting small game, are now some of the best agility dogs around.

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Border Collie

Border Collies are highly energetic and work-oriented herding dogs, whose stamina is matched by their intelligence and alertness. While they excel at the herding they were bred for, many Border Collies also enjoy flyball, obedience, and other canine sports. As long as they have a job to do and are physically and mentally stimulated, Border Collies can make excellent companions for the right owners.

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Staffordshire Bull Terrier

The Staffordshire Bull Terrier is a hardy pup from England. This breed is very similar, and often confused with the American Pit Bull Terrier. These dogs get a bad wrap, but they so lovable and they absolutely adore their owners. It is a shame how history has treated them so cruely.

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Whippet

The Whippet is a sighthound breed who can be counted on to speedily go after rabbits and other small game. While adept hunters today, Whippets also compete in agility, flyball, lure coursing, rally, and obedience. They are loving dogs, and their unique nature, friendly personality, and stylish looks make them a favorite as a family companion, as well as in the show ring.

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Genetic Stats

Predicted Adult Weight

28 lbs

Genetic Age
47 human years

Based on the date of birth provided

DNA Breed Origins

Breed colors:
Russell-type Terrier
Border Collie
Staffordshire Bull Terrier
Whippet

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Would you like more information? Have you found a lost dog wearing an Embark dog tag? You can contact us at:

PSF Pantalaimon
Family Tree From Embark PARENTS GRANDPARENTS GREAT GRANDPARENTS Border Collie mix Russell-type Terrier mix Border Collie Staffordshire Bull Terrier / Whippet mix Russell-type Terrier Russell-type Terrier / Border Collie mix Border Collie Border Collie Staffordshire Bull Terrier Whippet mix Russell-type Terrier Russell-type Terrier Russell-type Terrier mix Border Collie mix

Our algorithms predict this is the most likely family tree to explain Pan’s breed mix, but this family tree may not be the only possible one.

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Health Summary

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Pan has one variant that you should let your vet know about.

ALT Activity

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Pan inherited one copy of the variant we tested

Why is this important to your vet?

Pan has one copy of a variant associated with reduced ALT activity as measured on veterinary blood chemistry panels. Please inform your veterinarian that Pan has this genotype, as ALT is often used as an indicator of liver health and Pan is likely to have a lower than average resting ALT activity. As such, an increase in Pan’s ALT activity could be evidence of liver damage, even if it is within normal limits by standard ALT reference ranges.

What is ALT Activity?

Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) is a clinical tool that can be used by veterinarians to better monitor liver health. This result is not associated with liver disease. ALT is one of several values veterinarians measure on routine blood work to evaluate the liver. It is a naturally occurring enzyme located in liver cells that helps break down protein. When the liver is damaged or inflamed, ALT is released into the bloodstream.

Breed-Relevant Genetic Conditions

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Multiple Drug Sensitivity (ABCB1)

Identified in Border Collies and Whippets

Trapped Neutrophil Syndrome, TNS (VPS13B)

Identified in Border Collies

Severe Combined Immunodeficiency, SCID (PRKDC, Terrier Variant)

Identified in Russell-type Terriers

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, crd2 (IQCB1)

Identified in Staffordshire Bull Terriers

Collie Eye Anomaly (NHEJ1)

Identified in Border Collies

Hereditary Cataracts (HSF4 Exon 9, Boston Terrier Variant)

Identified in Staffordshire Bull Terriers

Primary Lens Luxation (ADAMTS17)

Identified in Border Collies and Russell-type Terriers

Urate Kidney & Bladder Stones (SLC2A9)

Identified in Russell-type Terriers

Glycogen storage disease Type VII, Phosphofructokinase Deficiency, PFK Deficiency (PFKM, Whippet and English Springer Spaniel Variant)

Identified in Whippets

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis 5, NCL 5 (CLN5 Exon 4 SNP, Border Collie Variant)

Identified in Border Collies

Late Onset Spinocerebellar Ataxia (CAPN1)

Identified in Russell-type Terriers

Spinocerebellar Ataxia with Myokymia and/or Seizures (KCNJ10)

Identified in Russell-type Terriers

L-2-Hydroxyglutaricaciduria, L2HGA (L2HGDH, Staffordshire Bull Terrier Variant)

Identified in Staffordshire Bull Terriers

Myotonia Congenita (CLCN1 Exon 23, Australian Cattle Dog Variant)

Identified in Border Collies

Cobalamin Malabsorption (CUBN Exon 53, Border Collie Variant)

Identified in Border Collies

Intervertebral Disc Disease (Type I) (FGF4 retrogene - CFA12)

Identified in Russell-type Terriers

Additional Genetic Conditions

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Explore the genetics behind your dog’s appearance and size.

Coat Color

Coat Color

E Locus (MC1R)
Can have a melanistic mask (EmE)
K Locus (CBD103)
More likely to have a mostly solid black or brown coat (KBky)
Intensity Loci LINKAGE
No impact on coat pattern (Intermediate Red Pigmentation)
A Locus (ASIP)
Not expressed (ayat)
D Locus (MLPH)
Dark areas of hair and skin are not lightened (Dd)
B Locus (TYRP1)
Black or gray hair and skin (BB)
S Locus (MITF)
Likely solid colored, but may have small amounts of white (Ssp)
H Locus (Harlequin)
hh
Other Coat Traits

Other Coat Traits

Furnishings (RSPO2) LINKAGE
Likely unfurnished (no mustache, beard, and/or eyebrows) (II)
Coat Length (FGF5)
Likely short or mid-length coat (GT)
Shedding (MC5R)
Likely heavy/seasonal shedding (CT)
Hairlessness (FOXI3) LINKAGE
Very unlikely to be hairless (NN)
Oculocutaneous Albinism Type 2 (SLC45A2) LINKAGE
Likely not albino (NN)
Coat Texture (KRT71)
Likely straight coat (CC)
Other Body Features

Other Body Features

Muzzle Length (BMP3)
Likely medium or long muzzle (AC)
Tail Length (T)
Likely normal-length tail (CC)
Hind Dewclaws (LMBR1)
Unlikely to have hind dew claws (CC)
Blue Eye Color (ALX4) LINKAGE
Less likely to have blue eyes (NN)
Body Size

Body Size

Body Size (IGF1)
Smaller (II)
Body Size (IGFR1)
Intermediate (GA)
Body Size (STC2)
Larger (TT)
Body Size (GHR - E191K)
Larger (GG)
Body Size (GHR - P177L)
Larger (CC)
Performance

Performance

Altitude Adaptation (EPAS1)
Normal altitude tolerance (GG)
Appetite (POMC) LINKAGE
Normal food motivation (NN)
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Through Pan’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace his mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A1e

Haplotype

A295

Map

A1e

PSF Pantalaimon’s Haplogroup

This female lineage likely stems from some of the original Central Asian wolves that were domesticated into modern dogs starting about 15,000 years ago. It seemed to be a fairly rare dog line for most of dog history until the past 300 years, when the lineage seemed to “explode” out and spread quickly. What really separates this group from the pack is its presence in Alaskan village dogs and Samoyeds. It is possible that this was an indigenous lineage brought to the Americas from Siberia when people were first starting to make that trip themselves! We see this lineage pop up in overwhelming numbers of Irish Wolfhounds, and it also occurs frequently in popular large breeds like Bernese Mountain Dogs, Saint Bernards and Great Danes. Shetland Sheepdogs are also common members of this maternal line, and we see it a lot in Boxers, too. Though it may be all mixed up with European dogs thanks to recent breeding events, its origins in the Americas makes it a very exciting lineage for sure!

A295

PSF Pantalaimon’s Haplotype

Part of the large A1e haplogroup, we have found this haplotype in village dogs in Afghanistan, Liberia, and Qatar. We see this haplotype most frequently in Scottish Terriers, Jack Russell Terriers, and Brussels Griffons.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

Irish Wolfhounds are a consistent carrier of A1e.

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Through Pan’s Y-chromosome we can trace his father’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

D

Haplotype

H7

Map

D

PSF Pantalaimon’s Haplogroup

The D paternal lineage is very common in well-known populations of dogs. Breeds belonging to the D lineage likely have direct male ancestors that can be traced all the way back to the origin of domestic dogs themselves! One popular breed that commonly sports a D lineage is the Boxer. Boxers were developed in the late 19th century from Mastiff dogs, so it is no surprise that D is well represented among Mastiffs, Bulldogs, as well as Terriers. Intriguingly, D is also found among Lhasa Apsos, an ancient Tibetan breed, and Afghan Hounds. While the presence of this lineage in Polynesia or the New World can be chalked up to interbreeding with European dogs brought during voyages of discovery or later settlement, D is also well represented among village dog populations in the Middle East and Africa. If the fact that we find dogs bearing a D lineage in the Middle East (not to mention the large amount of diversity among Middle Eastern D lineage males) is any indication of ancient residence in that region, then the presence among Oceanian village dogs is peculiar. Rather, it may be that D is part of a broader Eurasian group of ancient paternal lineages which disappeared from the eastern portion of its original range, persisting in the island of New Guinea as well as West Asia and Africa. With the rise of Mastiff breeds, the D lineage received a new life as it became common among many types of working dogs.

H7

PSF Pantalaimon’s Haplotype

Part of the D haplogroup, this common haplotype has been found in French Bulldogs, Afghan Hounds, Bull Terriers, and village dogs spanning from South America to Africa and into the South Pacific.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

The D paternal lineage is common in Boxers.

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