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Pippin

Mixed Breed

“We found Pippin on Petfinder through a rescue organization called Tails of Hope, based in Cincinnati, Ohio. He is a very sweet boy who loves to give kisses. He also has penchant for chewing on our hands, but will settle for a bone. We also suspect he is part Gremlin, which is why we don't feed him after midnight and are getting his DNA checked. At first, He didn't bark, so we were almost convinced he was a selective mute, but, after an intense game of keep away, we finally got to hear his voice!”

Place of Birth
Kentucky, USA
Current Location
Orlando, Florida, USA
From
Cincinnati, OH, USA

This dog has been viewed 185 times and been given 4 wags

Genetic Breed Result

Learn how it’s done

Mixed Breed

18.5% French Bulldog
15.4% West Highland White Terrier
15.2% Yorkshire Terrier
14.7% Poodle (Small)
11.0% Chihuahua
9.7% Beagle
6.4% Pug
9.1% Supermutt

Embark Supermutt analysis

What’s in that Supermutt? There may be small amounts of DNA from these distant ancestors:

French Bulldog French Bulldog
French Bulldogs, affectionately known by their many fans as Frenchies, are an immensely popular and well-known breed of dog. As their name implies, they are native to France and are the result of a mix between English Bulldogs and local dogs in Paris. They are very popular around the world, earning their place as the 4th most popular dog in the United Kingdom and the 9th most popular dog in the United States.
Learn More
West Highland White Terrier West Highland White Terrier
Westies are confident and friendly terriers, with an intelligent and curious mind that requires both mental and physical stimulation to become a well-rounded dog.
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Yorkshire Terrier Yorkshire Terrier
Petite but proud, the Yorkshire terrier is a popular toy breed with a silky, low-shedding coat.
Learn More
Poodle (Small) Poodle (Small)
A highly intelligent and playful dog, Miniature and Toy Poodles make for great lap dogs and companions.
Learn More
Chihuahua Chihuahua
Chihuahuas have a huge personality that defies their tiny frame, known to be highly active and intelligent canines.
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Beagle Beagle
The Beagle is a scent hound and a great family pet. They are known for being affectionate and having loud voices.
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Pug Pug
The Pug is a breed of dog with a wrinkly, short-muzzled face and curled tail. Pugs are known for being sociable and gentle companion dogs.
Learn More
Start a conversation! Message this dog’s humans.

Genetic Stats


Wolfiness

0.6 % LOW Learn More

Predicted Adult Weight
Genetic Age
21 human years Learn More
Based on the date of birth provided

Breed Mix Matches

Explore other Embark dogs who have breed mixes that are similar to Pippin’s.
A Mix Match of 100 means they are the exact same breed mix!

DNA Breed Origins

What’s this?
Breed colors:
French Bulldog
West Highland White Terrier
Yorkshire Terrier
Poodle (Small)
Chihuahua
Beagle
Pug
Supermutt

Would you like more information? Have you found a lost dog wearing an Embark dog tag? You can contact us at:

 
Family Tree From Embark PARENTS GRANDPARENTS GREAT GRANDPARENTS Mixed Mixed French Bulldog / Pug mix West Highland White Terrier / Beagle mix Yorkshire Terrier / Chihuahua mix Poodle (Small) mix French Bulldog Pug mix West Highland White Terrier Beagle mix Yorkshire Terrier Chihuahua Poodle (Small) Mixed

Breed Reveal Video

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Our algorithms predict this is the most likely family tree to explain Pippin’s breed mix, but this family tree may not be the only possible one.

Summary

0
AT RISK
1
CARRIER
171
CLEAR
Tap above or scroll down to see more

Clinical Traits

These clinical traits are valuable to your veterinarian and can inform the clinical decisions and diagnoses they make.

Alanine Aminotransferase Activity result: Low Normal

Pippin has one copy of a mutation associated with reduced ALT activity as measured on veterinary blood chemistry panels. Please inform your veterinarian that Pippin has this genotype, as ALT is often used as an indicator of liver health and Pippin is likely to have a lower than average resting ALT activity. As such, an increase in Pippin’s ALT activity could be evidence of liver damage, even if it is within normal limits by standard ALT reference ranges.

Genetic Health Conditions

A genetic health condition indicates a genetic mutation that increases the risk that an animal develops a specific disease.

Not At Risk

Good news! Pippin did not test positive for any of the genetic conditions that Embark screens for.

It is still important to let your veterinarian know these results because they could help guide Pippin’s diagnosis and treatment if he gets sick in the future.

Carrier for
1 genetic condition

Pippin is a carrier for 1 of the genetic diseases that Embark tests for.
What does Carrier mean?

Pippin has inherited a recessive allele for a genetic trait or mutation. This is not enough to cause symptoms of the disease, but is important to bear in mind if Pippin ever has children.

Condition List

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, prcd
Progressive rod-cone degeneration (PRCD Exon 1)
Eyes

This retinal disease causes progressive, non-painful vision loss. The retina contains the cells, photoreceptors, that collect information about light: that is, they are t…

Common Conditions

Good news! Pippin tested clear for 27 genetic conditions that are common in his breed mix.
Condition List

Factor VII Deficiency
(F7 Exon 5)
Blood

Coagulopathies, disorders of blood clotting, can lead to symptoms such as easy bruising or bleeding. Dogs with coagulopathies are often at risk for excessive bleeding dur…

Seen in Beagles, but not Pippin.

Von Willebrand Disease Type I
(VWF)
Blood

Coagulopathies, disorders of blood clotting, can lead to symptoms such as easy bruising or bleeding. Dogs with coagulopathies are often at risk for excessive bleeding dur…

Seen in West Highland White Terriers, Poodle (Small)s, but not Pippin.

Congenital Macrothrombocytopenia
(TUBB1 Exon 1, Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Variant)
Blood

This is a benign disorder of platelet production that leads to abnormally large, sparse platelets. Affected dogs typically do not suffer any ill effects from the size or …

Seen in Poodle (Small)s, Chihuahuas, but not Pippin.

May-Hegglin Anomaly
(MYH9)
Blood

A rare, benign disease of platelets, this is characterized by abnormally sparse, large platelets. Your vet may also notice blue blotches known as “inclusion bodies" in so…

Seen in Pugs, but not Pippin.

Pyruvate Kinase Deficiency
(PKLR Exon 7 Pug Variant)
Blood

This is a disease of red blood cells characterized by low energy level, jaundiced skin, and pale and cool extremities. Dogs affected with PKD have red blood cells that ha…

Seen in Pugs, but not Pippin.

Pyruvate Kinase Deficiency
(PKLR Exon 7 Beagle Variant)
Blood

This is a disease of red blood cells characterized by low energy level, jaundiced skin, and pale and cool extremities. Dogs affected with PKD have red blood cells that ha…

Seen in Beagles, but not Pippin.

Pyruvate Kinase Deficiency
(PKLR Exon 10)
Blood

This is a disease of red blood cells characterized by low energy level, jaundiced skin, and pale and cool extremities. Dogs affected with PKD have red blood cells that ha…

Seen in West Highland White Terriers, but not Pippin.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy - crd4/cord1
(RPGRIP1)
Eyes

This retinal disease causes progressive, non-painful vision loss. The retina contains the cells, photoreceptors, that collect information about light: that is, they are t…

Seen in French Bulldogs, Chihuahuas, Beagles, but not Pippin.

Canine Multifocal Retinopathy
cmr1 (BEST1 Exon 2)
Eyes

This is a non-progressive retinal disease that, in rare cases, can lead to vision loss. CMR is typically only identified when a vet examines the eye which, in dogs with C…

Seen in French Bulldogs, but not Pippin.

Glaucoma
Primary Open Angle Glaucoma (ADAMTS10 Exon 17)
Eyes

A disease that affects humans and dogs alike; this is an adult-onset, medically manageable condition that causes high intraocular pressure (IOP). If left untreated, it ca…

Seen in Beagles, but not Pippin.

Primary Lens Luxation
(ADAMTS17)
Eyes

This surgically correctable condition causes the lens to spontaneously detach from its normal residence within the pupil, leading to reduced visual acuity and irritation …

Seen in Yorkshire Terriers, but not Pippin.

Hyperuricosuria and Hyperuricemia or Urolithiasis, HUU
(SLC2A9)
Kidney and Bladder

This condition causes kidney and bladder stones composed of urate; if caught early, it is responsive to dietary management. Uric acid is an intermediate of purine metabol…

Seen in French Bulldogs, but not Pippin.

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis
(MFSD8)
Multisystem

This form of lysosomal storage disease can cause juvenile to adult-onset neurologic signs, depending on the affected gene. While lipofuscin is commonly observed in the ti…

Seen in Chihuahuas, but not Pippin.

GM2 Gangliosidosis
(HEXB, Poodle Variant)
Multisystem

An early onset form of lysosomal storage disease, this can cause affected dogs to display neurologic signs as puppies or young adults. These include partial or total visi…

Seen in Poodle (Small)s, but not Pippin.

Globoid Cell Leukodystrophy, Krabbe disease
(GALC Exon 5)
Multisystem

This lysosomal storage disease arises from buildup of certain lipid molecules, and can cause progressive neurologic signs. Affected dogs have an inappropriate buildup of …

Seen in West Highland White Terriers, but not Pippin.

Cerebellar Abiotrophy, Neonatal Cerebellar Cortical Degeneration, NCCD
(SPTBN2)
Brain and Spinal Cord

Known as the “oldest” (even reptiles and more ancient species have them!) part of the brain, the cerebellum fine-tunes motor signals from the brain to the muscles, allowi…

Seen in Beagles, but not Pippin.

Spinocerebellar Ataxia with Myokymia and/or Seizures
(KCNJ10)
Brain and Spinal Cord

Known as the “oldest” (even reptiles and more ancient species have them!) part of the brain, the cerebellum fine-tunes motor signals from the brain to the muscles, allowi…

Seen in Chihuahuas, but not Pippin.

Degenerative Myelopathy, DM
(SOD1A)
Brain and Spinal Cord

A disease of mature dogs, this is a progressive degenerative disorder of the spinal cord that can cause muscle wasting and gait abnormalities. Affected dogs do not usuall…

Seen in Pugs, but not Pippin.

Fetal-Onset Neonatal Neuroaxonal Dystrophy
(MFN2)
Brain and Spinal Cord

This group of diseases center around the neuronal axon, a specialized cellular structure that helps our nervous systems relay information across great distances. Remember…

Seen in Beagles, but not Pippin.

Neonatal Encephalopathy with Seizures, NEWS
(ATF2)
Brain and Spinal Cord

A neurologic disease of puppies, affected puppies are often smaller than their unaffected littermates and require intensive nursing care. Without this extra support, pupp…

Seen in Poodle (Small)s, but not Pippin.

Hypocatalasia, Acatalasemia
(CAT)
Metabolic

This condition causes no ill effects in the majority of dogs; however, some dogs can suffer from mouth ulcers leading to difficulty eating and increased susceptibility to…

Seen in Beagles, but not Pippin.

Imerslund-Grasbeck Syndrome, Selective Cobalamin Malabsorption
(CUBN Exon 8)
Gastrointestinal

This is a treatable gastrointestinal disease where dogs cannot absorb cobalamin, often causing them to be runty with poor energy levels. Cobalamin is required for synthes…

Seen in Beagles, but not Pippin.

Musladin-Lueke Syndrome
(ADAMTSL2)
Skin & Connective Tissues

First characterized in the Beagle, this condition causes abnormally strong connections between the structural proteins that provide strength and integrity to tissues like…

Seen in Beagles, but not Pippin.

Osteogenesis Imperfecta, Brittle Bone Disease
(COL1A2)
Skeletal

A disease of bone strength and flexibilty, affected dogs often present to the vet for spontaneous bone fractures, tooth fractures and loss, and joint pain; these symptoms…

Seen in Beagles, but not Pippin.

Osteochondrodysplasia, Skeletal Dwarfism
(SLC13A1)
Skeletal

A form of skeletal dwarfism, this causes affected dogs to have abnormally short legs but a normal sized body due to abnormal fetal skeletal maturation. As a fetus, most o…

Seen in Poodle (Small)s, but not Pippin.

Craniomandibular Osteopathy, CMO
(SLC37A2)
Skeletal

A noncancerous, proliferative bone disease that commonly affects the lower jaw and tympanic bullae, CMO is best known in the West Highland White Terrier, Scottish Terrier…

Seen in West Highland White Terriers, but not Pippin.

Chondrodystrophy and Intervertebral Disc Disease, CDDY/IVDD, Type I IVDD
(FGF4 retrogene - CFA12)
Skeletal

Chondrodystrophy (CDDY) refers to the "long and low" body shape characteristic of many dog breeds including Dachshunds and Corgis. Recently, a mutation was discovered tha…

Seen in French Bulldogs, Poodle (Small)s, Chihuahuas, Beagles, but not Pippin.

Other Conditions:
Clear of 144

Pippin is clear of 144 other genetic conditions that Embark tests for.
Explore the genetics behind your dog’s appearance, size, and genetic diversity.
Base Coat Color

Base Coat Color

Dark or Light Fur
E (Extension) Locus
Can have dark fur
Brown or Black Pigment
B (Brown) Locus
Black or gray fur and skin
Color Dilution
D (Dilute) Locus
Dark (non-dilute) fur and skin
Coat Color Modifiers

Coat Color Modifiers

Hidden Patterning
K (Dominant Black) Locus
More likely to have a mostly solid black or brown fur coat
Body Pattern
A (Agouti) Locus
No impact on coat pattern
Facial Fur Pattern
E (Extension) Locus
Can have black masking (dark facial fur)
Saddle Tan
No impact on coat pattern
Merle
M (Merle) Locus
Unlikely to have merle pattern
Other Coat Traits

Other Coat Traits

Furnishings LINKAGE
Likely furnished (mustache, beard, and/or eyebrows)
Coat Length
Likely short or mid-length coat
Shedding
Likely light shedding
Coat Texture
Likely wavy coat
Hairlessness (Xolo type) LINKAGE
Very unlikely to be hairless
Hairlessness (Terrier type)
Very unlikely to be hairless
Oculocutaneous Albinism Type 2 LINKAGE
Likely not albino
Other Body Features

Other Body Features

Muzzle Length
Likely medium or long muzzle
Tail Length
Likely normal-length tail
Hind Dew Claws
Unlikely to have hind dew claws
Back Muscling & Bulk (Large Breed)
Likely normal muscling
Eye Color LINKAGE
Less likely to have blue eyes
Body Size

Body Size

Body Size 1
Smaller
Body Size 2
Larger
Body Size 3
Intermediate
Body Size 4
Smaller
Body Size 5
Larger
Performance

Performance

Altitude Adaptation
Normal altitude tolerance

Through Pippin’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace his mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

B1

Haplotype

B84

Map

B1

Pippin’s Haplogroup

B1 is the second most common maternal lineage in breeds of European or American origin. It is the female line of the majority of Golden Retrievers, Basset Hounds, and Shih Tzus, and about half of Beagles, Pekingese and Toy Poodles. This lineage is also somewhat common among village dogs that carry distinct ancestry from these breeds. We know this is a result of B1 dogs being common amongst the European dogs that their conquering owners brought around the world, because nowhere on earth is it a very common lineage in village dogs. It even enables us to trace the path of (human) colonization: Because most Bichons are B1 and Bichons are popular in Spanish culture, B1 is now fairly common among village dogs in Latin America.

B84

Pippin’s Haplotype

Part of the large B1 haplogroup, this haplotype occurs most frequently in Golden Retrievers, Beagles, and Staffordshire Terriers.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

The B1 haplogroup can be found in village dogs like the Peruvian Village Dog, pictured above.

Through Pippin’s Y-chromosome we can trace his father’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A1a

Haplotype

H1a.26

Map

A1a

Pippin’s Haplogroup

Some of the wolves that became the original dogs in Central Asia around 15,000 years ago came from this long and distinguished line of male dogs. After domestication, they followed their humans from Asia to Europe and then didn't stop there. They took root in Europe, eventually becoming the dogs that founded the Vizsla breed 1,000 years ago. The Vizsla is a Central European hunting dog, and all male Vizslas descend from this line. During the Age of Exploration, like their owners, these pooches went by the philosophy, "Have sail, will travel!" From the windy plains of Patagonia to the snug and homey towns of the American Midwest, the beaches of a Pacific paradise, and the broad expanse of the Australian outback, these dogs followed their masters to the outposts of empires. Whether through good fortune or superior genetics, dogs from the A1a lineage traveled the globe and took root across the world. Now you find village dogs from this line frolicking on Polynesian beaches, hanging out in villages across the Americas, and scavenging throughout Old World settlements. You can also find this "prince of patrilineages" in breeds as different as German Shepherds, Golden Retrievers, Pugs, Border Collies, Scottish Terriers, and Irish Wolfhounds. No male wolf line has been as successful as the A1a line!

H1a.26

Pippin’s Haplotype

Part of the A1a haplogroup, this haplotype occurs most frequently in mixed breed dogs.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

Dogs with A1a lineage travelled during European Colonial times.