Pippin

Mixed Breed

“We found Pippin on Petfinder through a rescue organization called Tails of Hope, based in Cincinnati, Ohio. He is a very sweet boy who loves to give kisses. He also has penchant for chewing on our hands, but will settle for a bone. We also suspect he is part Gremlin, which is why we don't feed him after midnight and are getting his DNA checked. At first, He didn't bark, so we were almost convinced he was a selective mute, but, after an intense game of keep away, we finally got to hear his voice!”

Place of Birth
Kentucky, USA
Current Location
Orlando, Florida, USA
From
Cincinnati, OH, USA

This dog has been viewed 979 times and been given 31 wags

Genetic Breed Result

Learn how it’s done

Mixed Breed

18.5% French Bulldog
15.4% West Highland White Terrier
15.2% Yorkshire Terrier
14.7% Poodle (Small)
11.0% Chihuahua
9.7% Beagle
6.4% Pug
9.1% Supermutt

Embark Supermutt analysis

What’s in that Supermutt? There may be small amounts of DNA from these distant ancestors:

French Bulldog French Bulldog
French Bulldogs, affectionately known by their many fans as Frenchies, are an immensely popular and well-known breed of dog. As their name implies, they are native to France and are the result of a mix between English Bulldogs and local dogs in Paris. They are very popular around the world, earning their place as the 4th most popular dog in the United Kingdom and the 9th most popular dog in the United States.
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West Highland White Terrier West Highland White Terrier
Westies are confident and friendly terriers, with an intelligent and curious mind that requires both mental and physical stimulation to become a well-rounded dog.
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Yorkshire Terrier Yorkshire Terrier
Petite but proud, the Yorkshire terrier is a popular toy breed with a silky, low-shedding coat.
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Poodle (Small) Poodle (Small)
A highly intelligent and playful dog, Miniature and Toy Poodles make for great lap dogs and companions.
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Chihuahua Chihuahua
Chihuahuas have a huge personality that defies their tiny frame, known to be highly active and intelligent canines.
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Beagle Beagle
The Beagle is a scent hound and a great family pet. They are known for being affectionate and having loud voices.
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Pug Pug
The Pug is a breed of dog with a wrinkly, short-muzzled face and curled tail. Pugs are known for being sociable and gentle companion dogs.
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Start a conversation! Message this dog’s humans.

Genetic Stats


Wolfiness

0.6 % LOW Learn More

Predicted Adult Weight
Genetic Age
27 human years Learn More
Based on the date of birth provided

Breed Mix Matches

Explore other Embark dogs who have breed mixes that are similar to Pippin’s.
A Mix Match of 100 means they are the exact same breed mix!

DNA Breed Origins

What’s this?
Breed colors:
French Bulldog
West Highland White Terrier
Yorkshire Terrier
Poodle (Small)
Chihuahua
Beagle
Pug
Supermutt

Would you like more information? Have you found a lost dog wearing an Embark dog tag? You can contact us at:

 
Family Tree From Embark PARENTS GRANDPARENTS GREAT GRANDPARENTS Mixed Mixed French Bulldog / Pug mix West Highland White Terrier / Beagle mix Yorkshire Terrier / Chihuahua mix Poodle (Small) mix French Bulldog Pug mix West Highland White Terrier Beagle mix Yorkshire Terrier Chihuahua Poodle (Small) Mixed

Breed Reveal Video

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Our algorithms predict this is the most likely family tree to explain Pippin’s breed mix, but this family tree may not be the only possible one.

Health Summary

Pippin inherited one variant that you should learn more about.

And one variant that you should tell your vet about.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, prcd

Pippin inherited one copy of the variant we tested

What does this result mean?

This result does not impact your dog’s health. It could have consequences for siblings or other family members, and you should let them know if you are in contact with them.

What is Progressive Retinal Atrophy, prcd?

PRA-prcd is a retinal disease that causes progressive, non-painful vision loss. The retina contains cells, called photoreceptors, that collect information about light and send signals to the brain. There are two types of photoreceptors: rods, for night vision and movement, and cones, for day vision and color. This type of PRA leads to early loss of rod cells, leading to night blindness before day blindness.


ALT Activity

Pippin inherited one copy of the variant we tested

Why is this important to your vet?

Pippin has one copy of a variant associated with reduced ALT activity as measured on veterinary blood chemistry panels. Please inform your veterinarian that Pippin has this genotype, as ALT is often used as an indicator of liver health and Pippin is likely to have a lower than average resting ALT activity. As such, an increase in Pippin’s ALT activity could be evidence of liver damage, even if it is within normal limits by standard ALT reference ranges.

What is ALT Activity?

Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) is a clinical tool that can be used by veterinarians to better monitor liver health. This result is not associated with liver disease. ALT is one of several values veterinarians measure on routine blood work to evaluate the liver. It is a naturally occurring enzyme located in liver cells that helps break down protein. When the liver is damaged or inflamed, ALT is released into the bloodstream.

Breed-Relevant Genetic Conditions

Factor VII Deficiency

Identified in Beagles

Von Willebrand Disease Type I

Identified in Small Poodles and West Highland White Terriers

May-Hegglin Anomaly

Identified in Pugs

Pyruvate Kinase Deficiency

Identified in Pugs

Pyruvate Kinase Deficiency

Identified in Beagles

Pyruvate Kinase Deficiency

Identified in West Highland White Terriers

Progressive Retinal Atrophy - crd4/cord1

Identified in Beagles, French Bulldogs, and more

Canine Multifocal Retinopathy

Identified in French Bulldogs

Glaucoma

Identified in Beagles

Primary Lens Luxation

Identified in Yorkshire Terriers

Urate Kidney & Bladder Stones

Identified in French Bulldogs

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis

Identified in Chihuahuas

GM2 Gangliosidosis

Identified in Small Poodles

Globoid Cell Leukodystrophy, Krabbe disease

Identified in West Highland White Terriers

Neonatal Cerebellar Cortical Degeneration

Identified in Beagles

Spinocerebellar Ataxia with Myokymia and/or Seizures

Identified in Chihuahuas

Degenerative Myelopathy, DM

Identified in Pugs

Neonatal Encephalopathy with Seizures, NEWS

Identified in Small Poodles

Hypocatalasia, Acatalasemia

Identified in Beagles

Cobalamin Malabsorption

Identified in Beagles

Musladin-Lueke Syndrome

Identified in Beagles

Osteogenesis Imperfecta

Identified in Beagles

Osteochondrodysplasia

Identified in Small Poodles

Craniomandibular Osteopathy, CMO

Identified in West Highland White Terriers

Intervertebral Disc Disease (Type I)

Identified in Beagles, French Bulldogs, and more

Additional Genetic Conditions

Explore the genetics behind your dog’s appearance and size.
Base Coat Color

Base Coat Color

Dark or Light Fur
E (Extension) Locus
Can have dark fur
Brown or Black Pigment
B (Brown) Locus
Black or gray fur and skin
Color Dilution
D (Dilute) Locus
Dark (non-dilute) fur and skin
Coat Color Modifiers

Coat Color Modifiers

Hidden Patterning
K (Dominant Black) Locus
More likely to have a mostly solid black or brown fur coat
Body Pattern
A (Agouti) Locus
No impact on coat pattern
Facial Fur Pattern
E (Extension) Locus
Can have black masking (dark facial fur)
Saddle Tan
No impact on coat pattern
White Spotting
S (White Spotting) Locus
Likely to have large white areas in coat
Merle
M (Merle) Locus
Unlikely to have merle pattern
Harlequin
No impact on coat pattern
Other Coat Traits

Other Coat Traits

Furnishings LINKAGE
Likely furnished (mustache, beard, and/or eyebrows)
Coat Length
Likely short or mid-length coat
Shedding
Likely light shedding
Coat Texture
Likely wavy coat
Hairlessness (Xolo type) LINKAGE
Very unlikely to be hairless
Hairlessness (Terrier type)
Very unlikely to be hairless
Oculocutaneous Albinism Type 2 LINKAGE
Likely not albino
Other Body Features

Other Body Features

Muzzle Length
Likely medium or long muzzle
Tail Length
Likely normal-length tail
Hind Dew Claws
Unlikely to have hind dew claws
Back Muscling & Bulk (Large Breed)
Likely normal muscling
Eye Color LINKAGE
Less likely to have blue eyes
Body Size

Body Size

Body Size 1
Smaller
Body Size 2
Larger
Body Size 3
Intermediate
Body Size 4
Smaller
Body Size 5
Larger
Performance

Performance

Altitude Adaptation
Normal altitude tolerance
Appetite LINKAGE
Normal food motivation

Through Pippin’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace his mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

B1

Haplotype

B84

Map

B1

Pippin’s Haplogroup

B1 is the second most common maternal lineage in breeds of European or American origin. It is the female line of the majority of Golden Retrievers, Basset Hounds, and Shih Tzus, and about half of Beagles, Pekingese and Toy Poodles. This lineage is also somewhat common among village dogs that carry distinct ancestry from these breeds. We know this is a result of B1 dogs being common amongst the European dogs that their conquering owners brought around the world, because nowhere on earth is it a very common lineage in village dogs. It even enables us to trace the path of (human) colonization: Because most Bichons are B1 and Bichons are popular in Spanish culture, B1 is now fairly common among village dogs in Latin America.

B84

Pippin’s Haplotype

Part of the large B1 haplogroup, this haplotype occurs most frequently in Golden Retrievers, Beagles, and Staffordshire Terriers.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

The B1 haplogroup can be found in village dogs like the Peruvian Village Dog, pictured above.

Through Pippin’s Y-chromosome we can trace his father’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A1a

Haplotype

H1a.26

Map

A1a

Pippin’s Haplogroup

Some of the wolves that became the original dogs in Central Asia around 15,000 years ago came from this long and distinguished line of male dogs. After domestication, they followed their humans from Asia to Europe and then didn't stop there. They took root in Europe, eventually becoming the dogs that founded the Vizsla breed 1,000 years ago. The Vizsla is a Central European hunting dog, and all male Vizslas descend from this line. During the Age of Exploration, like their owners, these pooches went by the philosophy, "Have sail, will travel!" From the windy plains of Patagonia to the snug and homey towns of the American Midwest, the beaches of a Pacific paradise, and the broad expanse of the Australian outback, these dogs followed their masters to the outposts of empires. Whether through good fortune or superior genetics, dogs from the A1a lineage traveled the globe and took root across the world. Now you find village dogs from this line frolicking on Polynesian beaches, hanging out in villages across the Americas, and scavenging throughout Old World settlements. You can also find this "prince of patrilineages" in breeds as different as German Shepherds, Golden Retrievers, Pugs, Border Collies, Scottish Terriers, and Irish Wolfhounds. No male wolf line has been as successful as the A1a line!

H1a.26

Pippin’s Haplotype

Part of the A1a haplogroup, this haplotype occurs most frequently in mixed breed dogs.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

Dogs with A1a lineage travelled during European Colonial times.