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Pippa

Sealyham Terrier

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  • Photo of Pippa, a Sealyham Terrier  in New York, New York, USA Photo of Pippa, a Sealyham Terrier  in New York, New York, USA
    Before The Hunt NYC

“PIP - CA BCAT SWN SHDN BHO JE CGC TKP. AKC Goodspice Full of The Dickens and excels in performance sports. First Sealyham to obtain Advanced Scentwork Titles. She loves peeps and other puccis and is so sweet! She has Charmin (2009 Crufts Best In Show) as her Grandpa and GCH Solo as her International Top Winning Pop! She a keeper - and keeps the pot stirred up daily! ❤️🐾 her to the 🌛 and back!”

Current Location

New York, New York, USA

From

Cochranville, PA, USA

This dog has been viewed and been given 5 wags

Genetic Breed Result

Sealyham Terrier

Pippa

embk.me/i/pippa21

Sealyham Terrier

Sealyham Terriers are a unique looking terrier from Wales. With their mustache and prominent eyebrows, they are truly unmistakable little dogs!

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Genetic Stats

Wolfiness

1.1 % MEDIUM

Predicted Adult Weight

16 lbs

Genetic Age
41 human years

Based on the date of birth provided

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Would you like more information? Have you found a lost dog wearing an Embark dog tag? You can contact us at:

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Our algorithms predict this is the most likely family tree to explain Pippa’s breed mix, but this family tree may not be the only possible one.

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Health Summary

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Pippa is at increased risk for two genetic health conditions.

And inherited one variant that you should learn more about.

Primary Lens Luxation

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Pippa inherited one copy of the variant we tested

How to interpret this result

Pippa has one copy of a variant in the ADAMTS17 gene and is at some risk for developing PLL. This variant is known to have an additive effect, so while dogs with one copy of the variant like Pippa have a higher risk than dogs with two healthy alleles at ADAMTS17, their risk is much lower than a dog with two copies of the variant. Actual risk associated with having one copy of this variant appears to vary in a breed-specific manner. A study published by Gould et al 2011 supports that Tibetan Terriers with one copy of the variant have minimal risk of developing PLL, whereas this risk can range from 2-20% in other terrier breeds. Please consult with your veterinarian to discuss the best ways to monitor Pippa's eyes and vision.

What is Primary Lens Luxation?

PLL occurs when the lens spontaneously detaches from its normal residence within the pupil, leading to reduced visual acuity. Anterior lens luxation is when the lens falls forward and posterior lens luxation is when the lens falls backwards in the eye.

Intervertebral Disc Disease (Type I)

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Pippa inherited one copy of the variant we tested

What does this result mean?

Our research indicates that this genetic variant is likely to increase the risk that Pippa will develop this disease.

Scientific Basis

Research studies for this variant have been based on dogs of other breeds. While dogs with similar breeds to Pippa have not yet been the focus of research studies, our data indicates that Pippa is likely to be at increased risk.

What is Intervertebral Disc Disease (Type I)?

Type I Intervertebral Disc Disease (IVDD) is a back/spine issue that refers to a health condition affecting the discs that act as cushions between vertebrae. With Type I IVDD, affected dogs can have a disc event where it ruptures or herniates towards the spinal cord. This pressure on the spinal cord causes neurologic signs which can range from a wobbly gait to impairment of movement. Chondrodystrophy (CDDY) refers to the relative proportion between a dog’s legs and body, wherein the legs are shorter and the body longer. There are multiple different variants that can cause a markedly chondrodystrophic appearance as observed in Dachshunds and Corgis. However, this particular variant is the only one known to also increase the risk for IVDD.

ALT Activity

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Pippa inherited one copy of the variant we tested

Why is this important to your vet?

Pippa has one copy of a variant associated with reduced ALT activity as measured on veterinary blood chemistry panels. Please inform your veterinarian that Pippa has this genotype, as ALT is often used as an indicator of liver health and Pippa is likely to have a lower than average resting ALT activity. As such, an increase in Pippa’s ALT activity could be evidence of liver damage, even if it is within normal limits by standard ALT reference ranges.

What is ALT Activity?

Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) is a clinical tool that can be used by veterinarians to better monitor liver health. This result is not associated with liver disease. ALT is one of several values veterinarians measure on routine blood work to evaluate the liver. It is a naturally occurring enzyme located in liver cells that helps break down protein. When the liver is damaged or inflamed, ALT is released into the bloodstream.

Breed-Relevant Genetic Conditions

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Additional Genetic Conditions

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Explore the genetics behind your dog’s appearance and size.

Base Coat Color

Base Coat Color

Dark or Light Fur
E (Extension) Locus
Can have dark fur
Red Pigment Intensity LINKAGE
I (Intensity) Loci
Any light fur likely yellow or tan
Brown or Black Pigment
B (Brown) Locus
Black or gray fur and skin
Color Dilution
D (Dilute) Locus
Dark (non-dilute) fur and skin
Coat Color Modifiers

Coat Color Modifiers

Hidden Patterning
K (Dominant Black) Locus
More likely to have patterned fur
Body Pattern
A (Agouti) Locus
Black/Brown and tan coat color pattern
Facial Fur Pattern
E (Extension) Locus
Can have black masking (dark facial fur)
White Spotting
S (White Spotting) Locus
Likely to have large white areas in coat
Harlequin
hh
Other Coat Traits

Other Coat Traits

Furnishings LINKAGE
Likely furnished (mustache, beard, and/or eyebrows)
Coat Length
Likely short or mid-length coat
Shedding
Likely light shedding
Coat Texture
Coat would likely be curly or wavy if long
Hairlessness (Xolo type) LINKAGE
Very unlikely to be hairless
Oculocutaneous Albinism Type 2 LINKAGE
Likely not albino
Other Body Features

Other Body Features

Muzzle Length
Likely short muzzle
Tail Length
Likely normal-length tail
Hind Dew Claws
Unlikely to have hind dew claws
Eye Color LINKAGE
Less likely to have blue eyes
Body Size

Body Size

Body Size 1
Smaller
Body Size 2
Larger
Body Size 3
Larger
Body Size 4
Larger
Body Size 5
Larger
Performance

Performance

Altitude Adaptation
Normal altitude tolerance
Appetite LINKAGE
Normal food motivation
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Through Pippa’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace her mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that her ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

B1

Haplotype

B1c

Map

B1

Pippa’s Haplogroup

B1 is the second most common maternal lineage in breeds of European or American origin. It is the female line of the majority of Golden Retrievers, Basset Hounds, and Shih Tzus, and about half of Beagles, Pekingese and Toy Poodles. This lineage is also somewhat common among village dogs that carry distinct ancestry from these breeds. We know this is a result of B1 dogs being common amongst the European dogs that their conquering owners brought around the world, because nowhere on earth is it a very common lineage in village dogs. It even enables us to trace the path of (human) colonization: Because most Bichons are B1 and Bichons are popular in Spanish culture, B1 is now fairly common among village dogs in Latin America.

B1c

Pippa’s Haplotype

Part of the large B1 haplogroup, we have detected this haplotype in Mexico and Lebanon village dogs. Among the 12 breeds that we have spotted this haplotype in, it occurs most frequently in Border Collies, Australian Shepherd Dogs, and West Highland white Terriers.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

The B1 haplogroup can be found in village dogs like the Peruvian Village Dog, pictured above.

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The Paternal Haplotype reveals a dog’s deep ancestral lineage, stretching back thousands of years to the original domestication of dogs.

Are you looking for information on the breeds that Pippa inherited from her mom and dad? Check out her breed breakdown and family tree.

Paternal Haplotype is determined by looking at a dog’s Y-chromosome—but not all dogs have Y-chromosomes!

Why can’t we show Paternal Haplotype results for female dogs?

All dogs have two sex chromosomes. Female dogs have two X-chromosomes (XX) and male dogs have one X-chromosome and one Y-chromosome (XY). When having offspring, female (XX) dogs always pass an X-chromosome to their puppy. Male (XY) dogs can pass either an X or a Y-chromosome—if the puppy receives an X-chromosome from its father then it will be a female (XX) puppy and if it receives a Y-chromosome then it will be a male (XY) puppy. As you can see, Y-chromosomes are passed down from a male dog only to its male offspring.

Since Pippa is a female (XX) dog, she has no Y-chromosome for us to analyze and determine a paternal haplotype.

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