What is Embark?

Pinot

Mixed Breed

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“The only one that can keep me away from a real glass of good Pinot! Such a cute bundle of joy. He enjoys his kibbles piece by piece thrown and he picks them up. It's our own little game that makes eating the hard stuff more fun! His one white tipped paw is what makes him more unique! He's our baby!”

This dog has been viewed 326 times and been given 2 wags

Genetic Breed Result

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Mixed Breed

69.1% Cocker Spaniel
13.5% Maltese
9.9% Poodle (Small)
7.5% Lhasa Apso
Cocker Spaniel Cocker Spaniel
Cocker Spaniels are handsome and intelligent hunting dogs that are also well-suited to life as a loving family pet.
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Maltese Maltese
Maltese dogs are confident and friendly toy dogs, that can be high maintenance but boast a beautiful white silky coat.
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Poodle (Small) Poodle (Small)
A highly intelligent and playful dog, Miniature and Toy Poodles make for great lap dogs and companions.
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Lhasa Apso Lhasa Apso
An independent breed, the Lhasa's goal in life is not necessarily to please their master. The Lhasa Apso is a small, hardy breed with a beautiful cloak of hair that parts down the back from head to tail. Their temperament is unique: joyful and mischievous, dignified and aloof. Popular in the show ring, the breed also excels at activities that provide constant challenges, such as agility.
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Genetic Stats

Wolfiness: 1.8 % HIGH Learn More
Predicted Adult Weight: 22 lbs Learn More
Genetic Age: 16 human years Learn More

Breed Mix Matches

Explore other Embark dogs who have breed mixes that are similar to Pinot’s.
A Mix Match of 100 means they are the exact same breed mix!

DNA Breed Origins

What’s this?
Breed colors:
Cocker Spaniel
Maltese
Poodle (Small)
Lhasa Apso

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Family tree

Health

Traits

Maternal Haplotype

Paternal Haplotype

Would you like more information? Have you found a lost dog wearing an Embark dog tag? You can contact us at:

 
Family Tree From Embark PARENTS GRANDPARENTS GREAT GRANDPARENTS Cocker Spaniel mix Cocker Spaniel mix Cocker Spaniel Cocker Spaniel / Poodle (Small) mix Cocker Spaniel Maltese / Lhasa Apso mix Cocker Spaniel Cocker Spaniel Cocker Spaniel Poodle (Small) mix Cocker Spaniel Cocker Spaniel Maltese Lhasa Apso mix
Explore by tapping the parents and grandparents.

Our algorithms predict this is the most likely family tree to explain Pinot’s breed mix, but this family tree may not be the only possible one.

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Health

Traits

Maternal Haplotype

Paternal Haplotype

Summary

0
AT RISK
0
CARRIER
167
CLEAR
Tap above or scroll down to see more

Clinical traits

These genetic traits are valuable to your veterinarian and can inform the clinical decisions and diagnoses they make.

Alanine Aminotransferase Activity result: Normal
This result helps your vet understand what your dog's baseline ALT activity is. The enzyme alanine aminotransferase, or ALT, is commonly used to evaluate liver health. Do…
Pinot has two normal alleles at ALT.

Not At Risk

Good news! Pinot did not test positive for any of the genetic diseases that Embark screens for. Read on to learn more about the conditions we test for, but rest assured that Pinot does not have the mutations known to cause them.

It is still important to let your veterinarian know these results because they could help guide Pinot’s diagnosis and treatment if he gets sick in the future. Many other diseases caused by environmental factors or undiscovered genetic variants can cause symptoms similar to diseases we test for. By ruling out these mutations, your veterinarian will be able to find the true cause more quickly. Your veterinarian will also know they can safely prescribe medications some dogs are sensitive to.

Not A Carrier

Good news! Pinot is not a carrier for any of the genetic diseases that Embark tests for.

Common Conditions

Good news! Pinot tested clear for 13 genetic conditions that are common in his breed mix.
Condition List

Factor IX Deficiency, Hemophilia B
(F9 Exon 7, Terrier Variant)
Blood

Coagulopathies, disorders of blood clotting, can lead to symptoms such as easy bruising or bleeding. Dogs with coagulopathies are often at risk for excessive bleeding dur…

Seen in Lhasa Apsos, but not Pinot.

Von Willebrand Disease Type I
(VWF)
Blood

Coagulopathies, disorders of blood clotting, can lead to symptoms such as easy bruising or bleeding. Dogs with coagulopathies are often at risk for excessive bleeding dur…

Seen in Poodle (Small)s, but not Pinot.

Congenital Macrothrombocytopenia
(TUBB1 Exon 1, Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Variant)
Blood

This is a benign disorder of platelet production that leads to abnormally large, sparse platelets. Affected dogs typically do not suffer any ill effects from the size or …

Seen in Cocker Spaniels, Malteses, Poodle (Small)s, but not Pinot.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy - prcd
Progressive rod-cone degeneration (PRCD Exon 1)
Eyes

This retinal disease causes progressive, non-painful vision loss. The retina contains the cells, photoreceptors, that collect information about light: that is, they are t…

Seen in Cocker Spaniels, Poodle (Small)s, but not Pinot.

Golden Retriever Progressive Retinal Atrophy 1
(SLC4A3)
Eyes

This retinal disease causes progressive, non-painful vision loss. The retina contains the cells, photoreceptors, that collect information about light: that is, they are t…

Seen in Lhasa Apsos, but not Pinot.

Autosomal Recessive Hereditary Nephropathy, Familial Nephropathy
(COL4A4 Exon 3)
Kidney and Bladder

This condition causes inappropriate loss of protein in the urine, which leads to muscle wasting, abnormal fluid accumulation in the skin and limbs, and excessive thirst a…

Seen in Cocker Spaniels, but not Pinot.

Glycogen Storage Disease Type Ia, Von Gierke Disease
(G6PC)
Multisystem

An early onset type of glycogen storage disease, affected puppies often go to the vet for low energy levels and poor weight gain. Glycogen is the form in which our bodies…

Seen in Malteses, but not Pinot.

Glycogen storage disease Type VII, Phosphofructokinase deficiency
(PFKM Whippet and English Springer Spaniel Variant)
Multisystem

Affecting an enzyme required for red blood cell and skeletal muscle cell energy production, phosphofructokinase (PFK) deficiency causes red blood cells and skeletal muscl…

Seen in Cocker Spaniels, but not Pinot.

GM2 Gangliosidosis
(HEXB, Poodle Variant)
Multisystem

An early onset form of lysosomal storage disease, this can cause affected dogs to display neurologic signs as puppies or young adults. These include partial or total visi…

Seen in Poodle (Small)s, but not Pinot.

Degenerative Myelopathy
(SOD1A)
Brain and Spinal Cord

A disease of mature dogs, this is a progressive degenerative disorder of the spinal cord that can cause muscle wasting and gait abnormalities. Affected dogs do not usuall…

Seen in Cocker Spaniels, Malteses, Poodle (Small)s, Lhasa Apsos, but not Pinot.

Neonatal Encephalopathy with Seizures (NEWS)
(ATF2)
Brain and Spinal Cord

A neurologic disease of puppies, affected puppies are often smaller than their unaffected littermates and require intensive nursing care. Without this extra support, pupp…

Seen in Poodle (Small)s, but not Pinot.

Exercise-Induced Collapse
(DNM1)
Muscular

First characterized in field-trial lines of Labrador Retriever dogs, this muscle disorder can cause episodes of muscle weakness and sometimes collapse; after recovering, …

Seen in Cocker Spaniels, but not Pinot.

Osteochondrodysplasia, Skeletal Dwarfism
(SLC13A1)
Skeletal

A form of skeletal dwarfism, this causes affected dogs to have abnormally short legs but a normal sized body due to abnormal fetal skeletal maturation. As a fetus, most o…

Seen in Poodle (Small)s, but not Pinot.

Other Conditions: Clear of 154

Pinot is clear of 154 other genetic diseases that Embark tests for.

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Family tree

Traits

Maternal Haplotype

Paternal Haplotype

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Coat Color

A number of genes are known to affect coat color in dogs, and they all interact. In some cases, other genetic effects may also influence color and pattern.

Trait
Result
 
E Locus (Mask, Grizzle, Recessive Red)
ee
K Locus (Dominant Black)
kyky
A Locus (Agouti, Sable)
atat
D Locus (Dilute, Blue, Fawn)
Dd
B Locus (Brown, Chocolate, Liver, Red, Dudley)
BB

Other Embark dogs with these Coat Color genes:

Other Coat Traits

Furnishings, shedding and curls are all genetic! And they all interact, too. In fact, the combination of these genes explains the coat phenotypes of 90% of AKC registered dog breeds.

Trait
Result
 
Furnishings / Improper Coat (RSPO2)
FI
Long Haircoat (FGF5)
TT
Shedding (MC5R)
CT
Curly Coat (KRT71)
CT
Hairlessness (FOXI3)
LINKAGE
N/N
Oculocutaneous Albinism Type 2 - OCA2, Doberman Z Factor Albinism (SLC45A2)
LINKAGE
N/N

More information on coat type genetics: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2897713/figure/F3/

Other Embark dogs with these Coat Traits genes:

Other Body Features

Trait
Result
 
Brachycephaly (BMP3)
CC
Natural Bobtail (T)
CC
Hind Dewclaws (LMBR1)
CC
Blue Eye Color
LINKAGE
N/N

Body Size

Body size is a complex trait that is affected by both genetic and environmental variation. Our genetic analysis includes genes that, together, explain over 80% of the variation in dog body size. It does not account for runting or stunting; nor does it account for the interactions between various genes both known and unknown.

Trait
Result
 
Body Size - IGF1
II
Body Size - IGF1R
GG
Body Size - STC2
AA
Body Size - GHR (E195K)
GG
Body Size - GHR (P177L)
CC

Other Embark dogs with these Body Size genes:

Performance

Trait
Result
 
Altitude Adaptation (EPAS1)
GG

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Family tree

Health

Maternal Haplotype

Paternal Haplotype

Through Pinot’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace his mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A1b

Haplotype

A18/19/20/21/27/36/94/109/361

Map

A1b

Pinot’s Haplogroup

This female lineage was very likely one of the original lineages in the wolves that were first domesticated into dogs in Central Asia about 15,000 years ago. Since then, the lineage has been very successful and travelled the globe! Dogs from this group are found in ancient Bronze Age fossils in the Middle East and southern Europe. By the end of the Bronze Age, it became exceedingly common in Europe. These dogs later became many of the dogs that started some of today's most popular breeds, like German Shepherds, Pugs, Whippets, English Sheepdogs and Miniature Schnauzers. During the period of European colonization, the lineage became even more widespread as European dogs followed their owners to far-flung places like South America and Oceania. It's now found in many popular breeds as well as village dogs across the world!

A18/19/20/21/27/36/94/109/361

Pinot’s Haplotype

Part of the large A1b haplogroup, we see this haplotype in village dogs in over 25 countries across the world. We have detected this haplotype in lots of breeds, and it occurs most commonly in German Shepherd Dogs, Maltese, English Springer Spaniels, and English Setters.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

A1b is the most common haplogroup found in German Shepherds.

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Family tree

Health

Traits

Paternal Haplotype

Through Pinot’s Y-chromosome we can trace his father’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A1a

Haplotype

H1a.14

Map

A1a

Pinot’s Haplogroup

Some of the wolves that became the original dogs in Central Asia around 15,000 years ago came from this long and distinguished line of male dogs. After domestication, they followed their humans from Asia to Europe and then didn't stop there. They took root in Europe, eventually becoming the dogs that founded the Vizsla breed 1,000 years ago. The Vizsla is a Central European hunting dog, and all male Vizslas descend from this line. During the Age of Exploration, like their owners, these pooches went by the philosophy, "Have sail, will travel!" From the windy plains of Patagonia to the snug and homey towns of the American Midwest, the beaches of a Pacific paradise, and the broad expanse of the Australian outback, these dogs followed their masters to the outposts of empires. Whether through good fortune or superior genetics, dogs from the A1a lineage traveled the globe and took root across the world. Now you find village dogs from this line frolicking on Polynesian beaches, hanging out in villages across the Americas, and scavenging throughout Old World settlements. You can also find this "prince of patrilineages" in breeds as different as German Shepherds, Golden Retrievers, Pugs, Border Collies, Scottish Terriers, and Irish Wolfhounds. No male wolf line has been as successful as the A1a line!

H1a.14

Pinot’s Haplotype

Part of the large A1a haplogroup, this haplotype occurs mainly in village dogs from Central and South Americas, but has also been spotted in Papua New Guinea. It also occurs frequently in Cocker Spaniels, English Cocker Spaniels, and Pembroke Welsh Corgis.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

Dogs with A1a lineage travelled during European Colonial times.

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Family tree

Health

Traits

Maternal Haplotype