Embark logo

Pepper

Mixed Breed

“She was acquired by a local dog rescue service, who got her from a "at home" breeder, who was not taking care of the parents or litter pups. They were able to acquire 2 of the pups, but the owner would not let the other 3 go, as they thought they could make money on their sale. We are very happy with our new family member.”

Place of Birth
Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
Current Location
Las Vegas, Nevada, USA

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Genetic Breed Result

Learn how it’s done

Mixed Breed

50.0% Wirehaired Pointing Griffon
39.9% Boxer
6.2% Australian Cattle Dog
3.9% Supermutt

Embark Supermutt analysis

What’s in that Supermutt? There may be small amounts of DNA from this distant ancestor:

Wirehaired Pointing Griffon Wirehaired Pointing Griffon
Wirehaired Pointing Griffons are European gun dogs. Their precise country of origin is a point of great debate: some people say they are originally from the Netherlands, while others claim they are a German breed—others insist they are actually from France. While they have been recognized by the United Kennel Club in the United Kingdom, as well as the American Kennel Club, they are still relatively rare in both of these countries. Today, they are more commonly found in Germany and France, where they are still used as gun dogs.
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Boxer Boxer
Developed in Germany, the Boxer is a popular family dog-patient, loyal and smart-requiring lots of exercise and proper training.
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Australian Cattle Dog Australian Cattle Dog
A classic cattle dog, Australian Cattle Dogs were developed from a mixture of breeds in Australia in the 19th century, and still maintain their energetic herding instincts today.
Learn More
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Genetic Stats


Wolfiness

0.6 % LOW Learn More

Predicted Adult Weight
Genetic Age
12 human years Learn More
Based on the date of birth provided

Breed Mix Matches

Explore other Embark dogs who have breed mixes that are similar to Pepper’s.
A Mix Match of 100 means they are the exact same breed mix!

DNA Breed Origins

What’s this?
Breed colors:
Wirehaired Pointing Griffon
Boxer
Australian Cattle Dog
Supermutt

Would you like more information? Have you found a lost dog wearing an Embark dog tag? You can contact us at:

Breed Reveal Video

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Our algorithms predict this is the most likely family tree to explain Pepper’s breed mix, but this family tree may not be the only possible one.

Health Summary

Pepper inherited one variant that you should learn more about.

Degenerative Myelopathy, DM

Pepper inherited one copy of the variant we tested

What does this result mean?

This result does not impact your dog’s health. It could have consequences for siblings or other family members, and you should let them know if you are in contact with them.

What is Degenerative Myelopathy, DM?

The dog equivalent of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, or Lou Gehrig’s disease, DM is a progressive degenerative disorder of the spinal cord. Because the nerves that control the hind limbs are the first to degenerate, the most common clinical signs are back muscle wasting and gait abnormalities.

Breed-Relevant Genetic Conditions

Multiple Drug Sensitivity

Identified in Australian Cattle Dogs, Australian Shepherds, and more

Hemophilia A

Identified in Boxers

Congenital Macrothrombocytopenia

Identified in Bichon Frises, Boxers, and more

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, prcd

Identified in American Eskimo Dogs, American Hairless Terriers, and more

Collie Eye Anomaly

Identified in Australian Cattle Dogs, Australian Shepherds, and more

Primary Lens Luxation

Identified in American Eskimo Dogs, American Hairless Terriers, and more

Cystinuria Type II-A

Identified in Australian Cattle Dogs, Australian Kelpies, and more

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis 1, NCL 5

Identified in Australian Cattle Dogs, Border Collies, and more

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis

Identified in Australian Cattle Dogs, Australian Shepherds, and more

Myotonia Congenita

Identified in Australian Cattle Dogs, Border Collies, and more

Additional Genetic Conditions


Clinical Tools

Explore the genetics behind your dog’s appearance, size, and genetic diversity.
Base Coat Color

Base Coat Color

Dark or Light Fur
E (Extension) Locus
Can have dark fur
Brown or Black Pigment
B (Brown) Locus
Black or gray fur and skin
Color Dilution
D (Dilute) Locus
Dark (non-dilute) fur and skin
Coat Color Modifiers

Coat Color Modifiers

Hidden Patterning
K (Dominant Black) Locus
More likely to have a mostly solid black or brown fur coat
Body Pattern
A (Agouti) Locus
No impact on coat pattern
Facial Fur Pattern
E (Extension) Locus
No dark mask or grizzle facial fur patterns
Saddle Tan
No impact on coat pattern
Merle
M (Merle) Locus
Unlikely to have merle pattern
Other Coat Traits

Other Coat Traits

Furnishings LINKAGE
Likely furnished (mustache, beard, and/or eyebrows)
Coat Length
Likely short or mid-length coat
Shedding
Likely light shedding
Coat Texture
Coat would likely be curly or wavy if long
Hairlessness (Xolo type) LINKAGE
Very unlikely to be hairless
Hairlessness (Terrier type)
Very unlikely to be hairless
Oculocutaneous Albinism Type 2 LINKAGE
Likely not albino
Other Body Features

Other Body Features

Muzzle Length
Likely medium or long muzzle
Tail Length
Likely normal-length tail
Hind Dew Claws
Unlikely to have hind dew claws
Back Muscling & Bulk (Large Breed)
Likely normal muscling
Eye Color LINKAGE
Less likely to have blue eyes
Body Size

Body Size

Body Size 1
Intermediate
Body Size 2
Intermediate
Body Size 3
Larger
Body Size 4
Larger
Body Size 5
Larger
Performance

Performance

Altitude Adaptation
Normal altitude tolerance
Appetite LINKAGE
Normal food motivation

Through Pepper’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace her mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that her ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A1e

Haplotype

A234

Map

A1e

Pepper’s Haplogroup

This female lineage likely stems from some of the original Central Asian wolves that were domesticated into modern dogs starting about 15,000 years ago. It seemed to be a fairly rare dog line for most of dog history until the past 300 years, when the lineage seemed to “explode” out and spread quickly. What really separates this group from the pack is its presence in Alaskan village dogs and Samoyeds. It is possible that this was an indigenous lineage brought to the Americas from Siberia when people were first starting to make that trip themselves! We see this lineage pop up in overwhelming numbers of Irish Wolfhounds, and it also occurs frequently in popular large breeds like Bernese Mountain Dogs, Saint Bernards and Great Danes. Shetland Sheepdogs are also common members of this maternal line, and we see it a lot in Boxers, too. Though it may be all mixed up with European dogs thanks to recent breeding events, its origins in the Americas makes it a very exciting lineage for sure!

A234

Pepper’s Haplotype

Part of the large A1e haplogroup, this haplotype occurs in village dogs in South America, South Asia, and into the South Pacific. Among breeds, we see it in highest frequency among Vizslas, Boxers, and Yorkshire Terriers.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

Irish Wolfhounds are a consistent carrier of A1e.

The Paternal Haplotype reveals a dog’s deep ancestral lineage, stretching back thousands of years to the original domestication of dogs.

Are you looking for information on the breeds that Pepper inherited from her mom and dad? Check out her breed breakdown and family tree.

Paternal Haplotype is determined by looking at a dog’s Y-chromosome—but not all dogs have Y-chromosomes!

Why can’t we show Paternal Haplotype results for female dogs?

All dogs have two sex chromosomes. Female dogs have two X-chromosomes (XX) and male dogs have one X-chromosome and one Y-chromosome (XY). When having offspring, female (XX) dogs always pass an X-chromosome to their puppy. Male (XY) dogs can pass either an X or a Y-chromosome—if the puppy receives an X-chromosome from its father then it will be a female (XX) puppy and if it receives a Y-chromosome then it will be a male (XY) puppy. As you can see, Y-chromosomes are passed down from a male dog only to its male offspring.

Since Pepper is a female (XX) dog, she has no Y-chromosome for us to analyze and determine a paternal haplotype.