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Pepper

Mixed Breed

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“I was found wandering the streets of Sacramento and eventually was adopted into a nice home. After 4 years, we finally get to know what I am! We hope we have family out there too. Feel free to reach out!”

Instagram tag
@adventuresofghosteye

Current Location

Easton, Pennsylvania, USA

From

Sacramento, CA, USA

This dog has been viewed and been given 8 wags

Genetic Breed Result

Maltese

Maltese dogs are confident and friendly toy dogs, that can be high maintenance but boast a beautiful white silky coat.

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Bichon Frise

The Bichon Frise is a hypoallergenic, fluffy, white companion breed with a charismatic, cheerful temperament. Known for their clownish antics, the Bichon Frise can put a smile on anyone's face.

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Shih Tzu

This ancient breed is the perfect lapdog. Sweet and easygoing, they want nothing more than to be close to their humans.

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Lhasa Apso

An independent breed, the Lhasa's goal in life is not necessarily to please their master. The Lhasa Apso is a small, hardy breed with a beautiful cloak of hair that parts down the back from head to tail. Their temperament is unique: joyful and mischievous, dignified and aloof. Popular in the show ring, the breed also excels at activities that provide constant challenges, such as agility.

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Genetic Stats

Wolfiness

1.2 % MEDIUM

Dogs Like Pepper

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Discover dogs who share a similar breed mix to Pepper. A higher score means the two dogs have more of their breed mix in common. A score of 100% means they share the exact same breed mix!

Click or tap on a pic to learn more about each dog and see an in-depth comparison of their DNA, breeds, and more.

DNA Breed Origins

Breed colors:
Maltese
Bichon Frise
Shih Tzu
Lhasa Apso

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Would you like more information? Have you found a lost dog wearing an Embark dog tag? You can contact us at:

Pepper
Family Tree From Embark PARENTS GRANDPARENTS GREAT GRANDPARENTS Mixed Maltese mix Shih Tzu / Bichon Frise mix Lhasa Apso / Maltese mix Maltese Bichon Frise / Maltese mix Shih Tzu Bichon Frise mix Lhasa Apso Maltese Maltese Maltese Bichon Frise Maltese mix

Breed Reveal Video

Our algorithms predict this is the most likely family tree to explain Pepper’s breed mix, but this family tree may not be the only possible one.

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Through Pepper’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace her mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that her ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

B1

Haplotype

B74

Map

B1

Pepper’s Haplogroup

B1 is the second most common maternal lineage in breeds of European or American origin. It is the female line of the majority of Golden Retrievers, Basset Hounds, and Shih Tzus, and about half of Beagles, Pekingese and Toy Poodles. This lineage is also somewhat common among village dogs that carry distinct ancestry from these breeds. We know this is a result of B1 dogs being common amongst the European dogs that their conquering owners brought around the world, because nowhere on earth is it a very common lineage in village dogs. It even enables us to trace the path of (human) colonization: Because most Bichons are B1 and Bichons are popular in Spanish culture, B1 is now fairly common among village dogs in Latin America.

B74

Pepper’s Haplotype

Part of the large B1 haplogroup, this haplotype occurs most frequently in mixed breed dogs.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

The B1 haplogroup can be found in village dogs like the Peruvian Village Dog, pictured above.

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The Paternal Haplotype reveals a dog’s deep ancestral lineage, stretching back thousands of years to the original domestication of dogs.

Are you looking for information on the breeds that Pepper inherited from her mom and dad? Check out her breed breakdown and family tree.

Paternal Haplotype is determined by looking at a dog’s Y-chromosome—but not all dogs have Y-chromosomes!

Why can’t we show Paternal Haplotype results for female dogs?

All dogs have two sex chromosomes. Female dogs have two X-chromosomes (XX) and male dogs have one X-chromosome and one Y-chromosome (XY). When having offspring, female (XX) dogs always pass an X-chromosome to their puppy. Male (XY) dogs can pass either an X or a Y-chromosome—if the puppy receives an X-chromosome from its father then it will be a female (XX) puppy and if it receives a Y-chromosome then it will be a male (XY) puppy. As you can see, Y-chromosomes are passed down from a male dog only to its male offspring.

Since Pepper is a female (XX) dog, she has no Y-chromosome for us to analyze and determine a paternal haplotype.

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