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Penny

Mixed Breed

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  • Photo of Penny, an American Pit Bull Terrier, Australian Cattle Dog, Golden Retriever, Border Collie, and Mixed mix in Arkansas, USA Photo of Penny, an American Pit Bull Terrier, Australian Cattle Dog, Golden Retriever, Border Collie, and Mixed mix in Arkansas, USA

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Arkansas, USA

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Genetic Breed Result

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Embark Supermutt analysis

What’s in that Supermutt? There may be small amounts of DNA from these distant ancestors:

American Pit Bull Terrier

The American Pit Bull Terrier originated in the British Isles and descends from the Mastiff-type dogs introduced to England in antiquity. The breed was brought over to the United States by English immigrants in the 1800s, and quickly became one of the most popular and widespread breeds there.

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Australian Cattle Dog

A classic cattle dog, Australian Cattle Dogs were developed from a mixture of breeds in Australia in the 19th century, and still maintain their energetic herding instincts today.

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Golden Retriever

Developed as an ideal hunting retriever, the Golden Retriever's eagerness to please and friendliness has made them an extremely popular family pet.

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Border Collie

Border Collies are highly energetic and work-oriented herding dogs, whose stamina is matched by their intelligence and alertness. While they excel at the herding they were bred for, many Border Collies also enjoy flyball, obedience, and other canine sports. As long as they have a job to do and are physically and mentally stimulated, Border Collies can make excellent companions for the right owners.

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Perro de Presa Canario

This large, protective Molosser-type breed is often referred to as a Presa Canario or simply "Presa". These dogs were originally bred to work livestock, and now are often used as guard dogs. They're loyal and docile to their family members and often alert or suspicious with strangers.

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German Shepherd Dog

German Shepherds are confident, courageous dogs with a keen sense of smell and notable intelligence. These are active working dogs who excel at many canine sports and tasks -- they are true utility dogs! Their versatility combined with their loyal companionship has them consistently listed as one of the most popular breeds in the United States.

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Genetic Stats

Wolfiness

0.3 % LOW

Predicted Adult Weight

40 lbs

Genetic Age
23 human years

Based on the date of birth provided

Dogs Like Penny

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Discover dogs who share a similar breed mix to Penny. A higher score means the two dogs have more of their breed mix in common. A score of 100% means they share the exact same breed mix!

Click or tap on a pic to learn more about each dog and see an in-depth comparison of their DNA, breeds, and more.

DNA Breed Origins

Breed colors:
American Pit Bull Terrier
Australian Cattle Dog
Golden Retriever
Border Collie
Perro de Presa Canario
German Shepherd Dog
Supermutt

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Penny
Family Tree From Embark PARENTS GRANDPARENTS GREAT GRANDPARENTS Mixed Mixed American Pit Bull Terrier mix Golden Retriever / Border Collie mix American Pit Bull Terrier / Perro de Presa Canario mix Australian Cattle Dog mix American Pit Bull Terrier American Pit Bull Terrier mix Golden Retriever Border Collie American Pit Bull Terrier Perro de Presa Canario mix Australian Cattle Dog Mixed

Breed Reveal Video

Our algorithms predict this is the most likely family tree to explain Penny’s breed mix, but this family tree may not be the only possible one.

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Health Summary

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Good news!

Penny is not at increased risk for the genetic health conditions that Embark tests.

Breed-Relevant Genetic Conditions

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Multiple Drug Sensitivity

Identified in Australian Cattle Dogs, Border Collies, and more

Hemophilia A

Identified in German Shepherd Dogs

Hemophilia A

Identified in German Shepherd Dogs

Canine Leukocyte Adhesion Deficiency Type III, CLAD III

Identified in German Shepherd Dogs

Trapped Neutrophil Syndrome, TNS

Identified in Border Collies

Platelet Factor X Receptor Deficiency, Scott Syndrome

Identified in German Shepherd Dogs

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, prcd

Identified in Australian Cattle Dogs and Golden Retrievers

Golden Retriever Progressive Retinal Atrophy 1, GR-PRA1

Identified in Golden Retrievers

Golden Retriever Progressive Retinal Atrophy 2, GR-PRA2

Identified in Golden Retrievers

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, crd1

Identified in American Pit Bull Terriers

Collie Eye Anomaly

Identified in Australian Cattle Dogs and Border Collies

Day Blindness

Identified in German Shepherd Dogs

Canine Multifocal Retinopathy, cmr1

Identified in Perro de Presa Canarios

Goniodysgenesis and Glaucoma, Pectinate Ligament Dysplasia, PLD

Identified in Border Collies

Primary Lens Luxation

Identified in Australian Cattle Dogs and Border Collies

Cystinuria Type II-A

Identified in Australian Cattle Dogs

Urate Kidney & Bladder Stones

Identified in American Pit Bull Terriers and German Shepherd Dogs

Anhidrotic Ectodermal Dysplasia

Identified in German Shepherd Dogs

Renal Cystadenocarcinoma and Nodular Dermatofibrosis

Identified in German Shepherd Dogs

Mucopolysaccharidosis Type VII, Sly Syndrome, MPS VII

Identified in German Shepherd Dogs

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis, Cerebellar Ataxia, NCL4A

Identified in American Pit Bull Terriers

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis 5, NCL 5

Identified in Australian Cattle Dogs and Border Collies

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis 8, NCL 8

Identified in Australian Cattle Dogs

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis 5, NCL 5

Identified in Golden Retrievers

Late-Onset Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis, NCL 12

Identified in Australian Cattle Dogs

Degenerative Myelopathy, DM

Identified in German Shepherd Dogs and Golden Retrievers

L-2-Hydroxyglutaricaciduria, L2HGA

Identified in American Pit Bull Terriers

Sensory Neuropathy

Identified in Border Collies

Muscular Dystrophy

Identified in Golden Retrievers

Myotonia Congenita

Identified in Australian Cattle Dogs and Border Collies

Cobalamin Malabsorption

Identified in Border Collies

Congenital Myasthenic Syndrome, CMS

Identified in Golden Retrievers

Dystrophic Epidermolysis Bullosa

Identified in Golden Retrievers

Ichthyosis, ICH1

Identified in Golden Retrievers

Osteogenesis Imperfecta

Identified in Golden Retrievers

Raine Syndrome

Identified in Border Collies

Additional Genetic Conditions

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Clinical Tools

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Explore the genetics behind your dog’s appearance and size.

Base Coat Color

Base Coat Color

Coat Color Modifiers

Coat Color Modifiers

Other Coat Traits

Other Coat Traits

Other Body Features

Other Body Features

Body Size

Body Size

Performance

Performance

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Through Penny’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace her mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that her ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A1a

Haplotype

A388

Map

A1a

Penny’s Haplogroup

A1a is the most common maternal lineage among Western dogs. This lineage traveled from the site of dog domestication in Central Asia to Europe along with an early dog expansion perhaps 10,000 years ago. It hung around in European village dogs for many millennia. Then, about 300 years ago, some of the prized females in the line were chosen as the founding dogs for several dog breeds. That set in motion a huge expansion of this lineage. It's now the maternal lineage of the overwhelming majority of Mastiffs, Labrador Retrievers and Gordon Setters. About half of Boxers and less than half of Shar-Pei dogs descend from the A1a line. It is also common across the world among village dogs, a legacy of European colonialism.

A388

Penny’s Haplotype

Part of the large A1a haplogroup, this haplotype occurs most frequently in Staffordshire Terriers, Labrador Retrievers, and English Bulldogs.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

Shar Pei dogs think A1a is the coolest!

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The Paternal Haplotype reveals a dog’s deep ancestral lineage, stretching back thousands of years to the original domestication of dogs.

Are you looking for information on the breeds that Penny inherited from her mom and dad? Check out her breed breakdown and family tree.

Paternal Haplotype is determined by looking at a dog’s Y-chromosome—but not all dogs have Y-chromosomes!

Why can’t we show Paternal Haplotype results for female dogs?

All dogs have two sex chromosomes. Female dogs have two X-chromosomes (XX) and male dogs have one X-chromosome and one Y-chromosome (XY). When having offspring, female (XX) dogs always pass an X-chromosome to their puppy. Male (XY) dogs can pass either an X or a Y-chromosome—if the puppy receives an X-chromosome from its father then it will be a female (XX) puppy and if it receives a Y-chromosome then it will be a male (XY) puppy. As you can see, Y-chromosomes are passed down from a male dog only to its male offspring.

Since Penny is a female (XX) dog, she has no Y-chromosome for us to analyze and determine a paternal haplotype.

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