Penny-V4

Penny-V4

Mixed Breed

“Penny gets along great with our three ducks and with the neighbor's cat, Boo Boo. She loves chasing chipmunks, warm campfires, and a nice, medium-rare steak. She found a cousin through Embark that also has a fondness for ducks!”

Current Location
Ithaca, New York, USA

This dog has been viewed 120 times and been given 0 wags

Genetic Breed Result

Learn how it’s done

Mixed Breed

50.0% Russell-type Terrier
18.0% Pomeranian
14.1% Miniature Pinscher
9.6% Pekingese
8.3% Poodle (Small)
Russell-type Terrier Russell-type Terrier
These small, energetic terriers, developed in 19th century England for hunting small game, are now some of the best agility dogs around.
Learn More
Pomeranian Pomeranian
The Pomeranian is a cocky, animated companion with an extroverted personality.
Learn More
Miniature Pinscher Miniature Pinscher
The Miniature Pinscher is a small breed of dog originating from Germany. The breed's earliest ancestors may have included the German Pinscher mixed with Italian greyhounds and dachshunds.
Learn More
Pekingese Pekingese
Pekingese were dogs bred for centuries to be the prized companions of the imperial family of China. Today they are still cherished family companions and show dogs who greet everyone they meet with dignity and grace.
Learn More
Poodle (Small) Poodle (Small)
A highly intelligent and playful dog, Miniature and Toy Poodles make for great lap dogs and companions.
Learn More
Start a conversation! Message this dog’s humans.

Genetic Stats


Wolfiness

1.2 % MEDIUM Learn More

Predicted Adult Weight
Genetic Age
62 human years Learn More
Based on the date of birth provided

Breed Mix Matches

Explore other Embark dogs who have breed mixes that are similar to Penny-V4’s.
A Mix Match of 100 means they are the exact same breed mix!

DNA Breed Origins

What’s this?
Breed colors:
Russell-type Terrier
Pomeranian
Miniature Pinscher
Pekingese
Poodle (Small)
Changes to this dog’s profile
Learn More
  • On 3/16/2021 changed name from "Penny" to "Penny-V4"

Would you like more information? Have you found a lost dog wearing an Embark dog tag? You can contact us at:

Breed Reveal Video

Loading...

Our algorithms predict this is the most likely family tree to explain Penny-V4’s breed mix, but this family tree may not be the only possible one.

Health Summary

Penny-V4 has one variant that you should let your vet know about.

ALT Activity

Penny-V4 inherited one copy of the variant we tested

Why is this important to your vet?

Penny-V4 has one copy of a variant associated with reduced ALT activity as measured on veterinary blood chemistry panels. Please inform your veterinarian that Penny-V4 has this genotype, as ALT is often used as an indicator of liver health and Penny-V4 is likely to have a lower than average resting ALT activity. As such, an increase in Penny-V4’s ALT activity could be evidence of liver damage, even if it is within normal limits by standard ALT reference ranges.

What is ALT Activity?

Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) is a clinical tool that can be used by veterinarians to better monitor liver health. This result is not associated with liver disease. ALT is one of several values veterinarians measure on routine blood work to evaluate the liver. It is a naturally occurring enzyme located in liver cells that helps break down protein. When the liver is damaged or inflamed, ALT is released into the bloodstream.

Breed-Relevant Genetic Conditions

Von Willebrand Disease Type I

Identified in Small Poodles

Methemoglobinemia

Identified in Pomeranians

Severe Combined Immunodeficiency

Identified in Russell-type Terriers

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, rcd3

Identified in Pomeranians

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, prcd

Identified in Small Poodles

Primary Lens Luxation

Identified in Russell-type Terriers

Cystinuria Type II-B

Identified in Miniature Pinschers

Urate Kidney & Bladder Stones

Identified in Pomeranians and Russell-type Terriers

GM2 Gangliosidosis

Identified in Small Poodles

Enamel Hypoplasia

Identified in Russell-type Terriers

Late Onset Spinocerebellar Ataxia

Identified in Russell-type Terriers

Spinocerebellar Ataxia with Myokymia and/or Seizures

Identified in Russell-type Terriers

Neonatal Encephalopathy with Seizures, NEWS

Identified in Small Poodles

Congenital Myasthenic Syndrome

Identified in Russell-type Terriers

Oculocutaneous Albinism, OCA

Identified in Pekingese and Pomeranians

Hereditary Vitamin D-Resistant Rickets

Identified in Pomeranians

Osteochondrodysplasia

Identified in Small Poodles

Intervertebral Disc Disease (Type I)

Identified in Pekingese, Small Poodles, and more

Additional Genetic Conditions

Explore the genetics behind your dog’s appearance and size.
Base Coat Color

Base Coat Color

Dark or Light Fur
E (Extension) Locus
Can have dark fur
Red Pigment Intensity LINKAGE
I (Intensity) Loci
Any light fur likely yellow or tan
Brown or Black Pigment
B (Brown) Locus
Black or gray fur and skin
Color Dilution
D (Dilute) Locus
Dark (non-dilute) fur and skin
Coat Color Modifiers

Coat Color Modifiers

Hidden Patterning
K (Dominant Black) Locus
More likely to have patterned fur
Body Pattern
A (Agouti) Locus
Fawn Sable coat color pattern
Facial Fur Pattern
E (Extension) Locus
Can have black masking (dark facial fur)
Saddle Tan
No impact on coat pattern
White Spotting
S (White Spotting) Locus
Likely to have some white areas in coat
Merle
M (Merle) Locus
Unlikely to have merle pattern
Harlequin
No impact on coat pattern
Other Coat Traits

Other Coat Traits

Furnishings LINKAGE
Likely furnished (mustache, beard, and/or eyebrows)
Coat Length
Likely short or mid-length coat
Shedding
Likely light shedding
Coat Texture
Coat would likely be curly or wavy if long
Hairlessness (Xolo type) LINKAGE
Very unlikely to be hairless
Hairlessness (Terrier type)
Very unlikely to be hairless
Oculocutaneous Albinism Type 2 LINKAGE
Likely not albino
Other Body Features

Other Body Features

Muzzle Length
Likely medium or long muzzle
Tail Length
Likely normal-length tail
Hind Dew Claws
Unlikely to have hind dew claws
Back Muscling & Bulk (Large Breed)
Likely normal muscling
Eye Color LINKAGE
Less likely to have blue eyes
Body Size

Body Size

Body Size 1
Smaller
Body Size 2
Intermediate
Body Size 3
Larger
Body Size 4
Smaller
Body Size 5
Larger
Performance

Performance

Altitude Adaptation
Normal altitude tolerance
Appetite LINKAGE
Normal food motivation

Through Penny-V4’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace her mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that her ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

B1

Haplotype

B75

Map

B1

Penny-V4’s Haplogroup

B1 is the second most common maternal lineage in breeds of European or American origin. It is the female line of the majority of Golden Retrievers, Basset Hounds, and Shih Tzus, and about half of Beagles, Pekingese and Toy Poodles. This lineage is also somewhat common among village dogs that carry distinct ancestry from these breeds. We know this is a result of B1 dogs being common amongst the European dogs that their conquering owners brought around the world, because nowhere on earth is it a very common lineage in village dogs. It even enables us to trace the path of (human) colonization: Because most Bichons are B1 and Bichons are popular in Spanish culture, B1 is now fairly common among village dogs in Latin America.

B75

Penny-V4’s Haplotype

Part of the B1 haplogroup, the B75 haplotype occurs most commonly in Mixed-breed dogs, Small Poodles and Russell-type Terriers.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

The B1 haplogroup can be found in village dogs like the Peruvian Village Dog, pictured above.

The Paternal Haplotype reveals a dog’s deep ancestral lineage, stretching back thousands of years to the original domestication of dogs.

Are you looking for information on the breeds that Penny-V4 inherited from her mom and dad? Check out her breed breakdown and family tree.

Paternal Haplotype is determined by looking at a dog’s Y-chromosome—but not all dogs have Y-chromosomes!

Why can’t we show Paternal Haplotype results for female dogs?

All dogs have two sex chromosomes. Female dogs have two X-chromosomes (XX) and male dogs have one X-chromosome and one Y-chromosome (XY). When having offspring, female (XX) dogs always pass an X-chromosome to their puppy. Male (XY) dogs can pass either an X or a Y-chromosome—if the puppy receives an X-chromosome from its father then it will be a female (XX) puppy and if it receives a Y-chromosome then it will be a male (XY) puppy. As you can see, Y-chromosomes are passed down from a male dog only to its male offspring.

Since Penny-V4 is a female (XX) dog, she has no Y-chromosome for us to analyze and determine a paternal haplotype.