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Patches

Mixed Breed

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“Soft & whispy”

From

Fresno, California, USA

This dog has been viewed and been given 1 wag

Genetic Breed Result

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Embark Supermutt analysis

What’s in that Supermutt? There may be small amounts of DNA from these distant ancestors:

Poodle (Small)

A highly intelligent and playful dog, Miniature and Toy Poodles make for great lap dogs and companions.

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Chihuahua

Chihuahuas have a huge personality that defies their tiny frame, known to be highly active and intelligent canines.

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Cocker Spaniel

Cocker Spaniels are handsome and intelligent hunting dogs that are also well-suited to life as a loving family pet.

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Russell-type Terrier

These small, energetic terriers, developed in 19th century England for hunting small game, are now some of the best agility dogs around.

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Pomeranian

The Pomeranian is a cocky, animated companion with an extroverted personality.

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Lhasa Apso

An independent breed, the Lhasa's goal in life is not necessarily to please their master. The Lhasa Apso is a small, hardy breed with a beautiful cloak of hair that parts down the back from head to tail. Their temperament is unique: joyful and mischievous, dignified and aloof. Popular in the show ring, the breed also excels at activities that provide constant challenges, such as agility.

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Australian Cattle Dog

A classic cattle dog, Australian Cattle Dogs were developed from a mixture of breeds in Australia in the 19th century, and still maintain their energetic herding instincts today.

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Genetic Stats

Wolfiness

3.7 % HIGH

Predicted Adult Weight

28 lbs

Genetic Age
113 human years

Based on the date of birth provided

Dogs Like Patches

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Discover dogs who share a similar breed mix to Patches. A higher score means the two dogs have more of their breed mix in common. A score of 100% means they share the exact same breed mix!

Click or tap on a pic to learn more about each dog and see an in-depth comparison of their DNA, breeds, and more.

DNA Breed Origins

Breed colors:
Poodle (Small)
Chihuahua
Cocker Spaniel
Russell-type Terrier
Pomeranian
Lhasa Apso
Australian Cattle Dog
Supermutt

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Patches
Family Tree From Embark PARENTS GRANDPARENTS GREAT GRANDPARENTS Mixed Mixed Russell-type Terrier / Australian Cattle Dog mix Pomeranian / Lhasa Apso mix Poodle (Small) mix Chihuahua / Cocker Spaniel mix Russell-type Terrier Australian Cattle Dog mix Pomeranian mix Lhasa Apso mix Poodle (Small) Poodle (Small) mix Chihuahua Cocker Spaniel

Our algorithms predict this is the most likely family tree to explain Patches’s breed mix, but this family tree may not be the only possible one.

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Health Summary

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Patches has one variant that you should let your vet know about.

ALT Activity

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Patches inherited one copy of the variant we tested

Why is this important to your vet?

Patches has one copy of a variant associated with reduced ALT activity as measured on veterinary blood chemistry panels. Please inform your veterinarian that Patches has this genotype, as ALT is often used as an indicator of liver health and Patches is likely to have a lower than average resting ALT activity. As such, an increase in Patches’s ALT activity could be evidence of liver damage, even if it is within normal limits by standard ALT reference ranges.

What is ALT Activity?

Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) is a clinical tool that can be used by veterinarians to better monitor liver health. This result is not associated with liver disease. ALT is one of several values veterinarians measure on routine blood work to evaluate the liver. It is a naturally occurring enzyme located in liver cells that helps break down protein. When the liver is damaged or inflamed, ALT is released into the bloodstream.

Breed-Relevant Genetic Conditions

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Multiple Drug Sensitivity

Identified in Australian Cattle Dogs

Von Willebrand Disease Type I, Type I vWD

Identified in Small Poodles

Severe Combined Immunodeficiency, SCID

Identified in Russell-type Terriers

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, rcd3

Identified in Pomeranians

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, prcd

Identified in Australian Cattle Dogs, Chihuahuas, and more

Golden Retriever Progressive Retinal Atrophy 1, GR-PRA1

Identified in Lhasa Apsos

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, crd4/cord1

Identified in Chihuahuas

Collie Eye Anomaly

Identified in Australian Cattle Dogs

Primary Lens Luxation

Identified in Australian Cattle Dogs and Russell-type Terriers

Cystinuria Type II-A

Identified in Australian Cattle Dogs

Urate Kidney & Bladder Stones

Identified in Pomeranians and Russell-type Terriers

Familial Nephropathy

Identified in Cocker Spaniels

Glycogen storage disease Type VII, Phosphofructokinase Deficiency, PFK Deficiency

Identified in Cocker Spaniels

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis 5, NCL 5

Identified in Australian Cattle Dogs

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis 7, NCL 7

Identified in Chihuahuas

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis 8, NCL 8

Identified in Australian Cattle Dogs

GM2 Gangliosidosis

Identified in Small Poodles

Late Onset Spinocerebellar Ataxia

Identified in Russell-type Terriers

Spinocerebellar Ataxia with Myokymia and/or Seizures

Identified in Chihuahuas and Russell-type Terriers

Neonatal Encephalopathy with Seizures, NEWS

Identified in Small Poodles

Acral Mutilation Syndrome

Identified in Cocker Spaniels

Exercise-Induced Collapse, EIC

Identified in Cocker Spaniels

Myotonia Congenita

Identified in Australian Cattle Dogs

Oculocutaneous Albinism, OCA

Identified in Lhasa Apsos and Pomeranians

Hereditary Vitamin D-Resistant Rickets

Identified in Pomeranians

Osteochondrodysplasia

Identified in Small Poodles

Intervertebral Disc Disease (Type I)

Identified in Chihuahuas, Cocker Spaniels, and more

Additional Genetic Conditions

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Explore the genetics behind your dog’s appearance and size.

Base Coat Color

Base Coat Color

Coat Color Modifiers

Coat Color Modifiers

Other Coat Traits

Other Coat Traits

Other Body Features

Other Body Features

Body Size

Body Size

Performance

Performance

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Through Patches’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace her mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that her ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

C1

Haplotype

C7/10

Map

C1

Patches’s Haplogroup

Congratulations, C1 is a very exotic female lineage! It is more closely associated with maternal lineages found in wolves, foxes and jackals than with other dog lineages. So it seems dogs in this group have a common male dog ancestor who, many thousands of years ago, mated with a female wolf! This is not a common lineage in any breed, though a good number of German Shepherds and Doberman Pinchers are C1. It is also found in breeds as diverse as Peruvian Inca Orchids and Pekingese; it is rarely found amongst Labrador Retrievers, Border Collies, Siberian Huskies, or Cocker Spaniels. Despite its fascinating origins, it is widely distributed around the globe, and even shows up frequently among Peruvian village dogs. It almost certainly survived at low frequency in Europe for millennia and then was dispersed outside of Europe by colonialism, though not as successfully as some other lineages.

C7/10

Patches’s Haplotype

Part of the C1 haplogroup, this haplotype occurs most commonly in Pekingese, Boston Terriers, and Rat Terriers.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

The C1 maternal line is commonly found in Jackals.

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The Paternal Haplotype reveals a dog’s deep ancestral lineage, stretching back thousands of years to the original domestication of dogs.

Are you looking for information on the breeds that Patches inherited from her mom and dad? Check out her breed breakdown and family tree.

Paternal Haplotype is determined by looking at a dog’s Y-chromosome—but not all dogs have Y-chromosomes!

Why can’t we show Paternal Haplotype results for female dogs?

All dogs have two sex chromosomes. Female dogs have two X-chromosomes (XX) and male dogs have one X-chromosome and one Y-chromosome (XY). When having offspring, female (XX) dogs always pass an X-chromosome to their puppy. Male (XY) dogs can pass either an X or a Y-chromosome—if the puppy receives an X-chromosome from its father then it will be a female (XX) puppy and if it receives a Y-chromosome then it will be a male (XY) puppy. As you can see, Y-chromosomes are passed down from a male dog only to its male offspring.

Since Patches is a female (XX) dog, she has no Y-chromosome for us to analyze and determine a paternal haplotype.

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