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Pascal

Mixed Breed

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“We adopted Pascal as a puppy from Cause for Paws rescue in Illinois. He is very affectionate and exceptionally loyal. Pascal has quite a sense of humor - he loves to play games and try to “trick” you. He is a picky eater and terribly stubborn. He loves to be in our bed more than anywhere else, and will stand in the bedroom doorway to let us know he’s ready to retire. ♥️ Pascal weighs 9 pounds, but we know his sibling who was adopted at a similar time is larger.”

Place of Birth

Wheaton, Illinois, USA

Current Location

Santa Monica, California, USA

From

Wheaton, Illinois, USA

This dog has been viewed and been given 10 wags

Genetic Breed Result

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Embark Supermutt analysis

What’s in that Supermutt? There may be small amounts of DNA from these distant ancestors:

Yorkshire Terrier

Petite but proud, the Yorkshire terrier is a popular toy breed with a silky, low-shedding coat.

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Chihuahua

Chihuahuas have a huge personality that defies their tiny frame, known to be highly active and intelligent canines.

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Pug

The Pug is a breed of dog with a wrinkly, short-muzzled face and curled tail. Pugs are known for being sociable and gentle companion dogs.

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West Highland White Terrier

Westies are confident and friendly terriers, with an intelligent and curious mind that requires both mental and physical stimulation to become a well-rounded dog.

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Bichon Frise

The Bichon Frise is a hypoallergenic, fluffy, white companion breed with a charismatic, cheerful temperament. Known for their clownish antics, the Bichon Frise can put a smile on anyone's face.

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Genetic Stats

Wolfiness

0.9 % MEDIUM

Predicted Adult Weight

7 lbs

Genetic Age
42 human years

Based on the date of birth provided

Dogs Like Pascal

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Discover dogs who share a similar breed mix to Pascal. A higher score means the two dogs have more of their breed mix in common. A score of 100% means they share the exact same breed mix!

Click or tap on a pic to learn more about each dog and see an in-depth comparison of their DNA, breeds, and more.

DNA Breed Origins

Breed colors:
Yorkshire Terrier
Chihuahua
Pug
West Highland White Terrier
Bichon Frise
Supermutt

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Pascal
Family Tree From Embark PARENTS GRANDPARENTS GREAT GRANDPARENTS Yorkshire Terrier mix Mixed Yorkshire Terrier West Highland White Terrier / Bichon Frise mix Yorkshire Terrier mix Chihuahua / Pug mix Yorkshire Terrier Yorkshire Terrier West Highland White Terrier mix Bichon Frise mix Yorkshire Terrier Yorkshire Terrier mix Chihuahua Pug

Breed Reveal Video

Our algorithms predict this is the most likely family tree to explain Pascal’s breed mix, but this family tree may not be the only possible one.

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Health Summary

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Pascal has one variant that you should let your vet know about.

ALT Activity

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Pascal inherited one copy of the variant we tested

Why is this important to your vet?

Pascal has one copy of a variant associated with reduced ALT activity as measured on veterinary blood chemistry panels. Please inform your veterinarian that Pascal has this genotype, as ALT is often used as an indicator of liver health and Pascal is likely to have a lower than average resting ALT activity. As such, an increase in Pascal’s ALT activity could be evidence of liver damage, even if it is within normal limits by standard ALT reference ranges.

What is ALT Activity?

Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) is a clinical tool that can be used by veterinarians to better monitor liver health. This result is not associated with liver disease. ALT is one of several values veterinarians measure on routine blood work to evaluate the liver. It is a naturally occurring enzyme located in liver cells that helps break down protein. When the liver is damaged or inflamed, ALT is released into the bloodstream.

Breed-Relevant Genetic Conditions

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Von Willebrand Disease Type I, Type I vWD

Identified in West Highland White Terriers

May-Hegglin Anomaly

Identified in Pugs

Pyruvate Kinase Deficiency

Identified in Pugs

Pyruvate Kinase Deficiency

Identified in West Highland White Terriers

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, prcd

Identified in Chihuahuas and Yorkshire Terriers

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, crd4/cord1

Identified in Chihuahuas

Primary Lens Luxation

Identified in Yorkshire Terriers

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis 7, NCL 7

Identified in Chihuahuas

Globoid Cell Leukodystrophy, Krabbe disease

Identified in West Highland White Terriers

Spinocerebellar Ataxia with Myokymia and/or Seizures

Identified in Chihuahuas

Degenerative Myelopathy, DM

Identified in Pugs

Craniomandibular Osteopathy, CMO

Identified in West Highland White Terriers

Intervertebral Disc Disease (Type I)

Identified in Bichon Frises and Chihuahuas

Additional Genetic Conditions

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Explore the genetics behind your dog’s appearance and size.

Base Coat Color

Base Coat Color

Coat Color Modifiers

Coat Color Modifiers

Other Coat Traits

Other Coat Traits

Other Body Features

Other Body Features

Body Size

Body Size

Performance

Performance

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Through Pascal’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace his mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

B1

Haplotype

B84

Map

B1

Pascal’s Haplogroup

B1 is the second most common maternal lineage in breeds of European or American origin. It is the female line of the majority of Golden Retrievers, Basset Hounds, and Shih Tzus, and about half of Beagles, Pekingese and Toy Poodles. This lineage is also somewhat common among village dogs that carry distinct ancestry from these breeds. We know this is a result of B1 dogs being common amongst the European dogs that their conquering owners brought around the world, because nowhere on earth is it a very common lineage in village dogs. It even enables us to trace the path of (human) colonization: Because most Bichons are B1 and Bichons are popular in Spanish culture, B1 is now fairly common among village dogs in Latin America.

B84

Pascal’s Haplotype

Part of the large B1 haplogroup, this haplotype occurs most frequently in Golden Retrievers, Beagles, and Staffordshire Terriers.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

The B1 haplogroup can be found in village dogs like the Peruvian Village Dog, pictured above.

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Through Pascal’s Y-chromosome we can trace his father’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A1a

Haplotype

H1a.27

Map

A1a

Pascal’s Haplogroup

Some of the wolves that became the original dogs in Central Asia around 15,000 years ago came from this long and distinguished line of male dogs. After domestication, they followed their humans from Asia to Europe and then didn't stop there. They took root in Europe, eventually becoming the dogs that founded the Vizsla breed 1,000 years ago. The Vizsla is a Central European hunting dog, and all male Vizslas descend from this line. During the Age of Exploration, like their owners, these pooches went by the philosophy, "Have sail, will travel!" From the windy plains of Patagonia to the snug and homey towns of the American Midwest, the beaches of a Pacific paradise, and the broad expanse of the Australian outback, these dogs followed their masters to the outposts of empires. Whether through good fortune or superior genetics, dogs from the A1a lineage traveled the globe and took root across the world. Now you find village dogs from this line frolicking on Polynesian beaches, hanging out in villages across the Americas, and scavenging throughout Old World settlements. You can also find this "prince of patrilineages" in breeds as different as German Shepherds, Golden Retrievers, Pugs, Border Collies, Scottish Terriers, and Irish Wolfhounds. No male wolf line has been as successful as the A1a line!

H1a.27

Pascal’s Haplotype

Part of the A1a haplogroup, this haplotype occurs most frequently in mixed breed dogs.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

Dogs with A1a lineage travelled during European Colonial times.

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