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“Leena”
Orical You want it Darker

Finnish Lapphund

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Genetic Breed Result

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Finnish Lapphund

The Finnish Lapphund is a hardy, easy going, medium-size breed of Spitz type. Traditionally it has been used for herding reindeer.

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Health Summary

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Leena inherited two variants that you should learn more about.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, prcd

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Leena inherited one copy of the variant we tested

What does this result mean?

This result should not impact Leena’s health but it could have consequences for siblings or other related dogs if they inherited two copies of the variant. We recommend discussing this result with their owners or breeders if you are in contact.

Impact on Breeding

Your dog carries this variant and will pass it on to ~50% of her offspring.

What is Progressive Retinal Atrophy, prcd?

PRA-prcd is a retinal disease that causes progressive, non-painful vision loss. The retina contains cells, called photoreceptors, that collect information about light and send signals to the brain. There are two types of photoreceptors: rods, for night vision and movement, and cones, for day vision and color. This type of PRA leads to early loss of rod cells, leading to night blindness before day blindness.

Degenerative Myelopathy, DM

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Leena inherited both copies of the variant we tested

What does this result mean?

Research indicates that this genetic variant is not likely to increase the risk that Leena will develop this condition.

Scientific Basis

Dogs with Leena’s breed have been included in research studies or have had follow-up by our experts that indicate that this genetic variant is not likely to increase the risk of Leena developing clinical disease.

Impact on Breeding

This genetic result should not be the primary factor in your breeding decisions.

What is Degenerative Myelopathy, DM?

The dog equivalent of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, or Lou Gehrig’s disease, DM is a progressive degenerative disorder of the spinal cord. Because the nerves that control the hind limbs are the first to degenerate, the most common clinical signs are back muscle wasting and gait abnormalities.

Breed-Relevant Genetic Conditions

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Canine Multifocal Retinopathy, cmr3 (BEST1 Exon 10 Deletion, Finnish and Swedish Lapphund, Lapponian Herder Variant)

Identified in Finnish Lapphunds

Urate Kidney & Bladder Stones (SLC2A9)

Identified in Finnish Lapphunds

Pompe's Disease (GAA, Finnish and Swedish Lapphund, Lapponian Herder Variant)

Identified in Finnish Lapphunds

Additional Genetic Conditions

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Clinical Tools

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Traits

Explore the genetics behind your dog’s appearance and size.

Coat Color

Coat Color

Other Coat Traits

Other Coat Traits

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Other Body Features

Body Size

Body Size

Performance

Performance

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Through Leena’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace her mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that her ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

D

Haplotype

D8

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D

Orical You want it Darker’s Haplogroup

D is a rare maternal line, which may be the result of an ancient dog breeding with another canid, possibly a wolf. It is found in Afghan Hounds and Scandinavian dog breeds.

D8

Orical You want it Darker’s Haplotype

Part of the D haplogroup, the D8 haplotype occurs most commonly in Finnish Lapphunds. It's a rare find!

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

Afghan Hounds are one of few breeds that descends from this rare maternal line.

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The Paternal Haplotype reveals a dog’s deep ancestral lineage, stretching back thousands of years to the original domestication of dogs.

Are you looking for information on the breeds that Leena inherited from her mom and dad? Check out her breed breakdown.

Paternal Haplotype is determined by looking at a dog’s Y-chromosome—but not all dogs have Y-chromosomes!

Why can’t we show Paternal Haplotype results for female dogs?

All dogs have two sex chromosomes. Female dogs have two X-chromosomes (XX) and male dogs have one X-chromosome and one Y-chromosome (XY). When having offspring, female (XX) dogs always pass an X-chromosome to their puppy. Male (XY) dogs can pass either an X or a Y-chromosome—if the puppy receives an X-chromosome from its father then it will be a female (XX) puppy and if it receives a Y-chromosome then it will be a male (XY) puppy. As you can see, Y-chromosomes are passed down from a male dog only to its male offspring.

Since Leena is a female (XX) dog, she has no Y-chromosome for us to analyze and determine a paternal haplotype.

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