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Nyquist

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See what’s hidden in the pages of Nyquist’s DNA story.

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Genetic Breed mix

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Genetic Stats

Wolfiness: 1.7 % HIGH
Predicted Adult Weight: 78 lbs
Genetic Age: Add birth date

Nyquist’s Mix Match Buddies

See how closely Nyquist’s breed mix matches other Embark dogs — a Mix Match of 100 is a perfect breed mix match

Breed Mix By Chromosome

Our advanced test identifies from where Nyquist inherited every part of the chromosome pairs in his genome. Each chromosome section is colored to represent the breed that it comes from.

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Family tree

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Explore an interactive family tree and get a picture of Nyquist’s family.

Traits

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Genes for coat color and type, body size and shape, and other characteristics.

Breed Families

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Dog breeds have been created over time for work and companionship. Find out about other dog breeds related to the breeds found in Nyquist.

Maternal Haplotype

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Through the DNA inherited from Nyquist’s mother we can trace his ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. Find out how far Nyquist’s family has traveled.

Paternal Haplotype

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The Y-Chromosome is only passed down from father to son. Nyquist’s DNA includes a story of where his father’s ancestors came from. We’ll show you more about how we categorize his ancestors all based of the science of genetics.

Let us know and we will contact Nyquist’s owner and make sure he is reunited with his family soon! Thank you for helping out our furry friends.

What’s your dog’s story?

Now that you have explored what’s behind Nyquist find out what your dog’s DNA has to tell you. Embark tells you more about your dog than you ever thought possible. Are you ready? Let’s go!

 
Family Tree From Embark PARENTS GRANDPARENTS GREAT GRANDPARENTS Chow Chow mix Doberman Pinscher mix Chow Chow Chow Chow mix Doberman Pinscher Doberman Pinscher mix Chow Chow Chow Chow Chow Chow Mixed Doberman Pinscher Doberman Pinscher Doberman Pinscher Mixed
Explore by tapping your dog’s parents and grand parents.

Our algorithms predict this is the most likely family tree to explain Nyquist’s breed mix, but this family tree may not be the only possible one.

Explore more

Swipe left and right to explore more results, or choose a category below

Traits

>
Genes for coat color and type, body size and shape, and other characteristics.

Breed Families

>
Dog breeds have been created over time for work and companionship. Find out about other dog breeds related to the breeds found in Nyquist.

Maternal Haplotype

>
Through the DNA inherited from Nyquist’s mother we can trace his ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. Find out how far Nyquist’s family has traveled.

Paternal Haplotype

>
The Y-Chromosome is only passed down from father to son. Nyquist’s DNA includes a story of where his father’s ancestors came from. We’ll show you more about how we categorize his ancestors all based of the science of genetics.

What’s your dog’s story?

Now that you have explored what’s behind Nyquist find out what your dog’s DNA has to tell you. Embark tells you more about your dog than you ever thought possible. Are you ready? Let’s go!

Coat Color

A number of genetic loci are known to affect coat color in dogs, and they all interact. In some cases, other genetic effects may also influence color and pattern.

Some other Embark dogs with this Coat Color genotype:

E Locus (Mask, Grizzle, Recessive Red)
EE or Ee or ee
Chromosome 5

Controls the characteristic melanistic mask seen in the German Shepherd and Pug as well as the grizzled "widow's peak" of the Afghan and Borzoi. Melanistic mask (Em) is dominant to grizzle (Eg) which is dominant to black (E) and red (e). Dogs that are EE or Ee are able to produce normal black pigment, but its distribution will be dependent on the genotypes at the K and A Loci. Dogs that are ee will be a shade of red or cream regardless of their genotype at K and A. The shade of red, which can range from a deep copper like the Irish Setter to the near-white of some Golden Retrievers, is dependent on other genetic factors including the Intensity (I) Locus, which has yet to be genetically mapped.

Want to help us map I Locus? If you haven't already, complete your ee pup's Embark profile with a photo! Remember, a picture is worth a thousand words!

Citations: Schmutz et al 2003 , Dreger and Schmutz 2010 ,

More information: http://www.doggenetics.co.uk/masks.html

K Locus (Dominant Black)
kyky
Chromosome 16

Causes a dominant black coat. Dogs with a dominant KB allele have black coats regardless of their genotype at the A locus; the coat color of dogs homozygous for the recessive ky allele are controlled by A locus. Alleles: KB > ky

Citations: Candille et al 2007

More information: http://www.doggenetics.co.uk/black.htm

A Locus (Agouti, Sable)
aa or ata or atat
Chromosome 24

Determines whether hair pigment is produced in a banded red and black pattern or solid black. Fawn or sable (ay) is dominant to wolf sable (aw) which is dominant to black-and-tan (at), which is in turn dominant to recessive black (a).

Citations: Berryere et al 2005 , Dreger and Schmutz 2011 ,

More information: http://www.doggenetics.co.uk/tan.html

D Locus (Dilute, Blue, Fawn)
Dd
Chromosome 25

Lightens a black coat to blue and a red coat to buff. A dilute phenotype requires two copies of the recessive d allele.

Citations: Drogemuller et al 2007

More information: http://www.doggenetics.co.uk/dilutes.html

B Locus (Brown, Chocolate, Liver, Red)
Bb
Chromosome 11

Lightens a black coat to brown, chocolate or liver. The brown phenotype requires two copies of the recessive b allele. Red or cream dogs that carry two b alleles remain red or cream but have brown noses and footpads.

Citations: Schmutz et al 2002

More information: http://www.doggenetics.co.uk/liver.html

Other Coat Traits

Furnishings, shedding and curls are all genetic! And they all interact, too. In fact, the combination of these genetic loci explain the coat phenotypes of 90% of AKC registered dog breeds.

For more information on the genetics of coat types you can refer to https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2897713/figure/F3/

Some other Embark dogs with this Coat Traits genotype:

Long Haircoat (FGF5)
GG
Chromosome 32

The FGF5 gene is known to affect hair length in many different species, including cats, dogs, mice, and humans! The "T" allele confers a long, silky haircoat as observed in the Yorkshire Terrier and the Long Haired Whippet. The ancestral "G" allele causes a shorter coat as seen in the Boxer or the American Staffordshire Terrier.

Citations: Housley & Venta 2006 , Cadieu et al 2010

Shedding (MC5R)
CC
Chromosome 1

Affects shedding propensity in non-wire-haired dogs. Dogs with the ancestral C allele, like many Labradors and German Shepherd Dogs, are heavy or seasonal shedders, while those with one or more T allele, including many Boxers, Shih Tzus and Chihuahuas, tend to be low shedders. Dogs with furnished/wire-haired coats tend to be low shedders regardless of their MC5R genotype.

Citations: Hayward et al 2016

Curly Coat (KRT71)
CC
Chromosome 27

Causes the curly coat characteristic of Poodles and Bichons Frises. Dogs need at least one copy of the "T" allele to have a wavy or curly coat; the ancestral "C" allele is associated with a straight coat.

Citations: Cadieu et al 2010

Other Body Features

Brachycephaly (BMP3)
CC
Chromosome 32

Affects skull size and shape. Many brachycephalic or "smushed face” breeds such as the English Bulldog, Pug, and Pekingese have two copies of the derived A allele. Mesocephalic (Staffordshire Terrier, Labrador) and dolichocephalic (Whippet, Collie) dogs have one, or more commonly two, copies of the ancestral C allele. At least five different genes affect snout length in dogs, with BMP3 being the only one with a known causal mutation. For example, the skull shape of some breeds, including the dolichocephalic Scottish Terrier or the brachycephalic Japanese Chin, appear to be caused by other genes.

Citations: Schoenbeck et al 2012

Hind Dewclaws (LMBR1)
CC
Chromosome 16

Common in certain breeds, hind dewclaws are extra, nonfunctional digits located midway between your dog's paw and hock. Dogs with at least one copy of the T allele have about a 50% of chance of having hind dewclaws.

Citations: Park et al 2008

Body Size

Body size is a complex trait that is affected by both genetic and environmental variation. Our genetic analysis includes genes that, together, explain over 80% of the variation in dog body size. It does not account for runting or stunting; nor does it account for the interactions between various genes both known and unknown.

Some other Embark dogs with this Body Size genotype:

Body Size - IGF1
NN
Chromosome 15

The "I" allele is associated with smaller size.

Citations: Sutter et al 2007

Body Size - IGF1R
GG
Chromosome 3

The "A" allele is associated with smaller size.

Citations: Hoopes et al 2012

Body Size - STC2
TT
Chromosome 4

The "A" allele is associated with smaller size.

Citations: Rimbault et al 2013

Body Size - GHR (E195K)
GA
Chromosome 4

The "A" allele is associated with smaller size.

Citations: Rimbault et al 2013

Body Size - GHR (P177L)
CC
Chromosome 4

The "T" allele is associated with smaller size.

Citations: Rimbault et al 2013

Performance

Altitude Adaptation (EPAS1)
GG
Chromosome 10

Confers hypoxia tolerance. Dogs with at least one A allele are more tolerant of high altitude environments. This mutation was originally identified in breeds from high altitude areas such as the Tibetan Mastiff.

Citations: Gou et al 2014

Explore more

Swipe left and right to explore more results, or choose a category below

Family tree

>
Explore an interactive family tree and get a picture of Nyquist’s family.

Breed Families

>
Dog breeds have been created over time for work and companionship. Find out about other dog breeds related to the breeds found in Nyquist.

Maternal Haplotype

>
Through the DNA inherited from Nyquist’s mother we can trace his ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. Find out how far Nyquist’s family has traveled.

Paternal Haplotype

>
The Y-Chromosome is only passed down from father to son. Nyquist’s DNA includes a story of where his father’s ancestors came from. We’ll show you more about how we categorize his ancestors all based of the science of genetics.

What’s your dog’s story?

Now that you have explored what’s behind Nyquist find out what your dog’s DNA has to tell you. Embark tells you more about your dog than you ever thought possible. Are you ready? Let’s go!

DNA shows us the unique path to each of today’s recognized breeds by exposing the relatedness between them.
Chow Chow
3 related breeds
Chow Chow
This distinctive-looking dog breed has a proud, independent spirit that some describe as catlike. He can be aloof — if you’re looking for a cuddle buddy, this probably isn’t the best breed for you — and downright suspicious of strangers. But for the right person, he’s a fiercely loyal companion.
Related Breeds
Shiba Inu
Cousin breed
Chinese Shar-Pei
Cousin breed
Akita
Cousin breed
Doberman Pinscher
3 related breeds
Doberman Pinscher
Doberman Pinscher’s are a strong and athletic breed that are built to guard and protect.
Related Breeds
Standard Schnauzer
Sibling breed
Giant Schnauzer
Sibling breed
Miniature Schnauzer
Sibling breed

Some images and text courtesy of the AKC, used with permission.

Explore more

Swipe left and right to explore more results, or choose a category below

Family tree

>
Explore an interactive family tree and get a picture of Nyquist’s family.

Traits

>
Genes for coat color and type, body size and shape, and other characteristics.

Maternal Haplotype

>
Through the DNA inherited from Nyquist’s mother we can trace his ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. Find out how far Nyquist’s family has traveled.

Paternal Haplotype

>
The Y-Chromosome is only passed down from father to son. Nyquist’s DNA includes a story of where his father’s ancestors came from. We’ll show you more about how we categorize his ancestors all based of the science of genetics.

What’s your dog’s story?

Now that you have explored what’s behind Nyquist find out what your dog’s DNA has to tell you. Embark tells you more about your dog than you ever thought possible. Are you ready? Let’s go!

Through Nyquist’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace his mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

B2

Haplotype

B5/23

Map

B2

Nyquist’s Haplogroup

B2 is a very rare maternal line. It is present in the ancient Canaan Dog, Akita, and Indian village dog. The distribution between two ancient dog breeds suggests that this may have been a more common lineage in the past, and has been declined more recently.

B5/23

Nyquist’s Haplotype

Part of the B2 haplogroup, this haplotype occurs among village dogs in China.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

This Canaan Dog descends from this rare maternal line.

Explore more

Swipe left and right to explore more results, or choose a category below

Family tree

>
Explore an interactive family tree and get a picture of Nyquist’s family.

Traits

>
Genes for coat color and type, body size and shape, and other characteristics.

Breed Families

>
Dog breeds have been created over time for work and companionship. Find out about other dog breeds related to the breeds found in Nyquist.

Paternal Haplotype

>
The Y-Chromosome is only passed down from father to son. Nyquist’s DNA includes a story of where his father’s ancestors came from. We’ll show you more about how we categorize his ancestors all based of the science of genetics.

What’s your dog’s story?

Now that you have explored what’s behind Nyquist find out what your dog’s DNA has to tell you. Embark tells you more about your dog than you ever thought possible. Are you ready? Let’s go!

Through Nyquist’s Y-chromosome we can trace his father’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A1a

Haplotype

H1a.1

Map

A1a

Nyquist’s Haplogroup

Some of the wolves that became the original dogs in Central Asia around 15,000 years ago came from this long and distinguished line of male dogs. After domestication, they followed their humans from Asia to Europe and then didn't stop there. They took root in Europe, eventually becoming the dogs that founded the Vizsla breed 1,000 years ago. The Vizsla is a Central European hunting dog, and all male Vizslas descend from this line. During the Age of Exploration, like their owners, these pooches went by the philosophy, "Have sail, will travel!" From the windy plains of Patagonia to the snug and homey towns of the American Midwest, the beaches of a Pacific paradise, and the broad expanse of the Australian outback, these dogs followed their masters to the outposts of empires. Whether through good fortune or superior genetics, dogs from the A1a lineage traveled the globe and took root across the world. Now you find village dogs from this line frolicking on Polynesian beaches, hanging out in villages across the Americas, and scavenging throughout Old World settlements. You can also find this "prince of patrilineages" in breeds as different as German Shepherds, Golden Retrievers, Pugs, Border Collies, Scottish Terriers, and Irish Wolfhounds. No male wolf line has been as successful as the A1a line!

H1a.1

Nyquist’s Haplotype

Part of the large A1a haplogroup, this common haplotype occurs in village dogs all over the world (outside of Asia), with many occurring in Central and South America. We have found this haplotype frequently in Bernese Mountain Dogs, Australian Shepherds, and Boston Terriers.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

Dogs with A1a lineage travelled during European Colonial times.

Explore more

Swipe left and right to explore more results, or choose a category below

Family tree

>
Explore an interactive family tree and get a picture of Nyquist’s family.

Traits

>
Genes for coat color and type, body size and shape, and other characteristics.

Breed Families

>
Dog breeds have been created over time for work and companionship. Find out about other dog breeds related to the breeds found in Nyquist.

Maternal Haplotype

>
Through the DNA inherited from Nyquist’s mother we can trace his ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. Find out how far Nyquist’s family has traveled.

What’s your dog’s story?

Now that you have explored what’s behind Nyquist find out what your dog’s DNA has to tell you. Embark tells you more about your dog than you ever thought possible. Are you ready? Let’s go!