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Nissa

Mixed Breed

“My name is Nissa, my mom got me from the Arizona humane society. I love to give kisses, and playing fetch is my favorite.”

Location
Phoenix, Arizona, USA
From
Arizona Humane Society Sunnyslope Campus, North 13th Avenue, Phoenix, AZ, USA

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Genetic Breed Result

Learn how it’s done

Mixed Breed

34.6% Yorkshire Terrier
34.0% Shih Tzu
20.4% Pekingese
11.0% Miniature Pinscher
Yorkshire Terrier Yorkshire Terrier
Petite but proud, the Yorkshire terrier is a popular toy breed with a silky, low-shedding coat.
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Shih Tzu Shih Tzu
This ancient breed is the perfect lapdog. Sweet and easygoing, they want nothing more than to be close to their humans.
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Pekingese Pekingese
Pekingese were dogs bred for centuries to be the prized companions of the imperial family of China. Today they are still cherished family companions and show dogs who greet everyone they meet with dignity and grace.
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Miniature Pinscher Miniature Pinscher
The Miniature Pinscher is a small breed of dog originating from Germany. The breed's earliest ancestors may have included the German Pinscher mixed with Italian greyhounds and dachshunds.
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Genetic Stats


Wolfiness:

0.6 % LOW

Predicted Adult Weight:

15 lbs

Genetic Age:

28 human years

Breed Mix Matches

Explore other Embark dogs who have breed mixes that are similar to Nissa’s.
A Mix Match of 100 means they are the exact same breed mix!

DNA Breed Origins

What’s this?
Breed colors:
Yorkshire Terrier
Shih Tzu
Pekingese
Miniature Pinscher

Would you like more information? Have you found a lost dog wearing an Embark dog tag? You can contact us at:

 
Family Tree From Embark PARENTS GRANDPARENTS GREAT GRANDPARENTS Yorkshire Terrier mix Shih Tzu mix Yorkshire Terrier Shih Tzu / Pekingese mix Shih Tzu Yorkshire Terrier / Pekingese mix Yorkshire Terrier Yorkshire Terrier Shih Tzu Pekingese mix Shih Tzu Shih Tzu Yorkshire Terrier Pekingese mix

Our algorithms predict this is the most likely family tree to explain Nissa’s breed mix, but this family tree may not be the only possible one.

Summary

0
AT RISK
0
CARRIER
161
CLEAR
Tap above or scroll down to see more

Clinical Traits

These clinical traits are valuable to your veterinarian and can inform the clinical decisions and diagnoses they make.

Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT) Activity result: Normal
Nissa has two normal alleles at ALT.

Genetic Health Conditions

A genetic health condition indicates a genetic mutation that increases the risk that an animal develops a specific disease.

Not At Risk

Good news! Nissa did not test positive for any of the genetic diseases that Embark screens for.

It is still important to let your veterinarian know these results because they could help guide Nissa’s diagnosis and treatment if she gets sick in the future.

Not A Carrier

Good news! Nissa is not a carrier for any of the genetic diseases that Embark tests for.

Common Conditions

Good news! Nissa tested clear for 6 genetic conditions that are common in her breed mix.
Condition List

Congenital Macrothrombocytopenia
(TUBB1 Exon 1, Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Variant)
Blood

This is a benign disorder of platelet production that leads to abnormally large, sparse platelets. Affected dogs typically do not suffer any ill effects from the size or …

Seen in Shih Tzus, but not Nissa.

Prekallikrein Deficiency
(KLKB1 Exon 8)
Blood

This is a benign blood disorder characterized by low levels of prekallikrein; affected dogs typically suffer no ill effects. Prekallikrein is an enzyme necessary for acti…

Seen in Shih Tzus, but not Nissa.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy - prcd
Progressive rod-cone degeneration (PRCD Exon 1)
Eyes

This retinal disease causes progressive, non-painful vision loss. The retina contains the cells, photoreceptors, that collect information about light: that is, they are t…

Seen in Yorkshire Terriers, but not Nissa.

Primary Lens Luxation
(ADAMTS17)
Eyes

This surgically correctable condition causes the lens to spontaneously detach from its normal residence within the pupil, leading to reduced visual acuity and irritation …

Seen in Yorkshire Terriers, but not Nissa.

Cystinuria Type I-A
(SLC7A9)
Kidney and Bladder

A disease of cystine accumulation, affected dogs are prone to developing cystine kidney and bladder stones, which if caught early can be managed with dietary changes, inc…

Seen in Miniature Pinschers, but not Nissa.

Degenerative Myelopathy
(SOD1A)
Brain and Spinal Cord

A disease of mature dogs, this is a progressive degenerative disorder of the spinal cord that can cause muscle wasting and gait abnormalities. Affected dogs do not usuall…

Seen in Shih Tzus, Pekingeses, Miniature Pinschers, but not Nissa.

Other Conditions:
Clear of 155

Nissa is clear of 155 other genetic diseases that Embark tests for.
Explore the genetics behind your dog’s appearance, size, and genetic diversity.
Base Coat Color

Base Coat Color

Dark or Light Fur
E (Extension) Locus
Can have dark fur
Brown or Black Pigment
B (Brown) Locus
Black or gray fur and skin
Color Dilution
D (Dilute) Locus
Dark (non-dilute) fur and skin
Coat Color Modifiers

Coat Color Modifiers

Hidden Patterning
K (Dominant Black) Locus
More likely to have patterned fur
Body Pattern
A (Agouti) Locus
Black/Brown and tan coat color pattern
Facial Fur Pattern
E (Extension) Locus
Can have black masking (dark facial fur)
Other Coat Traits

Other Coat Traits

Furnishings LINKAGE
Likely furnished (mustache, beard, and/or eyebrows)
Coat Length
Likely short or mid-length coat
Shedding
Likely light shedding
Coat Texture
Coat would likely be curly or wavy if long
Hairlessness (Xolo type) LINKAGE
Very unlikely to be hairless
Oculocutaneous Albinism Type 2 LINKAGE
Likely not albino
Other Body Features

Other Body Features

Muzzle Length
Likely medium or long muzzle
Tail Length
Likely normal-length tail
Hind Dew Claws
Likely to have hind dew claws
Eye Color LINKAGE
Less likely to have blue eyes
Body Size

Body Size

Body Size 1
Smaller
Body Size 2
Intermediate
Body Size 3
Smaller
Body Size 4
Smaller
Body Size 5
Larger
Performance

Performance

Altitude Adaptation
Normal altitude tolerance

Through Nissa’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace her mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that her ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

C1

Haplotype

C1

Map

C1

Nissa’s Haplogroup

Congratulations, C1 is a very exotic female lineage! It is more closely associated with maternal lineages found in wolves, foxes and jackals than with other dog lineages. So it seems dogs in this group have a common male dog ancestor who, many thousands of years ago, mated with a female wolf! This is not a common lineage in any breed, though a good number of German Shepherds and Doberman Pinchers are C1. It is also found in breeds as diverse as Peruvian Inca Orchids and Pekingese; it is rarely found amongst Labrador Retrievers, Border Collies, Siberian Huskies, or Cocker Spaniels. Despite its fascinating origins, it is widely distributed around the globe, and even shows up frequently among Peruvian village dogs. It almost certainly survived at low frequency in Europe for millennia and then was dispersed outside of Europe by colonialism, though not as successfully as some other lineages.

C1

Nissa’s Haplotype

Part of the C1 haplogroup, this haplotype occurs commonly in village dogs in Peru, and has also been spotted in South America, the Middle East, and through South Asia into Fiji. The breeds that show this haplotype most frequently are the Yorkshire Terriers, Peruvian Inca Orchids, and West Highland white Terriers.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

The C1 maternal line is commonly found in Jackals.

This 'Paternal Haplotype' tab is for deep ancestral lineage going back thousands of years.

For recent ancestry—"What breeds did my dog inherit from her mom and dad?"—please refer to the Breed, Family Tree, or Summary tab.

The Paternal Haplotype refers to a dog’s deep ancestral lineage stretching back thousands of years, before there were any distinct breeds of dog. We determine the Paternal Haplotype by looking at a dog’s Y-chromosome—but not all dogs have Y-chromosomes!

Why can’t we show Paternal Haplotype results for female dogs?

All dogs have two sex chromosomes. Female dogs have two X-chromosomes (XX) and male dogs have one X-chromosome and one Y-chromosome (XY). When having offspring, female (XX) dogs always pass an X-chromosome to their puppy. Male (XY) dogs can pass either an X or a Y-chromosome—if the puppy receives an X-chromosome from its father then it will be a female (XX) puppy and if it receives a Y-chromosome then it will be a male (XY) puppy. As you can see, Y-chromosomes are passed down from a male dog only to its male offspring.

Since Nissa is a female (XX) dog, she has no Y-chromosome for us to analyze and determine a paternal haplotype.