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Nissa

Mixed Breed

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“My name is Nissa, my mom got me from the Arizona humane society. I love to give kisses, and playing fetch is my favorite.”

Current Location

Phoenix, Arizona, USA

From

Arizona Humane Society Sunnyslope Campus, North 13th Avenue, Phoenix, AZ, USA

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Genetic Breed Result

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Yorkshire Terrier

Petite but proud, the Yorkshire terrier is a popular toy breed with a silky, low-shedding coat.

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Shih Tzu

This ancient breed is the perfect lapdog. Sweet and easygoing, they want nothing more than to be close to their humans.

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Pekingese

Pekingese were dogs bred for centuries to be the prized companions of the imperial family of China. Today they are still cherished family companions and show dogs who greet everyone they meet with dignity and grace.

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Miniature Pinscher

The Miniature Pinscher is a small breed of dog originating from Germany. The breed's earliest ancestors may have included the German Pinscher mixed with Italian greyhounds and dachshunds.

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Dogs Like Nissa

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Discover dogs who share a similar breed mix to Nissa. A higher score means the two dogs have more of their breed mix in common. A score of 100% means they share the exact same breed mix!

Click or tap on a pic to learn more about each dog and see an in-depth comparison of their DNA, breeds, and more.

DNA Breed Origins

Breed colors:
Yorkshire Terrier
Shih Tzu
Pekingese
Miniature Pinscher

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Nissa
Family Tree From Embark PARENTS GRANDPARENTS GREAT GRANDPARENTS Yorkshire Terrier mix Shih Tzu mix Yorkshire Terrier Shih Tzu / Pekingese mix Shih Tzu Yorkshire Terrier / Pekingese mix Yorkshire Terrier Yorkshire Terrier Shih Tzu Pekingese mix Shih Tzu Shih Tzu Yorkshire Terrier Pekingese mix

Our algorithms predict this is the most likely family tree to explain Nissa’s breed mix, but this family tree may not be the only possible one.

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Health Summary

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Good news!

Nissa is not at increased risk for the genetic health conditions that Embark tests.

Breed-Relevant Genetic Conditions

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Prekallikrein Deficiency

Identified in Shih Tzus

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, prcd

Identified in Yorkshire Terriers

Primary Lens Luxation

Identified in Yorkshire Terriers

Cystinuria Type II-B

Identified in Miniature Pinschers

Intervertebral Disc Disease (Type I)

Identified in Pekingese and Shih Tzus

Additional Genetic Conditions

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Clinical Tools

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Explore the genetics behind your dog’s appearance and size.

Base Coat Color

Base Coat Color

Coat Color Modifiers

Coat Color Modifiers

Other Coat Traits

Other Coat Traits

Other Body Features

Other Body Features

Body Size

Body Size

Performance

Performance

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Through Nissa’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace her mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that her ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

C1

Haplotype

C1

Map

C1

Nissa’s Haplogroup

Congratulations, C1 is a very exotic female lineage! It is more closely associated with maternal lineages found in wolves, foxes and jackals than with other dog lineages. So it seems dogs in this group have a common male dog ancestor who, many thousands of years ago, mated with a female wolf! This is not a common lineage in any breed, though a good number of German Shepherds and Doberman Pinchers are C1. It is also found in breeds as diverse as Peruvian Inca Orchids and Pekingese; it is rarely found amongst Labrador Retrievers, Border Collies, Siberian Huskies, or Cocker Spaniels. Despite its fascinating origins, it is widely distributed around the globe, and even shows up frequently among Peruvian village dogs. It almost certainly survived at low frequency in Europe for millennia and then was dispersed outside of Europe by colonialism, though not as successfully as some other lineages.

C1

Nissa’s Haplotype

Part of the C1 haplogroup, this haplotype occurs commonly in village dogs in Peru, and has also been spotted in South America, the Middle East, and through South Asia into Fiji. The breeds that show this haplotype most frequently are the Yorkshire Terriers, Peruvian Inca Orchids, and West Highland white Terriers.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

The C1 maternal line is commonly found in Jackals.

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The Paternal Haplotype reveals a dog’s deep ancestral lineage, stretching back thousands of years to the original domestication of dogs.

Are you looking for information on the breeds that Nissa inherited from her mom and dad? Check out her breed breakdown and family tree.

Paternal Haplotype is determined by looking at a dog’s Y-chromosome—but not all dogs have Y-chromosomes!

Why can’t we show Paternal Haplotype results for female dogs?

All dogs have two sex chromosomes. Female dogs have two X-chromosomes (XX) and male dogs have one X-chromosome and one Y-chromosome (XY). When having offspring, female (XX) dogs always pass an X-chromosome to their puppy. Male (XY) dogs can pass either an X or a Y-chromosome—if the puppy receives an X-chromosome from its father then it will be a female (XX) puppy and if it receives a Y-chromosome then it will be a male (XY) puppy. As you can see, Y-chromosomes are passed down from a male dog only to its male offspring.

Since Nissa is a female (XX) dog, she has no Y-chromosome for us to analyze and determine a paternal haplotype.

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