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“Esther”
Mountain Top Lil Esther

Russell-type Terrier

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This dog has been viewed and been given 1 wag

Genetic Breed Result

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Russell-type Terrier

These small, energetic terriers, developed in 19th century England for hunting small game, are now some of the best agility dogs around.

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Health Summary

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Esther inherited one variant that you should learn more about.

Bald Thigh Syndrome

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Esther inherited one copy of the variant we tested

What does this result mean?

This variant should not impact Esther’s health. This variant is inherited in an autosomal recessive manner, meaning that a dog needs two copies of the variant to show signs of this condition. Esther is unlikely to develop this condition due to this variant because she only has one copy of the variant.

Impact on Breeding

Your dog carries this variant and will pass it on to ~50% of her offspring. You can email breeders@embarkvet.com to discuss with a genetic counselor how the genotype results should be applied to a breeding program.

What is Bald Thigh Syndrome?

A cosmetic condition common to sighthounds characterized by hair loss on the thighs. It is caused by a structural abnormality of the hair follicle.

Breed-Relevant Genetic Conditions

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Severe Combined Immunodeficiency, SCID (PRKDC, Terrier Variant)

Identified in Russell-type Terriers

Primary Lens Luxation (ADAMTS17)

Identified in Russell-type Terriers

Urate Kidney & Bladder Stones (SLC2A9)

Identified in Russell-type Terriers

Enamel Hypoplasia (ENAM SNP, Parson Russell Terrier Variant)

Identified in Russell-type Terriers

Late Onset Spinocerebellar Ataxia (CAPN1)

Identified in Russell-type Terriers

Spinocerebellar Ataxia with Myokymia and/or Seizures (KCNJ10)

Identified in Russell-type Terriers

Congenital Myasthenic Syndrome, CMS (CHRNE, Jack Russell Terrier Variant)

Identified in Russell-type Terriers

Intervertebral Disc Disease (Type I) (FGF4 retrogene - CFA12)

Identified in Russell-type Terriers

Additional Genetic Conditions

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Traits

Explore the genetics behind your dog’s appearance and size.

Coat Color

Coat Color

Other Coat Traits

Other Coat Traits

Other Body Features

Other Body Features

Body Size

Body Size

Performance

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Through Esther’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace her mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that her ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A1d

Haplotype

A426

Map

A1d

Mountain Top Lil Esther’s Haplogroup

This female lineage can be traced back about 15,000 years to some of the original Central Asian wolves that were domesticated into modern dogs. The early females that represent this lineage were likely taken into Eurasia, where they spread rapidly. As a result, many modern breed and village dogs from the Americas, Africa, through Asia and down into Oceania belong to this group! This widespread lineage is not limited to a select few breeds, but the majority of Rottweilers, Afghan Hounds and Wirehaired Pointing Griffons belong to it. It is also the most common female lineage among Papillons, Samoyeds and Jack Russell Terriers. Considering its occurrence in breeds as diverse as Afghan Hounds and Samoyeds, some of this is likely ancient variation. But because of its presence in many modern European breeds, much of its diversity likely can be attributed to much more recent breeding.

A426

Mountain Top Lil Esther’s Haplotype

Part of the A1d haplogroup, this haplotype occurs most frequently in mixed-breed dogs.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

The vast majority of Rottweilers have the A1d haplogroup.

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The Paternal Haplotype reveals a dog’s deep ancestral lineage, stretching back thousands of years to the original domestication of dogs.

Are you looking for information on the breeds that Esther inherited from her mom and dad? Check out her breed breakdown.

Paternal Haplotype is determined by looking at a dog’s Y-chromosome—but not all dogs have Y-chromosomes!

Why can’t we show Paternal Haplotype results for female dogs?

All dogs have two sex chromosomes. Female dogs have two X-chromosomes (XX) and male dogs have one X-chromosome and one Y-chromosome (XY). When having offspring, female (XX) dogs always pass an X-chromosome to their puppy. Male (XY) dogs can pass either an X or a Y-chromosome—if the puppy receives an X-chromosome from its father then it will be a female (XX) puppy and if it receives a Y-chromosome then it will be a male (XY) puppy. As you can see, Y-chromosomes are passed down from a male dog only to its male offspring.

Since Esther is a female (XX) dog, she has no Y-chromosome for us to analyze and determine a paternal haplotype.

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