What is Embark?

Momo

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

“Momo is my best friend and her capacity for love is endless. We work in a hotel and she is a welcome sight for all the weary travellers that miss their furry freinds. There was one guy who stayed with us for two weeks and everyday she would cuddle with him in the lounge sofa and lick his beard. Momo also loves cats, and wines everytime they run away from her. She doesn’t understand why they won’t be her friends. She loves them so much I think I have to get her one ^__^”

This dog has been viewed 444 times and been given 27 wags

Genetic Breed Result

Learn how it’s done

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

100.0% Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is an indoor companion that loves people and should not be left alone for long.
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Genetic Stats

Wolfiness: 1.1 % MEDIUM Learn More
Predicted Adult Weight: 18 lbs Learn More
Genetic Age: 27 human years Learn More

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Family tree

Health

Traits

Maternal Haplotype

Paternal Haplotype

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Health

Traits

Maternal Haplotype

Paternal Haplotype

Summary

0
AT RISK
1
CARRIER
165
CLEAR
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Clinical Traits

These clinical traits are valuable to your veterinarian and can inform the clinical decisions and diagnoses they make.

Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT) Activity result: Normal
Momo has two normal alleles at ALT.

Genetic Health Conditions

A genetic health condition indicates a genetic mutation that increases the risk that an animal develops a specific disease.

Not At Risk

Good news! Momo did not test positive for any of the genetic diseases that Embark screens for.

It is still important to let your veterinarian know these results because they could help guide Momo’s diagnosis and treatment if she gets sick in the future.

Carrier for
1 genetic condition

Momo is a carrier for 1 of the genetic diseases that Embark tests for.
What does Carrier mean?

Momo has inherited a recessive allele for a genetic trait or mutation. This is not enough to cause symptoms of the disease, but is important to bear in mind if Momo ever has children.

Condition List

Degenerative Myelopathy
(SOD1A)
Brain and Spinal Cord

A disease of mature dogs, this is a progressive degenerative disorder of the spinal cord that can cause muscle wasting and gait abnormalities. Affected dogs do not usuall…

Common Conditions

Good news! Momo tested clear for 3 genetic conditions that are common in her breed.
Condition List

Congenital Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca and Ichthyosiform Dermatosis (CKCSID), Dry Eye Curly Coat Syndrome
(FAM83H Exon 5)
Multisystem

A developmental disease of the eyes, skin, hair, and nails, dogs affected with this condition are prone to corneal ulcers, itchy skin, and thick, cracked paw pads. CKCSIC…

Muscular Dystrophy
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Variant 1
Muscular

Characterized by non-painful muscle weakness and wasting, early diagnosis and supportive treatment can slow the pace of this progressive muscle disease. All known mutatio…

Episodic Falling Syndrome
(BCAN)
Neuromuscular

Best characterized in the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, this disease causes episodes of spastic muscle contraction in response to stress, excitement, or exercise; fortun…

Other Conditions:
Clear of 162

Momo is clear of 162 other genetic diseases that Embark tests for.

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Family tree

Traits

Maternal Haplotype

Paternal Haplotype

Explore the genetics behind your dog’s appearance, size, and genetic diversity.

Base Coat Color

Dark or Light Fur
E (Extension) Locus
Light colored fur (cream to red)
Brown or Black Pigment
B (Brown) Locus
Likely black colored nose/feet
Color Dilution
D (Dilute) Locus
Dark (non-dilute) skin

Coat Color Modifiers

Hidden Patterning
K (Dominant Black) Locus
No impact on coat color
Body Pattern
A (Agouti) Locus
No impact on coat pattern
Facial Fur Pattern
E (Extension) Locus
No dark fur anywhere

Other Coat Traits

Furnishings LINKAGE
Likely unfurnished (no mustache, beard, and/or eyebrows)
Coat Length
Likely long coat
Shedding
Likely light to moderate shedding
Coat Texture
Likely straight coat
Hairlessness (Xolo type) LINKAGE
Very unlikely to be hairless
Oculocutaneous Albinism Type 2 LINKAGE
Likely not albino

Other Body Features

Muzzle Length
Likely medium or long muzzle
Tail Length
Likely normal-length tail
Hind Dew Claws
Unlikely to have hind dew claws
Eye Color LINKAGE
Less likely to have blue eyes

Body Size

Body Size 1
Smaller
Body Size 2
Larger
Body Size 3
Smaller
Body Size 4
Smaller
Body Size 5
Smaller

Performance

Altitude Adaptation
Normal altitude tolerance

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Family tree

Health

Maternal Haplotype

Paternal Haplotype

Through Momo’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace her mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that her ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A1a

Haplotype

A224

Map

A1a

Momo’s Haplogroup

A1a is the most common maternal lineage among Western dogs. This lineage traveled from the site of dog domestication in Central Asia to Europe along with an early dog expansion perhaps 10,000 years ago. It hung around in European village dogs for many millennia. Then, about 300 years ago, some of the prized females in the line were chosen as the founding dogs for several dog breeds. That set in motion a huge expansion of this lineage. It's now the maternal lineage of the overwhelming majority of Mastiffs, Labrador Retrievers and Gordon Setters. About half of Boxers and less than half of Shar-Pei dogs descend from the A1a line. It is also common across the world among village dogs, a legacy of European colonialism.

A224

Momo’s Haplotype

Part of the large A1a haplogroup, this haplotype is found in village dogs in Peru, Fiji, and Namibia. Among breeds, we see this haplotype most frequently in Cavalier King Charles Spaniels, Mastiffs, and Boston Terriers.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

Shar Pei dogs think A1a is the coolest!

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Paternal Haplotype

This 'Paternal Haplotype' tab is for deep ancestral lineage going back thousands of years.

For recent ancestry—"What breeds did my dog inherit from her mom and dad?"—please refer to the Breed, Family Tree, or Summary tab.

The Paternal Haplotype refers to a dog’s deep ancestral lineage stretching back thousands of years, before there were any distinct breeds of dog. We determine the Paternal Haplotype by looking at a dog’s Y-chromosome—but not all dogs have Y-chromosomes!

Why can’t we show Paternal Haplotype results for female dogs?

All dogs have two sex chromosomes. Female dogs have two X-chromosomes (XX) and male dogs have one X-chromosome and one Y-chromosome (XY). When having offspring, female (XX) dogs always pass an X-chromosome to their puppy. Male (XY) dogs can pass either an X or a Y-chromosome—if the puppy receives an X-chromosome from its father then it will be a female (XX) puppy and if it receives a Y-chromosome then it will be a male (XY) puppy. As you can see, Y-chromosomes are passed down from a male dog only to its male offspring.

Since Momo is a female (XX) dog, she has no Y-chromosome for us to analyze and determine a paternal haplotype.

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Family tree

Health

Traits

Maternal Haplotype