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Molly

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See what’s hidden in the pages of Molly’s DNA story.

“Molly is a great companion. She enjoys my kids and I and loves to cuddle. She does like talking and had quite a vocabulary.”

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Genetic Breed mix

Mixed Breed

16.4% Australian Shepherd
15.2% Golden Retriever
13.5% Siberian Husky
12.4% Staffordshire Terrier
11.1% German Shepherd Dog
7.3% Alaskan Malamute
5.1% Collie
19.0% Supermutt

Embark Supermutt analysis

What’s in that Supermutt? There may be small amounts of DNA from these distant ancestors:

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Mix Match breakdown

Breed Molly Harper Campbell Match
Australian Shepherd 16.4% 27.1% 16
Golden Retriever 15.2% 13.5% 14
Siberian Husky 13.5% 0.0% 0
Staffordshire Terrier 12.4% 6.0% 6
German Shepherd Dog 11.1% 0.0% 0
Alaskan Malamute 7.3% 0.0% 0
Collie 5.1% 6.4% 5
Supermutt 19.0% 0.0% 0
Foxhound 0.0% 26.0% 0
Dalmatian 0.0% 13.4% 0
Chesapeake Bay Retriever 0.0% 7.6% 0
    Mix Match: 41

Return to Harper Campbell

What’s your dog’s story? Find out with Embark!

Genetic Stats

Wolfiness: 1.7 % HIGH
Predicted Adult Weight: 64 lbs
Genetic Age: 50 human years

Molly’s Mix Match Buddies

See how closely Molly’s breed mix matches other Embark dogs — a Mix Match of 100 is a perfect breed mix match

Breed Mix By Chromosome

Our advanced test identifies from where Molly inherited every part of the chromosome pairs in her genome. Each chromosome section is colored to represent the breed that it comes from.

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Family tree

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Explore an interactive family tree and get a picture of Molly’s family.

Traits

>
Genes for coat color and type, body size and shape, and other characteristics.

Breed Families

>
Dog breeds have been created over time for work and companionship. Find out about other dog breeds related to the breeds found in Molly.

Maternal Haplotype

>
Through the DNA inherited from Molly’s mother we can trace her ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. Find out how far Molly’s family has traveled.

Paternal Haplotype

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The Y-Chromosome is only passed down from father to son. Molly’s DNA includes a story of where her father’s ancestors came from. We’ll show you more about how we categorize his ancestors all based of the science of genetics.

Let us know and we will contact Molly’s owner and make sure she is reunited with her family soon! Thank you for helping out our furry friends.

What’s your dog’s story?

Now that you have explored what’s behind Molly find out what your dog’s DNA has to tell you. Embark tells you more about your dog than you ever thought possible. Are you ready? Let’s go!

 
Family Tree From Embark PARENTS GRANDPARENTS GREAT GRANDPARENTS Mixed Mixed Australian Shepherd mix Siberian Husky / Alaskan Malamute mix Golden Retriever / Collie mix Staffordshire Terrier / German Shepherd Dog mix Australian Shepherd Mixed Siberian Husky Alaskan Malamute mix Golden Retriever Collie mix Staffordshire Terrier German Shepherd Dog
Explore by tapping your dog’s parents and grand parents.

Our algorithms predict this is the most likely family tree to explain Molly’s breed mix, but this family tree may not be the only possible one.

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Swipe left and right to explore more results, or choose a category below

Traits

>
Genes for coat color and type, body size and shape, and other characteristics.

Breed Families

>
Dog breeds have been created over time for work and companionship. Find out about other dog breeds related to the breeds found in Molly.

Maternal Haplotype

>
Through the DNA inherited from Molly’s mother we can trace her ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. Find out how far Molly’s family has traveled.

Paternal Haplotype

>
The Y-Chromosome is only passed down from father to son. Molly’s DNA includes a story of where her father’s ancestors came from. We’ll show you more about how we categorize his ancestors all based of the science of genetics.

What’s your dog’s story?

Now that you have explored what’s behind Molly find out what your dog’s DNA has to tell you. Embark tells you more about your dog than you ever thought possible. Are you ready? Let’s go!

Coat Color

A number of genetic loci are known to affect coat color in dogs, and they all interact. In some cases, other genetic effects may also influence color and pattern.

Some other Embark dogs with this Coat Color genotype:

E Locus (Mask, Grizzle, Recessive Red)
EE
Chromosome 5

Controls the characteristic melanistic mask seen in the German Shepherd and Pug as well as the grizzled "widow's peak" of the Afghan and Borzoi. Melanistic mask (Em) is dominant to grizzle (Eg) which is dominant to black (E) and red (e). Dogs that are EE or Ee are able to produce normal black pigment, but its distribution will be dependent on the genotypes at the K and A Loci. Dogs that are ee will be a shade of red or cream regardless of their genotype at K and A. The shade of red, which can range from a deep copper like the Irish Setter to the near-white of some Golden Retrievers, is dependent on other genetic factors including the Intensity (I) Locus, which has yet to be genetically mapped.

Want to help us map I Locus? If you haven't already, complete your ee pup's Embark profile with a photo! Remember, a picture is worth a thousand words!

Citations: Schmutz et al 2003 , Dreger and Schmutz 2010 ,

More information: http://www.doggenetics.co.uk/masks.html

K Locus (Dominant Black)
kyky
Chromosome 16

Causes a dominant black coat. Dogs with a dominant KB allele have black coats regardless of their genotype at the A locus; the coat color of dogs homozygous for the recessive ky allele are controlled by A locus. Alleles: KB > ky

Citations: Candille et al 2007

More information: http://www.doggenetics.co.uk/black.htm

A Locus (Agouti, Sable)
ata
Chromosome 24

Determines whether hair pigment is produced in a banded red and black pattern or solid black. Fawn or sable (ay) is dominant to wolf sable (aw) which is dominant to black-and-tan (at), which is in turn dominant to recessive black (a).

Citations: Berryere et al 2005 , Dreger and Schmutz 2011 ,

More information: http://www.doggenetics.co.uk/tan.html

D Locus (Dilute, Blue, Fawn)
DD
Chromosome 25

Lightens a black coat to blue and a red coat to buff. A dilute phenotype requires two copies of the recessive d allele.

Citations: Drogemuller et al 2007

More information: http://www.doggenetics.co.uk/dilutes.html

B Locus (Brown, Chocolate, Liver, Red)
Bb
Chromosome 11

Lightens a black coat to brown, chocolate or liver. The brown phenotype requires two copies of the recessive b allele. Red or cream dogs that carry two b alleles remain red or cream but have brown noses and footpads.

Citations: Schmutz et al 2002

More information: http://www.doggenetics.co.uk/liver.html

Other Coat Traits

Furnishings, shedding and curls are all genetic! And they all interact, too. In fact, the combination of these genetic loci explain the coat phenotypes of 90% of AKC registered dog breeds.

For more information on the genetics of coat types you can refer to https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2897713/figure/F3/

Some other Embark dogs with this Coat Traits genotype:

Furnishings / Improper Coat (RSPO2)
II
Chromosome 13

Confers the distinguished moustache, beard, and eyebrows characteristic of breeds like the Schnauzer, Scottish Terrier, and Wire Haired Dachshund; only one copy of the dominant F allele is required for furnishings. The FI genotype is furnished but carries one allele for no furnishings, or improper coat. A dog with two I alleles has improper coat. The mutation is a 167-bp insertion which we measure indirectly using linked markers highly correlated with the insertion.

Citations: Cadieu et al 2010

Long Haircoat (FGF5)
GT
Chromosome 32

The FGF5 gene is known to affect hair length in many different species, including cats, dogs, mice, and humans! The "T" allele confers a long, silky haircoat as observed in the Yorkshire Terrier and the Long Haired Whippet. The ancestral "G" allele causes a shorter coat as seen in the Boxer or the American Staffordshire Terrier.

Citations: Housley & Venta 2006 , Cadieu et al 2010

Shedding (MC5R)
TT
Chromosome 1

Affects shedding propensity in non-wire-haired dogs. Dogs with the ancestral C allele, like many Labradors and German Shepherd Dogs, are heavy or seasonal shedders, while those with one or more T allele, including many Boxers, Shih Tzus and Chihuahuas, tend to be low shedders. Dogs with furnished/wire-haired coats tend to be low shedders regardless of their MC5R genotype.

Citations: Hayward et al 2016

Curly Coat (KRT71)
CC
Chromosome 27

Causes the curly coat characteristic of Poodles and Bichons Frises. Dogs need at least one copy of the "T" allele to have a wavy or curly coat; the ancestral "C" allele is associated with a straight coat.

Citations: Cadieu et al 2010

Other Body Features

Brachycephaly (BMP3)
CC
Chromosome 32

Affects skull size and shape. Many brachycephalic or "smushed face” breeds such as the English Bulldog, Pug, and Pekingese have two copies of the derived A allele. Mesocephalic (Staffordshire Terrier, Labrador) and dolichocephalic (Whippet, Collie) dogs have one, or more commonly two, copies of the ancestral C allele. At least five different genes affect snout length in dogs, with BMP3 being the only one with a known causal mutation. For example, the skull shape of some breeds, including the dolichocephalic Scottish Terrier or the brachycephalic Japanese Chin, appear to be caused by other genes.

Citations: Schoenbeck et al 2012

Natural Bobtail (T)
CC
Chromosome 1

Whereas most dogs have two C alleles and a long tail, dogs with one G allele are likely to have a bobtail, which is an unusually short or absent tail. This mutation causes natural bobtail in many breeds including the Pembroke Welsh Corgi, the Australian Shepherd, and the Brittany Spaniel. Dogs with GG genotypes have not been observed, suggesting that the GG genotype results in embryonic lethality.

Please note that this mutation does not explain every natural bobtail! While certain lineages of Boston Terrier, English Bulldog, Rottweiler, Miniature Schnauzer, Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, and Parson Russell Terrier, and Dobermans are born with a natural bobtail, these breeds do not have this mutation. This suggests that other unknown genetic mutations can also lead to a natural bobtail. If your dog does not have a CG genotype but was born with a bobtail, please email us at howdy@embarkvet.com!

Citations: Haworth et al 2001 , Hytonen et al 2009

Hind Dewclaws (LMBR1)
CC
Chromosome 16

Common in certain breeds, hind dewclaws are extra, nonfunctional digits located midway between your dog's paw and hock. Dogs with at least one copy of the T allele have about a 50% of chance of having hind dewclaws.

Citations: Park et al 2008

Body Size

Body size is a complex trait that is affected by both genetic and environmental variation. Our genetic analysis includes genes that, together, explain over 80% of the variation in dog body size. It does not account for runting or stunting; nor does it account for the interactions between various genes both known and unknown.

Some other Embark dogs with this Body Size genotype:

Body Size - IGF1
NN
Chromosome 15

The "I" allele is associated with smaller size.

Citations: Sutter et al 2007

Body Size - IGF1R
GG
Chromosome 3

The "A" allele is associated with smaller size.

Citations: Hoopes et al 2012

Body Size - STC2
TT
Chromosome 4

The "A" allele is associated with smaller size.

Citations: Rimbault et al 2013

Body Size - GHR (E195K)
GG
Chromosome 4

The "A" allele is associated with smaller size.

Citations: Rimbault et al 2013

Body Size - GHR (P177L)
CC
Chromosome 4

The "T" allele is associated with smaller size.

Citations: Rimbault et al 2013

Performance

Altitude Adaptation (EPAS1)
GG
Chromosome 10

Confers hypoxia tolerance. Dogs with at least one A allele are more tolerant of high altitude environments. This mutation was originally identified in breeds from high altitude areas such as the Tibetan Mastiff.

Citations: Gou et al 2014

Explore more

Swipe left and right to explore more results, or choose a category below

Family tree

>
Explore an interactive family tree and get a picture of Molly’s family.

Breed Families

>
Dog breeds have been created over time for work and companionship. Find out about other dog breeds related to the breeds found in Molly.

Maternal Haplotype

>
Through the DNA inherited from Molly’s mother we can trace her ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. Find out how far Molly’s family has traveled.

Paternal Haplotype

>
The Y-Chromosome is only passed down from father to son. Molly’s DNA includes a story of where her father’s ancestors came from. We’ll show you more about how we categorize his ancestors all based of the science of genetics.

What’s your dog’s story?

Now that you have explored what’s behind Molly find out what your dog’s DNA has to tell you. Embark tells you more about your dog than you ever thought possible. Are you ready? Let’s go!

DNA shows us the unique path to each of today’s recognized breeds by exposing the relatedness between them.
Golden Retriever
4 related breeds
Golden Retriever
Developed as an ideal hunting retriever, the Golden Retriever's eagerness to please and friendliness has made them an extremely popular family pet.
Related Breeds
Flat-Coated Retriever
Sibling breed
Labrador Retriever
Sibling breed
Chesapeake Bay Retriever
Cousin breed
Newfoundland
Cousin breed
Siberian Husky
3 related breeds
Siberian Husky
Bred initially in Northern Siberia, the Siberian Husky is a medium-sized working dog who is quick and light on their feet. Their moderately compact and well furred body, erect ears and brush tail suggest their Northern heritage. Huskies are very active and energetic and are known for being long distance sled dogs.
Related Breeds
Alaskan Malamute
Sibling breed
Greenland Dog
Cousin breed
Samoyed
Cousin breed
Staffordshire Terrier
6 related breeds
Staffordshire Terrier
Staffordshire Terriers, sometimes referred to as "pit bull" type, are intelligent and trainable dogs, but unfortunately can be labelled as an aggressive breed group.
Related Breeds
American Bulldog
Sibling breed
Bulldog
Sibling breed
Bull Terrier
Sibling breed
Boston Terrier
Cousin breed
Boxer
Cousin breed
French Bulldog
Cousin breed
Alaskan Malamute
4 related breeds
Alaskan Malamute
The Alaskan Malamute features a powerful, sturdy body built for stamina and strength. It reigns as one of the oldest dog breeds whose original looks have not been significantly altered. This intelligent canine needs a job and consistent leadership to avoid becoming bored or challenging to handle.
Related Breeds
Siberian Husky
Sibling breed
Greenland Dog
Cousin breed
Chinook
Cousin breed
Carolina Dog
Cousin breed
Collie
5 related breeds
Collie
Collies are attractive herding dogs, boasting a beautiful coat while being highly intelligent. They also make for extremely loyal and sweet family pets.
Related Breeds
Shetland Sheepdog
Sibling breed
Australian Shepherd
Cousin breed
Bearded Collie
Cousin breed
Pembroke Welsh Corgi
Cousin breed
Cardigan Welsh Corgi
Cousin breed

Some images and text courtesy of the AKC, used with permission.

Explore more

Swipe left and right to explore more results, or choose a category below

Family tree

>
Explore an interactive family tree and get a picture of Molly’s family.

Traits

>
Genes for coat color and type, body size and shape, and other characteristics.

Maternal Haplotype

>
Through the DNA inherited from Molly’s mother we can trace her ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. Find out how far Molly’s family has traveled.

Paternal Haplotype

>
The Y-Chromosome is only passed down from father to son. Molly’s DNA includes a story of where her father’s ancestors came from. We’ll show you more about how we categorize his ancestors all based of the science of genetics.

What’s your dog’s story?

Now that you have explored what’s behind Molly find out what your dog’s DNA has to tell you. Embark tells you more about your dog than you ever thought possible. Are you ready? Let’s go!

Through Molly’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace her mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that her ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A2

Haplotype

A29a

Map

A2

Molly’s Haplogroup

A2 is a very ancient maternal line. Most likely it was one of the major female lines that contributed to the very first domesticated dogs in Central Asia about 15,000 years ago. Some of the line stayed in Central Asia to the present day, and frequently appear as Tibetan Mastiffs and Akitas. Those that escaped the mountains of Central Asia sought out other cold spots, and are now found among Alaskan Malamutes and Siberian Huskies. This lineage is also occasionally found in several common Western breeds, such as German Shepherds and Labrador Retrievers. Curiously, all New Guinea Singing Dogs descend from this line. These are an ancient and very interesting breed found in the mountains of Papua New Guinea. Unfortunately, they are now endangered. They are closely related to the Australian dingo, so you could say its cousins are dingos! This line is also common in village dogs in Southeast and East Asia. Unlike many other lineages, A2 did not spread across the whole world, probably because it did not have the opportunity to hitch its wagon to European colonialism - or because these dogs just prefer hanging out in mountains, tundras, islands, and other hard-to-reach places!

A29a

Molly’s Haplotype

Part of the A2 haplogroup, this haplotype occurs most commonly in Siberian Huskies, Alaskan Malamutes, Labrador Retrievers, and village dogs from Alaska.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

Dingos commonly possess this haplogroup.

Explore more

Swipe left and right to explore more results, or choose a category below

Family tree

>
Explore an interactive family tree and get a picture of Molly’s family.

Traits

>
Genes for coat color and type, body size and shape, and other characteristics.

Breed Families

>
Dog breeds have been created over time for work and companionship. Find out about other dog breeds related to the breeds found in Molly.

Paternal Haplotype

>
The Y-Chromosome is only passed down from father to son. Molly’s DNA includes a story of where her father’s ancestors came from. We’ll show you more about how we categorize his ancestors all based of the science of genetics.

What’s your dog’s story?

Now that you have explored what’s behind Molly find out what your dog’s DNA has to tell you. Embark tells you more about your dog than you ever thought possible. Are you ready? Let’s go!

This 'Paternal Haplotype' tab is for deep ancestral lineage going back thousands of years.

For recent ancestry—"What breeds did my dog inherit from her mom and dad?"—please refer to the Breed or Summary tab and the Family Tree tab.

The Paternal Haplotype refers to a dog’s deep ancestral lineage stretching back thousands of years, before there were any distinct breeds of dog. We determine the Paternal Haplotype by looking at a dog’s Y-chromsome—but not all dogs have Y-chromosomes!

Why can’t we show Paternal Haplotype results for female dogs?

All dogs have two sex chromosomes. Female dogs have two X-chromosomes (XX) and male dogs have one X-chromosome and one Y-chromosome (XY). When having offspring, female (XX) dogs always pass an X-chromosome to their puppy. Male (XY) dogs can pass either an X or a Y-chromosome—if the puppy receives an X-chromosome from its father then it will be a female (XX) puppy and if it receives a Y-chromosome then it will be a male (XY) puppy. As you can see, Y-chromosomes are passed down from a male dog only to its male offspring.

Since Molly is a female (XX) dog, she has no Y-chromosome for us to analyze and determine a paternal haplotype.

Explore more

Swipe left and right to explore more results, or choose a category below

Family tree

>
Explore an interactive family tree and get a picture of Molly’s family.

Traits

>
Genes for coat color and type, body size and shape, and other characteristics.

Breed Families

>
Dog breeds have been created over time for work and companionship. Find out about other dog breeds related to the breeds found in Molly.

Maternal Haplotype

>
Through the DNA inherited from Molly’s mother we can trace her ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. Find out how far Molly’s family has traveled.

What’s your dog’s story?

Now that you have explored what’s behind Molly find out what your dog’s DNA has to tell you. Embark tells you more about your dog than you ever thought possible. Are you ready? Let’s go!