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Molly

Mixed Breed

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“Molly is albino, she's super derpy, loves zoomies, cuddles, but most of all TREATS!”

Current Location

Seattle, Washington, USA

From

SF SPCA, Florida Street, San Francisco, CA, USA

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Genetic Breed Result

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Pekingese

Pekingese were dogs bred for centuries to be the prized companions of the imperial family of China. Today they are still cherished family companions and show dogs who greet everyone they meet with dignity and grace.

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Chihuahua

Chihuahuas have a huge personality that defies their tiny frame, known to be highly active and intelligent canines.

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Japanese Chin

The Japanese Chin is a little breed that was born to rule the roost. Though Chinese in origin, these dogs were brought to Japan to serve as the companions of Japanese dignitaries. This is a loving dog that knows it is the real deal.

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Cocker Spaniel

Cocker Spaniels are handsome and intelligent hunting dogs that are also well-suited to life as a loving family pet.

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Genetic Stats

Wolfiness

0.6 % LOW

Predicted Adult Weight

9 lbs

Genetic Age
72 human years

Based on the date of birth provided

Dogs Like Molly

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Discover dogs who share a similar breed mix to Molly. A higher score means the two dogs have more of their breed mix in common. A score of 100% means they share the exact same breed mix!

Click or tap on a pic to learn more about each dog and see an in-depth comparison of their DNA, breeds, and more.

DNA Breed Origins

Breed colors:
Pekingese
Chihuahua
Japanese Chin
Cocker Spaniel

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Molly
Family Tree From Embark PARENTS GRANDPARENTS GREAT GRANDPARENTS Pekingese mix Chihuahua mix Pekingese Japanese Chin / Pekingese mix Chihuahua Chihuahua / Cocker Spaniel mix Pekingese Pekingese Japanese Chin Pekingese Chihuahua Chihuahua Chihuahua Cocker Spaniel mix

Breed Reveal Video

Our algorithms predict this is the most likely family tree to explain Molly’s breed mix, but this family tree may not be the only possible one.

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Health Summary

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Molly is at increased risk for one genetic health condition.

And inherited one variant that you should learn more about.

Oculocutaneous Albinism, OCA

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Molly inherited both copies of the variant we tested

How to interpret this result

Molly has two copies of a variant at SLC45A2 and is likely to show signs of oculocutaneous albinism. These involve a lack of melanin in the hair, skin, or eyes. Please take care to protect Molly's eyes and unhaired parts of the skin if you're going out on a bright day, as melanin pigment in the eye helps to reduce glare and light scatter, and also helps to protect the skin from ultraviolet damage.

What is Oculocutaneous Albinism, OCA?

Caused by a failure of melanin synthesis, oculocutaneous albinism (OCA) is characterized by lack of pigment of the eyes, skin, and hair.

ALT Activity

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Molly inherited both copies of the variant we tested

Why is this important to your vet?

Molly has two copies of a variant in the GPT gene and is likely to have a lower than average baseline ALT activity. ALT is a commonly used measure of liver health on routine veterinary blood chemistry panels. As such, your veterinarian may want to watch for changes in Molly's ALT activity above their current, healthy, ALT activity. As an increase above Molly’s baseline ALT activity could be evidence of liver damage, even if it is within normal limits by standard ALT reference ranges.

What is ALT Activity?

Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) is a clinical tool that can be used by veterinarians to better monitor liver health. This result is not associated with liver disease. ALT is one of several values veterinarians measure on routine blood work to evaluate the liver. It is a naturally occurring enzyme located in liver cells that helps break down protein. When the liver is damaged or inflamed, ALT is released into the bloodstream.

Breed-Relevant Genetic Conditions

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Progressive Retinal Atrophy, prcd

Identified in Chihuahuas and Cocker Spaniels

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, crd4/cord1

Identified in Chihuahuas

Familial Nephropathy

Identified in Cocker Spaniels

Glycogen storage disease Type VII, Phosphofructokinase Deficiency, PFK Deficiency

Identified in Cocker Spaniels

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis 7, NCL 7

Identified in Chihuahuas

GM2 Gangliosidosis

Identified in Japanese Chins

Spinocerebellar Ataxia with Myokymia and/or Seizures

Identified in Chihuahuas

Acral Mutilation Syndrome

Identified in Cocker Spaniels

Exercise-Induced Collapse, EIC

Identified in Cocker Spaniels

Intervertebral Disc Disease (Type I)

Identified in Chihuahuas, Cocker Spaniels, and more

Additional Genetic Conditions

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Explore the genetics behind your dog’s appearance and size.

Base Coat Color

Base Coat Color

Coat Color Modifiers

Coat Color Modifiers

Other Coat Traits

Other Coat Traits

Other Body Features

Other Body Features

Body Size

Body Size

Performance

Performance

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Through Molly’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace her mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that her ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

B1

Haplotype

B28

Map

B1

Molly’s Haplogroup

B1 is the second most common maternal lineage in breeds of European or American origin. It is the female line of the majority of Golden Retrievers, Basset Hounds, and Shih Tzus, and about half of Beagles, Pekingese and Toy Poodles. This lineage is also somewhat common among village dogs that carry distinct ancestry from these breeds. We know this is a result of B1 dogs being common amongst the European dogs that their conquering owners brought around the world, because nowhere on earth is it a very common lineage in village dogs. It even enables us to trace the path of (human) colonization: Because most Bichons are B1 and Bichons are popular in Spanish culture, B1 is now fairly common among village dogs in Latin America.

B28

Molly’s Haplotype

Part of the large B1 haplogroup, we have spotted this haplotype frequently in Cocker Spaniels, Pomeranians, Cavalier King Charles Spaniels, and village dogs in Liberia and Namibia.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

The B1 haplogroup can be found in village dogs like the Peruvian Village Dog, pictured above.

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The Paternal Haplotype reveals a dog’s deep ancestral lineage, stretching back thousands of years to the original domestication of dogs.

Are you looking for information on the breeds that Molly inherited from her mom and dad? Check out her breed breakdown and family tree.

Paternal Haplotype is determined by looking at a dog’s Y-chromosome—but not all dogs have Y-chromosomes!

Why can’t we show Paternal Haplotype results for female dogs?

All dogs have two sex chromosomes. Female dogs have two X-chromosomes (XX) and male dogs have one X-chromosome and one Y-chromosome (XY). When having offspring, female (XX) dogs always pass an X-chromosome to their puppy. Male (XY) dogs can pass either an X or a Y-chromosome—if the puppy receives an X-chromosome from its father then it will be a female (XX) puppy and if it receives a Y-chromosome then it will be a male (XY) puppy. As you can see, Y-chromosomes are passed down from a male dog only to its male offspring.

Since Molly is a female (XX) dog, she has no Y-chromosome for us to analyze and determine a paternal haplotype.

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