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Minuit

Belgian Shepherd

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“Minuit is a Groenendael Belgian Shepherd from a working line, born in a farm in North of France. He has very sweet temper with a strong willing to please. He is a fast learner, not shy but friendly to strangers (as soon as they are welcome by his humans), quite good with small children, more play motivated than food motivated. He never destroyed anything in the house and is quite good at staying alone for +8h. He has an interesting will to go (for a shepherd) and enjoys canicross and hiking.”

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@minuit.groenendael

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Genetic Breed Result

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Belgian Shepherd

100.0% Belgian Sheepdog
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Genetic Stats

Wolfiness: 2.0 % HIGH Learn More
Predicted Adult Weight: 53 lbs Learn More
Genetic Age: 24 human years Learn More

DNA Breed Origins

What’s this?
Breed colors:
Belgian Sheepdog

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Health

Traits

Maternal Haplotype

Paternal Haplotype

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Summary

0
AT RISK
0
CARRIER
166
CLEAR
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Clinical traits

These genetic traits are valuable to your veterinarian and can inform the clinical decisions and diagnoses they make.

Alanine Aminotransferase Activity result: Low Normal
This result helps your vet understand what your dog's baseline ALT activity is. The enzyme alanine aminotransferase, or ALT, is commonly used to evaluate liver health. Do…
Minuit has two copies of a mutation associated with reduced ALT activity. Please inform your veterinarian that Minuit has this genotype, as ALT is often used as an indica…

Not At Risk

Good news! Minuit did not test positive for any of the genetic diseases that Embark screens for. Read on to learn more about the conditions we test for, but rest assured that Minuit does not have the mutations known to cause them.

It is still important to let your veterinarian know these results because they could help guide Minuit’s diagnosis and treatment if he gets sick in the future. Many other diseases caused by environmental factors or undiscovered genetic variants can cause symptoms similar to diseases we test for. By ruling out these mutations, your veterinarian will be able to find the true cause more quickly. Your veterinarian will also know they can safely prescribe medications some dogs are sensitive to.

Not A Carrier

Good news! Minuit is not a carrier for any of the genetic diseases that Embark tests for.

Common Conditions

Good news! Minuit tested clear for 3 genetic conditions that are common in his breed.
Condition List

Mucopolysaccharidosis Type VII, Sly Syndrome
(GUSB Exon 3)
Multisystem

A type of lysosomal storage disease, this can cause skeletal abnormalities, growth retardation, and gait abnormalities, and can require close monitoring and special measu…

Degenerative Myelopathy
(SOD1A)
Brain and Spinal Cord

A disease of mature dogs, this is a progressive degenerative disorder of the spinal cord that can cause muscle wasting and gait abnormalities. Affected dogs do not usuall…

Malignant Hyperthermia
(RYR1)
Metabolic

This condition only manifests if affected dogs are treated with certain inhalant anesthetics, and can cause uncontrollable muscle contractions and a dangerous increase in…

Other Conditions: Clear of 163

Minuit is clear of 163 other genetic diseases that Embark tests for.

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Traits

Maternal Haplotype

Paternal Haplotype

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Coat Color

A number of genes are known to affect coat color in dogs, and they all interact. In some cases, other genetic effects may also influence color and pattern.

Trait
Result
 
E Locus (Mask, Grizzle, Recessive Red)
EmEm
K Locus (Dominant Black)
KBKB
A Locus (Agouti, Sable)
aya
D Locus (Dilute, Blue, Fawn)
DD
B Locus (Brown, Chocolate, Liver, Red)
BB

Other Embark dogs with these Coat Color genes:

Other Coat Traits

Furnishings, shedding and curls are all genetic! And they all interact, too. In fact, the combination of these genes explains the coat phenotypes of 90% of AKC registered dog breeds.

Trait
Result
 
Furnishings / Improper Coat (RSPO2)
II
Long Haircoat (FGF5)
TT
Shedding (MC5R)
CC
Curly Coat (KRT71)
CC
Hairlessness (FOXI3)
LINKAGE
N/N

More information on coat type genetics: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2897713/figure/F3/

Other Embark dogs with these Coat Traits genes:

Other Body Features

Trait
Result
 
Brachycephaly (BMP3)
CC
Natural Bobtail (T)
CC
Hind Dewclaws (LMBR1)
CC
Blue Eye Color
LINKAGE
N/N

Body Size

Body size is a complex trait that is affected by both genetic and environmental variation. Our genetic analysis includes genes that, together, explain over 80% of the variation in dog body size. It does not account for runting or stunting; nor does it account for the interactions between various genes both known and unknown.

Trait
Result
 
Body Size - IGF1
NN
Body Size - IGF1R
GG
Body Size - STC2
TT
Body Size - GHR (E195K)
GG
Body Size - GHR (P177L)
CC

Other Embark dogs with these Body Size genes:

Performance

Trait
Result
 
Altitude Adaptation (EPAS1)
GG

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Health

Maternal Haplotype

Paternal Haplotype

Through Minuit’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace his mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

B1

Haplotype

B57

Map

B1

Minuit’s Haplogroup

B1 is the second most common maternal lineage in breeds of European or American origin. It is the female line of the majority of Golden Retrievers, Basset Hounds, and Shih Tzus, and about half of Beagles, Pekingese and Toy Poodles. This lineage is also somewhat common among village dogs that carry distinct ancestry from these breeds. We know this is a result of B1 dogs being common amongst the European dogs that their conquering owners brought around the world, because nowhere on earth is it a very common lineage in village dogs. It even enables us to trace the path of (human) colonization: Because most Bichons are B1 and Bichons are popular in Spanish culture, B1 is now fairly common among village dogs in Latin America.

B57

Minuit’s Haplotype

Part of the large B1 haplogroup, we have detected this haplotype in Belgian Tervurens, Belgian Malinois, Schipperkes, and village dogs in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

The B1 haplogroup can be found in village dogs like the Peruvian Village Dog, pictured above.

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Health

Traits

Paternal Haplotype

Through Minuit’s Y-chromosome we can trace his father’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A1b

Haplotype

Ha.4

Map

A1b

Minuit’s Haplogroup

For most of dog history, this haplogroup was probably quite rare. However, a couple hundred years ago it seems to have found its way into a prized male guard dog in Europe who had many offspring, including the ancestors of many European guard breeds such as Doberman Pinchers, St. Bernards, and Great Danes. Despite being rare, many of the most imposing dogs on Earth have it; strangely, so do many Pomeranians! Perhaps this explains why some Poms are so tough, acting like they're ten times their actual size! This lineage is most commonly found in working dogs, in particular guard dogs. With origins in Europe, it spread widely across other regions as Europeans took their dogs across the world.

Ha.4

Minuit’s Haplotype

Part of the A1b haplogroup, this haplotype is found in village dogs in North America and Africa. As for breeds, it occurs most frequently in Miniature Pinscher, Great Dane, and Poodle.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

Great Danes and Pomeranians have this in common!

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Health

Traits

Maternal Haplotype