What is Embark?

Minuit

Belgian Shepherd

“Minuit is a Groenendael Belgian Shepherd from a working line, born in a farm in North of France. He has very sweet temper with a strong willing to please. He is a fast learner, not shy but friendly to strangers (as soon as they are welcome by his humans), quite good with small children, more play motivated than food motivated. He never destroyed anything in the house and is quite good at staying alone for +8h. He has an interesting will to go (for a shepherd) and enjoys canicross and hiking.”

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Genetic Breed Result

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Belgian Shepherd

100.0% Belgian Sheepdog
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Genetic Stats

Wolfiness: 2.0 % HIGH Learn More
Predicted Adult Weight: 53 lbs Learn More
Genetic Age: 27 human years Learn More

DNA Breed Origins

What’s this?
Breed colors:
Belgian Sheepdog

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Health

Traits

Maternal Haplotype

Paternal Haplotype

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Summary

0
AT RISK
0
CARRIER
167
CLEAR
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Clinical Traits

These clinical traits are valuable to your veterinarian and can inform the clinical decisions and diagnoses they make.

Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT) Activity result: Low Normal

Minuit has two copies of a mutation associated with reduced ALT activity. Please inform your veterinarian that Minuit has this genotype, as ALT is often used as an indicator of liver health and Minuit is likely to have a lower than average resting ALT activity. As such, an increase in Minuit’s ALT activity could be evidence of liver damage, even if it is within normal limits by standard ALT reference ranges.

Genetic Health Conditions

A genetic health condition indicates a genetic mutation that increases the risk that an animal develops a specific disease.

Not At Risk

Good news! Minuit did not test positive for any of the genetic diseases that Embark screens for.

It is still important to let your veterinarian know these results because they could help guide Minuit’s diagnosis and treatment if he gets sick in the future.

Not A Carrier

Good news! Minuit is not a carrier for any of the genetic diseases that Embark tests for.

Common Conditions

Good news! Minuit tested clear for 2 genetic conditions that are common in his breed.
Condition List

Mucopolysaccharidosis Type VII, Sly Syndrome
(GUSB Exon 3)
Multisystem

A type of lysosomal storage disease, this can cause skeletal abnormalities, growth retardation, and gait abnormalities, and can require close monitoring and special measu…

Degenerative Myelopathy
(SOD1A)
Brain and Spinal Cord

A disease of mature dogs, this is a progressive degenerative disorder of the spinal cord that can cause muscle wasting and gait abnormalities. Affected dogs do not usuall…

Other Conditions:
Clear of 165

Minuit is clear of 165 other genetic diseases that Embark tests for.

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Traits

Maternal Haplotype

Paternal Haplotype

Explore the genetics behind your dog’s appearance, size, and genetic diversity.

Base Coat Color

Dark or Light Fur
E (Extension) Locus
Can have dark fur
Brown or Black Pigment
B (Brown) Locus
Black or gray fur and skin
Color Dilution
D (Dilute) Locus
Dark (non-dilute) fur and skin

Coat Color Modifiers

Hidden Patterning
K (Dominant Black) Locus
More likely to have a mostly solid black or brown fur coat
Body Pattern
A (Agouti) Locus
No impact on coat pattern
Facial Fur Pattern
E (Extension) Locus
Can have black masking (dark facial fur)

Other Coat Traits

Furnishings LINKAGE
Likely unfurnished (no mustache, beard, and/or eyebrows)
Coat Length
Likely long coat
Shedding
Likely heavy/seasonal shedding
Coat Texture
Likely straight coat
Hairlessness (Xolo type) LINKAGE
Very unlikely to be hairless
Oculocutaneous Albinism Type 2 LINKAGE
Likely not albino

Other Body Features

Muzzle Length
Likely medium or long muzzle
Tail Length
Likely normal-length tail
Hind Dew Claws
Unlikely to have hind dew claws
Eye Color LINKAGE
Less likely to have blue eyes

Body Size

Body Size 1
Larger
Body Size 2
Larger
Body Size 3
Larger
Body Size 4
Larger
Body Size 5
Larger

Performance

Altitude Adaptation
Normal altitude tolerance

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Health

Maternal Haplotype

Paternal Haplotype

Through Minuit’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace his mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

B1

Haplotype

B57

Map

B1

Minuit’s Haplogroup

B1 is the second most common maternal lineage in breeds of European or American origin. It is the female line of the majority of Golden Retrievers, Basset Hounds, and Shih Tzus, and about half of Beagles, Pekingese and Toy Poodles. This lineage is also somewhat common among village dogs that carry distinct ancestry from these breeds. We know this is a result of B1 dogs being common amongst the European dogs that their conquering owners brought around the world, because nowhere on earth is it a very common lineage in village dogs. It even enables us to trace the path of (human) colonization: Because most Bichons are B1 and Bichons are popular in Spanish culture, B1 is now fairly common among village dogs in Latin America.

B57

Minuit’s Haplotype

Part of the large B1 haplogroup, we have detected this haplotype in Belgian Tervurens, Belgian Malinois, Schipperkes, and village dogs in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

The B1 haplogroup can be found in village dogs like the Peruvian Village Dog, pictured above.

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Health

Traits

Paternal Haplotype

Through Minuit’s Y-chromosome we can trace his father’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A1b

Haplotype

Ha.4

Map

A1b

Minuit’s Haplogroup

For most of dog history, this haplogroup was probably quite rare. However, a couple hundred years ago it seems to have found its way into a prized male guard dog in Europe who had many offspring, including the ancestors of many European guard breeds such as Doberman Pinchers, St. Bernards, and Great Danes. Despite being rare, many of the most imposing dogs on Earth have it; strangely, so do many Pomeranians! Perhaps this explains why some Poms are so tough, acting like they're ten times their actual size! This lineage is most commonly found in working dogs, in particular guard dogs. With origins in Europe, it spread widely across other regions as Europeans took their dogs across the world.

Ha.4

Minuit’s Haplotype

Part of the A1b haplogroup, this haplotype is found in village dogs in North America and Africa. As for breeds, it occurs most frequently in Miniature Pinscher, Great Dane, and Poodle.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

Great Danes and Pomeranians have this in common!

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Health

Traits

Maternal Haplotype