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Minnie

Miniature Schnauzer

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  • Photo of Minnie, a Miniature Schnauzer  in Sacramento, CA, USA Photo of Minnie, a Miniature Schnauzer  in Sacramento, CA, USA
    Minnie taking a nap on top of the cat's bed

“I got Minnie as a puppy for Christmas when I was 15 years old from my grandfather before he passed away. So she is very special to me. She is very friendly to anyone and everyone she meets. She's getting older and I would like to know more about her health and her breed. We were told she was Purebred but I have my suspicions because of her tiny size and super soft, wavy coat.”

Place of Birth

Sacramento, CA, USA

Current Location

Roseburg, Oregon, USA

From

Sacramento, CA, USA

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Genetic Breed Result

Miniature Schnauzer

Minnie

embk.me/i/minnie532

Miniature Schnauzer

Miniature Schnauzers are an alert and spirited breed with guard dog tendencies.

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Genetic Stats

Predicted Adult Weight

13 lbs

Genetic Age
66 human years

Based on the date of birth provided

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Breed Reveal Video

Our algorithms predict this is the most likely family tree to explain Minnie’s breed mix, but this family tree may not be the only possible one.

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Health Summary

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Minnie has one variant that you should let your vet know about.

ALT Activity

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Minnie inherited one copy of the variant we tested

Why is this important to your vet?

Minnie has one copy of a variant associated with reduced ALT activity as measured on veterinary blood chemistry panels. Please inform your veterinarian that Minnie has this genotype, as ALT is often used as an indicator of liver health and Minnie is likely to have a lower than average resting ALT activity. As such, an increase in Minnie’s ALT activity could be evidence of liver damage, even if it is within normal limits by standard ALT reference ranges.

What is ALT Activity?

Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) is a clinical tool that can be used by veterinarians to better monitor liver health. This result is not associated with liver disease. ALT is one of several values veterinarians measure on routine blood work to evaluate the liver. It is a naturally occurring enzyme located in liver cells that helps break down protein. When the liver is damaged or inflamed, ALT is released into the bloodstream.

Breed-Relevant Genetic Conditions

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Persistent Mullerian Duct Syndrome, PMDS (AMHR2)

Identified in Miniature Schnauzers

Myotonia Congenita (CLCN1 Exon 7, Miniature Schnauzer Variant)

Identified in Miniature Schnauzers

Demyelinating Polyneuropathy (SBF2/MTRM13)

Identified in Miniature Schnauzers

Additional Genetic Conditions

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Explore the genetics behind your dog’s appearance and size.

Coat Color

Coat Color

E Locus (MC1R)
Can have a melanistic mask (EmE)
K Locus (CBD103)
More likely to have a patterned haircoat (kyky)
Intensity Loci LINKAGE
Any light hair likely white or cream (Dilute Red Pigmentation)
A Locus (ASIP)
Black/Brown and tan coat color pattern (atat)
D Locus (MLPH)
Dark areas of hair and skin are not lightened (DD)
Cocoa (HPS3)
No co alleles, not expressed (NN)
B Locus (TYRP1)
Black or gray hair and skin (Bb)
Saddle Tan (RALY)
Not saddle tan patterned (II)
S Locus (MITF)
Likely solid colored, but may have small amounts of white (Ssp)
M Locus (PMEL)
No merle alleles (mm)
R Locus (USH2A) LINKAGE
Likely no impact on coat pattern (rr)
H Locus (Harlequin)
No harlequin alleles (hh)
Other Coat Traits

Other Coat Traits

Furnishings (RSPO2) LINKAGE
Likely furnished (mustache, beard, and/or eyebrows) (FF)
Coat Length (FGF5)
Likely long coat (TT)
Shedding (MC5R)
Likely light shedding (TT)
Hairlessness (FOXI3) LINKAGE
Very unlikely to be hairless (NN)
Hairlessness (SGK3)
Very unlikely to be hairless (NN)
Oculocutaneous Albinism Type 2 (SLC45A2) LINKAGE
Likely not albino (NN)
Coat Texture (KRT71)
Likely wavy coat (CC)
Other Body Features

Other Body Features

Muzzle Length (BMP3)
Likely medium or long muzzle (CC)
Tail Length (T)
Likely normal-length tail (CC)
Hind Dewclaws (LMBR1)
Unlikely to have hind dew claws (CC)
Blue Eye Color (ALX4) LINKAGE
Less likely to have blue eyes (NN)
Back Muscling & Bulk, Large Breed (ACSL4)
Likely normal muscling (CC)
Body Size

Body Size

Body Size (IGF1)
Smaller (II)
Body Size (IGFR1)
Larger (GG)
Body Size (STC2)
Larger (TT)
Body Size (GHR - E191K)
Smaller (AA)
Body Size (GHR - P177L)
Larger (CC)
Performance

Performance

Altitude Adaptation (EPAS1)
Normal altitude tolerance (GG)
Appetite (POMC) LINKAGE
Normal food motivation (NN)
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Through Minnie’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace her mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that her ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A1b

Haplotype

A464

Map

A1b

Minnie’s Haplogroup

This female lineage was very likely one of the original lineages in the wolves that were first domesticated into dogs in Central Asia about 15,000 years ago. Since then, the lineage has been very successful and travelled the globe! Dogs from this group are found in ancient Bronze Age fossils in the Middle East and southern Europe. By the end of the Bronze Age, it became exceedingly common in Europe. These dogs later became many of the dogs that started some of today's most popular breeds, like German Shepherds, Pugs, Whippets, English Sheepdogs and Miniature Schnauzers. During the period of European colonization, the lineage became even more widespread as European dogs followed their owners to far-flung places like South America and Oceania. It's now found in many popular breeds as well as village dogs across the world!

A464

Minnie’s Haplotype

Part of the A1b haplogroup, this haplotype occurs most frequently in Miniature Schnauzers.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

A1b is the most common haplogroup found in German Shepherds.

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The Paternal Haplotype reveals a dog’s deep ancestral lineage, stretching back thousands of years to the original domestication of dogs.

Are you looking for information on the breeds that Minnie inherited from her mom and dad? Check out her breed breakdown and family tree.

Paternal Haplotype is determined by looking at a dog’s Y-chromosome—but not all dogs have Y-chromosomes!

Why can’t we show Paternal Haplotype results for female dogs?

All dogs have two sex chromosomes. Female dogs have two X-chromosomes (XX) and male dogs have one X-chromosome and one Y-chromosome (XY). When having offspring, female (XX) dogs always pass an X-chromosome to their puppy. Male (XY) dogs can pass either an X or a Y-chromosome—if the puppy receives an X-chromosome from its father then it will be a female (XX) puppy and if it receives a Y-chromosome then it will be a male (XY) puppy. As you can see, Y-chromosomes are passed down from a male dog only to its male offspring.

Since Minnie is a female (XX) dog, she has no Y-chromosome for us to analyze and determine a paternal haplotype.

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