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Minion CGC CGCU CGCA TKA TKI TKN GDT DS ID3 BH PDC CSAU

Mixed Breed

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“Shorty Bull bred by Sunny Boone at New Heritage Bulldogs being trained by Amanda Caldron of Patriot K9 for weight pull, dock diving, hog hunting, barn hunt, nose work, IPO, films etc. Fun companion first!! New Heritage Bulldogs Minion PSA PDC, BH, CCG, TKN, TKI, TKA, DS A&E's America's Top Dog Season 1 Episode 3 Winner & Finalist ONLY civilian to win & SMALLEST competitors to show Talent for hire email patriotk9@gmail.com Stud services available to approved females”

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Genetic Breed Result

Minion

Minion CGC CGCU CGCA TKA TKI TKN GDT DS ID3 BH PDC CSAU

Mixed Breed
54.7% French Bulldog
39.8% Bulldog
5.5% Staffordshire Bull Terrier

French Bulldog

French Bulldogs, affectionately known by their many fans as Frenchies, are an immensely popular and well-known breed of dog. As their name implies, they are native to France and are the result of a mix between English Bulldogs and local dogs in Paris. They are very popular around the world, earning their place as the 4th most popular dog in the United Kingdom and the 9th most popular dog in the United States.

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Bulldog

Originally a bull-baiting dog, bulldogs today are gentle and loving while still carrying the stocky frame of their forbearers.

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Staffordshire Bull Terrier

The Staffordshire Bull Terrier is a hardy pup from England. This breed is very similar, and often confused with the American Pit Bull Terrier. These dogs get a bad wrap, but they so lovable and they absolutely adore their owners. It is a shame how history has treated them so cruely.

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Genetic Stats

Predicted Adult Weight

39 lbs

Genetic Age
42 human years

Based on the date of birth provided

DNA Breed Origins

Breed colors:
French Bulldog
Bulldog
Staffordshire Bull Terrier

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Minion
Family Tree From Embark PARENTS GRANDPARENTS GREAT GRANDPARENTS French Bulldog mix French Bulldog / Bulldog mix French Bulldog Bulldog / Staffordshire Bull Terrier mix French Bulldog Bulldog French Bulldog French Bulldog Bulldog Staffordshire Bull Terrier mix French Bulldog French Bulldog Bulldog Bulldog

Breed Reveal Video

Our algorithms predict this is the most likely family tree to explain Minion’s breed mix, but this family tree may not be the only possible one.

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Health Summary

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Minion is at increased risk for one genetic health condition.

And inherited one variant that you should learn more about.

Canine Multifocal Retinopathy, cmr1

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Minion inherited both copies of the variant we tested

How to interpret this result

Minion has two copies of a variant in the BEST1 gene and is at risk for developing CMR. Please consult your veterinarian regarding an ophthalmologic exam and other diagnostics for Minion.

What is Canine Multifocal Retinopathy, cmr1?

This is a non-progressive retinal disease that, in rare cases, can lead to vision loss. Dogs with larger lesions can suffer from vision loss. CMR is fairly non-progressive; new lesions will typically stop forming by the time a dog is an adult, and some lesions will even regress with time.

Degenerative Myelopathy, DM

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Minion inherited one copy of the variant we tested

What does this result mean?

This result should not impact Minion’s health but it could have consequences for siblings or other related dogs if they inherited two copies of the variant. We recommend discussing this result with their owners or breeders if you are in contact.

Impact on Breeding

This result should be taken into account as part of your breeding program. Minion will pass this variant to ~50% of his offspring.

What is Degenerative Myelopathy, DM?

The dog equivalent of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, or Lou Gehrig’s disease, DM is a progressive degenerative disorder of the spinal cord. Because the nerves that control the hind limbs are the first to degenerate, the most common clinical signs are back muscle wasting and gait abnormalities.

Breed-Relevant Genetic Conditions

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Progressive Retinal Atrophy, crd4/cord1 (RPGRIP1)

Identified in French Bulldogs

Urate Kidney & Bladder Stones (SLC2A9)

Identified in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs

L-2-Hydroxyglutaricaciduria, L2HGA (L2HGDH, Staffordshire Bull Terrier Variant)

Identified in Staffordshire Bull Terriers

Intervertebral Disc Disease (Type I) (FGF4 retrogene - CFA12)

Identified in French Bulldogs

Additional Genetic Conditions

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Clinical Tools

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Explore the genetics behind your dog’s appearance and size.

Coat Color

Coat Color

E Locus (MC1R)
Can have a melanistic mask (EmEm)
K Locus (CBD103)
More likely to have a mostly solid black or brown coat (KBky)
Intensity Loci LINKAGE
No impact on coat pattern (Intermediate Red Pigmentation)
A Locus (ASIP)
Not expressed (ayay)
D Locus (MLPH)
Dark areas of hair and skin are not lightened (DD)
Cocoa (HPS3)
No co alleles, not expressed (NN)
B Locus (TYRP1)
Black or gray hair and skin (BB)
Saddle Tan (RALY)
Not expressed (NN)
S Locus (MITF)
Likely to have little to no white in coat (SS)
M Locus (PMEL)
No merle alleles (mm)
R Locus (USH2A) LINKAGE
Likely no impact on coat pattern (rr)
H Locus (Harlequin)
No harlequin alleles (hh)
Other Coat Traits

Other Coat Traits

Furnishings (RSPO2) LINKAGE
Likely unfurnished (no mustache, beard, and/or eyebrows) (II)
Coat Length (FGF5)
Likely short or mid-length coat (GG)
Shedding (MC5R)
Likely light to moderate shedding (TT)
Hairlessness (FOXI3) LINKAGE
Very unlikely to be hairless (NN)
Hairlessness (SGK3)
Very unlikely to be hairless (NN)
Oculocutaneous Albinism Type 2 (SLC45A2) LINKAGE
Likely not albino (NN)
Coat Texture (KRT71)
Likely straight coat (CC)
Other Body Features

Other Body Features

Muzzle Length (BMP3)
Likely short muzzle (AA)
Tail Length (T)
Likely normal-length tail (CC)
Hind Dewclaws (LMBR1)
Unlikely to have hind dew claws (CC)
Blue Eye Color (ALX4) LINKAGE
Less likely to have blue eyes (NN)
Back Muscling & Bulk, Large Breed (ACSL4)
Likely normal muscling (CC)
Body Size

Body Size

Body Size (IGF1)
Smaller (II)
Body Size (IGFR1)
Larger (GG)
Body Size (STC2)
Larger (TT)
Body Size (GHR - E191K)
Larger (GG)
Body Size (GHR - P177L)
Larger (CC)
Performance

Performance

Altitude Adaptation (EPAS1)
Normal altitude tolerance (GG)
Appetite (POMC) LINKAGE
Normal food motivation (NN)
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Through Minion’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace his mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A1a

Haplotype

A388

Map

A1a

Minion’s Haplogroup

A1a is the most common maternal lineage among Western dogs. This lineage traveled from the site of dog domestication in Central Asia to Europe along with an early dog expansion perhaps 10,000 years ago. It hung around in European village dogs for many millennia. Then, about 300 years ago, some of the prized females in the line were chosen as the founding dogs for several dog breeds. That set in motion a huge expansion of this lineage. It's now the maternal lineage of the overwhelming majority of Mastiffs, Labrador Retrievers and Gordon Setters. About half of Boxers and less than half of Shar-Pei dogs descend from the A1a line. It is also common across the world among village dogs, a legacy of European colonialism.

A388

Minion’s Haplotype

Part of the large A1a haplogroup, this haplotype occurs most frequently in Staffordshire Terriers, Labrador Retrievers, and English Bulldogs.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

Shar Pei dogs think A1a is the coolest!

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Through Minion’s Y-chromosome we can trace his father’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

D

Haplotype

H7.1/6/7

Map

D

Minion’s Haplogroup

The D paternal lineage is very common in well-known populations of dogs. Breeds belonging to the D lineage likely have direct male ancestors that can be traced all the way back to the origin of domestic dogs themselves! One popular breed that commonly sports a D lineage is the Boxer. Boxers were developed in the late 19th century from Mastiff dogs, so it is no surprise that D is well represented among Mastiffs, Bulldogs, as well as Terriers. Intriguingly, D is also found among Lhasa Apsos, an ancient Tibetan breed, and Afghan Hounds. While the presence of this lineage in Polynesia or the New World can be chalked up to interbreeding with European dogs brought during voyages of discovery or later settlement, D is also well represented among village dog populations in the Middle East and Africa. If the fact that we find dogs bearing a D lineage in the Middle East (not to mention the large amount of diversity among Middle Eastern D lineage males) is any indication of ancient residence in that region, then the presence among Oceanian village dogs is peculiar. Rather, it may be that D is part of a broader Eurasian group of ancient paternal lineages which disappeared from the eastern portion of its original range, persisting in the island of New Guinea as well as West Asia and Africa. With the rise of Mastiff breeds, the D lineage received a new life as it became common among many types of working dogs.

H7.1/6/7

Minion’s Haplotype

Part of the D haplogroup, this haplotype occurs most frequently in mixed breed dogs.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

The D paternal lineage is common in Boxers.

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