Venn diagram

Compare your dogs to Millie Select one to begin:

Millie

Mixed Breed

Smarter dog care powered by DNA
SHOP NOW

“I'm a rescue doggo, and was adopted by my family when I was 2 years old. I'm a cuddly girl, and my parents also call me: silly sausage, Millie sausage, and tontolone.”

From

Sydney NSW, Australia

This dog has been viewed and been given 0 wags

Genetic Breed Result

Loading...

American Pit Bull Terrier

The American Pit Bull Terrier originated in the British Isles and descends from the Mastiff-type dogs introduced to England in antiquity. The breed was brought over to the United States by English immigrants in the 1800s, and quickly became one of the most popular and widespread breeds there.

Learn More

Bull Terrier

The Bull Terrier, sometimes called the English Bull Terrier, is perhaps most famous for its egg-shaped head (and being Target's mascot). This breed can be overly rambunctious and play rough, so early training and socialization is important. However, they make lovely companions for active homes, and Bull Terrier owners delight in the breed's sense of humor.

Learn More

Miniature Bull Terrier

The Miniature Bull Terrier shares its vivacious, stubborn personality with its larger Bull Terrier sibling. These are strong, playful dogs who have a characteristic -- and unmistakable -- egg-shaped head with triangular eyes.

Learn More

American Staffordshire Terrier

American Staffordshire Terriers are powerful but playful dogs that are both loyal and affectionate with their owners.

Learn More

Staffordshire Bull Terrier

The Staffordshire Bull Terrier is a hardy pup from England. This breed is very similar, and often confused with the American Pit Bull Terrier. These dogs get a bad wrap, but they so lovable and they absolutely adore their owners. It is a shame how history has treated them so cruely.

Learn More

Start a conversation! Message this dog’s humans.

Loading...

Dogs Like Millie

Venn diagram

Discover dogs who share a similar breed mix to Millie. A higher score means the two dogs have more of their breed mix in common. A score of 100% means they share the exact same breed mix!

Click or tap on a pic to learn more about each dog and see an in-depth comparison of their DNA, breeds, and more.

DNA Breed Origins

Breed colors:
American Pit Bull Terrier
Bull Terrier
Miniature Bull Terrier
American Staffordshire Terrier
Staffordshire Bull Terrier

Explore

Would you like more information? You can contact us at:

Millie
Family Tree From Embark PARENTS GRANDPARENTS GREAT GRANDPARENTS American Pit Bull Terrier mix American Pit Bull Terrier mix American Pit Bull Terrier American Staffordshire Terrier / Staffordshire Bull Terrier mix American Pit Bull Terrier Bull Terrier / Miniature Bull Terrier mix American Pit Bull Terrier American Pit Bull Terrier American Staffordshire Terrier mix Staffordshire Bull Terrier mix American Pit Bull Terrier American Pit Bull Terrier Bull Terrier Miniature Bull Terrier

Breed Reveal Video

Our algorithms predict this is the most likely family tree to explain Millie’s breed mix, but this family tree may not be the only possible one.

Embark Logo Learn more about Embark

Explore

Health Summary

warn icon

Millie inherited four variants that you should learn more about.

Laryngeal Paralysis

warn icon

Millie inherited one copy of the variant we tested

What does this result mean?

This result does not impact your dog’s health. It could have consequences for siblings or other family members, and you should let them know if you are in contact with them.

What is Laryngeal Paralysis?

Laryngeal Paralysis (LP) is the inability to open the arytenoid cartilages of the larynx during inhalation. This results in a partial or complete airway obstruction due to impaired function of one or both recurrent laryngeal nerves. Additionally, RAPGEF6-affected Miniature Bull Terriers (MBT) have a change to the shape of a cartilage of the larynx.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, crd4/cord1

warn icon

Millie inherited one copy of the variant we tested

What does this result mean?

Because this variant is inherited in an autosomal recessive manner (meaning dogs need two copies of the variant to develop the disease), Millie is unlikely to develop this condition due to the variant.

What is Progressive Retinal Atrophy, crd4/cord1?

PRA-CRD4/cord1 is a retinal disease that causes progressive, non-painful vision loss over a 1-2 year period. The retina contains cells, called photoreceptors, that collect information about light and send signals to the brain. There are two types of photoreceptors: rods, for night vision and movement, and cones, for day vision and color. This type of PRA leads to early loss of cone cells, causing day blindness before night blindness.

Degenerative Myelopathy, DM

warn icon

Millie inherited one copy of the variant we tested

What does this result mean?

Because this variant is inherited in an autosomal recessive manner (meaning dogs need two copies of the variant to develop the disease), Millie is unlikely to develop this condition due to the variant.

What is Degenerative Myelopathy, DM?

The dog equivalent of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, or Lou Gehrig’s disease, DM is a progressive degenerative disorder of the spinal cord. Because the nerves that control the hind limbs are the first to degenerate, the most common clinical signs are back muscle wasting and gait abnormalities.

Craniomandibular Osteopathy, CMO

warn icon

Millie inherited one copy of the variant we tested

What does this result mean?

Because this variant is inherited in an autosomal recessive manner (meaning dogs need two copies of the variant to develop the disease), Millie is unlikely to develop this condition due to the variant.

What is Craniomandibular Osteopathy, CMO?

A noncancerous, proliferative bone disease that commonly affects the lower jaw and tympanic bullae, CMO is best known in the West Highland White Terrier, Scottish Terrier, and Cairn Terrier; though it has been observed sporadically in larger dog breeds.

Breed-Relevant Genetic Conditions

good icon

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, crd1

Identified in American Pit Bull Terriers and American Staffordshire Terriers

Primary Lens Luxation

Identified in Bull Terriers and Miniature Bull Terriers

Urate Kidney & Bladder Stones

Identified in American Pit Bull Terriers and American Staffordshire Terriers

Polycystic Kidney Disease, PKD

Identified in Bull Terriers

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis, Cerebellar Ataxia, NCL4A

Identified in American Pit Bull Terriers, American Staffordshire Terriers, and more

L-2-Hydroxyglutaricaciduria, L2HGA

Identified in American Pit Bull Terriers, American Staffordshire Terriers, and more

Lethal Acrodermatitis, LAD

Identified in Bull Terriers and Miniature Bull Terriers

Additional Genetic Conditions

good icon

Clinical Tools

good icon

Explore

Explore the genetics behind your dog’s appearance and size.

Base Coat Color

Base Coat Color

Coat Color Modifiers

Coat Color Modifiers

Other Coat Traits

Other Coat Traits

Other Body Features

Other Body Features

Body Size

Body Size

Performance

Performance

Embark Logo Learn more about Embark

Explore

Through Millie’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace her mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that her ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A1d

Haplotype

A426

Map

A1d

Millie’s Haplogroup

This female lineage can be traced back about 15,000 years to some of the original Central Asian wolves that were domesticated into modern dogs. The early females that represent this lineage were likely taken into Eurasia, where they spread rapidly. As a result, many modern breed and village dogs from the Americas, Africa, through Asia and down into Oceania belong to this group! This widespread lineage is not limited to a select few breeds, but the majority of Rottweilers, Afghan Hounds and Wirehaired Pointing Griffons belong to it. It is also the most common female lineage among Papillons, Samoyeds and Jack Russell Terriers. Considering its occurrence in breeds as diverse as Afghan Hounds and Samoyeds, some of this is likely ancient variation. But because of its presence in many modern European breeds, much of its diversity likely can be attributed to much more recent breeding.

A426

Millie’s Haplotype

Part of the A1d haplogroup, this haplotype occurs most frequently in mixed-breed dogs.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

The vast majority of Rottweilers have the A1d haplogroup.

Embark Logo Learn more about Embark

Explore

The Paternal Haplotype reveals a dog’s deep ancestral lineage, stretching back thousands of years to the original domestication of dogs.

Are you looking for information on the breeds that Millie inherited from her mom and dad? Check out her breed breakdown and family tree.

Paternal Haplotype is determined by looking at a dog’s Y-chromosome—but not all dogs have Y-chromosomes!

Why can’t we show Paternal Haplotype results for female dogs?

All dogs have two sex chromosomes. Female dogs have two X-chromosomes (XX) and male dogs have one X-chromosome and one Y-chromosome (XY). When having offspring, female (XX) dogs always pass an X-chromosome to their puppy. Male (XY) dogs can pass either an X or a Y-chromosome—if the puppy receives an X-chromosome from its father then it will be a female (XX) puppy and if it receives a Y-chromosome then it will be a male (XY) puppy. As you can see, Y-chromosomes are passed down from a male dog only to its male offspring.

Since Millie is a female (XX) dog, she has no Y-chromosome for us to analyze and determine a paternal haplotype.

Embark Logo Learn more about Embark

Explore