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Merlin

Labrador Retriever

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“Starlight Labs Goodween”

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Registration

American Kennel Club (AKC):

Genetic Breed Result

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Labrador Retriever

The Labrador Retriever was bred for hunting and excelled in retrieving game after it was shot down. Known for its gentle disposition and loyalty, the Labrador Retriever has become a favorite of families and breeders alike.

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Health Summary

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Good news!

Merlin is not at increased risk for the genetic health conditions that Embark tests.

Breed-Relevant Genetic Conditions

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Canine Elliptocytosis (SPTB Exon 30)

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Pyruvate Kinase Deficiency (PKLR Exon 7, Labrador Retriever Variant)

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, prcd (PRCD Exon 1)

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Golden Retriever Progressive Retinal Atrophy 2, GR-PRA2 (TTC8)

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, crd4/cord1 (RPGRIP1)

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Day Blindness (CNGA3 Exon 7, Labrador Retriever Variant)

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Macular Corneal Dystrophy, MCD (CHST6)

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Urate Kidney & Bladder Stones (SLC2A9)

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Alexander Disease (GFAP)

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Narcolepsy (HCRTR2 Intron 6, Labrador Retriever Variant)

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Centronuclear Myopathy, CNM (PTPLA)

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Exercise-Induced Collapse, EIC (DNM1)

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

X-Linked Myotubular Myopathy (MTM1, Labrador Retriever Variant)

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Congenital Myasthenic Syndrome, CMS (COLQ, Labrador Retriever Variant)

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Hereditary Nasal Parakeratosis, HNPK (SUV39H2)

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Skeletal Dysplasia 2, SD2 (COL11A2, Labrador Retriever Variant)

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Additional Genetic Conditions

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Coat Color

Coat Color

Other Coat Traits

Other Coat Traits

Other Body Features

Other Body Features

Body Size

Body Size

Performance

Performance

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Through Merlin’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace his mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

B1

Haplotype

B1b

Map

B1

Merlin’s Haplogroup

B1 is the second most common maternal lineage in breeds of European or American origin. It is the female line of the majority of Golden Retrievers, Basset Hounds, and Shih Tzus, and about half of Beagles, Pekingese and Toy Poodles. This lineage is also somewhat common among village dogs that carry distinct ancestry from these breeds. We know this is a result of B1 dogs being common amongst the European dogs that their conquering owners brought around the world, because nowhere on earth is it a very common lineage in village dogs. It even enables us to trace the path of (human) colonization: Because most Bichons are B1 and Bichons are popular in Spanish culture, B1 is now fairly common among village dogs in Latin America.

B1b

Merlin’s Haplotype

Part of the large B1 haplogroup, we see this haplotype in village dogs across the world, including those from Central America, the Middle East, South Asia, and the French Polynesian Islands. Among the 31 breed dogs we see it in, we see it in Poodles, Otterhounds, and Labrador Retrievers. It is also our most commonly-sampled Golden Retriever haplotype!

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

The B1 haplogroup can be found in village dogs like the Peruvian Village Dog, pictured above.

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Through Merlin’s Y-chromosome we can trace his father’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A2b

Haplotype

Hc.10

Map

A2b

Merlin’s Haplogroup

A2b appears to have split a few times in succession, which means that some of the Central Asian male ancestors of this lineage went their separate ways before their respective Y chromosomes made their rounds. There is not much diversity in this lineage, meaning that it has only begun to take off recently. Two iconic breeds, the Dachshund and Bloodhound, represent this lineage well. Over half of Rottweilers are A2b, as are the majority of Labrador Retrievers and Cavalier King Charles Spaniels. While A2a is restricted mostly to East Asia, this paternal line is also found among European breeds.

Hc.10

Merlin’s Haplotype

Part of the A2b haplogroup, this haplotype occurs most commonly in Labrador Retrievers, Rottweilers, Curly-Coated Retrievers, Dandie Dinmont Terriers, and village dogs throughout the world.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

A2b is found in the Daschund breed.

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