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Maxx

Mixed Breed

“Maxx came to us with his mother Molly and 4 other puppy siblings. They were only 3 hours old from a puppy mill rescue of more than 350 dogs. I fostered them and claimed Maxx the first day the minute I laid eyes on him. He and Molly are so much fun, they keep us in stitches. They are at home with their 20 chickens, 4 ducks, 2 cats, 3 parakeets and many fish. Where ever Maxx goes he steals the show.”

This dog has been viewed 1361 times and been given 5 wags

Registration

Microchip: 982 000 410 395 835

Genetic Breed Result

Learn how it’s done

Mixed Breed

53.2% Yorkshire Terrier
26.6% Bichon Frise
20.2% Maltese
Yorkshire Terrier Yorkshire Terrier
Petite but proud, the Yorkshire terrier is a popular toy breed with a silky, low-shedding coat.
Learn More
Bichon Frise Bichon Frise
The Bichon Frise is a hypoallergenic, fluffy, white companion breed with a charismatic, cheerful temperament. Known for their clownish antics, the Bichon Frise can put a smile on anyone's face.
Learn More
Maltese Maltese
Maltese dogs are confident and friendly toy dogs, that can be high maintenance but boast a beautiful white silky coat.
Learn More
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Genetic Stats


Wolfiness

2.5 % HIGH Learn More

Predicted Adult Weight
Genetic Age
29 human years Learn More
Based on the date of birth provided

Breed Mix Matches

Explore other Embark dogs who have breed mixes that are similar to Maxx’s.
A Mix Match of 100 means they are the exact same breed mix!

DNA Breed Origins

What’s this?
Breed colors:
Yorkshire Terrier
Bichon Frise
Maltese

Would you like more information? Have you found a lost dog wearing an Embark dog tag? You can contact us at:

 
Family Tree From Embark PARENTS GRANDPARENTS GREAT GRANDPARENTS Yorkshire Terrier mix Bichon Frise mix Yorkshire Terrier Maltese / Yorkshire Terrier mix Bichon Frise Yorkshire Terrier / Maltese mix Yorkshire Terrier Yorkshire Terrier Maltese Yorkshire Terrier Bichon Frise Bichon Frise Yorkshire Terrier Maltese mix

Our algorithms predict this is the most likely family tree to explain Maxx’s breed mix, but this family tree may not be the only possible one.

Health Summary

Maxx inherited two variants that you should learn more about.

And one variant that you should tell your vet about.

Degenerative Myelopathy, DM

Maxx inherited one copy of the variant we tested

What does this result mean?

This result does not impact your dog’s health. It could have consequences for siblings or other family members, and you should let them know if you are in contact with them.

What is Degenerative Myelopathy, DM?

The dog equivalent of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, or Lou Gehrig’s disease, DM is a progressive degenerative disorder of the spinal cord. Because the nerves that control the hind limbs are the first to degenerate, the most common clinical signs are back muscle wasting and gait abnormalities.


Dilated Cardiomyopathy, DCM1

Maxx inherited both copies of the variant we tested

What does this result mean?

Our research indicates that this genetic variant is not likely to increase the risk that Maxx will develop this disease.

Scientific Basis

Dogs with similar breeds to Maxx are not likely to have increased risk of developing the disease. Research has indicated increased risk in other breeds that are not found in Maxx.

What is Dilated Cardiomyopathy, DCM1?

DCM is the most common acquired heart disease of adult dogs. The heart has two heavily muscled ventricles that pump blood away from the heart. This disease causes progressive weakening of the ventricles by reducing the muscle mass, which causes the ventricles to dilate. Dilated ventricles do not contract and circulate oxygenated blood well, which eventually leads to heart failure.


ALT Activity

Maxx inherited one copy of the variant we tested

Why is this important to your vet?

Maxx has one copy of a variant associated with reduced ALT activity as measured on veterinary blood chemistry panels. Please inform your veterinarian that Maxx has this genotype, as ALT is often used as an indicator of liver health and Maxx is likely to have a lower than average resting ALT activity. As such, an increase in Maxx’s ALT activity could be evidence of liver damage, even if it is within normal limits by standard ALT reference ranges.

What is ALT Activity?

The liver enzyme alanine aminotransferase, or ALT, is one of several values your veterinarian measures on routine blood work to gauge liver health.

Breed-Relevant Genetic Conditions

Congenital Macrothrombocytopenia

Identified in Bichon Frises, Boxers, and more

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, prcd

Identified in American Eskimo Dogs, American Hairless Terriers, and more

Primary Lens Luxation

Identified in American Eskimo Dogs, American Hairless Terriers, and more

Glycogen Storage Disease Type IA, Von Gierke Disease, GSD IA

Identified in Malteses

Intervertebral Disc Disease (Type I)

Identified in Basset Hounds, Beagles, and more

Additional Genetic Conditions

Explore the genetics behind your dog’s appearance, size, and genetic diversity.
Base Coat Color

Base Coat Color

Dark or Light Fur
E (Extension) Locus
Can have dark fur
Brown or Black Pigment
B (Brown) Locus
Black or gray fur and skin
Color Dilution
D (Dilute) Locus
Dark (non-dilute) fur and skin
Coat Color Modifiers

Coat Color Modifiers

Hidden Patterning
K (Dominant Black) Locus
More likely to have patterned fur
Body Pattern
A (Agouti) Locus
Black/Brown and tan coat color pattern
Facial Fur Pattern
E (Extension) Locus
Can have black masking (dark facial fur)
Other Coat Traits

Other Coat Traits

Furnishings LINKAGE
Likely furnished (mustache, beard, and/or eyebrows)
Coat Length
Likely long coat
Shedding
Likely light shedding
Coat Texture
Likely wavy coat
Hairlessness (Xolo type) LINKAGE
Very unlikely to be hairless
Oculocutaneous Albinism Type 2 LINKAGE
Likely not albino
Other Body Features

Other Body Features

Muzzle Length
Likely medium or long muzzle
Tail Length
Likely normal-length tail
Hind Dew Claws
Likely to have hind dew claws
Eye Color LINKAGE
Less likely to have blue eyes
Body Size

Body Size

Body Size 1
Smaller
Body Size 2
Intermediate
Body Size 3
Intermediate
Body Size 4
Intermediate
Body Size 5
Larger
Performance

Performance

Altitude Adaptation
Normal altitude tolerance
Appetite LINKAGE
Normal food motivation

Through Maxx’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace his mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

B1

Haplotype

B42

Map

B1

Maxx’s Haplogroup

B1 is the second most common maternal lineage in breeds of European or American origin. It is the female line of the majority of Golden Retrievers, Basset Hounds, and Shih Tzus, and about half of Beagles, Pekingese and Toy Poodles. This lineage is also somewhat common among village dogs that carry distinct ancestry from these breeds. We know this is a result of B1 dogs being common amongst the European dogs that their conquering owners brought around the world, because nowhere on earth is it a very common lineage in village dogs. It even enables us to trace the path of (human) colonization: Because most Bichons are B1 and Bichons are popular in Spanish culture, B1 is now fairly common among village dogs in Latin America.

B42

Maxx’s Haplotype

Part of the large B1 haplogroup, this haplotype occurs most commonly in Maltese, Bichon Frises, and village dogs in Java, Peru, and Costa Rica.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

The B1 haplogroup can be found in village dogs like the Peruvian Village Dog, pictured above.

Through Maxx’s Y-chromosome we can trace his father’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A1a

Haplotype

H1a.2

Map

A1a

Maxx’s Haplogroup

Some of the wolves that became the original dogs in Central Asia around 15,000 years ago came from this long and distinguished line of male dogs. After domestication, they followed their humans from Asia to Europe and then didn't stop there. They took root in Europe, eventually becoming the dogs that founded the Vizsla breed 1,000 years ago. The Vizsla is a Central European hunting dog, and all male Vizslas descend from this line. During the Age of Exploration, like their owners, these pooches went by the philosophy, "Have sail, will travel!" From the windy plains of Patagonia to the snug and homey towns of the American Midwest, the beaches of a Pacific paradise, and the broad expanse of the Australian outback, these dogs followed their masters to the outposts of empires. Whether through good fortune or superior genetics, dogs from the A1a lineage traveled the globe and took root across the world. Now you find village dogs from this line frolicking on Polynesian beaches, hanging out in villages across the Americas, and scavenging throughout Old World settlements. You can also find this "prince of patrilineages" in breeds as different as German Shepherds, Golden Retrievers, Pugs, Border Collies, Scottish Terriers, and Irish Wolfhounds. No male wolf line has been as successful as the A1a line!

H1a.2

Maxx’s Haplotype

Part of the large A1a haplogroup, this haplotype occurs most commonly in Yorkshire Terriers, Norfolk Terriers, Silky Terriers, and Norwich Terriers.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

Dogs with A1a lineage travelled during European Colonial times.