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Maximilian

Mixed Breed

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“On St.Patrick’s day 2019 i stumbled across an adoption event and fell in love with a tiny, potbellied, brindled puppy. He was rescued from the streets of Tijuana and was absolutely filthy. I picked up my husband and we got back there just as they were loading him up. He jumped into my husbands arms, gave him a big kiss and he has been by our side since. He completed our little family and is the love of our life. Max is intelligent, athletic and happy, with tons of personality.”

Place of Birth

Tijuana, Baja California, Mexico

Current Location

Washington, Pennsylvania, USA

From

Long Beach, California, USA

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Genetic Breed Result

American Pit Bull Terrier

The American Pit Bull Terrier originated in the British Isles and descends from the Mastiff-type dogs introduced to England in antiquity. The breed was brought over to the United States by English immigrants in the 1800s, and quickly became one of the most popular and widespread breeds there.

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Doberman Pinscher

Doberman Pinschers are a strong and athletic breed that are built to guard and protect.

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Australian Cattle Dog

A classic cattle dog, Australian Cattle Dogs were developed from a mixture of breeds in Australia in the 19th century, and still maintain their energetic herding instincts today.

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Boxer

Developed in Germany, the Boxer is a popular family dog: patient, loyal and smart-requiring lots of exercise and proper training. For active families or owners looking for a rambunctious jogging buddy, Boxers may be the perfect breed. Boxers delight their humans with their sense of humor and affectionate nature.

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American Staffordshire Terrier

American Staffordshire Terriers are powerful but playful dogs that are both loyal and affectionate with their owners.

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Samoyed

A working breed, the Samoyed can be strong-willed at times, but above all they remain friendly, gentle, and devoted family dogs. The Samoyed was originally bred to hunt, haul sledges, and herd reindeer. Among the breed’s duties: pack hiking, tracking, and warming their owners by sleeping on top of them at night.

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Genetic Stats

Wolfiness

1.5 % HIGH

Predicted Adult Weight

77 lbs

Genetic Age
30 human years

Based on the date of birth provided

Dogs Like Maximilian

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Discover dogs who share a similar breed mix to Maximilian. A higher score means the two dogs have more of their breed mix in common. A score of 100% means they share the exact same breed mix!

Click or tap on a pic to learn more about each dog and see an in-depth comparison of their DNA, breeds, and more.

DNA Breed Origins

Breed colors:
American Pit Bull Terrier
Doberman Pinscher
Australian Cattle Dog
Boxer
American Staffordshire Terrier
Samoyed

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Maximilian
Family Tree From Embark PARENTS GRANDPARENTS GREAT GRANDPARENTS Doberman Pinscher mix American Pit Bull Terrier mix Doberman Pinscher Australian Cattle Dog mix American Pit Bull Terrier Boxer / American Staffordshire Terrier mix Doberman Pinscher Doberman Pinscher Australian Cattle Dog Australian Cattle Dog mix American Pit Bull Terrier American Pit Bull Terrier Boxer American Staffordshire Terrier mix

Breed Reveal Video

Our algorithms predict this is the most likely family tree to explain Maximilian’s breed mix, but this family tree may not be the only possible one.

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Health Summary

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Maximilian is at increased risk for one genetic health condition.

And inherited two variants that you should learn more about.

Dilated Cardiomyopathy, DCM2

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Maximilian inherited one copy of the variant we tested

How to interpret this result

Maximilian has one copy of a variant in the TTN gene associated with increased risk for DCM in the American Doberman Pinscher. This variant, also referred to as DCM2, is inherited in a dominant manner, meaning having one or two copies of this variant is thought to confer the same amount of risk. However, the variant is thought to have incomplete penetrance: That is, not all dogs with this variant will ultimately show signs of DCM. Moreover, the impact of this variant in other breeds of dog besides the Doberman has yet to be fully understood. However, if your veterinarian thinks Maximilian shows signs of having DCM based on their diagnostic testing, you now have the opportunity to discuss early treatment. Please consult with your veterinarian regarding a diagnostic and treatment plan for Maximilian.

What is Dilated Cardiomyopathy, DCM2?

DCM is the most common acquired heart disease of adult dogs. The heart has two heavily muscled ventricles that pump blood away from the heart. This disease causes progressive weakening of the ventricles by reducing the muscle mass, which causes the ventricles to dilate. Dilated ventricles do not contract and circulate oxygenated blood well, which eventually leads to heart failure.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, prcd

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Maximilian inherited one copy of the variant we tested

What does this result mean?

This result does not impact your dog’s health. It could have consequences for siblings or other family members, and you should let them know if you are in contact with them.

What is Progressive Retinal Atrophy, prcd?

PRA-prcd is a retinal disease that causes progressive, non-painful vision loss. The retina contains cells, called photoreceptors, that collect information about light and send signals to the brain. There are two types of photoreceptors: rods, for night vision and movement, and cones, for day vision and color. This type of PRA leads to early loss of rod cells, leading to night blindness before day blindness.

ALT Activity

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Maximilian inherited one copy of the variant we tested

Why is this important to your vet?

Maximilian has one copy of a variant associated with reduced ALT activity as measured on veterinary blood chemistry panels. Please inform your veterinarian that Maximilian has this genotype, as ALT is often used as an indicator of liver health and Maximilian is likely to have a lower than average resting ALT activity. As such, an increase in Maximilian’s ALT activity could be evidence of liver damage, even if it is within normal limits by standard ALT reference ranges.

What is ALT Activity?

Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) is a clinical tool that can be used by veterinarians to better monitor liver health. This result is not associated with liver disease. ALT is one of several values veterinarians measure on routine blood work to evaluate the liver. It is a naturally occurring enzyme located in liver cells that helps break down protein. When the liver is damaged or inflamed, ALT is released into the bloodstream.

Breed-Relevant Genetic Conditions

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Multiple Drug Sensitivity

Identified in Australian Cattle Dogs

Hemophilia A

Identified in Boxers

Von Willebrand Disease Type I, Type I vWD

Identified in Doberman Pinschers

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, crd1

Identified in American Pit Bull Terriers and American Staffordshire Terriers

X-Linked Progressive Retinal Atrophy 1, XL-PRA1

Identified in Samoyeds

Collie Eye Anomaly

Identified in Australian Cattle Dogs

Primary Lens Luxation

Identified in Australian Cattle Dogs

Cystinuria Type II-A

Identified in Australian Cattle Dogs

Urate Kidney & Bladder Stones

Identified in American Pit Bull Terriers and American Staffordshire Terriers

X-Linked Hereditary Nephropathy, XLHN

Identified in Samoyeds

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis, Cerebellar Ataxia, NCL4A

Identified in American Pit Bull Terriers and American Staffordshire Terriers

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis 5, NCL 5

Identified in Australian Cattle Dogs

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis 8, NCL 8

Identified in Australian Cattle Dogs

Late-Onset Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis, NCL 12

Identified in Australian Cattle Dogs

Deafness and Vestibular Syndrome of Dobermans, DVDob, DINGS

Identified in Doberman Pinschers

Degenerative Myelopathy, DM

Identified in Boxers

L-2-Hydroxyglutaricaciduria, L2HGA

Identified in American Pit Bull Terriers and American Staffordshire Terriers

Dilated Cardiomyopathy, DCM1

Identified in Doberman Pinschers

Myotonia Congenita

Identified in Australian Cattle Dogs

Ehlers Danlos

Identified in Doberman Pinschers

Additional Genetic Conditions

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Explore the genetics behind your dog’s appearance and size.

Base Coat Color

Base Coat Color

Dark or Light Fur
E (Extension) Locus
Can have dark fur
Dark brown pigment
Cocoa
No impact on fur and skin color
Red Pigment Intensity LINKAGE
I (Intensity) Loci
No impact on coat pattern
Brown or Black Pigment
B (Brown) Locus
Black or gray fur and skin
Color Dilution
D (Dilute) Locus
Dark (non-dilute) fur and skin
Coat Color Modifiers

Coat Color Modifiers

Hidden Patterning
K (Dominant Black) Locus
More likely to have a mostly solid black or brown fur coat
Body Pattern
A (Agouti) Locus
No impact on coat pattern
Facial Fur Pattern
E (Extension) Locus
Can have black masking (dark facial fur)
Saddle Tan
No impact on coat pattern
White Spotting
S (White Spotting) Locus
Likely to have some white areas in coat
Roan LINKAGE
R (Roan) Locus
Likely roan patterned
Merle
M (Merle) Locus
Unlikely to have merle pattern
Harlequin
No impact on coat pattern
Other Coat Traits

Other Coat Traits

Furnishings LINKAGE
Likely unfurnished (no mustache, beard, and/or eyebrows)
Coat Length
Likely short or mid-length coat
Shedding
Likely light to moderate shedding
Coat Texture
Likely straight coat
Hairlessness (Xolo type) LINKAGE
Very unlikely to be hairless
Hairlessness (Terrier type)
Very unlikely to be hairless
Oculocutaneous Albinism Type 2 LINKAGE
Likely not albino
Other Body Features

Other Body Features

Muzzle Length
Likely medium or long muzzle
Tail Length
Likely normal-length tail
Hind Dew Claws
Unlikely to have hind dew claws
Back Muscling & Bulk (Large Breed)
Likely normal muscling
Eye Color LINKAGE
Less likely to have blue eyes
Body Size

Body Size

Body Size 1
Larger
Body Size 2
Larger
Body Size 3
Intermediate
Body Size 4
Larger
Body Size 5
Larger
Performance

Performance

Altitude Adaptation
Normal altitude tolerance
Appetite LINKAGE
Normal food motivation
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Through Maximilian’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace his mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A1b

Haplotype

A361/409/611

Map

A1b

Maximilian’s Haplogroup

This female lineage was very likely one of the original lineages in the wolves that were first domesticated into dogs in Central Asia about 15,000 years ago. Since then, the lineage has been very successful and travelled the globe! Dogs from this group are found in ancient Bronze Age fossils in the Middle East and southern Europe. By the end of the Bronze Age, it became exceedingly common in Europe. These dogs later became many of the dogs that started some of today's most popular breeds, like German Shepherds, Pugs, Whippets, English Sheepdogs and Miniature Schnauzers. During the period of European colonization, the lineage became even more widespread as European dogs followed their owners to far-flung places like South America and Oceania. It's now found in many popular breeds as well as village dogs across the world!

A361/409/611

Maximilian’s Haplotype

Part of the A1b haplogroup, this haplotype occurs most frequently in German Shepherd Dogs, Poodles, and Shiloh Shepherds.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

A1b is the most common haplogroup found in German Shepherds.

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Through Maximilian’s Y-chromosome we can trace his father’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A1a

Haplotype

H1a.53

Map

A1a

Maximilian’s Haplogroup

Some of the wolves that became the original dogs in Central Asia around 15,000 years ago came from this long and distinguished line of male dogs. After domestication, they followed their humans from Asia to Europe and then didn't stop there. They took root in Europe, eventually becoming the dogs that founded the Vizsla breed 1,000 years ago. The Vizsla is a Central European hunting dog, and all male Vizslas descend from this line. During the Age of Exploration, like their owners, these pooches went by the philosophy, "Have sail, will travel!" From the windy plains of Patagonia to the snug and homey towns of the American Midwest, the beaches of a Pacific paradise, and the broad expanse of the Australian outback, these dogs followed their masters to the outposts of empires. Whether through good fortune or superior genetics, dogs from the A1a lineage traveled the globe and took root across the world. Now you find village dogs from this line frolicking on Polynesian beaches, hanging out in villages across the Americas, and scavenging throughout Old World settlements. You can also find this "prince of patrilineages" in breeds as different as German Shepherds, Golden Retrievers, Pugs, Border Collies, Scottish Terriers, and Irish Wolfhounds. No male wolf line has been as successful as the A1a line!

H1a.53

Maximilian’s Haplotype

Part of the A1a haplogroup, this haplotype occurs most frequently in Golden Retrievers, Border Collies, and the Coton de Tulear.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

Dogs with A1a lineage travelled during European Colonial times.

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