What is Embark?

Maggie

Mixed Breed

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This dog has been viewed 247 times and been given 0 wags

Genetic Breed Result

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Mixed Breed

39.3% Poodle (Small)
14.4% Poodle (Standard)
12.7% Cocker Spaniel
10.9% Bichon Frise
22.7% Supermutt
Poodle (Small) Poodle (Small)
A highly intelligent and playful dog, Miniature and Toy Poodles make for great lap dogs and companions.
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Poodle (Standard) Poodle (Standard)
Known as the national dog breed of France, poodles were developed in Germany and are known for their loyalty and distinctive coat.
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Cocker Spaniel Cocker Spaniel
Cocker Spaniels are handsome and intelligent hunting dogs that are also well-suited to life as a loving family pet.
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Bichon Frise Bichon Frise
The Bichon Frise is a hypoallergenic, fluffy, white companion breed with a charismatic, cheerful temperament. Known for their clownish antics, the Bichon Frise can put a smile on anyone's face.
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Genetic Stats

Wolfiness: 0.6 % LOW Learn More
Predicted Adult Weight: 12 lbs Learn More
Genetic Age: 76 human years Learn More

Breed Mix Matches

Explore other Embark dogs who have breed mixes that are similar to Maggie’s.
A Mix Match of 100 means they are the exact same breed mix!

DNA Breed Origins

What’s this?
Breed colors:
Poodle (Small)
Poodle (Standard)
Cocker Spaniel
Bichon Frise
Supermutt

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Family tree

Health

Traits

Maternal Haplotype

Paternal Haplotype

Would you like more information? Have you found a lost dog wearing an Embark dog tag? You can contact us at:

 
Family Tree From Embark PARENTS GRANDPARENTS GREAT GRANDPARENTS Poodle (Small) mix Mixed Poodle (Small) Poodle (Small) mix Poodle (Standard) / Bichon Frise mix Cocker Spaniel mix Poodle (Small) Poodle (Small) Poodle (Small) Mixed Poodle (Standard) mix Bichon Frise Cocker Spaniel Mixed
Explore by tapping the parents and grandparents.

Our algorithms predict this is the most likely family tree to explain Maggie’s breed mix, but this family tree may not be the only possible one.

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Health

Traits

Maternal Haplotype

Paternal Haplotype

Summary

0
AT RISK
0
CARRIER
156
CLEAR
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Clinical traits

These genetic traits are valuable to your veterinarian and can inform the clinical decisions and diagnoses they make.

Alanine Aminotransferase Activity result: Low Normal
Known to be highly expressed in liver cells, activity levels of alanine aminotransferase, or ALT, is a common value on most blood chemistry panels and is known to be a se…
Maggie has two copies of a mutation associated with reduced ALT activity. Please inform your veterinarian that Maggie has this genotype, as ALT is often used as an indica…

Not At Risk

Good news! Maggie did not test positive for any of the genetic diseases that Embark screens for. Read on to learn more about the conditions we test for, but rest assured that Maggie does not have the mutations known to cause them.

It is still important to let your veterinarian know these results because they could help guide Maggie’s diagnosis and treatment if she gets sick in the future. Many other diseases caused by environmental factors or undiscovered genetic variants can cause symptoms similar to diseases we test for. By ruling out these mutations, your veterinarian will be able to find the true cause more quickly. Your veterinarian will also know they can safely prescribe medications some dogs are sensitive to.

Not A Carrier

Good news! Maggie is not a carrier for any of the genetic diseases that Embark tests for.

Common Conditions

Good news! Maggie tested clear for 10 genetic conditions that are common in her breed mix.
Condition List

Congenital Macrothrombocytopenia
(TUBB1 Exon 1, Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Variant)
Blood

This is a benign disorder of platelet production that leads to abnormally large, sparse platelets. Affected dogs typically do not suffer any ill effects from the size or …

Seen in Poodle (Small)s, Poodle (Standard)s, Cocker Spaniels, Bichon Frises, but not Maggie.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy - prcd
Progressive rod-cone degeneration (PRCD Exon 1)
Eyes

This retinal disease causes progressive, nonpainful vision loss. The retina contains the cells, photoreceptors, that collect information about light: that is, they are th…

Seen in Poodle (Small)s, Poodle (Standard)s, Cocker Spaniels, but not Maggie.

Autosomal Recessive Hereditary Nephropathy, Familial Nephropathy
(COL4A4 Exon 3)
Kidney and Bladder

This condition causes inappropriate loss of protein in the urine, which leads to muscle wasting, abnormal fluid accumulation in the skin and limbs, and excessive thirst a…

Seen in Cocker Spaniels, but not Maggie.

Glycogen storage disease Type VII, Phosphofructokinase deficiency
(PFKM Exon 21)
Multisystem

Affecting an enzyme required for red blood cell and skeletal muscle cell energy production, phosphofructokinase (PFK) deficiency causes red blood cells and skeletal muscl…

Seen in Cocker Spaniels, but not Maggie.

GM2 Gangliosidosis
(HEXB, Poodle Variant)
Multisystem

An early onset form of lysosomal storage disease, this can cause affected dogs to display neurologic signs as puppies or young adults. These include partial or total visi…

Seen in Poodle (Small)s, Poodle (Standard)s, but not Maggie.

Degenerative Myelopathy
(SOD1A)
Brain and Spinal Cord

A disease of mature dogs, this is a progressive degenerative disorder of the spinal cord that can cause muscle wasting and gait abnormalities. Affected dogs do not usuall…

Seen in Poodle (Small)s, Poodle (Standard)s, Cocker Spaniels, Bichon Frises, but not Maggie.

Neonatal Encephalopathy with Seizures (NEWS)
(ATF2)
Brain and Spinal Cord

A neurologic disease of puppies, affected puppies are often smaller than their unaffected littermates and require intensive nursing care. Without this extra support, pupp…

Seen in Poodle (Small)s, Poodle (Standard)s, but not Maggie.

Exercise-Induced Collapse
(DNM1)
Muscular

First characterized in field-trial lines of Labrador Retriever dogs, this muscle disorder can cause episodes of muscle weakness and sometimes collapse; after recovering, …

Seen in Cocker Spaniels, but not Maggie.

Malignant Hyperthermia
(RYR1)
Metabolic

This condition only manifests if affected dogs are treated with certain inhalant anesthetics, and can cause uncontrollable muscle contractions and a dangerous increase in…

Seen in Poodle (Small)s, Poodle (Standard)s, Cocker Spaniels, Bichon Frises, but not Maggie.

Osteochondrodysplasia, Skeletal Dwarfism
(SLC13A1)
Skeletal

A form of skeletal dwarfism, this causes affected dogs to have abnormally short legs but a normally sized body due to abnormal fetal skeletal maturation. As a fetus, most…

Seen in Poodle (Small)s, Poodle (Standard)s, but not Maggie.

Other Conditions: Clear of 146

Maggie is clear of 146 other genetic diseases that Embark tests for.

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Family tree

Traits

Maternal Haplotype

Paternal Haplotype

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Coat Color

A number of genes are known to affect coat color in dogs, and they all interact. In some cases, other genetic effects may also influence color and pattern.

Trait
Result
 
E Locus (Mask, Grizzle, Recessive Red)
EE or Ee or ee
K Locus (Dominant Black)
KBky
A Locus (Agouti, Sable)
aya or ayat
D Locus (Dilute, Blue, Fawn)
DD
B Locus (Brown, Chocolate, Liver, Red)
BB

Other Embark dogs with these Coat Color genes:

Other Coat Traits

Furnishings, shedding and curls are all genetic! And they all interact, too. In fact, the combination of these genes explains the coat phenotypes of 90% of AKC registered dog breeds.

Trait
Result
 
Long Haircoat (FGF5)
TT
Shedding (MC5R)
CT
Curly Coat (KRT71)
TT
Hairlessness (FOXI3)
LINKAGE
N/N

More information on coat type genetics: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2897713/figure/F3/

Other Embark dogs with these Coat Traits genes:

Other Body Features

Trait
Result
 
Brachycephaly (BMP3)
CC
Hind Dewclaws (LMBR1)
CC
Blue Eye Color
LINKAGE
N/N

Body Size

Body size is a complex trait that is affected by both genetic and environmental variation. Our genetic analysis includes genes that, together, explain over 80% of the variation in dog body size. It does not account for runting or stunting; nor does it account for the interactions between various genes both known and unknown.

Trait
Result
 
Body Size - IGF1
II
Body Size - IGF1R
GA
Body Size - STC2
AA
Body Size - GHR (E195K)
AA
Body Size - GHR (P177L)
CC

Other Embark dogs with these Body Size genes:

Performance

Trait
Result
 
Altitude Adaptation (EPAS1)
GG

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Family tree

Health

Maternal Haplotype

Paternal Haplotype

Through Maggie’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace her mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that her ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

B1

Haplotype

B1/13

Map

B1

Maggie’s Haplogroup

B1 is the second most common maternal lineage in breeds of European or American origin. It is the female line of the majority of Golden Retrievers, Basset Hounds, and Shih Tzus, and about half of Beagles, Pekingese and Toy Poodles. This lineage is also somewhat common among village dogs that carry distinct ancestry from these breeds. We know this is a result of B1 dogs being common amongst the European dogs that their conquering owners brought around the world, because nowhere on earth is it a very common lineage in village dogs. It even enables us to trace the path of (human) colonization: Because most Bichons are B1 and Bichons are popular in Spanish culture, B1 is now fairly common among village dogs in Latin America.

B1/13

Maggie’s Haplotype

Part of the large B1 haplogroup, this common haplotype occurs in Shih Tzus, Tibetan Spaniels, Maltese, and village dogs throughout the world including Central and South America, South Asia, and the South Pacific.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

The B1 haplogroup can be found in village dogs like the Peruvian Village Dog, pictured above.

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Family tree

Health

Traits

Paternal Haplotype

This 'Paternal Haplotype' tab is for deep ancestral lineage going back thousands of years.

For recent ancestry—"What breeds did my dog inherit from her mom and dad?"—please refer to the Breed, Family Tree, or Summary tab.

The Paternal Haplotype refers to a dog’s deep ancestral lineage stretching back thousands of years, before there were any distinct breeds of dog. We determine the Paternal Haplotype by looking at a dog’s Y-chromosome—but not all dogs have Y-chromosomes!

Why can’t we show Paternal Haplotype results for female dogs?

All dogs have two sex chromosomes. Female dogs have two X-chromosomes (XX) and male dogs have one X-chromosome and one Y-chromosome (XY). When having offspring, female (XX) dogs always pass an X-chromosome to their puppy. Male (XY) dogs can pass either an X or a Y-chromosome—if the puppy receives an X-chromosome from its father then it will be a female (XX) puppy and if it receives a Y-chromosome then it will be a male (XY) puppy. As you can see, Y-chromosomes are passed down from a male dog only to its male offspring.

Since Maggie is a female (XX) dog, she has no Y-chromosome for us to analyze and determine a paternal haplotype.

Explore:

Family tree

Health

Traits

Maternal Haplotype