What is Embark?

Luca

Mixed Breed

“Adopted from the Collin County animal shelter July 21, 2017! Barks like a Pomeranian for fun, Pyrenees for business! Loves sticks, hikes, and playing at the dog park. 50 lbs”

Instagram tag
@_prince_lulu

From
Collin County, TX, USA

This dog has been viewed 703 times and been given 11 wags

Registration

Microchip: 985112008699401

Genetic Breed Result

Learn how it’s done

Mixed Breed

86.0% Great Pyrenees
14.0% Pomeranian
Great Pyrenees Great Pyrenees
The Great Pyrenees is an exceptionally loving dog whose primary function is to protect sheep, goats, livestock, people, children, grass, flowers, the moon, lawn furniture, and any real or imaginary predators that may intrude on your personal space. They have a strong build and an amazing thick white coat that exudes elegance and majesty. They make a great family dog because of their intelligence and steady temperament.
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Pomeranian Pomeranian
The Pomeranian is a cocky, animated companion with an extroverted personality.
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Genetic Stats

Wolfiness: 2.8 % HIGH Learn More
Predicted Adult Weight: 88 lbs Learn More
Genetic Age: 29 human years Learn More

Breed Mix Matches

Explore other Embark dogs who have breed mixes that are similar to Luca’s.
A Mix Match of 100 means they are the exact same breed mix!

DNA Breed Origins

What’s this?
Breed colors:
Great Pyrenees
Pomeranian

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Family tree

Health

Traits

Maternal Haplotype

Paternal Haplotype

Would you like more information? Have you found a lost dog wearing an Embark dog tag? You can contact us at:

Our algorithms predict this is the most likely family tree to explain Luca’s breed mix, but this family tree may not be the only possible one.

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Health

Traits

Maternal Haplotype

Paternal Haplotype

Summary

0
AT RISK
1
CARRIER
166
CLEAR
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Clinical Traits

These clinical traits are valuable to your veterinarian and can inform the clinical decisions and diagnoses they make.

Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT) Activity result: Low Normal

Luca has one copy of a mutation associated with reduced ALT activity as measured on veterinary blood chemistry panels. Please inform your veterinarian that Luca has this genotype, as ALT is often used as an indicator of liver health and Luca is likely to have a lower than average resting ALT activity. As such, an increase in Luca’s ALT activity could be evidence of liver damage, even if it is within normal limits by standard ALT reference ranges.

Genetic Health Conditions

A genetic health condition indicates a genetic mutation that increases the risk that an animal develops a specific disease.

Not At Risk

Good news! Luca did not test positive for any of the genetic diseases that Embark screens for.

It is still important to let your veterinarian know these results because they could help guide Luca’s diagnosis and treatment if he gets sick in the future.

Carrier for
1 genetic condition

Luca is a carrier for 1 of the genetic diseases that Embark tests for.
What does Carrier mean?

Luca has inherited a recessive allele for a genetic trait or mutation. This is not enough to cause symptoms of the disease, but is important to bear in mind if Luca ever has children.

Condition List

Degenerative Myelopathy
(SOD1A)
Brain and Spinal Cord

A disease of mature dogs, this is a progressive degenerative disorder of the spinal cord that can cause muscle wasting and gait abnormalities. Affected dogs do not usuall…

Common Conditions

Good news! Luca tested clear for 4 genetic conditions that are common in his breed mix.
Condition List

Glanzmann's Thrombasthenia Type I
(ITGA2B Exon 13)
Blood

A disease of defective platelet aggregation, this causes affected dogs to bleed excessively in response to mild tissue trauma. Platelets are the first responders to tissu…

Seen in Great Pyreneess, but not Luca.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy - rcd3
Rod-cone dysplasia, rcd3 (PDE6A)
Eyes

This retinal disease causes progressive, non-painful vision loss. The retina contains the cells, photoreceptors, that collect information about light: that is, they are t…

Seen in Pomeranians, but not Luca.

Canine Multifocal Retinopathy
cmr1 (BEST1 Exon 2)
Eyes

This is a non-progressive retinal disease that, in rare cases, can lead to vision loss. CMR is typically only identified when a vet examines the eye which, in dogs with C…

Seen in Great Pyreneess, but not Luca.

Hereditary Vitamin D-Resistant Rickets
(VDR)
Skeletal

A disease of insufficient calcium absorption, this can cause lameness and skeletal abnormalities; however, if diagnosed early it can be successfully managed. Calcium abso…

Seen in Pomeranians, but not Luca.

Other Conditions:
Clear of 162

Luca is clear of 162 other genetic diseases that Embark tests for.

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Family tree

Traits

Maternal Haplotype

Paternal Haplotype

Explore the genetics behind your dog’s appearance, size, and genetic diversity.

Base Coat Color

Dark or Light Fur
E (Extension) Locus
Light colored fur (cream to red)
Brown or Black Pigment
B (Brown) Locus
Likely black colored nose/feet
Color Dilution
D (Dilute) Locus
Dark (non-dilute) skin

Coat Color Modifiers

Hidden Patterning
K (Dominant Black) Locus
No impact on coat color
Body Pattern
A (Agouti) Locus
No impact on coat pattern
Facial Fur Pattern
E (Extension) Locus
No dark fur anywhere

Other Coat Traits

Furnishings LINKAGE
Likely furnished (mustache, beard, and/or eyebrows)
Coat Length
Likely long coat
Shedding
Likely light shedding
Coat Texture
Likely wavy coat
Hairlessness (Xolo type) LINKAGE
Very unlikely to be hairless
Oculocutaneous Albinism Type 2 LINKAGE
Likely not albino

Other Body Features

Muzzle Length
Likely medium or long muzzle
Tail Length
Likely normal-length tail
Hind Dew Claws
Likely to have hind dew claws
Eye Color LINKAGE
Less likely to have blue eyes

Body Size

Body Size 1
Larger
Body Size 2
Larger
Body Size 3
Intermediate
Body Size 4
Intermediate
Body Size 5
Larger

Performance

Altitude Adaptation
Normal altitude tolerance

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Family tree

Health

Maternal Haplotype

Paternal Haplotype

Through Luca’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace his mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

B1

Haplotype

B1/13

Map

B1

Luca’s Haplogroup

B1 is the second most common maternal lineage in breeds of European or American origin. It is the female line of the majority of Golden Retrievers, Basset Hounds, and Shih Tzus, and about half of Beagles, Pekingese and Toy Poodles. This lineage is also somewhat common among village dogs that carry distinct ancestry from these breeds. We know this is a result of B1 dogs being common amongst the European dogs that their conquering owners brought around the world, because nowhere on earth is it a very common lineage in village dogs. It even enables us to trace the path of (human) colonization: Because most Bichons are B1 and Bichons are popular in Spanish culture, B1 is now fairly common among village dogs in Latin America.

B1/13

Luca’s Haplotype

Part of the large B1 haplogroup, this common haplotype occurs in Shih Tzus, Tibetan Spaniels, Maltese, and village dogs throughout the world including Central and South America, South Asia, and the South Pacific.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

The B1 haplogroup can be found in village dogs like the Peruvian Village Dog, pictured above.

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Family tree

Health

Traits

Paternal Haplotype

Through Luca’s Y-chromosome we can trace his father’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A1a

Haplotype

H1a.11

Map

A1a

Luca’s Haplogroup

Some of the wolves that became the original dogs in Central Asia around 15,000 years ago came from this long and distinguished line of male dogs. After domestication, they followed their humans from Asia to Europe and then didn't stop there. They took root in Europe, eventually becoming the dogs that founded the Vizsla breed 1,000 years ago. The Vizsla is a Central European hunting dog, and all male Vizslas descend from this line. During the Age of Exploration, like their owners, these pooches went by the philosophy, "Have sail, will travel!" From the windy plains of Patagonia to the snug and homey towns of the American Midwest, the beaches of a Pacific paradise, and the broad expanse of the Australian outback, these dogs followed their masters to the outposts of empires. Whether through good fortune or superior genetics, dogs from the A1a lineage traveled the globe and took root across the world. Now you find village dogs from this line frolicking on Polynesian beaches, hanging out in villages across the Americas, and scavenging throughout Old World settlements. You can also find this "prince of patrilineages" in breeds as different as German Shepherds, Golden Retrievers, Pugs, Border Collies, Scottish Terriers, and Irish Wolfhounds. No male wolf line has been as successful as the A1a line!

H1a.11

Luca’s Haplotype

Part of the large A1a haplogroup, this haplotype occurs most commonly in Great Pyrenees and Newfoundlands.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

Dogs with A1a lineage travelled during European Colonial times.

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Family tree

Health

Traits

Maternal Haplotype