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Louie

Mixed Breed

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“Louie was found in the streets in Camden, NJ and was taken to Homeward Bound shelter. He has a ton of personality and he loves his mama… and no one else! He takes some time to get used to new people and generally doesn’t like any other animals aside from his sister, Penny. She is his best friend!”

Instagram tag
@paco.penny.louie

Place of Birth

Camden, New Jersey, USA

Current Location

Mantua Township, New Jersey, USA

From

Homeward Bound Pet Adoption Center, County House Road, Blackwood, NJ, USA

This dog has been viewed and been given 12 wags

Genetic Breed Result

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Embark Supermutt analysis

What’s in that Supermutt? There may be small amounts of DNA from these distant ancestors:

Chihuahua

Chihuahuas have a huge personality that defies their tiny frame, known to be highly active and intelligent canines.

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Miniature Pinscher

The Miniature Pinscher is a small breed of dog originating from Germany. The breed's earliest ancestors may have included the German Pinscher mixed with Italian greyhounds and dachshunds.

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American Pit Bull Terrier

The American Pit Bull Terrier originated in the British Isles and descends from the Mastiff-type dogs introduced to England in antiquity. The breed was brought over to the United States by English immigrants in the 1800s, and quickly became one of the most popular and widespread breeds there.

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Genetic Stats

Wolfiness

1.2 % MEDIUM

Predicted Adult Weight

22 lbs

Genetic Age
40 human years

Based on the date of birth provided

Dogs Like Louie

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Discover dogs who share a similar breed mix to Louie. A higher score means the two dogs have more of their breed mix in common. A score of 100% means they share the exact same breed mix!

Click or tap on a pic to learn more about each dog and see an in-depth comparison of their DNA, breeds, and more.

DNA Breed Origins

Breed colors:
Chihuahua
Miniature Pinscher
American Pit Bull Terrier
Supermutt

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Would you like more information? You can contact us at:

Explore by tapping the parents and grandparents.

Louie
Family Tree From Embark PARENTS GRANDPARENTS GREAT GRANDPARENTS Chihuahua mix Chihuahua mix Chihuahua American Pit Bull Terrier mix Chihuahua Miniature Pinscher mix Chihuahua Chihuahua American Pit Bull Terrier Mixed Chihuahua Chihuahua Miniature Pinscher Miniature Pinscher mix

Breed Reveal Video

Our algorithms predict this is the most likely family tree to explain Louie’s breed mix, but this family tree may not be the only possible one.

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Health Summary

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Louie inherited one variant that you should learn more about.

And one variant that you should tell your vet about.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, prcd

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Louie inherited one copy of the variant we tested

What does this result mean?

This result does not impact your dog’s health. It could have consequences for siblings or other family members, and you should let them know if you are in contact with them.

What is Progressive Retinal Atrophy, prcd?

PRA-prcd is a retinal disease that causes progressive, non-painful vision loss. The retina contains cells, called photoreceptors, that collect information about light and send signals to the brain. There are two types of photoreceptors: rods, for night vision and movement, and cones, for day vision and color. This type of PRA leads to early loss of rod cells, leading to night blindness before day blindness.

ALT Activity

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Louie inherited one copy of the variant we tested

Why is this important to your vet?

Louie has one copy of a variant associated with reduced ALT activity as measured on veterinary blood chemistry panels. Please inform your veterinarian that Louie has this genotype, as ALT is often used as an indicator of liver health and Louie is likely to have a lower than average resting ALT activity. As such, an increase in Louie’s ALT activity could be evidence of liver damage, even if it is within normal limits by standard ALT reference ranges.

What is ALT Activity?

Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) is a clinical tool that can be used by veterinarians to better monitor liver health. This result is not associated with liver disease. ALT is one of several values veterinarians measure on routine blood work to evaluate the liver. It is a naturally occurring enzyme located in liver cells that helps break down protein. When the liver is damaged or inflamed, ALT is released into the bloodstream.

Breed-Relevant Genetic Conditions

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Progressive Retinal Atrophy, crd1

Identified in American Pit Bull Terriers

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, crd4/cord1

Identified in Chihuahuas

Cystinuria Type II-B

Identified in Miniature Pinschers

Urate Kidney & Bladder Stones

Identified in American Pit Bull Terriers

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis, Cerebellar Ataxia, NCL4A

Identified in American Pit Bull Terriers

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis 7, NCL 7

Identified in Chihuahuas

Spinocerebellar Ataxia with Myokymia and/or Seizures

Identified in Chihuahuas

L-2-Hydroxyglutaricaciduria, L2HGA

Identified in American Pit Bull Terriers

Intervertebral Disc Disease (Type I)

Identified in Chihuahuas

Additional Genetic Conditions

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Explore the genetics behind your dog’s appearance and size.

Base Coat Color

Base Coat Color

Coat Color Modifiers

Coat Color Modifiers

Other Coat Traits

Other Coat Traits

Other Body Features

Other Body Features

Body Size

Body Size

Performance

Performance

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Through Louie’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace his mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

C2

Haplotype

C17

Map

C2

Louie’s Haplogroup

C2 is a very old female lineage found more commonly among English Setters, English Bulldogs, and American Eskimo Dogs. We also see C2 in village dogs in South Asia. Rather than having a few characteristic breeds representing this lineage particularly well, it is present in a few uncommon individuals of many different breeds. Unlike some European breed lineages that have seen skyrocketing popularity along the path to the modern dogs we see today, C2 tends to reflect the deep history of man's best friend.

C17

Louie’s Haplotype

Part of the C2 haplogroup, this haplotype occurs most commonly in village dogs from Nepal.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

You can often find his haplogroup in the lovable English Bulldog.

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Through Louie’s Y-chromosome we can trace his father’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A1a

Haplotype

H1a.4

Map

A1a

Louie’s Haplogroup

Some of the wolves that became the original dogs in Central Asia around 15,000 years ago came from this long and distinguished line of male dogs. After domestication, they followed their humans from Asia to Europe and then didn't stop there. They took root in Europe, eventually becoming the dogs that founded the Vizsla breed 1,000 years ago. The Vizsla is a Central European hunting dog, and all male Vizslas descend from this line. During the Age of Exploration, like their owners, these pooches went by the philosophy, "Have sail, will travel!" From the windy plains of Patagonia to the snug and homey towns of the American Midwest, the beaches of a Pacific paradise, and the broad expanse of the Australian outback, these dogs followed their masters to the outposts of empires. Whether through good fortune or superior genetics, dogs from the A1a lineage traveled the globe and took root across the world. Now you find village dogs from this line frolicking on Polynesian beaches, hanging out in villages across the Americas, and scavenging throughout Old World settlements. You can also find this "prince of patrilineages" in breeds as different as German Shepherds, Golden Retrievers, Pugs, Border Collies, Scottish Terriers, and Irish Wolfhounds. No male wolf line has been as successful as the A1a line!

H1a.4

Louie’s Haplotype

Part of the large A1a haplogroup, this haplotype occurs in village dogs in Colombia. It is common in small dogs like Dachshund, Miniature Dachshund, and Chihuahuas, but can also be found in larger breeds like Golden Retrievers.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

Dogs with A1a lineage travelled during European Colonial times.

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